Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 8.5 4.8 3.3 5.6 8.0
Bangladesh 5.5 5.3 5.2 5.7 3.3
India 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.2
Argentina 5.1 6.9 9.1 9.2 7.6
Ethiopia 7.6 6.7 6.4 7.6
Turkey 5.2 8.2 11.9 12.5 15.6
Myanmar 9.1 8.9 7.0 6.8 5.8
Burundi 8.8 9.1 10.2 9.0 11.5
Burkina Faso 9.0 9.3 8.2 7.9 11.0
Brazil 9.1 9.4 7.6 11.4 13.5
United States 9.8 9.5 8.5 7.6 7.5
Sudan 10.6 9.6 9.9 10.6 8.5
Rwanda 14.4 9.8 11.6 11.6 12.6
Mozambique 10.9 9.9 8.3 6.1 4.1
Mexico 10.7 10.4 15.3 19.0 17.4
Seychelles 14.4 11.1 10.3 13.8 17.0
Guinea-Bissau 12.7 11.2 7.8 6.0 13.4
Madagascar 13.3 11.5 11.2 10.6 13.3
Comoros 8.7 11.8 15.7 19.8 9.0
Colombia 16.2 11.9 10.9 10.4 11.9
Pakistan 12.5 12.3 9.9 11.9 11.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 14.4 12.8 17.7 15.5 12.0
Nepal 11.5 12.9 11.6 10.2 10.7
Mali 14.7 13.4 14.3 16.1 17.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 16.5 14.1 12.1 16.2 26.0
Japan 13.4 14.4 14.2 13.6 14.7
Ecuador 17.1 14.6 14.7 15.6 17.4
Australia 16.4 14.9 13.5 13.6 13.6
Chad 16.9 15.1 6.6 16.4 18.0
Uruguay 15.0 15.2 14.3 25.7 26.6
Bhutan 13.6 15.4 13.7 12.1 12.9
Benin 15.8 15.9 17.8 13.8 19.6
Syrian Arab Republic 18.6 16.0 14.2 13.5 12.7
Uganda 19.4 16.1 8.4 8.7 12.7
Spain 14.4 16.4 17.1 19.2 21.4
Chile 22.8 16.4 19.4 24.0 24.2
Guatemala 22.2 17.1 14.8 13.0 13.0
Peru 27.5 19.1 19.6 22.9 23.1
Lesotho 21.0 19.3 19.4 16.6 17.4
Zimbabwe 23.4 19.4 16.9 16.4 20.6
Germany 18.7 20.2 20.9 20.3 21.8
Portugal 21.5 20.3 20.7 24.5 29.2
Dominican Republic 19.2 20.8 14.3 14.4 28.2
Greece 19.2 21.3 17.1 16.4 16.7
Cabo Verde 17.1 21.5 22.9 24.6 22.8
Italy 20.2 21.7 21.2 20.4 21.1
France 20.8 21.8 21.2 22.3 23.7
Cameroon 27.9 21.9 33.2 30.4 33.5
Nigeria 29.4 22.2 17.8 14.5 15.7
Nicaragua 24.2 22.3 16.0 19.4 16.4
Albania 23.1 23.0 19.4 18.2 17.4
Sierra Leone 22.9 23.0 15.8 11.1 10.6
Bolivia 24.5 23.3 29.1 28.3 23.7
Morocco 19.9 23.5 22.2 23.5 26.6
Philippines 23.6 23.8 20.3 21.3 24.0
Thailand 24.1 23.8 22.9 20.1 21.9
Mongolia 23.9 26.3 26.6 29.2
Niger 24.6 24.2 21.0 20.8 22.9
Central African Republic 25.2 24.4 22.2 24.1 23.4
Somalia 33.2 24.8 26.0 23.6 14.6
Tonga 30.1 25.4 27.6 18.7 26.6
United Kingdom 25.9 25.5 25.1 25.3 27.1
Malawi 24.8 25.7 22.5 20.8 28.4
Canada 27.6 26.5 25.2 25.0 28.1
El Salvador 34.2 26.7 22.8 24.5 21.8
Venezuela, RB 28.8 26.8 22.2 19.5 26.8
New Zealand 29.1 28.2 28.1 28.7 32.1
South Africa 35.4 28.4 26.5 24.7 25.5
Zambia 41.4 28.6 27.7 32.9 35.1
Sweden 28.0 28.7 31.0 34.0 34.7
Indonesia 34.2 29.0 25.3 26.3 25.6
Kiribati 23.4 29.8 9.1 13.2 39.2
Sri Lanka 32.2 30.5 27.4 26.3 28.8
