Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Qatar 27.3 22.7 25.3 21.1 15.2
Botswana 33.7 34.6 35.3 35.5 33.8
Brunei Darussalam 34.2 40.7 43.3 42.6 29.6
Gabon 34.3 34.4 46.1 40.6 32.2
Maldives 35.0 36.4 35.0 35.2 32.9
Macao SAR, China 37.4 38.6 41.0 42.5 40.2
Singapore 39.9 38.6 37.5 41.0 42.1
Luxembourg 41.9 42.0 42.3 39.1 38.0
Aruba 42.3 45.4 49.4 53.7 49.4
Turkmenistan 43.6 74.0 76.4 75.8 36.5
Saudi Arabia 43.9 42.3 46.0 41.8 36.5
China 44.4 43.9 44.3 45.6 47.4
Kuwait 44.5 46.5 58.3 52.1 41.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 44.7 51.0 57.0 51.9 50.3
Congo, Rep. 45.9 41.4 45.5 44.0 29.1
Malaysia 46.0 45.3 41.6 41.6 43.8
Papua New Guinea 46.3 60.6 58.8 56.5 44.6
Bhutan 47.1 55.5 62.0 62.6 54.4
Sweden 47.5 47.4 46.9 46.9 46.8
Norway 48.1 46.9 48.5 47.2 42.4
Oman 48.6 47.7 57.9 50.2 35.4
Trinidad and Tobago 49.2 58.9 57.8 58.8 57.3
Netherlands 49.7 49.5 49.9 50.4 50.0
Czech Republic 49.9 51.8 50.9 51.3 50.9
Denmark 50.2 49.9 50.1 48.7 47.1
Finland 50.6 49.5 48.4 48.3 47.1
Ireland 52.0 49.7 49.5 47.3 46.9
Thailand 52.1 52.2 51.2 54.1 55.8
Slovak Republic 52.2 52.9 54.4 55.8 55.6
Russian Federation 52.6 54.8 59.6 53.5 46.2
Uzbekistan 52.7 54.3 51.7 54.5 56.2
Algeria 52.7 51.4 55.0 51.6 41.6
Hungary 53.0 51.4 51.8 54.1 54.3
Bahrain 53.6 53.5 57.1 55.4 44.7
Belgium 54.0 53.3 53.4 52.5 52.7
Israel 54.9 53.8 53.9 53.7 53.4
Japan 55.5 55.4 56.1 57.2 56.5
France 55.6 54.6 54.5 54.2 54.4
Austria 55.8 55.1 54.6 53.6 53.6
Libya 55.9 59.1 63.3 66.3 51.9
Canada 56.2 56.8 56.9 56.3 54.6
Korea, Rep. 56.5 56.8 53.5 55.9 53.6
Germany 57.0 57.0 56.5 56.9 57.1
Australia 57.8 57.4 57.8 58.3 58.1
Guyana 58.0 60.4 64.6 64.1 66.2
Iceland 58.0 57.5 57.6 59.3 59.9
Ukraine 58.1 54.2 56.8 57.2 54.4
Panama 58.5 57.4 62.0 62.4 59.9
Estonia 58.5 55.3 55.5 55.4 55.3
Italy 58.6 59.2 59.8 60.6 60.6
New Zealand 58.6 58.8 60.4 59.1 58.0
Slovenia 58.7 57.5 57.0 57.6 56.6
Vanuatu 58.7 58.7 72.8 75.9 68.1
Switzerland 58.9 59.2 58.9 59.2 58.0
Cuba 59.5 61.1 63.1 62.0 60.7
Belarus 60.0 58.6 58.3 59.2 58.3
Namibia 60.1 64.7 62.4 62.5 63.1
Spain 60.5 60.2 59.8 59.7 59.7
Tunisia 60.9 61.5 61.6 61.1 60.6
South Africa 61.3 61.9 62.0 61.9 62.4
Puerto Rico 61.4 62.3 59.1 58.8 58.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 61.5 61.1 61.4 60.2 58.6
Mauritius 61.7 61.4 61.3 62.4 60.3
Poland 61.7 62.2 61.9 62.7 63.6
United Kingdom 61.8 62.9 63.8 64.7 64.6
Cyprus 62.0 61.7 61.4 60.4 61.4
Indonesia 62.4 61.7 67.8 73.9 60.7
Dominica 62.4 61.9 59.1 59.1 73.0
Suriname 62.8 64.4 57.0 61.8 63.6
Venezuela, RB 63.2 51.5 57.6 57.4 51.7
Chile 63.3 63.3 64.9 64.4 65.0
Morocco 63.4 61.6 61.0 60.5 61.4
Fiji 63.4 62.3 51.9 61.7 70.6
Croatia 63.9 65.6 62.5 61.3 61.6
Lithuania 64.2 61.3 61.2 65.0 65.0
Tajikistan 64.3 70.5 84.1 74.2 84.4
Zimbabwe 64.3 72.6 65.2 63.9 59.9
Honduras 64.4 64.6 66.6 69.0 70.8
Portugal 64.9 63.7 62.9 63.2 63.3
Bahamas, The 65.0 66.1 67.5 64.6 63.8
Colombia 65.0 64.6 65.3 63.8 69.2
Brazil 65.0 65.2 64.0 64.5 64.5
United States 65.0 64.6 64.9 65.3 66.0
Belize 65.8 68.2 70.9 74.2 76.1
Paraguay 65.8 65.9 62.3 63.7 64.7
Mexico 65.8 67.2 67.0 67.0 66.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 66.3 85.9 92.9 84.9 87.6
Antigua and Barbuda 66.5 46.5 39.0 41.0 55.2
Malta 66.8 66.9 66.9 68.2 64.4
Mauritania 67.2 74.5 76.1 72.9 74.5
Kazakhstan 67.3 70.5 73.3 72.4 62.3
Moldova 67.3 77.3 85.7 82.1 91.4
Burkina Faso 67.7 64.7 68.9 78.5 74.7
Latvia 67.9 66.7 63.3 64.9 62.5
Greece 68.0 66.7 67.0 66.7 66.8
