Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 32.1 27.3 22.7 25.3 21.1
Botswana 35.7 33.7 34.6 35.3 35.5
Brunei Darussalam 32.7 34.2 40.7 43.3 42.6
Gabon 41.3 34.3 34.4 46.1 40.6
Maldives 36.5 35.0 36.4 35.0 35.2
Macao SAR, China 34.8 37.4 38.6 41.0 42.5
Singapore 41.3 39.9 38.6 37.5 41.0
Luxembourg 41.9 41.6 41.7 42.0 38.8
Aruba 50.8 42.3 45.4 49.4 53.7
Turkmenistan 43.6 74.0 76.4 75.8
Saudi Arabia 46.9 43.9 42.3 46.0 41.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.2 44.1 49.1 54.9 50.9
China 42.3 44.4 43.9 44.3 45.6
Kuwait 42.7 44.5 46.5 58.3 52.1
Congo, Rep. 46.6 45.9 41.4 45.5 44.0
Malaysia 47.9 46.0 45.3 41.6 41.6
Papua New Guinea 43.6 46.3 60.6 58.8 56.5
Bhutan 47.6 47.1 55.5 62.0 62.6
Sweden 47.4 47.5 47.4 46.9 46.9
Norway 48.9 48.1 46.9 48.5 47.2
Oman 51.5 48.6 47.7 57.9 50.2
Netherlands 49.4 49.9 49.7 50.1 50.6
Czech Republic 49.4 49.9 51.8 50.9 51.3
Denmark 50.6 50.2 49.9 50.1 48.7
Finland 50.3 50.6 49.5 48.4 48.3
Ireland 52.9 51.9 49.6 49.5 47.4
Slovak Republic 51.1 52.3 52.9 54.4 55.8
Russian Federation 52.1 52.6 54.8 59.6 53.5
Uzbekistan 48.4 52.7 54.3 51.7 54.5
Algeria 55.1 52.7 51.4 55.0 51.6
Trinidad and Tobago 52.8 52.7 61.8 60.2 62.3
Hungary 53.9 53.0 51.4 51.8 54.1
Bahrain 53.0 53.6 53.5 57.1 55.4
Belgium 53.5 53.8 53.2 53.2 52.3
Thailand 54.7 54.3 54.8 52.6 55.4
Israel 56.2 55.3 54.0 54.2 53.9
Japan 55.4 55.5 55.4 56.1 57.2
France 55.2 55.6 54.6 54.5 54.2
Austria 54.9 55.8 55.1 54.6 53.6
Libya 58.8 55.9 59.1 63.3 66.3
Canada 55.7 56.2 56.8 56.9 56.3
Korea, Rep. 55.8 56.5 56.8 53.5 55.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.1 56.8 77.7 74.9 65.9
Germany 56.6 57.0 57.0 56.5 56.9
Estonia 52.7 57.5 56.9 56.3 57.1
Australia 58.1 57.8 57.4 57.8 58.3
Iceland 57.6 57.8 57.3 57.5 59.2
Guyana 62.7 58.0 60.4 64.6 64.1
Ukraine 55.1 58.1 54.2 56.8 57.2
Panama 52.0 58.5 57.4 62.0 62.4
Italy 59.0 58.6 59.2 59.8 60.6
New Zealand 57.7 58.6 58.8 60.4 59.1
Slovenia 59.2 58.7 57.5 57.0 57.6
Vanuatu 59.7 58.7 58.7 72.8 75.9
Switzerland 58.2 58.9 59.2 58.9 59.2
Cuba 71.1 59.5 61.1 63.1 62.0
Belarus 59.1 60.0 58.6 58.3 59.2
Namibia 59.6 60.1 64.7 62.4 62.5
Spain 60.9 60.5 60.2 59.8 59.7
Tunisia 62.9 60.9 61.5 61.6 61.1
South Africa 62.1 61.3 61.9 62.0 61.9
Puerto Rico 60.8 61.4 62.3 59.1 58.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 62.2 61.5 61.1 61.4 60.2
Mauritius 62.7 61.7 61.4 61.3 62.4
Poland 59.8 61.7 62.2 61.9 62.7
United Kingdom 61.3 61.7 62.9 63.8 64.8
Cyprus 60.8 62.0 61.7 61.4 60.4
Indonesia 61.6 62.4 61.7 67.8 73.9
Dominica 61.9 62.4 61.9 59.1 59.1
Suriname 63.8 62.8 64.4 57.0 61.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 56.8 63.2 54.4 54.1 63.0
Venezuela, RB 69.5 63.2 51.5 57.6 57.4
Chile 61.2 63.3 63.3 64.9 64.4
Morocco 63.2 63.4 61.6 61.0 60.5
Fiji 60.8 63.4 62.3 51.9 61.7
Croatia 66.5 63.9 65.6 62.5 61.3
Tajikistan 61.9 64.3 70.5 84.1 74.2
Zimbabwe 65.0 64.3 72.6 65.2 63.9
Honduras 63.5 64.4 64.6 66.6 69.0
Portugal 64.6 64.9 63.7 62.9 63.2
Bahamas, The 63.8 65.0 66.1 67.5 64.6
Colombia 65.4 65.0 64.6 65.3 63.8
Brazil 64.1 65.0 65.2 64.0 64.5
United States 65.0 65.0 64.6 64.9 65.3
Belize 65.2 65.8 68.2 70.9 74.2
Paraguay 63.6 65.8 65.9 62.3 63.7
Mexico 65.7 65.8 67.2 67.0 67.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 81.0 66.3 85.9 92.9 84.9
Antigua and Barbuda 54.6 66.5 46.5 39.0 41.0
Malta 65.0 66.8 66.9 66.9 68.2
Mauritania 62.9 67.2 74.5 76.1 72.9
Kazakhstan 71.1 67.3 70.5 73.3 72.4
Moldova 56.7 67.3 77.3 85.7 82.1
