Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Moldova 57.5 23.7 36.9 54.1
Congo, Rep. 31.8 38.1 27.2 31.3 39.4
Macao SAR, China 39.2 39.7 35.2 34.7 35.3
Kuwait 56.8 90.7 35.8 43.5 41.4
Botswana 33.2 36.1 36.6 35.2 37.9
Russian Federation 48.9 46.9 37.5 45.2 50.8
Latvia 52.7 46.2 39.4 52.5 58.7
Tajikistan 73.8 70.2 42.2 52.0 55.3
Brunei Darussalam 34.8 30.3 43.4 41.5 41.6
Singapore 44.8 43.6 43.6 44.0 42.9
Antigua and Barbuda 47.6 45.5 44.1 44.1 46.9
Saudi Arabia 46.7 44.2 44.4 48.0 47.8
Luxembourg 45.9 45.9 44.5 42.9 42.2
China 47.0 45.6 45.9 41.9 41.1
Ukraine 57.1 54.1 46.0 48.0 48.5
Sweden 44.6 47.3 48.2 50.2 49.2
Slovak Republic 53.0 50.5 48.8 54.3 52.0
Netherlands 49.4 49.8 49.7 49.9 49.6
Gabon 49.7 45.3 49.8 48.0 42.7
Oman 45.7 51.5 50.1 52.1 51.1
Denmark 49.7 50.1 50.2 50.4 51.2
Malaysia 51.8 52.2 50.3 48.3 48.1
Papua New Guinea 59.0 58.8 50.8 42.0 46.3
Norway 49.8 50.0 50.9 50.7 50.5
Belarus 47.4 46.3 51.1 56.2 59.4
Azerbaijan 51.2 73.0 51.4 66.6 67.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 57.9 61.0 51.6 50.2 53.3
Kazakhstan 51.6 74.9 70.7
Algeria 56.8 47.9 51.8 54.9 55.6
Czech Republic 51.8 50.9 53.2 51.8 50.5
Japan 53.3 52.8 53.5 54.3 55.3
Finland 50.5 52.9 53.8 53.5 52.2
Libya 48.4 57.4 53.9 64.2 60.1
Thailand 56.8 54.5 54.1 54.2 54.8
Belgium 54.1 54.8 54.3 53.9 53.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 59.3 57.2 54.8 43.6 43.9
Korea, Rep. 55.3 54.8 55.4 55.7 56.0
France 55.6 55.4 55.5 55.8 55.4
Guyana 72.4 65.5 55.8 62.7 70.3
Angola 35.8 38.6 56.4 48.5 33.8
Germany 56.5 56.3 56.5 57.1 56.8
Panama 56.9 59.4 56.6 55.7 53.6
Austria 55.5 55.9 56.7 55.9 56.2
Ireland 56.8 57.3 57.4 55.9 55.8
Canada 55.8 57.1 57.5 57.5 56.6
Indonesia 58.9 58.4 57.8 58.5 59.7
Hungary 54.9 57.9 58.9 57.4
Australia 55.9 57.9 58.5 58.0 58.0
Switzerland 55.7 57.3 58.6 58.5 57.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 57.5 59.2 59.0 58.5 59.9
Italy 57.9 58.1 59.1 58.7 59.2
Bahrain 38.4 58.6 59.1 56.3 52.1
Bahamas, The 59.5 60.7 59.4 63.2 61.7
Bhutan 58.5 59.1 59.6 52.6 43.7
New Zealand 60.7 60.6 59.8 57.9 58.3
Cuba 54.8 59.8 60.0 60.8 68.8
Iceland 59.0 59.8 60.1 57.8 56.9
Poland 47.6 57.6 60.3 61.8 61.9
Israel 55.6 60.4 60.5 62.4 63.4
Suriname 61.6 61.3 60.8 64.1 64.1
Mauritius 63.4 61.9 60.9 61.5 62.3
South Africa 57.1 58.5 61.0 60.9 60.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 63.8 77.1 61.0 72.2 74.7
Namibia 56.3 65.3 61.0 61.4 58.5
Brazil 59.3 61.6 61.5 60.1 59.6
Spain 61.1 61.0 61.7 61.7 61.6
Tunisia 63.6 62.4 61.7 62.0 62.0
Jamaica 64.9 65.2 61.8 68.5 69.3
Vanuatu 63.2 62.6 61.9 60.4 58.4
Puerto Rico 64.8 63.4 62.1 61.8 61.6
United Kingdom 60.9 61.9 62.7 63.5 62.8
Romania 65.9 60.7 62.7 63.7 63.5
Morocco 60.0 63.1 62.8 62.3 63.9
Belize 59.3 68.0 63.0 60.2 66.8
Paraguay 61.7 63.3 65.4 68.1
Cyprus 61.2 65.7 63.4 59.5 58.2
Dominica 64.7 66.2 63.8 64.9 66.6
Ecuador 62.7 64.5 63.9 71.4 71.0
Macedonia, FYR 72.3 63.6 64.0 70.9 75.7
Chile 61.4 63.0 64.2 64.6 63.0
United States 63.7 64.1 64.2 64.7 64.0
Malta 66.0 64.7 64.3 63.4 62.8
Zimbabwe 63.1 68.1 64.9 64.0 61.5
Trinidad and Tobago 58.7 63.7 64.9 68.3 54.4
India 64.6 65.9 65.0 67.1 66.1
Portugal 63.7 64.6 65.5 67.3 66.3
Bulgaria 59.8 54.1 65.6 73.5 74.0
Mongolia 68.7 76.5 65.9 70.6 65.7
Honduras 66.8 67.6 66.6 64.9 62.8
Turkey 68.7 67.7 66.7 66.2 66.0
Nigeria 62.9 62.8 67.2 70.3 64.5
