Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 60.2 60.2 62.0 64.5 62.2
Algeria 51.9 57.8 57.2 59.3 61.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 39.3 40.2 52.8 45.8 44.5
Antigua and Barbuda 71.7 67.7 61.5 52.4 49.5
Argentina 75.4 73.7 73.5
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 55.2 55.7 55.4 54.7 54.9
Austria 57.3 57.6 57.3 56.4 55.9
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 62.9 63.5 63.7 58.3
Bahrain 29.6 32.3 35.2 37.6 39.8
Bangladesh 87.2 85.8 86.6 86.4 86.5
Barbados 58.0 64.0 66.4 64.7 63.0
Belarus
Belgium 57.6 56.9 56.4 55.0 54.2
Belize 70.1 61.8 62.3 63.9 63.9
Benin 88.7 87.2 87.2 89.5 88.4
Bermuda
Bhutan 68.9 74.5 63.7 70.0 57.9
Bolivia 73.8 81.4 79.7 79.0 77.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 39.0 35.3 30.9 25.9 28.1
Brazil 65.8 67.8 62.3 59.5 54.1
Brunei Darussalam 30.5
Bulgaria 51.6 50.6 52.1 49.6 52.1
Burkina Faso 80.8 80.9 77.6 77.3 74.3
Burundi 88.1 89.1 83.7 87.6 86.6
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 64.2 62.6 67.1 68.3 69.2
Canada 54.2 55.3 55.2 54.5 54.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 79.1 82.1 80.6 80.7 78.6
Chad 100.4 99.9 96.0 95.3 94.6
Chile 67.0 65.5 64.0 59.8 59.7
China 51.3 49.4 49.0 50.0 50.0
Colombia 69.0 65.3 68.2 68.3 68.1
Comoros 72.7 73.8 74.7 74.8 79.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 77.9 78.1 78.8 75.2 75.0
Congo, Rep. 52.5 59.4 56.6 60.1 52.7
Costa Rica 74.4 70.9 72.3 71.8 72.5
Cote d'Ivoire 58.6 63.5 67.6 67.6 69.9
Croatia
Cuba 51.4 54.5 56.2 55.3 55.5
Curacao
Cyprus 65.7 63.4 60.8 61.3 61.5
Czech Republic
Denmark 52.4 52.7 51.5 51.0 50.6
Djibouti
Dominica 72.4 63.1 64.9 63.8 69.1
Dominican Republic 83.9 82.2 81.9 78.6 77.0
Ecuador 62.6 62.7 66.3 62.3 63.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 68.2 69.6 69.9 69.0 70.1
El Salvador 81.2 76.9 81.0 81.0 82.9
Equatorial Guinea 97.6 123.5 156.6 166.9 141.0
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 77.5 69.4 70.9 59.2 69.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 62.2 62.3 63.3 69.5 66.9
Finland 52.7 52.7 52.4 51.6 50.4
France 56.9 56.4 57.0 56.0 55.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 32.3 47.4 51.6 47.8 54.9
Gambia, The 79.0 74.4 71.0 73.9 75.4
Georgia 57.0 59.9 63.2
Germany 58.6 57.0 57.3 56.9 57.1
Ghana 84.0 83.1 85.5 84.9 84.5
Greece 57.4 58.6 64.4 63.9 64.6
Greenland
Grenada 79.6 71.9 67.2 65.3 63.5
Guam
Guatemala 82.6 81.1 84.6 84.2 83.8
Guinea 70.6 70.9 75.9 69.8
Guinea-Bissau 94.9 89.6 81.7 84.4 87.1
Guyana 59.9 35.3 52.7 55.1 68.5
Haiti
Honduras 74.4 73.6 71.2 67.5 69.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 61.5 60.5 57.2 56.6 55.7
Hungary
Iceland 59.7 58.2 59.7 58.4 58.2
India 67.4 66.2 66.2 65.4 65.1
Indonesia 59.1 60.4 58.8 59.9 55.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 65.9 72.0 61.9 72.3 72.5
Iraq
Ireland 59.3 59.6 59.3 59.7 59.4
Isle of Man
Israel 58.0 62.9 64.3 63.1 62.2
Italy 59.2 59.2 59.0 58.5 59.0
Jamaica 70.6 65.8 65.2 66.2 69.3
Japan 54.6 54.3 54.7 53.7 53.3
Jordan 88.6 80.1 76.4 72.9 69.6
Kazakhstan
Kenya 62.1 64.0 62.2 61.4 64.2
Kiribati 92.8 98.1 85.8 88.7 91.9
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 61.1 58.0 55.4 54.3 56.0
