Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Moldova 57.5 23.7 36.9 54.1 56.7
Congo, Rep. 38.1 27.2 31.3 39.4 46.6
Macao SAR, China 39.7 35.2 34.7 35.3 34.8
Kuwait 90.7 35.8 43.5 41.4 42.7
Botswana 36.1 36.6 35.2 37.9 35.7
Russian Federation 46.9 37.5 45.2 50.8 52.1
Tajikistan 70.2 42.2 52.0 55.3 61.9
Brunei Darussalam 30.3 43.4 41.5 41.6 32.7
Singapore 43.6 43.6 44.0 42.9 41.3
Antigua and Barbuda 45.5 44.1 44.1 46.9 54.6
Saudi Arabia 44.2 44.4 48.0 47.8 46.9
Luxembourg 45.9 44.7 43.0 42.3 42.1
Ukraine 54.1 46.0 48.0 48.5 55.1
China 46.8 46.3 42.3 41.8 42.3
Sweden 47.3 48.2 50.2 49.2 47.4
Slovak Republic 50.5 48.8 54.3 52.0 51.1
Netherlands 49.4 49.2 49.5 49.2 48.9
Gabon 45.3 49.8 48.0 42.7 41.3
Norway 49.1 49.9 49.7 49.5 48.9
Oman 51.5 50.1 52.1 51.1 51.5
Denmark 50.1 50.2 50.4 51.2 50.6
Malaysia 52.2 50.3 48.3 48.1 47.9
Papua New Guinea 58.8 50.8 42.0 46.3 43.6
Belarus 46.3 51.1 56.2 59.4 59.1
Azerbaijan 73.0 51.4 66.6 67.1 77.0
Kazakhstan 51.6 74.9 70.7 71.1
Algeria 47.9 51.8 54.9 55.6 55.1
Czech Republic 50.9 53.2 51.8 50.5 49.4
Japan 52.8 53.5 54.3 55.3 55.4
Finland 52.9 53.8 53.5 52.2 50.3
Libya 57.4 53.9 64.2 60.1 58.8
Thailand 54.5 54.1 53.5 52.8 52.6
Belgium 54.9 54.4 54.1 53.8 53.6
Korea, Rep. 54.8 55.4 55.7 56.0 55.8
France 55.4 55.5 55.8 55.4 55.2
Guyana 65.5 55.8 62.7 70.3 62.7
Germany 56.4 56.5 57.2 56.9 56.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 66.3 56.6 61.7 61.1 69.5
Panama 59.4 56.6 55.7 53.6 52.0
Austria 55.9 56.7 55.9 56.2 54.9
Trinidad and Tobago 57.9 56.9 59.4 52.2 50.6
Canada 57.1 57.5 57.5 56.6 55.7
Ireland 57.4 57.5 56.0 55.9 53.0
Angola 37.5 57.7 48.7 33.8
Indonesia 58.4 57.8 58.5 59.7 61.6
Hungary 54.9 57.9 58.9 57.4 53.9
Australia 57.9 58.5 58.0 58.0 58.1
Switzerland 57.3 58.6 58.5 57.6 58.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 59.2 59.0 58.5 59.9 62.2
Italy 58.1 59.1 58.7 59.2 59.0
Bahrain 58.6 59.1 56.3 52.1 53.0
New Zealand 60.1 59.3 57.4 57.9 57.7
Bahamas, The 60.7 59.4 63.2 61.7 63.8
Bhutan 59.1 59.6 52.6 43.7 47.6
Cuba 59.8 60.0 60.8 68.8 71.1
Poland 57.6 60.3 61.8 61.9 59.8
Iceland 60.0 60.3 58.0 57.1 57.8
Israel 60.4 60.5 62.4 63.4 56.0
Suriname 61.3 60.8 64.1 64.1 63.8
Mauritius 61.9 60.9 61.5 62.3 62.7
South Africa 58.5 61.0 60.7 60.3 62.1
Namibia 65.3 61.0 61.4 58.5 59.6
Brazil 61.6 61.5 60.1 61.2 64.1
Spain 61.0 61.7 61.7 61.6 60.9
Tunisia 62.4 61.7 62.0 62.0 62.9
Vanuatu 62.6 61.9 60.4 58.4 59.7
Puerto Rico 63.4 62.1 61.8 61.6 60.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 64.1 62.2 50.6 47.4 47.4
Romania 60.7 62.7 63.7 63.5 67.6
Morocco 63.1 62.8 62.3 63.9 63.2
Belize 68.0 63.0 60.2 66.8 65.2
United Kingdom 62.6 63.2 63.9 63.0 61.5
Paraguay 61.7 63.3 65.4 68.1 63.6
Cyprus 65.7 63.4 59.5 58.2 60.8
Dominica 66.2 63.8 64.9 66.6 61.9
Ecuador 64.5 63.9 71.4 71.0 72.3
Macedonia, FYR 63.6 64.0 70.9 75.7 70.4
Chile 63.0 64.2 64.6 63.0 61.2
Malta 64.7 64.3 63.4 62.8 65.0
United States 64.1 64.5 65.0 64.9 65.0
Zimbabwe 68.1 64.9 64.0 61.5 65.0
India 65.9 65.0 67.1 66.1 64.0
Portugal 64.6 65.5 67.3 66.3 64.6
Bulgaria 54.1 65.6 73.5 74.0 65.5
Mongolia 76.5 65.9 70.6 65.7 63.1
Honduras 67.6 66.6 64.9 62.8 63.5
Turkey 67.7 66.7 66.2 66.0 68.2
Nigeria 62.8 67.2 70.3 64.5 69.1
Mauritania 68.7 67.3 71.6 36.1 62.9
Grenada 62.1 67.3 69.6 60.3 61.8
Gambia, The 71.8 67.3 88.4 91.4 93.3
Greece 65.3 67.7 68.1 68.5 68.0
