Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 32.1 27.3 22.7 25.3 21.1
Gabon 41.3 34.3 34.4 46.1 40.6
Botswana 35.7 33.7 34.6 35.3 35.5
Maldives 36.5 35.0 36.4 35.0 35.2
Macao SAR, China 34.8 37.4 38.6 41.0 42.5
Singapore 41.3 39.9 38.6 37.5 41.0
Brunei Darussalam 32.7 34.2 40.7 43.3 42.6
Congo, Rep. 46.6 45.9 41.4 45.5 44.0
Luxembourg 41.9 41.6 41.7 42.0 38.8
Saudi Arabia 46.9 43.9 42.3 46.0 41.8
China 42.7 43.5 43.4 44.0 45.1
Malaysia 47.9 46.0 45.3 41.6 41.6
Aruba 50.8 42.3 45.4 49.4 53.7
Antigua and Barbuda 54.6 66.5 46.5 39.0 41.0
Kuwait 42.7 44.5 46.5 58.3 52.1
Sweden 47.4 47.5 47.4 46.9 46.9
Oman 51.5 48.6 47.7 57.9 50.2
Norway 49.9 49.1 47.8 49.5 48.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.2 44.1 49.1 54.9 50.9
Finland 50.3 50.6 49.5 48.4 48.3
Ireland 52.9 51.9 49.6 49.5 47.4
Netherlands 49.4 49.9 49.7 50.1 50.6
Denmark 50.6 50.2 49.9 50.1 48.7
Hungary 53.9 53.0 51.4 51.8 54.1
Algeria 55.1 52.7 51.4 55.0 51.6
Venezuela, RB 69.5 63.2 51.5 57.6 57.4
Czech Republic 49.4 49.9 51.8 50.9 51.3
Slovak Republic 51.1 52.2 52.9 54.4 55.8
Belgium 53.5 53.8 53.2 53.2 52.3
Bahrain 53.0 53.6 53.5 57.1 55.4
Israel 56.2 55.3 54.0 54.2 53.9
Ukraine 55.1 58.1 54.2 56.8 57.2
Uzbekistan 48.4 52.7 54.3 51.7 54.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 56.8 63.2 54.4 54.1 63.0
France 55.2 55.6 54.6 54.5 54.2
Russian Federation 52.1 52.6 54.8 59.6 53.5
Thailand 54.7 54.3 54.8 52.6 55.4
Austria 54.9 55.8 55.1 54.6 53.6
Japan 55.4 55.5 55.4 56.1 57.2
Bhutan 47.6 47.1 55.5 62.0 62.6
Korea, Rep. 55.8 56.5 56.8 53.5 55.9
Canada 55.7 56.2 56.8 56.9 56.3
Estonia 52.7 57.5 56.9 56.3 57.1
Germany 56.6 57.0 57.0 56.5 56.9
Iceland 57.6 57.8 57.3 57.5 59.2
Australia 58.1 57.8 57.4 57.8 58.3
Mongolia 63.1 68.1 57.4 65.6 65.6
Panama 52.0 58.5 57.4 62.0 62.4
Slovenia 59.2 58.7 57.5 57.0 57.6
Belarus 59.1 60.0 58.6 58.3 59.2
Vanuatu 59.7 58.7 58.7 72.8 75.9
Libya 58.8 55.9 59.1 63.3 60.2
Switzerland 58.2 58.9 59.2 58.9 59.2
Italy 59.0 58.6 59.2 59.8 60.6
New Zealand 58.1 59.1 59.4 61.0 59.6
Spain 60.9 60.5 60.2 59.8 59.7
Guyana 62.7 58.0 60.4 64.6 64.1
Papua New Guinea 43.6 46.3 60.6 58.8 56.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 62.2 61.5 61.1 61.4 60.2
Cuba 71.1 59.5 61.1 63.1 62.0
Mauritius 62.7 61.7 61.4 61.3 62.4
Tunisia 62.9 60.9 61.5 61.6 61.1
Morocco 63.2 63.4 61.6 61.0 60.5
Indonesia 61.6 62.4 61.7 67.8 73.9
Trinidad and Tobago 52.8 52.7 61.8 60.2 62.3
Dominica 61.9 62.4 61.9 59.1 59.1
Poland 59.8 61.7 62.2 61.9 62.7
Puerto Rico 60.8 61.4 62.3 59.1 58.8
Fiji 60.8 63.4 62.3 51.9 61.7
United Kingdom 62.4 63.3 62.9 63.8 64.8
South Africa 62.8 62.1 63.0 63.1 62.6
Chile 61.2 63.3 63.3 64.9 64.4
Portugal 64.6 64.9 63.7 62.9 63.2
United States 64.6 64.7 63.8 64.2 64.7
Lithuania 68.5 68.0 64.0 62.2 65.9
Suriname 63.8 62.8 64.4 57.0 61.8
Colombia 65.4 65.0 64.6 65.3 63.8
Honduras 63.5 64.4 64.6 66.6 69.0
Burkina Faso 63.3 67.7 64.7 68.9 78.3
Namibia 59.6 60.1 64.7 62.4 62.5
Brazil 62.5 64.7 64.9 64.3 64.7
India 64.0 68.2 65.1 65.6 62.3
Cyprus 64.7 65.9 65.5 65.2 63.9
Croatia 66.5 63.9 65.6 62.5 61.3
Paraguay 63.6 65.8 65.9 62.3 63.7
Bahamas, The 63.8 65.0 66.1 67.5 64.6
St. Lucia 68.0 69.2 66.2 64.0 64.7
Bulgaria 65.5 73.9 66.7 59.8 68.6
Greece 68.0 68.0 66.9 67.0 66.8
Malta 65.0 66.8 66.9 66.9 68.2
Mexico 65.7 65.8 67.2 67.0 67.0
Latvia 63.5 68.5 67.4 64.9 63.1
Belize 65.2 65.8 68.2 70.9 74.2
Jamaica 70.5 69.0 68.4 70.1 71.1
Turkey 68.2 70.2 68.4 66.5 68.5
