Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 32.1 27.3 22.7 25.3 21.1
Brunei Darussalam 32.7 34.2 40.7 43.3 42.6
Macao SAR, China 34.8 37.4 38.6 41.0 42.5
Botswana 35.7 33.7 34.6 35.3 35.5
Maldives 36.5 35.0 36.4 35.0 35.2
Gabon 41.3 34.3 34.4 46.1 40.6
Singapore 41.3 39.9 38.6 37.5 41.0
Luxembourg 41.9 41.6 41.7 42.0 38.8
China 42.3 44.4 43.9 44.3 45.6
Kuwait 42.7 44.5 46.5 58.3 52.1
Papua New Guinea 43.6 46.3 60.6 58.8 56.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.2 44.1 49.1 54.9 50.9
Congo, Rep. 46.6 45.9 41.4 45.5 44.0
Saudi Arabia 46.9 43.9 42.3 46.0 41.8
Sweden 47.4 47.5 47.4 46.9 46.9
Bhutan 47.6 47.1 55.5 62.0 62.6
Malaysia 47.9 46.0 45.3 41.6 41.6
Uzbekistan 48.4 52.7 54.3 51.7 54.5
Norway 48.9 48.1 46.9 48.5 47.2
Netherlands 49.4 49.9 49.7 50.1 50.6
Czech Republic 49.4 49.9 51.8 50.9 51.3
Finland 50.3 50.6 49.5 48.4 48.3
Denmark 50.6 50.2 49.9 50.1 48.7
Aruba 50.8 42.3 45.4 49.4 53.7
Slovak Republic 51.1 52.3 52.9 54.4 55.8
Oman 51.5 48.6 47.7 57.9 50.2
Panama 52.0 58.5 57.4 62.0 62.4
Russian Federation 52.1 52.6 54.8 59.6 53.5
Estonia 52.7 57.5 56.9 56.3 57.1
Trinidad and Tobago 52.8 52.7 61.8 60.2 62.3
Ireland 52.9 51.9 49.6 49.5 47.4
Bahrain 53.0 53.6 53.5 57.1 55.4
Belgium 53.5 53.8 53.2 53.2 52.3
Hungary 53.9 53.0 51.4 51.8 54.1
Antigua and Barbuda 54.6 66.5 46.5 39.0 41.0
Thailand 54.7 54.3 54.8 52.6 55.4
Austria 54.9 55.8 55.1 54.6 53.6
Algeria 55.1 52.7 51.4 55.0 51.6
Ukraine 55.1 58.1 54.2 56.8 57.2
France 55.2 55.6 54.6 54.5 54.2
Japan 55.4 55.5 55.4 56.1 57.2
Canada 55.7 56.2 56.8 56.9 56.3
Korea, Rep. 55.8 56.5 56.8 53.5 55.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.1 56.8 77.7 74.9 65.9
Israel 56.2 55.3 54.0 54.2 53.9
Germany 56.6 57.0 57.0 56.5 56.9
Moldova 56.7 67.3 77.3 85.7 82.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 56.8 63.2 54.4 54.1 63.0
Iceland 57.6 57.8 57.3 57.5 59.2
New Zealand 57.7 58.6 58.8 60.4 59.1
Australia 58.1 57.8 57.4 57.8 58.3
Switzerland 58.2 58.9 59.2 58.9 59.2
Libya 58.8 55.9 59.1 63.3 66.3
Italy 59.0 58.6 59.2 59.8 60.6
Belarus 59.1 60.0 58.6 58.3 59.2
Slovenia 59.2 58.7 57.5 57.0 57.6
Namibia 59.6 60.1 64.7 62.4 62.5
Vanuatu 59.7 58.7 58.7 72.8 75.9
Poland 59.8 61.7 62.2 61.9 62.7
Cyprus 60.8 62.0 61.7 61.4 60.4
Puerto Rico 60.8 61.4 62.3 59.1 58.8
Fiji 60.8 63.4 62.3 51.9 61.7
Spain 60.9 60.5 60.2 59.8 59.7
Chile 61.2 63.3 63.3 64.9 64.4
United Kingdom 61.3 61.7 62.9 63.8 64.8
Indonesia 61.6 62.4 61.7 67.8 73.9
Grenada 61.8 69.3 71.3 75.1 58.1
Tajikistan 61.9 64.3 70.5 84.1 74.2
Dominica 61.9 62.4 61.9 59.1 59.1
South Africa 62.1 61.3 61.9 62.0 61.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 62.2 61.5 61.1 61.4 60.2
Mauritius 62.7 61.7 61.4 61.3 62.4
Guyana 62.7 58.0 60.4 64.6 64.1
Mauritania 62.9 67.2 74.5 76.1 72.9
Tunisia 62.9 60.9 61.5 61.6 61.1
Mongolia 63.1 68.1 57.4 65.6 65.6
Morocco 63.2 63.4 61.6 61.0 60.5
Burkina Faso 63.3 67.7 64.7 68.9 78.5
Honduras 63.5 64.4 64.6 66.6 69.0
Paraguay 63.6 65.8 65.9 62.3 63.7
Suriname 63.8 62.8 64.4 57.0 61.8
Bahamas, The 63.8 65.0 66.1 67.5 64.6
India 64.0 68.2 65.1 65.6 62.3
Brazil 64.1 65.0 65.2 64.0 64.5
Jordan 64.6 70.3 71.0 73.3 72.3
Portugal 64.6 64.9 63.7 62.9 63.2
Malta 65.0 66.8 66.9 66.9 68.2
Zimbabwe 65.0 64.3 72.6 65.2 63.9
United States 65.0 65.0 64.6 64.9 65.3
Belize 65.2 65.8 68.2 70.9 74.2
Colombia 65.4 65.0 64.6 65.3 63.8
Latvia 65.5 67.9 66.8 63.6 65.6
Bulgaria 65.5 73.9 66.7 59.8 68.6
Mexico 65.7 65.8 67.2 67.0 67.0
Syrian Arab Republic 66.3 70.6 69.6 67.5 70.3