Burkina Faso 63.3 67.7 64.7 68.9 78.5
Latvia 65.5 67.9 66.8 63.6 65.6
Greece 68.0 68.0 66.9 67.0 66.8
Mongolia 63.1 68.1 57.4 65.6 65.6
India 64.0 68.2 65.1 65.6 62.3
Cote d'Ivoire 66.5 68.7 62.9 66.3 64.6
Jamaica 70.5 69.0 68.4
St. Lucia 68.0 69.2 66.2 64.0 64.7
Grenada 61.8 69.3 71.3 75.1 58.1
Romania 67.6 69.5 74.2 83.2 83.1
Argentina 69.1 70.1 70.8 70.1 70.0
Turkey 68.2 70.2 68.4 66.5 68.5
Ecuador 72.3 70.3 70.4 72.5 65.1
Jordan 64.6 70.3 71.0 73.3 72.3
Syrian Arab Republic 66.3 70.6 69.6 67.5 70.3
Cameroon 72.2 71.6 72.7 72.1 71.3
Yemen, Rep. 83.4 71.8 68.6 80.7 68.8
Macedonia, FYR 70.4 72.1 72.8 72.4 69.7
Uruguay 72.9 72.1 74.9 74.6 75.9
Benin 73.2 72.5 72.6 74.1 74.7
Djibouti 68.7 72.7 71.3 74.5 73.0
Philippines 74.0 72.8 72.4 72.5 72.8
Pakistan 72.4 72.9 74.9 72.1 75.7
Peru 72.9 73.8 72.1 72.6 71.4
Bulgaria 65.5 73.9 66.7 59.8 68.6
Costa Rica 71.1 74.1 72.7 69.2 64.6
Sri Lanka 73.2 74.1 72.3 71.1 71.5
Vietnam 73.8 74.5 71.7 70.6 68.4
Ethiopia 71.6 74.6 79.1 73.7 73.2
Ghana 76.3 74.7 83.4 79.4 85.7
Bolivia 75.8 75.1 74.7 75.1 76.8
Serbia 75.3 75.3 75.6 77.5 79.1
Nigeria 69.1 75.9 71.9 84.2 74.1
Barbados 76.9 76.1 78.5 74.8 75.8
Nepal 75.1 76.4 77.1 76.9 77.5
Kenya 69.9 76.7 78.0 75.6 75.3
Guinea 74.5 76.9 74.9 79.6 77.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 74.5 76.9 77.2 76.7 75.0
Seychelles 77.5 79.0 78.9 77.0 76.2
Uganda 85.4 79.5 76.0 81.5 79.1
Togo 76.7 80.1 89.2 86.3 87.1
Senegal 79.5 80.2 78.0 78.3 75.8
Dominican Republic 81.3 80.2 78.8 77.3 77.2
Haiti 86.2 80.5 83.6 83.3 82.5
Bangladesh 82.7 81.2 78.6 77.1 77.1
Burundi 88.9 81.7 81.7 87.5 84.3
Kyrgyz Republic 75.0 82.1 68.9 88.2 77.6
Mali 82.6 82.7 78.0 74.9 74.6
Malawi 79.4 82.7 83.1 77.2 87.2
Chad 91.4 83.4 86.2 88.5 93.3
Tanzania 86.1 83.8 86.3 80.3 81.2
Central African Republic 77.0 84.0 80.1 83.3 74.8
Madagascar 89.9 84.1 87.5 85.1 85.6
Comoros 83.1 84.6 91.4 92.2 91.6
Azerbaijan 77.0 85.0 77.2 83.3 71.8
Nicaragua 85.4 85.3 86.0 85.4 84.2
Niger 85.9 86.2 82.9 83.6 81.1
Guatemala 85.6 87.0 87.0 85.0 84.7
Swaziland 82.3 87.0 76.9 77.8 79.9
Mozambique 90.3 88.1 83.9 86.3 92.1
El Salvador 87.4 88.3 87.5 85.0 85.9
Gambia, The 93.3 89.1 86.0 88.4 88.5
Sudan 85.2 90.3 86.0 84.3 85.9
Guinea-Bissau 94.8 91.7 87.8 100.8 90.4
Georgia 101.9 91.7 98.5 82.4 82.0
Eritrea 94.1 91.8 95.0 80.6 62.1
Tonga 95.2 92.2 89.2 99.6 89.5
Sierra Leone 93.5 92.8 95.3 93.0 94.3
Lesotho 93.5 93.1 102.1 132.0 117.9
Lebanon 102.7 93.2 86.8 82.1 82.9
Rwanda 96.9 94.3 94.5 92.8 91.2
Albania 87.4 96.3 98.7 97.6 86.5
Cambodia 95.0 98.0 91.2 96.5 91.2
West Bank and Gaza 100.8 98.9 98.6 96.1 94.8
Armenia 108.7 101.5 107.7 103.6 98.8
Equatorial Guinea 141.1 207.2 105.4 159.1 100.2
Samoa
Guam
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands
Iraq
Solomon Islands 93.1 89.0 77.7
French Polynesia
United Arab Emirates
Tuvalu
Somalia
New Caledonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
South Sudan
American Samoa
Myanmar
Montenegro
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Timor-Leste
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
Curacao
Faeroe Islands 51.4 54.0
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Lithuania
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Liberia
Cabo Verde
Angola
Bermuda
Middle East (developing only)
Lao PDR
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Zambia
Kiribati
Isle of Man
Afghanistan

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