Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania 60.2 62.0 64.5 62.2 60.5
Algeria 57.8 57.2 59.3 61.8 56.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 66.7 66.7
Antigua and Barbuda 67.7 61.5 52.4 49.5 47.6
Argentina 75.4 73.7 73.5 77.1
Armenia 45.9
Aruba
Australia 55.7 55.4 54.7 55.0 55.9
Austria 57.6 57.3 56.4 55.9 55.5
Azerbaijan 51.2
Bahamas, The 63.5 63.7 58.3 59.5
Bahrain 32.3 35.2 37.6 39.8 38.4
Bangladesh 86.3 87.1 86.9 87.0 86.6
Barbados 70.9 73.5 71.9 70.6 71.6
Belarus 47.4
Belgium 57.0 56.5 55.1 54.3 54.2
Belize 61.8 62.3 63.9 63.9 59.3
Benin 87.2 87.2 89.5 88.4 75.7
Bermuda
Bhutan 74.5 63.7 70.0 57.9 58.5
Bolivia 81.4 79.7 79.0 77.1 76.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 35.3 30.9 25.9 28.1 33.2
Brazil 67.8 62.3 59.5 54.1 59.3
Brunei Darussalam 30.5 34.8
Bulgaria 50.6 52.1 49.6 52.1 59.8
Burkina Faso 80.9 77.6 77.3 74.3 73.5
Burundi 89.1 83.7 87.6 86.6 94.5
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 62.6 67.1 68.3 69.2 66.6
Canada 55.3 55.2 54.5 54.8 55.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 82.1 80.6 80.7 78.6 80.7
Chad 99.9 96.0 95.3 94.6 97.6
Chile 65.5 64.0 59.8 59.7 61.4
China 51.1 50.5 51.1 50.6 47.8
Colombia 65.3 68.2 68.3 68.1 66.4
Comoros 73.8 74.7 74.8 79.4 78.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 78.1 78.8 75.2 75.0 79.1
Congo, Rep. 59.4 56.6 60.1 52.7 31.8
Costa Rica 70.9 72.3 71.8 72.5 72.9
Cote d'Ivoire 63.5 67.6 67.6 69.9 71.9
Croatia
Cuba 54.5 56.2 55.3 55.5 54.8
Curacao
Cyprus 63.4 60.8 61.3 61.5 61.2
Czech Republic 51.8
Denmark 52.7 51.5 51.0 50.6 49.7
Djibouti 78.9
Dominica 63.1 64.9 63.8 69.1 64.7
Dominican Republic 82.2 81.9 78.6 77.0 80.4
Ecuador 62.7 66.3 62.3 63.8 62.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69.6 69.9 69.0 70.1 72.6
El Salvador 76.9 81.0 81.0 82.9 88.9
Equatorial Guinea 123.5 156.6 166.9 141.0 91.2
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands
Fiji 62.3 63.3 69.5 66.9 73.0
Finland 52.7 52.4 51.6 50.4 50.5
France 56.4 57.0 56.0 55.6 55.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 47.4 51.6 47.8 54.9 49.7
Gambia, The 74.4 71.0 73.9 75.4 75.6
Georgia 57.0 59.9 63.2 64.7
Germany 57.1 57.4 57.0 57.2 56.6
Ghana 83.1 85.5 84.9 84.5 85.2
Greece 58.7 64.4 64.0 64.6 65.5
Greenland
Grenada 71.9 67.2 65.3 63.5 60.7
Guam
Guatemala 81.1 84.6 84.2 83.8 83.6
Guinea 70.6 70.9 75.9 69.8 66.9
Guinea-Bissau 89.6 81.7 84.4 87.1 86.9
Guyana 35.3 52.7 55.1 68.5 72.4
Haiti
Honduras 73.6 71.2 67.5 69.9 66.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 60.5 57.2 56.6 55.7 57.5
Hungary
Iceland 58.4 59.9 58.6 58.3 59.2
India 66.2 66.2 65.4 65.1 64.6
Indonesia 60.4 58.8 59.9 55.8 58.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 69.2 65.1 74.8 73.3 66.7
Iraq
Ireland 59.6 59.4 59.7 59.5 56.9
Isle of Man
Israel 62.9 64.3 63.1 62.2 55.6
Italy 59.2 59.0 58.5 59.0 57.9
Jamaica 65.8 65.2 66.2 69.3 64.9
Japan 54.3 54.7 53.7 53.3 53.3
Jordan 80.1 76.4 72.9 69.6 74.9
Kazakhstan
Kenya 64.0 62.2 61.4 64.2 62.8
Kiribati 98.1 85.8 88.7 91.9 89.6
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 58.0 55.4 54.3 56.0 55.3