Cote d'Ivoire 66.5 68.7 62.9 66.3 64.6
Croatia 66.5 63.9 65.6 62.5 61.3
Romania 67.6 69.5 74.2 83.2 83.1
St. Lucia 68.0 69.2 66.2 64.0 64.7
Greece 68.0 68.0 66.9 67.0 66.8
Turkey 68.2 70.2 68.4 66.5 68.5
Djibouti 68.7 72.7 71.3 74.5 73.0
Nigeria 69.1 75.9 71.9 84.2 74.1
Argentina 69.1 70.1 70.8 70.1 70.0
Venezuela, RB 69.5 63.2 51.5 57.6 57.4
Kenya 69.9 76.7 78.0 75.6 75.3
Macedonia, FYR 70.4 72.1 72.8 72.4 69.7
Jamaica 70.5 69.0 68.4
Costa Rica 71.1 74.1 72.7 69.2 64.6
Cuba 71.1 59.5 61.1 63.1 62.0
Kazakhstan 71.1 67.3 70.5 73.3 72.4
Ethiopia 71.6 74.6 79.1 73.7 73.2
Cameroon 72.2 71.6 72.7 72.1 71.3
Ecuador 72.3 70.3 70.4 72.5 65.1
Pakistan 72.4 72.9 74.9 72.1 75.7
Uruguay 72.9 72.1 74.9 74.6 75.9
Peru 72.9 73.8 72.1 72.6 71.4
Benin 73.2 72.5 72.6 74.1 74.7
Sri Lanka 73.2 74.1 72.3 71.1 71.5
Vietnam 73.8 74.5 71.7 70.6 68.4
Philippines 74.0 72.8 72.4 72.5 72.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 74.5 76.9 77.2 76.7 75.0
Guinea 74.5 76.9 74.9 79.6 77.6
Kyrgyz Republic 75.0 82.1 68.9 88.2 77.6
Nepal 75.1 76.4 77.1 76.9 77.5
Serbia 75.3 75.3 75.6 77.5 79.1
Bolivia 75.8 75.1 74.7 75.1 76.8
Ghana 76.3 74.7 83.4 79.4 85.7
Togo 76.7 80.1 89.2 86.3 87.1
Barbados 76.9 76.1 78.5 74.8 75.8
Central African Republic 77.0 84.0 80.1 83.3 74.8
Azerbaijan 77.0 85.0 77.2 83.3 71.8
Seychelles 77.5 79.0 78.9 77.0 76.2
Malawi 79.4 82.7 83.1 77.2 87.2
Senegal 79.5 80.2 78.0 78.3 75.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 81.0 66.3 85.9 92.9 84.9
Dominican Republic 81.3 80.2 78.8 77.3 77.2
Swaziland 82.3 87.0 76.9 77.8 79.9
Mali 82.6 82.7 78.0 74.9 74.6
Bangladesh 82.7 81.2 78.6 77.1 77.1
Comoros 83.1 84.6 91.4 92.2 91.6
Yemen, Rep. 83.4 71.8 68.6 80.7 68.8
Sudan 85.2 90.3 86.0 84.3 85.9
Nicaragua 85.4 85.3 86.0 85.4 84.2
Uganda 85.4 79.5 76.0 81.5 79.1
Guatemala 85.6 87.0 87.0 85.0 84.7
Niger 85.9 86.2 82.9 83.6 81.1
Tanzania 86.1 83.8 86.3 80.3 81.2
Haiti 86.2 80.5 83.6 83.3 82.5
Albania 87.4 96.3 98.7 97.6 86.5
El Salvador 87.4 88.3 87.5 85.0 85.9
Burundi 88.9 81.7 81.7 87.5 84.3
Madagascar 89.9 84.1 87.5 85.1 85.6
Mozambique 90.3 88.1 83.9 86.3 92.1
Chad 91.4 83.4 86.2 88.5 93.3
Gambia, The 93.3 89.1 86.0 88.4 88.5
Sierra Leone 93.5 92.8 95.3 93.0 94.3
Lesotho 93.5 93.1 102.1 132.0 117.9
Eritrea 94.1 91.8 95.0 80.6 62.1
Guinea-Bissau 94.8 91.7 87.8 100.8 90.4
Cambodia 95.0 98.0 91.2 96.5 91.2
Tonga 95.2 92.2 89.2 99.6 89.5
Rwanda 96.9 94.3 94.5 92.8 91.2
West Bank and Gaza 100.8 98.9 98.6 96.1 94.8
Georgia 101.9 91.7 98.5 82.4 82.0
Lebanon 102.7 93.2 86.8 82.1 82.9
Armenia 108.7 101.5 107.7 103.6 98.8
Equatorial Guinea 141.1 207.2 105.4 159.1 100.2
Montenegro
Palau
Solomon Islands 93.1 89.0 77.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Somalia
Sao Tome and Principe
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Zambia
South Sudan
Greenland
Marshall Islands
French Polynesia
Lithuania
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liberia
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Afghanistan
Timor-Leste
Myanmar
Samoa
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Faeroe Islands 51.4 54.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Turkmenistan 43.6 74.0 76.4 75.8
United Arab Emirates
Tuvalu
Angola
Curacao
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Lao PDR
Cabo Verde
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bermuda
Kiribati
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iraq
Andorra
Taiwan, China
American Samoa

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