Yemen, Rep. 83.4 71.8 68.6 80.7 68.8
Kyrgyz Republic 75.0 82.1 68.9 88.2 77.6
Syrian Arab Republic 66.3 70.6 69.6 67.5 70.3
Cote d'Ivoire 66.5 68.7 70.2 73.8 72.2
Ecuador 72.3 70.3 70.4 72.5 65.1
Tajikistan 61.9 64.3 70.5 84.1 74.2
Kazakhstan 71.1 67.3 70.5 73.3 72.4
Argentina 69.1 70.1 70.8 70.1 70.0
Jordan 64.6 70.3 71.0 73.3 72.3
Grenada 61.8 69.3 71.3 75.1 58.1
Djibouti 68.7 72.7 71.3 74.5 73.0
Vietnam 73.8 74.5 71.7 70.6 68.4
Nigeria 69.1 75.9 71.9 84.2 74.1
Peru 72.9 73.8 72.1 72.6 71.4
Sri Lanka 73.2 74.1 72.3 71.1 71.5
Philippines 74.0 72.8 72.4 72.5 72.8
Zimbabwe 65.0 64.3 72.6 65.2 63.9
Benin 73.2 72.5 72.6 74.1 74.7
Costa Rica 71.1 74.1 72.7 69.2 64.6
Cameroon 72.2 71.6 72.7 72.1 71.3
Macedonia, FYR 70.4 72.1 72.8 72.4 69.7
Turkmenistan 43.6 74.0 76.4 75.8
Romania 67.6 69.5 74.2 83.2 83.1
Mauritania 62.9 67.2 74.5 70.0 71.3
Serbia 74.7 74.2 74.6 76.8 78.3
Bolivia 75.8 75.1 74.7 75.1 76.8
Pakistan 72.4 72.9 74.9 72.1 75.7
Guinea 74.5 76.9 74.9 79.6 77.6
Uruguay 72.9 72.1 74.9 74.6 75.9
Uganda 85.4 79.5 76.0 81.4 79.6
Swaziland 82.3 87.0 76.9 77.8 79.9
Nepal 75.1 76.4 77.1 76.9 77.5
Azerbaijan 77.0 85.0 77.2 83.3 71.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 74.5 76.9 77.2 76.7 75.0
Moldova 56.7 67.3 77.3 85.7 82.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.1 56.8 77.7 74.9 65.9
Kenya 69.9 76.7 78.0 75.6 75.3
Mali 82.6 82.7 78.0 74.9 74.6
Senegal 79.5 80.2 78.0 78.3 75.8
Barbados 76.9 76.1 78.5 74.8 75.8
Dominican Republic 81.3 80.2 78.8 77.3 77.2
Seychelles 77.5 79.0 78.9 77.0 76.2
Ethiopia 71.6 74.5 79.1 73.7 73.1
Central African Republic 77.0 84.0 80.1 83.3 74.8
Bangladesh 82.7 83.2 80.9 78.6 78.7
Burundi 88.9 81.7 81.7 87.5 84.3
Niger 85.9 86.2 82.9 83.6 81.1
Malawi 79.4 82.7 83.1 77.2 87.2
Ghana 76.3 74.7 83.4 79.4 85.7
Haiti 86.2 80.5 83.6 83.3 82.5
Mozambique 90.3 88.1 83.9 86.3 92.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 81.0 66.3 85.9 92.9 84.9
Nicaragua 85.4 85.3 86.0 85.4 84.2
Sudan 85.2 90.3 86.0 84.3 85.9
Gambia, The 93.3 89.1 86.0 88.4 88.5
Chad 91.4 83.4 86.2 88.5 93.3
Tanzania 86.1 83.8 86.3 80.3 81.2
Lebanon 102.7 93.2 86.8 82.1 82.9
Guatemala 85.6 87.0 87.0 85.0 84.7
Madagascar 89.9 84.1 87.5 85.1 85.6
El Salvador 87.4 88.3 87.5 85.0 85.9
Guinea-Bissau 94.8 91.7 87.8 100.8 90.4
Tonga 95.2 92.2 89.2 99.6 89.5
Togo 76.7 80.1 89.2 86.3 87.1
Cambodia 95.0 98.0 91.2 96.5 91.2
Comoros 83.1 84.6 91.4 92.2 91.6
Rwanda 96.9 94.3 94.5 92.8 91.2
Eritrea 94.1 91.8 95.0 80.6 62.1
Sierra Leone 93.5 92.8 95.3 93.0 94.3
Georgia 101.9 91.7 98.5 82.4 82.0
West Bank and Gaza 100.8 99.0 98.6 96.1 94.8
Albania 87.4 96.3 98.7 97.6 86.5
Solomon Islands 100.7 95.7 83.9
Lesotho 93.5 93.1 102.1 132.0 117.9
Zambia 103.4 106.9 103.5 107.0 109.7
Equatorial Guinea 141.1 207.2 105.4 159.1 100.2
Armenia 108.7 101.5 107.7 103.6 98.8
Somalia
South Sudan
Curacao
Afghanistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Lao PDR
Cayman Islands
Kosovo
Timor-Leste
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
Tuvalu
Kiribati
Samoa
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Iraq
Montenegro
Palau
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
New Caledonia
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Myanmar
United Arab Emirates
Liberia
Cabo Verde
Andorra
Bermuda
Greenland
Angola
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia
American Samoa
Faeroe Islands
Guam

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