Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 32.1 27.3 22.7 25.3 21.1
Maldives 36.5 35.0 36.4 35.0 35.2
Botswana 35.7 33.7 34.6 35.3 35.5
Singapore 41.3 39.9 38.6 37.5 41.0
Antigua and Barbuda 54.6 66.5 46.5 39.0 41.0
Macao SAR, China 34.8 37.4 38.6 41.0 42.5
Malaysia 47.9 46.0 45.3 41.6 41.6
Luxembourg 41.9 41.6 41.7 42.0 38.8
Brunei Darussalam 32.7 34.2 40.7 43.3 42.6
China 42.3 44.4 43.9 44.3 45.6
Congo, Rep. 46.6 45.9 41.4 45.5 44.0
Saudi Arabia 46.9 43.9 42.3 46.0 41.8
Gabon 41.3 34.3 34.4 46.1 40.6
Sweden 47.4 47.5 47.4 46.9 46.9
Finland 50.3 50.6 49.5 48.4 48.3
Norway 48.9 48.1 46.9 48.5 47.2
Aruba 50.8 42.3 45.4 49.4 53.7
Ireland 52.9 51.9 49.6 49.5 47.4
Netherlands 49.4 49.9 49.7 50.1 50.6
Denmark 50.6 50.2 49.9 50.1 48.7
Czech Republic 49.4 49.9 51.8 50.9 51.3
Faeroe Islands 51.4 54.0
Uzbekistan 48.4 52.7 54.3 51.7 54.5
Hungary 53.9 53.0 51.4 51.8 54.1
Fiji 60.8 63.4 62.3 51.9 61.7
Thailand 54.7 54.3 54.8 52.6 55.4
Belgium 53.5 53.8 53.2 53.2 52.3
Korea, Rep. 55.8 56.5 56.8 53.5 55.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 56.8 63.2 54.4 54.1 63.0
Israel 56.2 55.3 54.0 54.2 53.9
Slovak Republic 51.1 52.3 52.9 54.4 55.8
France 55.2 55.6 54.6 54.5 54.2
Austria 54.9 55.8 55.1 54.6 53.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.2 44.1 49.1 54.9 50.9
Algeria 55.1 52.7 51.4 55.0 51.6
Japan 55.4 55.5 55.4 56.1 57.2
Estonia 52.7 57.5 56.9 56.3 57.1
Germany 56.6 57.0 57.0 56.5 56.9
Ukraine 55.1 58.1 54.2 56.8 57.2
Canada 55.7 56.2 56.8 56.9 56.3
Slovenia 59.2 58.7 57.5 57.0 57.6
Suriname 63.8 62.8 64.4 57.0 61.8
Bahrain 53.0 53.6 53.5 57.1 55.4
Iceland 57.6 57.8 57.3 57.5 59.2
Venezuela, RB 69.5 63.2 51.5 57.6 57.4
Australia 58.1 57.8 57.4 57.8 58.3
Oman 51.5 48.6 47.7 57.9 50.2
Kuwait 42.7 44.5 46.5 58.3 52.1
Belarus 59.1 60.0 58.6 58.3 59.2
Papua New Guinea 43.6 46.3 60.6 58.8 56.5
Switzerland 58.2 58.9 59.2 58.9 59.2
Dominica 61.9 62.4 61.9 59.1 59.1
Puerto Rico 60.8 61.4 62.3 59.1 58.8
Russian Federation 52.1 52.6 54.8 59.6 53.5
Spain 60.9 60.5 60.2 59.8 59.7
Bulgaria 65.5 73.9 66.7 59.8 68.6
Italy 59.0 58.6 59.2 59.8 60.6
Trinidad and Tobago 52.8 52.7 61.8 60.2 62.3
New Zealand 57.7 58.6 58.8 60.4 59.1
Morocco 63.2 63.4 61.6 61.0 60.5
Mauritius 62.7 61.7 61.4 61.3 62.4
Cyprus 60.8 62.0 61.7 61.4 60.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 62.2 61.5 61.1 61.4 60.2
Tunisia 62.9 60.9 61.5 61.6 61.1
Poland 59.8 61.7 62.2 61.9 62.7
Bhutan 47.6 47.1 55.5 62.0 62.6
South Africa 62.1 61.3 61.9 62.0 61.9
Panama 52.0 58.5 57.4 62.0 62.4
Paraguay 63.6 65.8 65.9 62.3 63.7
Namibia 59.6 60.1 64.7 62.4 62.5
Croatia 66.5 63.9 65.6 62.5 61.3
Portugal 64.6 64.9 63.7 62.9 63.2
Cuba 71.1 59.5 61.1 63.1 62.0
Libya 58.8 55.9 59.1 63.3 66.3
Latvia 65.5 67.9 66.8 63.6 65.6
United Kingdom 61.3 61.7 62.9 63.8 64.8
St. Lucia 68.0 69.2 66.2 64.0 64.7
Brazil 64.1 65.0 65.2 64.0 64.5
Guyana 62.7 58.0 60.4 64.6 64.1
Chile 61.2 63.3 63.3 64.9 64.4
United States 65.0 65.0 64.6 64.9 65.3
Zimbabwe 65.0 64.3 72.6 65.2 63.9
Colombia 65.4 65.0 64.6 65.3 63.8
Mongolia 63.1 68.1 57.4 65.6 65.6
India 64.0 68.2 65.1 65.6 62.3
Cote d'Ivoire 66.5 68.7 62.9 66.3 64.6
Turkey 68.2 70.2 68.4 66.5 68.5
Honduras 63.5 64.4 64.6 66.6 69.0
Malta 65.0 66.8 66.9 66.9 68.2
Greece 68.0 68.0 66.9 67.0 66.8
Mexico 65.7 65.8 67.2 67.0 67.0
Bahamas, The 63.8 65.0 66.1 67.5 64.6
Syrian Arab Republic 66.3 70.6 69.6 67.5 70.3
Indonesia 61.6 62.4 61.7 67.8 73.9
Burkina Faso 63.3 67.7 64.7 68.9 78.5