Mongolia 68.1 57.4 65.6 65.6 69.6
India 68.2 65.1 65.6 62.3 64.2
Cote d'Ivoire 68.7 62.9 66.3 64.6 68.2
Jamaica 69.0 68.4
St. Lucia 69.2 66.2 64.0 64.7 68.4
Grenada 69.3 71.3 75.1 58.1 64.7
Romania 69.5 74.2 76.9 71.7 68.3
Argentina 70.1 70.8 70.1 70.0 70.7
Turkey 70.2 68.4 66.5 68.5 70.5
Ecuador 70.3 70.4 72.5 65.1 64.6
Jordan 70.3 71.0 73.3 72.3 80.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 70.4 81.2 78.6 71.0 65.5
Syrian Arab Republic 70.6 69.6 67.5 70.3 63.5
Cameroon 71.6 72.7 72.1 71.3 70.2
Yemen, Rep. 71.8 68.6 80.7 68.8 60.1
Macedonia, FYR 72.1 72.8 72.4 69.7 75.5
Uruguay 72.1 74.9 74.6 75.9 76.5
Benin 72.5 72.6 74.1 78.2 78.1
Barbados 72.6 74.9 71.5 72.8 73.0
Djibouti 72.7 71.3 74.5 73.0 76.8
Philippines 72.8 72.4 72.5 72.8 72.2
Pakistan 72.9 74.9 72.1 75.7 75.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 72.9 70.9 63.5 61.4 61.0
Peru 73.8 72.1 72.6 71.4 72.0
Bulgaria 73.9 66.7 59.8 65.8 66.1
Costa Rica 74.1 72.7 69.2 64.6 67.0
Sri Lanka 74.1 72.3 71.1 71.5 72.1
Vietnam 74.5 71.7 70.6 68.4 69.9
Ghana 74.7 83.4 79.4 85.7 84.3
Bolivia 75.1 74.7 75.1 76.8 76.4
Serbia 75.3 75.6 77.5 79.1 75.7
Nigeria 75.9 71.9 84.2 74.1 52.5
Nepal 76.4 77.1 76.9 77.5 75.9
Kenya 76.7 78.0 75.6 75.3 77.7
Guinea 76.9 74.9 79.6 77.6 76.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 76.9 77.2 76.7 75.0 75.9
Seychelles 79.0 78.9 77.0 76.2 39.0
Uganda 79.5 76.0 81.5 79.1 77.5
Togo 80.1 89.2 86.3 87.1 87.6
Senegal 80.2 78.0 78.3 75.8 76.0
Dominican Republic 80.2 78.8 77.3 77.2 77.8
Haiti 80.5 83.6 83.3 82.5 85.6
Bangladesh 81.2 78.6 77.1 77.1 75.9
Burundi 81.7 81.7 87.5 84.3 92.3
Kyrgyz Republic 82.1 68.9 88.2 77.6 65.7
Malawi 82.7 83.1 77.2 87.2 81.6
Chad 83.4 86.2 88.5 93.3 86.8
Tanzania 83.8 86.3 80.3 81.2 78.3
Central African Republic 84.0 80.1 83.3 74.8 77.6
Madagascar 84.1 87.5 85.1 85.6 83.2
Mali 84.4 77.5 69.1 73.2 73.4
Comoros 84.6 91.4 92.2 91.6 85.5
Azerbaijan 85.0 77.2 83.3 71.8 69.2
Nicaragua 85.3 86.0 85.4 84.2 85.8
Niger 86.2 82.9 83.6 81.1 83.4
Guatemala 87.0 87.0 85.0 84.7 83.9
Swaziland 87.0 76.9 77.8 79.9 77.3
El Salvador 88.3 87.5 85.0 85.9 87.9
Gambia, The 89.1 86.0 88.4 88.5 89.0
Sudan 90.3 86.0 84.3 85.9 63.5
Albania 90.5 93.8 92.5 83.4 79.0
Guinea-Bissau 91.7 87.8 100.8 90.4 88.3
Georgia 91.7 98.5 82.4 82.0 81.6
Eritrea 91.8 95.0 80.6 62.1 71.7
Sierra Leone 92.8 95.3 93.0 94.3 105.8
Lesotho 93.1 102.1 132.0 117.9 123.1
Lebanon 93.2 86.8 82.1 82.9 84.1
Tonga 94.0 93.5 100.3 91.0 92.5
Rwanda 94.3 94.5 92.8 91.2 93.5
Mozambique 97.2 91.1 82.8 75.9 77.4
Cambodia 98.0 91.2 96.5 91.2 89.2
West Bank and Gaza 99.0 98.6 96.1 94.8 89.6
Armenia 101.5 107.7 103.6 98.8 96.7
Equatorial Guinea 207.2 105.4 159.1 100.2 52.4
Palau
Faeroe Islands 51.4 54.0 52.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Solomon Islands 93.1 89.0 77.7 82.7
Somalia
Samoa
New Caledonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
United Arab Emirates
Myanmar
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Timor-Leste 87.5
San Marino
Zambia
Greenland
Iraq 32.9
Montenegro 70.0
Guam
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Ethiopia
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Liechtenstein
Curacao
Liberia 92.5
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan
Cabo Verde
Angola 17.9
Bermuda
Lao PDR 93.5
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kiribati
Andorra
Isle of Man
American Samoa

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