Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Ghana 4.8 3.3 5.6 8.0 10.7
Bangladesh 5.1 5.1 5.6 3.4 5.4
India 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.2 5.2
Argentina 6.9 9.1 9.2 7.6 11.7
China 7.5 7.8 7.3 8.0 8.9
Turkey 8.2 11.9 12.5 15.6 15.9
Myanmar 8.9 7.0 6.8 5.8 4.6
Burundi 9.1 10.2 9.0 11.5 11.0
Burkina Faso 9.3 8.2 7.9 11.0 9.9
Brazil 9.4 7.6 11.4 13.5 12.2
United States 9.5 8.5 7.6 7.5 7.0
Sudan 9.6 9.9 10.6 8.5 5.7
Rwanda 9.8 11.6 11.6 12.6 10.8
Mozambique 9.9 8.3 6.1 4.1 2.9
Mexico 10.4 15.3 19.0 17.4 15.4
Seychelles 11.1 10.3 13.8 17.0 16.6
Guinea-Bissau 11.2 7.8 6.0 13.4 9.8
Madagascar 11.5 11.2 10.6 13.3 12.2
Comoros 11.8 15.7 19.8 9.0 17.0
Colombia 11.9 10.9 10.4 11.9 13.8
Pakistan 12.3 9.9 11.9 11.1 10.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.4 17.1 14.5 11.3 8.9
Nepal 12.9 11.6 10.2 10.7 11.5
Mali 13.3 14.3 15.9 19.1 17.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.1 12.1 16.2 26.0 27.5
Japan 14.4 14.2 13.6 14.7 14.1
Ecuador 14.6 14.7 15.6 17.4 19.7
Australia 14.9 13.5 13.6 13.6 15.3
Chad 15.1 6.6 16.4 18.0 11.9
Uruguay 15.2 14.3 25.7 26.6 26.8
Bhutan 15.4 13.7 12.1 12.9 15.0
Benin 15.9 17.8 13.8 19.6 23.7
Syrian Arab Republic 16.0 14.2 13.5 12.7 12.6
Uganda 16.1 8.4 8.7 12.7 13.7
Spain 16.4 17.1 19.2 21.4 21.0
Chile 16.4 19.4 24.0 24.2 28.1
Guatemala 17.1 14.8 13.0 13.0 11.9
Peru 19.1 19.6 22.9 23.1 27.5
Lesotho 19.3 19.4 16.6 17.4 16.5
Zimbabwe 19.4 16.9 16.4 20.6 22.2
Germany 20.2 20.9 20.3 21.8 23.0
Portugal 20.3 20.7 24.5 29.2 29.2
Dominican Republic 20.8 14.3 14.4 28.2 28.2
Greece 21.4 17.2 16.5 16.8 16.1
Cabo Verde 21.5 22.9 24.6 22.8 22.6
Italy 21.7 21.2 20.4 21.1 21.2
France 21.8 21.2 22.3 23.7 23.1
Cameroon 21.9 33.2 30.4 33.5 33.4
Nigeria 22.2 17.8 14.5 15.7 17.4
Nicaragua 22.3 16.0 19.4 16.4 14.8
Albania 23.0 19.4 18.2 17.4 16.2
Sierra Leone 23.0 15.8 11.1 10.6 14.8
Bolivia 23.3 29.1 28.3 23.7 19.0
Morocco 23.5 22.2 23.5 26.6 26.6
Philippines 23.8 20.3 21.3 24.0 24.0
Thailand 23.8 22.9 20.1 21.9 23.2
Mongolia 23.9 26.3 26.6 29.2 26.7
Niger 24.2 21.0 20.8 22.9 20.7
Central African Republic 24.4 22.2 24.1 23.4 22.0
Somalia 24.8 26.0 23.6 14.6 6.3
Tonga 25.4 27.6 18.7 26.6 30.1
United Kingdom 25.4 25.1 25.2 26.9 27.3
Malawi 25.7 22.5 20.8 28.4 24.2
Canada 26.5 25.2 25.0 28.1 27.7
El Salvador 26.7 22.8 24.5 21.8 22.3
Venezuela, RB 26.8 22.2 19.5 26.8 24.1
New Zealand 27.9 27.7 28.4 31.8 29.3
South Africa 28.4 26.5 24.7 25.5 31.4
Sweden 28.7 31.0 34.0 34.7 33.6
Indonesia 29.0 25.3 26.3 25.6 22.2
Kiribati 29.8 9.1 13.2 39.2 21.1
Sri Lanka 30.5 27.4 26.3 28.8 26.0
Kenya 30.5 26.7 25.9 26.7 25.3
Finland 31.3 28.9 28.7 29.5 28.0
Iraq 31.6 26.4 24.6 25.7 25.1
Honduras 31.6 26.7 26.2 25.7 25.1
Senegal 31.7 29.2 35.2 34.0 27.8
Korea, Rep. 32.1 31.0 30.8 31.1 29.8
Cuba 32.6 32.6 32.5 32.3 33.7
Austria 33.1 31.8 30.6 32.8 35.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.4 27.0 25.5 22.4 19.9
Iceland 33.8 31.5 38.8 37.1 39.3
Dominica 34.6 41.2 41.1 35.6 36.5
Algeria 34.6 30.9 27.9 25.7 23.6
Cote d'Ivoire 35.2 36.4 37.0 45.3 46.8
Bulgaria 35.6 34.3 37.1 40.1 42.8