Costa Rica 71.1 74.1 72.7 69.2 64.6
Argentina 69.1 70.1 70.8 70.1 70.0
Vietnam 73.8 74.5 71.7 70.6 68.4
Belize 65.2 65.8 68.2 70.9 74.2
Sri Lanka 73.2 74.1 72.3 71.1 71.5
Pakistan 72.4 72.9 74.9 72.1 75.7
Cameroon 72.2 71.6 72.7 72.1 71.3
Macedonia, FYR 70.4 72.1 72.8 72.4 69.7
Philippines 74.0 72.8 72.4 72.5 72.8
Ecuador 72.3 70.3 70.4 72.5 65.1
Peru 72.9 73.8 72.1 72.6 71.4
Vanuatu 59.7 58.7 58.7 72.8 75.9
Kazakhstan 71.1 67.3 70.5 73.3 72.4
Jordan 64.6 70.3 71.0 73.3 72.3
Ethiopia 71.6 74.6 79.1 73.7 73.2
Benin 73.2 72.5 72.6 74.1 74.7
Djibouti 68.7 72.7 71.3 74.5 73.0
Uruguay 72.9 72.1 74.9 74.6 75.9
Barbados 76.9 76.1 78.5 74.8 75.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.1 56.8 77.7 74.9 65.9
Mali 82.6 82.7 78.0 74.9 74.6
Bolivia 75.8 75.1 74.7 75.1 76.8
Grenada 61.8 69.3 71.3 75.1 58.1
Kenya 69.9 76.7 78.0 75.6 75.3
Mauritania 62.9 67.2 74.5 76.1 72.9
Turkmenistan 43.6 74.0 76.4 75.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 74.5 76.9 77.2 76.7 75.0
Nepal 75.1 76.4 77.1 76.9 77.5
Seychelles 77.5 79.0 78.9 77.0 76.2
Bangladesh 82.7 81.2 78.6 77.1 77.1
Malawi 79.4 82.7 83.1 77.2 87.2
Dominican Republic 81.3 80.2 78.8 77.3 77.2
Serbia 75.3 75.3 75.6 77.5 79.1
Swaziland 82.3 87.0 76.9 77.8 79.9
Senegal 79.5 80.2 78.0 78.3 75.8
Ghana 76.3 74.7 83.4 79.4 85.7
Guinea 74.5 76.9 74.9 79.6 77.6
Tanzania 86.1 83.8 86.3 80.3 81.2
Eritrea 94.1 91.8 95.0 80.6 62.1
Yemen, Rep. 83.4 71.8 68.6 80.7 68.8
Uganda 85.4 79.5 76.0 81.5 79.1
Lebanon 102.7 93.2 86.8 82.1 82.9
Georgia 101.9 91.7 98.5 82.4 82.0
Romania 67.6 69.5 74.2 83.2 83.1
Central African Republic 77.0 84.0 80.1 83.3 74.8
Azerbaijan 77.0 85.0 77.2 83.3 71.8
Haiti 86.2 80.5 83.6 83.3 82.5
Niger 85.9 86.2 82.9 83.6 81.1
Tajikistan 61.9 64.3 70.5 84.1 74.2
Nigeria 69.1 75.9 71.9 84.2 74.1
Sudan 85.2 90.3 86.0 84.3 85.9
El Salvador 87.4 88.3 87.5 85.0 85.9
Guatemala 85.6 87.0 87.0 85.0 84.7
Madagascar 89.9 84.1 87.5 85.1 85.6
Nicaragua 85.4 85.3 86.0 85.4 84.2
Moldova 56.7 67.3 77.3 85.7 82.1
Mozambique 90.3 88.1 83.9 86.3 92.1
Togo 76.7 80.1 89.2 86.3 87.1
Burundi 88.9 81.7 81.7 87.5 84.3
Kyrgyz Republic 75.0 82.1 68.9 88.2 77.6
Gambia, The 93.3 89.1 86.0 88.4 88.5
Chad 91.4 83.4 86.2 88.5 93.3
Solomon Islands 93.1 89.0 77.7
Comoros 83.1 84.6 91.4 92.2 91.6
Rwanda 96.9 94.3 94.5 92.8 91.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 81.0 66.3 85.9 92.9 84.9
Sierra Leone 93.5 92.8 95.3 93.0 94.3
West Bank and Gaza 100.8 98.9 98.6 96.1 94.8
Cambodia 95.0 98.0 91.2 96.5 91.2
Albania 87.4 96.3 98.7 97.6 86.5
Tonga 95.2 92.2 89.2 99.6 89.5
Guinea-Bissau 94.8 91.7 87.8 100.8 90.4
Armenia 108.7 101.5 107.7 103.6 98.8
Lesotho 93.5 93.1 102.1 132.0 117.9
Equatorial Guinea 141.1 207.2 105.4 159.1 100.2
Somalia
Isle of Man
Sao Tome and Principe
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cabo Verde
Guam
South Sudan
San Marino
Angola
Samoa
Kiribati
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
United Arab Emirates
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
Bermuda
Myanmar
Zambia
Montenegro
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Jamaica 70.5 69.0 68.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Iraq
Marshall Islands
Tuvalu
Lithuania
Greenland
Curacao
French Polynesia
Taiwan, China
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Liberia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste
Andorra
Lao PDR
American Samoa

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