Mauritania 69.2 68.7 67.3 71.6 36.1
Grenada 60.7 62.1 67.3 69.6 60.3
Gambia, The 75.6 71.8 67.3 88.4 91.4
Greece 65.5 65.2 67.6 68.1 68.5
Lithuania 56.8 56.3 67.8 73.1 68.0
Kenya 62.8 63.8 67.8 63.0 62.7
Burkina Faso 73.5 70.0 69.6 70.9 57.6
Venezuela, RB 62.1 66.5 69.7 72.9 70.1
Pakistan 73.8 68.2 70.0 72.2 71.1
St. Lucia 71.1 73.5 70.2 66.8 67.4
Cameroon 66.6 64.7 70.7 73.3 73.8
Kyrgyz Republic 71.1 64.2 70.7 75.7 78.4
Guinea 66.9 67.9 71.3 71.5 74.3
Uzbekistan 62.9 58.0 71.7 47.6 61.0
Colombia 66.4 67.4 71.8 71.0 65.7
Mexico 69.6 70.5 71.8 69.8 70.5
Cote d'Ivoire 71.9 73.3 71.8 71.2 63.0
Costa Rica 72.9 72.3 72.0 72.4 71.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 79.1 84.9 72.2 80.6 85.0
Uruguay 70.3 70.1 72.2 72.6 72.9
Fiji 73.0 70.0 72.2 72.6 73.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 72.6 75.6 72.6 74.1 74.6
Djibouti 78.9 78.5 72.8
Syrian Arab Republic 68.7 74.4 73.8 73.5 68.9
Philippines 71.5 72.8 73.9 74.4 71.4
Sri Lanka 75.9 77.4 75.4 74.8 75.1
Jordan 74.9 72.4 76.6 71.9 67.4
Barbados 72.4 74.9 76.7 76.3 71.8
Niger 79.0 82.4 76.7 80.3 84.0
Peru 76.7 78.6 79.0 78.2 74.3
Bolivia 76.9 77.8 79.4 79.4 77.6
Central African Republic 80.7 79.3 80.0 80.0 73.4
Tanzania 80.9 78.1 80.0 85.2 81.2
Senegal 79.2 79.7 80.3 82.9 81.7
Vietnam 84.3 82.0 80.7 77.2 75.7
Benin 75.7 78.7 80.9 79.1 74.3
Ethiopia 69.4 76.5 81.1 77.5 74.1
Togo 71.1 73.5 81.1 84.1 75.5
Nepal 84.3 82.5 81.3 79.3 82.0
Seychelles 82.9 82.4 81.5 81.6 75.6
Argentina 77.1 80.4 81.9 69.8 75.2
Yemen, Rep. 77.0 88.7 82.1 89.5 80.1
Mali 79.8 80.1 82.3 80.7 81.2
Rwanda 83.7 84.7 82.6 84.3 137.3
Comoros 78.7 79.8 82.7 78.5 83.0
Sudan 86.1 83.6 82.9 75.7 83.0
Bangladesh 86.2 84.5 83.0 82.2 81.6
Sierra Leone 78.5 77.1 84.4 86.4 76.8
Guatemala 83.6 83.9 84.5 84.8 86.1
Zambia 64.4 59.8 84.7 73.4
Dominican Republic 80.4 83.0 85.0 82.5 81.0
Malawi 71.5 73.8 85.2 87.9 71.5
Swaziland 80.4 80.9 85.7 83.4 74.5
Ghana 85.2 83.2 86.6 79.5 73.8
Guinea-Bissau 86.9 86.2 87.8 85.9 89.0
Haiti 87.5 88.2 107.0 97.3
El Salvador 88.9 88.0 88.4 87.6 87.1
Tonga 93.6 100.5 88.7 91.9 90.8
Madagascar 86.4 91.5 88.9 90.0 89.8
Uganda 91.9 90.5 89.9 87.7 83.9
Burundi 94.5 93.4 90.9 85.7 93.8
Kiribati 89.6 94.5 93.8
Nicaragua 58.6 89.4 95.4 90.4 87.8
Chad 97.6 97.0 97.1 96.2 94.1
Georgia 64.7 66.1 97.9 113.0 138.9
Mozambique 92.3 99.0 99.3 102.4 98.6
Armenia 45.9 61.1 101.3 86.5 99.1
Equatorial Guinea 91.2 147.1 102.2 80.2 34.4
Eritrea 104.0 92.8 99.5
Lesotho 123.1 125.9 111.8 107.0 99.3
Lebanon 139.6 132.5 124.6 118.0 105.3
Albania 60.5 90.9 152.1 119.5 95.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
San Marino
Cabo Verde
Samoa
Greenland
Qatar 29.9
United Arab Emirates
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Iraq
Slovenia
Faeroe Islands
Solomon Islands
Estonia
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
South Sudan
Andorra
New Caledonia 75.4
Sao Tome and Principe
Myanmar
Timor-Leste
Montenegro
Guam
Monaco
French Polynesia
St. Martin (French part)
Turkmenistan 49.3 43.9 29.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
Curacao
Maldives
Croatia
Liechtenstein
Cambodia 100.2 94.0
Liberia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Afghanistan
Aruba 44.4
Lao PDR
West Bank and Gaza 99.0
Kosovo
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.

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