Kuwait 47.8 52.7 45.0 53.4 51.3
Kyrgyz Republic 64.8 63.3 67.2
Lao PDR 90.0 88.5 89.4 93.9
Latvia 55.6 54.9 55.3 52.8 53.0
Lebanon
Lesotho 169.8 161.6 148.8 141.8 137.4
Liberia 83.2 83.2
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 50.7 49.1 50.1 48.6 45.8
Macao SAR, China 49.1 48.3 42.1 42.9 41.2
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 90.0 85.5 86.7 85.4 81.7
Malawi 69.4 70.0 66.0 72.1 74.8
Malaysia 55.4 54.2 50.4 52.0 51.7
Maldives
Mali 100.1 86.4 81.6 83.2 80.7
Malta 72.5 70.0 67.1 67.1 66.7
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 63.6 69.8 64.7 60.5 63.1
Mauritius 67.0 61.1 60.8 61.4 64.1
Mexico 64.5 68.5 65.8 67.6 68.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 55.5 61.2 64.3 65.0 60.4
Montenegro
Morocco 62.0 62.6 61.9 59.1 60.8
Mozambique 92.2 89.2 96.7 95.9 96.3
Myanmar
Namibia 56.8 58.7 67.6 60.3 60.0
Nepal 76.5 79.3 78.8 79.7 79.7
Netherlands 51.1 50.7 51.1 50.1 49.6
New Caledonia
New Zealand 57.8 57.1 57.9 58.1 58.8
Nicaragua 48.2 55.8 52.0 81.3 78.5
Niger 88.6 77.8 81.5 70.7 77.3
Nigeria 67.0 68.8 67.9 72.1 55.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 48.2 52.5 51.7 51.2 50.0
Oman 32.6 36.4 31.0 45.8
Pakistan 82.0 79.2 75.1 74.6 72.2
Palau
Panama 56.1 52.6 50.8 55.0 65.9
Papua New Guinea 67.0 65.1 63.6 60.6 64.4
Paraguay
Peru 41.5 50.0 53.9 51.8 56.2
Philippines 75.9 72.9 73.7 70.8 71.0
Poland
Portugal 68.1 65.4 64.3 63.7 63.2
Puerto Rico 74.2 71.7 70.3 68.8 66.8
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation 45.1
Rwanda 80.5 79.7 82.5 83.0 85.0
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 53.2 55.0 53.3 53.3 51.3
Senegal 76.8 78.8 75.5 78.3 79.3
Serbia
Seychelles 84.6 80.4 82.4 87.5 82.0
Sierra Leone 83.0 86.1 71.7 73.1 78.1
Singapore 45.2 48.1 49.0 47.1 45.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 52.4 53.3 55.1 55.1 54.6
South Sudan
Spain 63.1 62.2 62.2 61.4 61.7
Sri Lanka 77.9 77.7 77.2 78.1 77.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 69.7 68.5 67.6 51.5 52.5
St. Lucia 68.1 63.2 67.8 60.9 69.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.9 58.4 63.5 58.6 69.3
Sudan 84.3 75.3 77.8 92.6 91.9
Suriname 55.0 41.4 31.0 41.9 39.3
Swaziland 89.2 71.0 66.0 62.3 61.4
Sweden 45.7 46.4 47.2 46.9 45.0
Switzerland 59.7 59.1 59.1 57.8 56.6
Syrian Arab Republic 63.5 65.9 76.0 81.2 71.8
Tajikistan 69.3 72.6 73.2 70.8 74.9
Tanzania
Thailand 61.0 59.3 60.2 58.8 58.0
Timor-Leste
Togo 79.0 75.3 73.7 79.4 78.9
Tonga 99.8 104.2 94.8 104.6 99.8
Trinidad and Tobago 54.4 59.2 57.7 66.6 62.5
Tunisia 58.8 62.7 60.6 62.3 62.1
Turkey 79.1 76.4 68.7 66.1 68.8
Turkmenistan 50.4 48.5 51.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 78.0 85.0 92.1 91.3 92.0
Ukraine 53.8
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 58.1 60.0 59.8 60.0 59.9
United States 62.1 63.0 62.9 63.4 63.0
Uruguay 68.5 68.5 70.0 68.8 69.8
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 60.1 64.2 59.6 63.7 62.1
Venezuela, RB 64.0 68.5 66.3 68.3 64.7
Vietnam 87.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 62.0 51.0 63.1 66.9 82.5
Zimbabwe 61.8 58.8 59.0 50.4 64.6

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