Kenya 63.8 67.8 63.0 62.7 69.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 74.6 68.2 77.1 78.5 69.9
Burkina Faso 70.0 69.6 70.9 57.6 63.3
Venezuela, RB 66.5 69.7 72.9 70.1 69.5
Pakistan 68.2 70.0 72.2 71.1 72.4
St. Lucia 73.5 70.2 66.8 67.4 68.0
Cameroon 64.7 70.7 73.3 73.8 72.2
Kyrgyz Republic 64.1 70.7 75.7 78.4 75.0
Guinea 67.9 71.3 71.5 74.3 74.5
Uzbekistan 58.0 71.7 47.6 61.0 48.4
Colombia 67.4 71.8 71.0 65.7 65.4
Mexico 70.5 71.8 69.8 70.5 65.7
Cote d'Ivoire 73.3 71.8 71.2 63.0 66.5
Costa Rica 72.3 72.0 72.4 71.7 71.1
Uruguay 70.1 72.2 72.6 72.9 72.9
Fiji 70.0 72.2 72.6 73.2 60.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 75.6 72.6 74.1 74.6 74.5
Djibouti 78.5 72.8 68.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 80.0 72.9 80.6 85.0 81.0
Syrian Arab Republic 74.4 73.8 73.5 68.9 66.3
Philippines 72.8 73.9 74.4 71.4 74.0
Barbados 74.3 74.2 73.7 69.7 74.3
Sri Lanka 77.4 75.4 74.8 75.1 73.2
Jordan 72.4 75.8 71.1 66.7 64.6
Niger 82.4 76.7 80.3 84.0 85.9
Peru 78.6 79.0 78.2 74.3 72.9
Bolivia 77.8 79.4 79.4 77.6 75.8
Central African Republic 79.3 80.0 80.0 73.4 77.0
Tanzania 78.1 80.0 85.2 81.2 86.1
Senegal 79.7 80.3 82.9 81.7 79.5
Vietnam 82.0 80.7 77.2 75.7 73.8
Benin 78.7 80.9 79.1 74.3 73.2
Togo 73.5 81.1 84.1 75.5 76.7
Nepal 82.5 81.3 79.3 82.0 75.1
Seychelles 82.4 81.5 81.6 75.6 77.5
Argentina 80.4 81.9 69.8 69.9 69.1
Yemen, Rep. 88.7 82.1 89.5 80.1 83.4
Mali 83.7 82.2 85.8 86.1 86.1
Rwanda 84.7 82.6 84.3 137.3 96.9
Comoros 79.8 82.7 78.5 83.0 83.1
Sudan 83.6 82.9 75.7 83.0 85.2
Bangladesh 84.5 83.0 82.2 81.6 82.7
Sierra Leone 77.1 84.4 86.4 76.8 93.5
Guatemala 83.9 84.5 84.8 86.1 85.6
Dominican Republic 83.0 85.0 82.5 81.0 81.3
Malawi 73.8 85.2 87.9 71.5 79.4
Swaziland 80.9 85.7 83.4 74.5 82.3
Ghana 83.2 86.6 79.5 73.8 76.3
Guinea-Bissau 86.2 87.8 85.9 89.0 94.8
Haiti 87.5 88.2 107.0 97.3 86.2
El Salvador 88.0 88.4 87.6 87.1 87.4
Tonga 100.5 88.7 91.9 92.1 94.4
Madagascar 91.5 88.9 90.0 89.8 89.9
Uganda 90.5 89.9 87.7 83.9 85.4
Burundi 93.4 90.9 85.7 93.8 88.9
Kiribati 94.5 93.8
Nicaragua 89.4 95.4 90.4 87.8 85.4
Chad 97.0 97.1 96.2 94.1 91.4
Georgia 66.1 97.9 113.0 138.9 101.9
Mozambique 98.4 101.0 95.1 91.3 99.8
Armenia 61.1 101.3 86.5 99.1 108.7
Equatorial Guinea 147.1 102.2 80.2 34.4 141.1
Eritrea 104.0 92.8 99.5 94.1
Lesotho 125.9 111.8 107.0 99.3 93.5
Lebanon 132.5 124.6 118.0 105.3 102.7
Albania 90.9 152.1 119.5 95.8 87.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Guam
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sao Tome and Principe
Qatar 29.9 32.1
Faroe Islands
Palau
United Arab Emirates
Serbia 75.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
New Caledonia
Greenland
Myanmar
Estonia 53.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Montenegro
Cambodia 100.2 94.0 95.0
Slovenia 59.2
Aruba 44.4 50.8
Solomon Islands
American Samoa
Somalia
Samoa
Monaco
Iraq
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
French Polynesia
Marshall Islands
Ethiopia
Maldives 36.5
Turkmenistan 19.4 29.0
Lithuania 63.9
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Croatia 66.5
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Liberia
Cabo Verde
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Latvia 65.3
Andorra
Lao PDR
West Bank and Gaza 99.0 100.8
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Zambia
Jamaica 65.2 68.5 69.3 70.5

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