Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Qatar 32.1 27.3 22.7 25.3 21.1
Maldives 36.5 35.0 36.4 35.0 35.2
Botswana 35.7 33.7 34.6 35.3 35.5
Singapore 41.3 39.9 38.6 37.5 41.0
Antigua and Barbuda 54.6 66.5 46.5 39.0 41.0
Macao SAR, China 34.8 37.4 38.6 41.0 42.5
Malaysia 47.9 46.0 45.3 41.6 41.6
Luxembourg 41.9 41.6 41.7 42.0 38.8
Brunei Darussalam 32.7 34.2 40.7 43.3 42.6
China 42.7 43.5 43.4 44.0 45.1
Congo, Rep. 46.6 45.9 41.4 45.5 44.0
Saudi Arabia 46.9 43.9 42.3 46.0 41.8
Gabon 41.3 34.3 34.4 46.1 40.6
Sweden 47.4 47.5 47.4 46.9 46.9
Finland 50.3 50.6 49.5 48.4 48.3
Aruba 50.8 42.3 45.4 49.4 53.7
Norway 49.9 49.1 47.8 49.5 48.1
Ireland 52.9 51.9 49.6 49.5 47.4
Netherlands 49.4 49.9 49.7 50.1 50.6
Denmark 50.6 50.2 49.9 50.1 48.7
Czech Republic 49.4 49.9 51.8 50.9 51.3
Uzbekistan 48.4 52.7 54.3 51.7 54.5
Hungary 53.9 53.0 51.4 51.8 54.1
Fiji 60.8 63.4 62.3 51.9 61.7
Thailand 54.7 54.3 54.8 52.6 55.4
Belgium 53.5 53.8 53.2 53.2 52.3
Korea, Rep. 55.8 56.5 56.8 53.5 55.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 56.8 63.2 54.4 54.1 63.0
Israel 56.2 55.3 54.0 54.2 53.9
Slovak Republic 51.1 52.2 52.9 54.4 55.8
France 55.2 55.6 54.6 54.5 54.2
Austria 54.9 55.8 55.1 54.6 53.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.2 44.1 49.1 54.9 50.9
Algeria 55.1 52.7 51.4 55.0 51.6
Japan 55.4 55.5 55.4 56.1 57.2
Estonia 52.7 57.5 56.9 56.3 57.1
Germany 56.6 57.0 57.0 56.5 56.9
Ukraine 55.1 58.1 54.2 56.8 57.2
Canada 55.7 56.2 56.8 56.9 56.3
Slovenia 59.2 58.7 57.5 57.0 57.6
Suriname 63.8 62.8 64.4 57.0 61.8
Bahrain 53.0 53.6 53.5 57.1 55.4
Iceland 57.6 57.8 57.3 57.5 59.2
Venezuela, RB 69.5 63.2 51.5 57.6 57.4
Australia 58.1 57.8 57.4 57.8 58.3
Oman 51.5 48.6 47.7 57.9 50.2
Kuwait 42.7 44.5 46.5 58.3 52.1
Belarus 59.1 60.0 58.6 58.3 59.2
Papua New Guinea 43.6 46.3 60.6 58.8 56.5
Switzerland 58.2 58.9 59.2 58.9 59.2
Dominica 61.9 62.4 61.9 59.1 59.1
Puerto Rico 60.8 61.4 62.3 59.1 58.8
Russian Federation 52.1 52.6 54.8 59.6 53.5
Spain 60.9 60.5 60.2 59.8 59.7
Bulgaria 65.5 73.9 66.7 59.8 68.6
Italy 59.0 58.6 59.2 59.8 60.6
Trinidad and Tobago 52.8 52.7 61.8 60.2 62.3
Morocco 63.2 63.4 61.6 61.0 60.5
New Zealand 58.1 59.1 59.4 61.0 59.6
Mauritius 62.7 61.7 61.4 61.3 62.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 62.2 61.5 61.1 61.4 60.2
Tunisia 62.9 60.9 61.5 61.6 61.1
Poland 59.8 61.7 62.2 61.9 62.7
Bhutan 47.6 47.1 55.5 62.0 62.6
South Africa 62.1 61.3 61.9 62.0 61.9
Panama 52.0 58.5 57.4 62.0 62.4
Lithuania 68.5 68.0 64.0 62.2 65.9
Paraguay 63.6 65.8 65.9 62.3 63.7
Namibia 59.6 60.1 64.7 62.4 62.5
Croatia 66.5 63.9 65.6 62.5 61.3
Portugal 64.6 64.9 63.7 62.9 63.2
Cuba 71.1 59.5 61.1 63.1 62.0
Libya 58.8 55.9 59.1 63.3 60.2
United Kingdom 62.4 63.3 62.9 63.8 64.8
St. Lucia 68.0 69.2 66.2 64.0 64.7
United States 64.6 64.7 63.8 64.2 64.7
Brazil 62.5 64.7 64.9 64.3 64.7
Guyana 62.7 58.0 60.4 64.6 64.1
Latvia 63.5 68.5 67.4 64.9 63.1
Chile 61.2 63.3 63.3 64.9 64.4
Cyprus 64.7 65.9 65.5 65.2 63.9
Zimbabwe 65.0 64.3 72.6 65.2 63.9
Colombia 65.4 65.0 64.6 65.3 63.8
Mongolia 63.1 68.1 57.4 65.6 65.6
India 64.0 68.2 65.1 65.6 62.3
Turkey 68.2 70.2 68.4 66.5 68.5
Honduras 63.5 64.4 64.6 66.6 69.0
Malta 65.0 66.8 66.9 66.9 68.2
Greece 68.0 68.0 66.9 67.0 66.8
Mexico 65.7 65.8 67.2 67.0 67.0
Bahamas, The 63.8 65.0 66.1 67.5 64.6
Syrian Arab Republic 66.3 70.6 69.6 67.5 70.3
Indonesia 61.6 62.4 61.7 67.8 73.9
Burkina Faso 63.3 67.7 64.7 68.9 78.3
Costa Rica 71.1 74.1 72.7 69.2 64.6