Kuwait 52.7 45.0 53.4 51.3 56.8
Kyrgyz Republic 71.1
Lao PDR 88.5 89.4 93.9
Latvia
Lebanon 139.6
Lesotho 161.6 148.8 141.8 137.4 123.1
Liberia
Libya 48.4
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 49.3 50.2 48.7 45.9 46.0
Macao SAR, China 48.3 42.1 42.9 41.2 39.2
Macedonia, FYR 72.3
Madagascar 85.5 86.7 85.4 81.7 86.4
Malawi 70.0 66.0 72.1 74.8 71.5
Malaysia 53.4 50.4 52.0 51.7 51.8
Maldives
Mali 85.5 77.6 81.5 74.8 79.2
Malta 70.0 67.1 67.1 66.7 66.0
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 69.8 64.7 60.5 63.1 69.2
Mauritius 61.1 60.8 61.4 64.1 63.4
Mexico 68.5 65.8 67.6 68.9 69.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 61.2 64.3 65.0 60.4 68.7
Montenegro
Morocco 62.6 61.9 59.1 60.8 60.0
Mozambique 89.2 96.7 95.9 96.3 92.3
Myanmar
Namibia 58.7 67.6 60.3 60.0 56.3
Nepal 79.3 78.8 79.7 79.7 84.3
Netherlands 50.3 50.7 49.6 49.1 49.0
New Caledonia 75.4
New Zealand 56.7 57.6 57.3 58.1 60.2
Nicaragua 55.8 52.0 81.3 78.5 58.6
Niger 77.8 81.5 70.7 77.3 79.0
Nigeria 68.8 67.9 72.1 55.2 62.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 51.5 50.7 50.3 49.1 48.9
Oman 36.4 31.0 45.8 45.7
Pakistan 79.2 75.1 74.6 72.2 73.8
Palau
Panama 52.6 50.8 55.0 65.9 56.9
Papua New Guinea 65.1 63.6 60.6 64.4 59.0
Paraguay
Peru 50.0 53.9 51.8 56.2 76.7
Philippines 72.9 73.7 70.8 71.0 71.5
Poland 47.6
Portugal 65.4 64.3 63.7 63.2 63.7
Puerto Rico 71.7 70.3 68.8 66.8 64.8
Qatar
Romania 65.9
Russian Federation 45.1 48.9
Rwanda 79.7 82.5 83.0 85.0 83.7
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 55.0 53.3 53.3 51.3 46.7
Senegal 78.8 75.5 78.3 79.3 79.2
Serbia
Seychelles 80.4 82.4 87.5 82.0 82.9
Sierra Leone 86.1 71.7 73.1 78.1 78.5
Singapore 48.1 49.0 47.1 45.1 44.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 53.0
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 53.3 55.1 55.1 54.6 57.1
South Sudan
Spain 62.2 62.2 61.4 61.7 61.1
Sri Lanka 77.7 77.2 78.1 77.3 75.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 77.4 78.6 72.9 75.1 70.3
St. Lucia 63.2 67.8 60.9 69.4 71.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 67.5 72.5 68.7 84.2 70.3
Sudan 75.3 77.8 92.6 91.9 86.1
Suriname 41.4 31.0 41.9 39.3 61.6
Swaziland 71.0 66.0 62.3 61.4 80.4
Sweden 46.4 47.2 46.9 45.0 44.6
Switzerland 59.1 59.1 57.8 56.6 55.7
Syrian Arab Republic 65.9 76.0 81.2 71.8 68.7
Tajikistan 70.8 74.9 73.8
Tanzania 80.9
Thailand 59.3 60.2 58.8 58.0 56.8
Timor-Leste
Togo 75.3 73.7 79.4 78.9 71.1
Tonga 104.2 94.8 104.6 99.8 93.6
Trinidad and Tobago 60.5 59.5 62.4 58.8 53.2
Tunisia 62.7 60.6 62.3 62.1 63.6
Turkey 76.4 68.7 66.1 68.8 68.7
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 85.0 92.1 91.3 92.0 91.9
Ukraine 53.8 57.1
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 60.1 60.2 60.6 60.8 61.6
United States 63.1 63.5 63.7 63.5 64.0
Uruguay 68.5 70.0 68.8 69.8 70.3
Uzbekistan 62.9
Vanuatu 64.2 59.6 63.7 62.1 63.2
Venezuela, RB 68.5 66.3 68.3 64.7 62.1
Vietnam 87.7 84.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 77.0
Zambia
Zimbabwe 58.8 59.0 50.4 64.6 63.1

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