Denmark 36.1 35.9 35.9 36.4 36.5
Solomon Islands 36.9 36.2 38.5 38.1 33.2
Papua New Guinea 38.2 36.8 36.2 39.4 42.1
Vanuatu 38.4 42.8 54.2 57.7 48.7
Tunisia 41.4 36.9 34.4 33.0 32.1
Switzerland 41.8 40.5 40.4 42.3 43.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 42.1 44.3 47.2 52.9 56.6
Israel 42.5 38.1 35.4 40.6 44.7
Norway 42.8 41.0 41.3 42.3 42.0
Fiji 43.0 43.2 43.6 42.8 44.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 43.2 35.4 34.3 40.2 40.7
Costa Rica 43.3 45.1 29.9 29.0 27.1
Ireland 43.3 43.0 46.9 53.3 54.0
Jordan 43.6 40.6 35.8 39.1 39.7
Gambia, The 44.0 44.3 50.5 51.1 43.9
Mauritius 44.5 47.0 46.4 48.5 53.3
Grenada 44.7 40.2 38.5 37.9 43.0
Trinidad and Tobago 45.0 34.3 30.2 31.4 32.6
Mauritania 45.1 40.1 45.7 45.6 59.9
Togo 46.2 50.1 45.5 51.2 48.4
Jamaica 47.2 38.0 35.7 55.6 55.9
Barbados 49.5 52.8 58.4 59.6 56.1
Botswana 49.7 54.6 62.1 60.8 66.3
Cyprus 50.3 50.9 50.4 54.7 48.7
St. Lucia 51.8 57.8 63.6 52.6 61.4
Malaysia 52.5 51.0 51.0 54.4 55.1
Belize 53.4 48.0 49.1 62.4 48.5
Belgium 53.5 57.5 59.8 63.7 61.8
Netherlands 55.3 55.3 55.0 58.8 60.3
Namibia 56.2 52.1 44.8 45.2 51.4
Congo, Rep. 58.0 55.3 57.9 61.6 56.8
Suriname 58.7 51.8 43.9 43.4 36.7
Saudi Arabia 62.8 50.7 38.5 34.5 30.1
Gabon 63.4 61.6 61.3 59.1 62.6
Oman 64.7 58.5 53.7 50.3 49.8
Equatorial Guinea 66.0 50.7 55.4 53.3 39.8
Bahamas, The 67.4 65.8 66.6 63.6 64.8
Puerto Rico 68.4 70.4 66.1 67.4 67.5
Guyana 68.9 52.8 45.9 44.2 48.1
Liberia 69.5 62.4 59.1 55.5 54.9
Kuwait 69.5 54.5 59.1 60.1 53.7
Malta 72.5 61.6 59.8 62.4 64.5
Antigua and Barbuda 73.2 67.8 61.3 74.7 75.1
Swaziland 75.2 66.4 62.1 55.5 56.7
Luxembourg 87.6 90.0 91.3 102.2 109.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 91.1 85.9 95.9 106.6 107.2
Brunei Darussalam 93.1 89.3 88.3
Panama 94.0 85.8 71.2 67.2 68.6
Bahrain 131.1 119.0 96.7 96.5 101.8
Maldives 166.4 159.8 132.6 77.2 71.6
Singapore 198.2 185.4 166.9 156.6 152.4
Angola 50.0
Lithuania
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Liechtenstein
Czech Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Aruba
Libya
South Sudan
Yemen, Rep.
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste
Palau
Tuvalu
New Caledonia
Macao SAR, China 127.1 128.7 129.3 120.9
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Eritrea
Paraguay
Curacao
Kazakhstan
Cambodia
Isle of Man
Tanzania
Poland
Moldova
Hungary
Turkmenistan
Macedonia, FYR
Ukraine
Qatar
American Samoa
Romania
Ethiopia
Russian Federation
Estonia
Haiti
Djibouti
Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Croatia
Sao Tome and Principe
Marshall Islands
Guinea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.4
Guam
Tajikistan
Serbia
Bermuda
Greenland
Belarus
Georgia
Azerbaijan
Monaco
Armenia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovak Republic
Montenegro
Slovenia
United Arab Emirates
French Polynesia
Andorra
Faroe Islands
Uzbekistan
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 2.8 4.0
Vietnam
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan
Zambia
Lebanon

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