Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Turkmenistan 49.3 43.9 29.0
Congo, Rep. 31.8 38.1 27.2 31.3 39.4
Macao SAR, China 39.2 39.7 35.2 34.7 35.3
Botswana 33.2 36.1 36.6 35.2 37.9
Moldova 57.5 23.7 36.9 54.1
Brunei Darussalam 34.8 30.3 43.4 41.5 41.6
Papua New Guinea 59.0 58.8 50.8 42.0 46.3
China 47.8 46.8 46.3 42.3 41.8
Luxembourg 45.9 45.9 44.5 42.9 42.2
Kuwait 56.8 90.7 35.8 43.5 41.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 59.3 57.2 54.8 43.6 43.9
Singapore 44.8 43.6 43.6 44.0 42.9
Antigua and Barbuda 47.6 45.5 44.1 44.1 46.9
Russian Federation 48.9 46.9 37.5 45.2 50.8
Uzbekistan 62.9 58.0 71.7 47.6 61.0
Gabon 49.7 45.3 49.8 48.0 42.7
Ukraine 57.1 54.1 46.0 48.0 48.5
Saudi Arabia 46.7 44.2 44.4 48.0 47.8
Malaysia 51.8 52.2 50.3 48.3 48.1
Angola 66.7 37.5 57.7 48.7 33.8
Norway 48.9 49.1 49.9 49.7 49.5
Netherlands 49.4 49.8 49.7 49.9 49.6
Sweden 44.6 47.3 48.2 50.2 49.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 57.9 61.0 51.6 50.2 53.3
Denmark 49.7 50.1 50.2 50.4 51.2
Czech Republic 51.8 50.9 53.2 51.8 50.5
Tajikistan 73.8 70.2 42.2 52.0 55.3
Oman 45.7 51.5 50.1 52.1 51.1
Bhutan 58.5 59.1 59.6 52.6 43.7
Finland 50.5 52.9 53.8 53.5 52.2
Belgium 54.1 54.8 54.3 53.9 53.7
Thailand 56.8 54.5 54.1 54.2 54.8
Slovak Republic 53.0 50.5 48.8 54.3 52.0
Japan 53.3 52.8 53.5 54.3 55.3
Algeria 56.8 47.9 51.8 54.9 55.6
Korea, Rep. 55.3 54.8 55.4 55.7 56.0
Panama 56.9 59.4 56.6 55.7 53.6
France 55.6 55.4 55.5 55.8 55.4
Austria 55.5 55.9 56.7 55.9 56.2
Ireland 56.8 57.3 57.4 55.9 55.8
Belarus 47.4 46.3 51.1 56.2 59.4
Bahrain 38.4 58.6 59.1 56.3 52.1
Germany 56.5 56.3 56.5 57.1 56.8
New Zealand 60.2 60.1 59.3 57.4 57.9
Canada 55.8 57.1 57.5 57.5 56.6
Iceland 59.0 59.8 60.1 57.8 56.9
Australia 55.9 57.9 58.5 58.0 58.0
Switzerland 55.7 57.3 58.6 58.5 57.6
Indonesia 58.9 58.4 57.8 58.5 59.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 57.5 59.2 59.0 58.5 59.9
Italy 57.9 58.1 59.1 58.7 59.2
Hungary 54.9 57.9 58.9 57.4
Cyprus 61.2 65.7 63.4 59.5 58.2
Brazil 59.3 61.6 61.5 60.1 61.2
Belize 59.3 68.0 63.0 60.2 66.8
Vanuatu 63.2 62.6 61.9 60.4 58.4
South Africa 57.1 58.5 61.0 60.7 60.3
Cuba 54.8 59.8 60.0 60.8 68.8
Namibia 56.3 65.3 61.0 61.4 58.5
Mauritius 63.4 61.9 60.9 61.5 62.3
Spain 61.1 61.0 61.7 61.7 61.6
Puerto Rico 64.8 63.4 62.1 61.8 61.6
Poland 47.6 57.6 60.3 61.8 61.9
Tunisia 63.6 62.4 61.7 62.0 62.0
Morocco 60.0 63.1 62.8 62.3 63.9
Israel 55.6 60.4 60.5 62.4 63.4
Guyana 72.4 65.5 55.8 62.7 70.3
Kenya 62.8 63.8 67.8 63.0 62.7
Bahamas, The 59.5 60.7 59.4 63.2 61.7
Malta 66.0 64.7 64.3 63.4 62.8
Romania 65.9 60.7 62.7 63.7 63.5
Zimbabwe 63.1 68.1 64.9 64.0 61.5
Suriname 61.6 61.3 60.8 64.1 64.1
United Kingdom 61.8 62.8 63.4 64.1 63.2
Libya 48.4 57.4 53.9 64.2 60.1
Chile 61.4 63.0 64.2 64.6 63.0
Honduras 66.8 67.6 66.6 64.9 62.8
Dominica 64.7 66.2 63.8 64.9 66.6
United States 64.0 64.1 64.5 65.0 64.9
Paraguay 61.7 63.3 65.4 68.1
Turkey 68.7 67.7 66.7 66.2 66.0
Azerbaijan 51.2 73.0 51.4 66.6 67.1
St. Lucia 71.1 73.5 70.2 66.8 67.4
India 64.6 65.9 65.0 67.1 66.1
Portugal 63.7 64.6 65.5 67.3 66.3
Greece 65.5 65.2 67.6 68.1 68.5
Trinidad and Tobago 58.7 63.7 64.9 68.3 54.4
Jamaica 64.9 65.2 68.5 69.3
Grenada 60.7 62.1 67.3 69.6 60.3
Mexico 69.6 70.5 71.8 69.8 70.5
Argentina 77.1 80.4 81.9 69.8 69.9
Nigeria 62.9 62.8 67.2 70.3 64.5
Mongolia 68.7 76.5 65.9 70.6 65.7