Mauritania 62.9 67.2 74.5 70.0 71.3
Argentina 69.1 70.1 70.8 70.1 70.0
Jamaica 70.5 69.0 68.4 70.1 71.1
Vietnam 73.8 74.5 71.7 70.6 68.4
Belize 65.2 65.8 68.2 70.9 74.2
Sri Lanka 73.2 74.1 72.3 71.1 71.5
Pakistan 72.4 72.9 74.9 72.1 75.7
Cameroon 72.2 71.6 72.7 72.1 71.3
Macedonia, FYR 70.4 72.1 72.8 72.4 69.7
Philippines 74.0 72.8 72.4 72.5 72.8
Ecuador 72.3 70.3 70.4 72.5 65.1
Peru 72.9 73.8 72.1 72.6 71.4
Vanuatu 59.7 58.7 58.7 72.8 75.9
Kazakhstan 71.1 67.3 70.5 73.3 72.4
Jordan 64.6 70.3 71.0 73.3 72.3
Ethiopia 71.6 74.5 79.1 73.7 73.1
Cote d'Ivoire 66.5 68.7 70.2 73.8 72.2
Benin 73.2 72.5 72.6 74.1 74.7
Djibouti 68.7 72.7 71.3 74.5 73.0
Uruguay 72.9 72.1 74.9 74.6 75.9
Barbados 76.9 76.1 78.5 74.8 75.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.1 56.8 77.7 74.9 65.9
Mali 82.6 82.7 78.0 74.9 74.6
Bolivia 75.8 75.1 74.7 75.1 76.8
Grenada 61.8 69.3 71.3 75.1 58.1
Kenya 69.9 76.7 78.0 75.6 75.3
Turkmenistan 43.6 74.0 76.4 75.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 74.5 76.9 77.2 76.7 75.0
Serbia 74.7 74.2 74.6 76.8 78.3
Nepal 75.1 76.4 77.1 76.9 77.5
Seychelles 77.5 79.0 78.9 77.0 76.2
Malawi 79.4 82.7 83.1 77.2 87.2
Dominican Republic 81.3 80.2 78.8 77.3 77.2
Swaziland 82.3 87.0 76.9 77.8 79.9
Senegal 79.5 80.2 78.0 78.3 75.8
Bangladesh 82.7 83.2 80.9 78.6 78.7
Ghana 76.3 74.7 83.4 79.4 85.7
Guinea 74.5 76.9 74.9 79.6 77.6
Tanzania 86.1 83.8 86.3 80.3 81.2
Eritrea 94.1 91.8 95.0 80.6 62.1
Yemen, Rep. 83.4 71.8 68.6 80.7 68.8
Uganda 85.4 79.5 76.0 81.5 79.1
Lebanon 102.7 93.2 86.8 82.1 82.9
Georgia 101.9 91.7 98.5 82.4 82.0
Romania 67.6 69.5 74.2 83.2 83.1
Central African Republic 77.0 84.0 80.1 83.3 74.8
Azerbaijan 77.0 85.0 77.2 83.3 71.8
Haiti 86.2 80.5 83.6 83.3 82.5
Niger 85.9 86.2 82.9 83.6 81.1
Tajikistan 61.9 64.3 70.5 84.1 74.2
Nigeria 69.1 75.9 71.9 84.2 74.1
Sudan 85.2 90.3 86.0 84.3 85.9
El Salvador 87.4 88.3 87.5 85.0 85.9
Guatemala 85.6 87.0 87.0 85.0 84.7
Madagascar 89.9 84.1 87.5 85.1 85.6
Nicaragua 85.4 85.3 86.0 85.4 84.2
Moldova 56.7 67.3 77.3 85.7 82.1
Mozambique 90.3 88.1 83.9 86.3 92.1
Togo 76.7 80.1 89.2 86.3 87.1
Burundi 88.9 81.7 81.7 87.5 84.3
Kyrgyz Republic 75.0 82.1 68.9 88.2 77.6
Gambia, The 93.3 89.1 86.0 88.4 88.5
Chad 91.4 83.4 86.2 88.5 93.3
Comoros 83.1 84.6 91.4 92.2 91.6
Rwanda 96.9 94.3 94.5 92.8 91.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 81.0 66.3 85.9 92.9 84.9
Sierra Leone 93.5 92.8 95.3 93.0 94.3
Solomon Islands 100.7 95.7 83.9
West Bank and Gaza 100.8 99.0 98.6 96.1 94.8
Cambodia 95.0 98.0 91.2 96.5 91.2
Albania 87.4 96.3 98.7 97.6 86.5
Tonga 95.2 92.2 89.2 99.6 89.5
Guinea-Bissau 94.8 91.7 87.8 100.8 90.4
Armenia 108.7 101.5 107.7 103.6 98.8
Zambia 103.4 106.9 103.5 107.0 109.7
Lesotho 93.5 93.1 102.1 132.0 117.9
Equatorial Guinea 141.1 207.2 105.4 159.1 100.2
Curacao
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Samoa
Bermuda
Cabo Verde
Marshall Islands
Timor-Leste
Andorra
Isle of Man
Kiribati
Tuvalu
Somalia
Monaco
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe
Kosovo
San Marino
French Polynesia
Afghanistan
Faeroe Islands
New Caledonia
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Iraq
Liberia
Myanmar
United Arab Emirates
Lao PDR
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Greenland
Angola
St. Martin (French part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Montenegro
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau

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