Macedonia, FYR 72.3 63.6 64.0 70.9 75.7
Burkina Faso 73.5 70.0 69.6 70.9 57.6
Colombia 66.4 67.4 71.8 71.0 65.7
Jordan 74.9 72.4 75.8 71.1 66.7
Cote d'Ivoire 71.9 73.3 71.8 71.2 63.0
Ecuador 62.7 64.5 63.9 71.4 71.0
Guinea 66.9 67.9 71.3 71.5 74.3
Mauritania 69.2 68.7 67.3 71.6 36.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 63.8 77.1 61.0 72.2 74.7
Pakistan 73.8 68.2 70.0 72.2 71.1
Costa Rica 72.9 72.3 72.0 72.4 71.7
Fiji 73.0 70.0 72.2 72.6 73.2
Uruguay 70.3 70.1 72.2 72.6 72.9
Venezuela, RB 62.1 66.5 69.7 72.9 70.1
Cameroon 66.6 64.7 70.7 73.3 73.8
Zambia 64.4 59.8 84.7 73.4
Syrian Arab Republic 68.7 74.4 73.8 73.5 68.9
Bulgaria 59.8 54.1 65.6 73.5 74.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 72.6 75.6 72.6 74.1 74.6
Philippines 71.5 72.8 73.9 74.4 71.4
Sri Lanka 75.9 77.4 75.4 74.8 75.1
Kazakhstan 51.6 74.9 70.7
Kyrgyz Republic 71.1 64.2 70.7 75.7 78.4
Sudan 86.1 83.6 82.9 75.7 83.0
Barbados 72.4 74.9 76.7 76.3 71.8
Vietnam 84.3 82.0 80.7 77.2 75.7
Ethiopia 69.4 76.5 81.1 77.5 74.1
Peru 76.7 78.6 79.0 78.2 74.3
Comoros 78.7 79.8 82.7 78.5 83.0
Benin 75.7 78.7 80.9 79.1 74.3
Nepal 84.3 82.5 81.3 79.3 82.0
Bolivia 76.9 77.8 79.4 79.4 77.6
Ghana 85.2 83.2 86.6 79.5 73.8
Central African Republic 80.7 79.3 80.0 80.0 73.4
Equatorial Guinea 91.2 147.1 102.2 80.2 34.4
Niger 79.0 82.4 76.7 80.3 84.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 79.1 80.0 72.9 80.6 85.0
Mali 79.8 80.1 82.3 80.7 81.2
Seychelles 82.9 82.4 81.5 81.6 75.6
Bangladesh 86.6 84.5 83.0 82.2 81.6
Dominican Republic 80.4 83.0 85.0 82.5 81.0
Senegal 79.2 79.7 80.3 82.9 81.7
Swaziland 80.4 80.9 85.7 83.4 74.5
Togo 71.1 73.5 81.1 84.1 75.5
Rwanda 83.7 84.7 82.6 84.3 137.3
Guatemala 83.6 83.9 84.5 84.8 86.1
Tanzania 80.9 78.1 80.0 85.2 81.2
Burundi 94.5 93.4 90.9 85.7 93.8
Guinea-Bissau 86.9 86.2 87.8 85.9 89.0
Sierra Leone 78.5 77.1 84.4 86.4 76.8
Armenia 45.9 61.1 101.3 86.5 99.1
El Salvador 88.9 88.0 88.4 87.6 87.1
Uganda 91.9 90.5 89.9 87.7 83.9
Malawi 71.5 73.8 85.2 87.9 71.5
Gambia, The 75.6 71.8 67.3 88.4 91.4
Yemen, Rep. 77.0 88.7 82.1 89.5 80.1
Madagascar 86.4 91.5 88.9 90.0 89.8
Nicaragua 58.6 89.4 95.4 90.4 87.8
Tonga 93.6 100.5 88.7 91.9 90.8
Eritrea 104.0 92.8 99.5
Chad 97.6 97.0 97.1 96.2 94.1
Cambodia 100.2 94.0
Mozambique 92.3 99.0 99.3 102.4 98.6
Haiti 87.5 88.2 107.0 97.3
Lesotho 123.1 125.9 111.8 107.0 99.3
Georgia 64.7 66.1 97.9 113.0 138.9
Lebanon 139.6 132.5 124.6 118.0 105.3
Albania 60.5 90.9 152.1 119.5 95.8
French Polynesia
Qatar 29.9
Serbia
Croatia
Palau
Iraq
Northern Mariana Islands
Estonia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bermuda
New Caledonia 75.4
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Myanmar
Greenland
Slovenia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Solomon Islands
United Arab Emirates
Somalia
Cabo Verde
Montenegro
Samoa
South Sudan
San Marino
Monaco
Kiribati 89.6 94.5 93.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Timor-Leste
Marshall Islands
Guam
Maldives
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
Lithuania
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Djibouti 78.9 78.5 72.8
Liberia
Curacao
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Andorra
Aruba 44.4
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza 99.0
Lao PDR
American Samoa
Taiwan, China

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