Kenya 29.5 30.5 26.7 25.9 26.7
Finland 30.8 31.3 28.9 28.7 29.5
Honduras 37.2 31.6 26.7 26.2 25.7
Senegal 23.9 31.7 29.2 35.2 34.0
Korea, Rep. 30.2 32.1 31.0 30.8 31.1
Cuba 32.8 32.6 32.6 32.5 32.3
Austria 31.8 33.1 31.8 30.6 32.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 30.5 33.4 27.0 25.5 22.4
Iceland 34.6 33.7 31.3 38.7 37.0
Dominica 22.0 34.6 41.2 41.1 35.6
Algeria 34.3 34.6 30.9 27.9 25.7
Cote d'Ivoire 35.0 35.2 36.4 37.0 45.3
Bulgaria 35.7 35.6 34.3 37.1 40.1
Denmark 32.4 36.1 35.9 35.9 36.4
Solomon Islands 36.9 36.2 38.5 38.1
Papua New Guinea 43.2 38.2 36.8 36.2 39.4
Vanuatu 33.2 38.4 42.8 54.2 57.7
Tunisia 40.2 41.4 36.9 34.4 33.0
Switzerland 40.8 41.8 40.5 40.4 42.3
Israel 43.8 42.5 38.1 35.4 40.6
Fiji 47.8 43.0 43.2 43.6 42.8
Costa Rica 26.5 43.3 45.1 29.9 29.0
Norway 43.2 43.3 41.5 41.8 42.9
Ireland 44.4 43.4 43.1 47.0 53.4
Jordan 40.4 43.6 40.6 35.8 39.1
Gambia, The 42.7 44.0 44.3 50.5 51.1
Mauritius 51.0 44.5 47.0 46.4 48.5
Grenada 47.4 44.7 40.2 38.5 37.9
Mauritania 36.8 45.1 40.1 45.7 45.6
Trinidad and Tobago 50.4 45.9 34.9 30.7 32.1
Togo 51.1 46.2 50.1 45.5 51.2
Jamaica 51.1 47.2 38.0 35.7 55.6
Botswana 53.1 49.7 54.6 62.1 60.8
Cyprus 45.3 50.3 50.9 50.4 54.7
Malaysia 56.7 51.6 50.1 50.4 53.5
St. Lucia 67.0 51.8 57.8 63.6 52.6
Belize 55.4 53.4 48.0 49.1 62.4
Belgium 49.7 53.6 57.6 59.9 63.8
Netherlands 51.3 55.9 55.9 55.6 59.5
Namibia 70.0 56.2 52.1 44.8 45.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.9 57.4 58.9 61.3 69.0
Congo, Rep. 60.0 58.0 55.3 57.9 61.6
Suriname 68.8 58.7 51.8 43.9 43.4
Barbados 70.1 59.7 63.8 70.5 71.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 66.9 60.4 49.8 48.9 55.1
Saudi Arabia 63.5 62.9 50.8 38.6 34.6
Gabon 64.7 63.4 61.6 61.3 59.1
Oman 62.7 64.7 58.5 53.7 50.3
Equatorial Guinea 50.7 66.0 50.7 55.4 53.3
Bahamas, The 70.4 67.4 65.8 66.6 63.6
Puerto Rico 65.1 68.4 70.4 66.1 67.4
Guyana 81.3 68.9 52.8 45.9 44.2
Liberia 71.8 69.5 62.4 59.1 55.5
Kuwait 78.3 69.5 54.5 59.1 60.1
Malta 80.9 72.5 61.6 59.8 62.4
Antigua and Barbuda 67.3 73.2 67.8 61.3 74.7
Swaziland 74.6 75.2 66.4 62.1 55.5
Luxembourg 90.0 88.1 90.5 91.7 102.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 88.9 91.1 85.9 95.9 106.6
Brunei Darussalam 93.4 93.1 89.3 88.3
Panama 98.2 94.0 85.8 71.2 67.2
Bahrain 124.1 131.1 119.0 96.7 96.5
Maldives 153.5 166.4 159.8 132.6 77.2
Singapore 202.1 198.2 185.4 166.9 156.6
Ukraine
Macedonia, FYR
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cambodia
Kazakhstan
Eritrea
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Isle of Man
Tanzania
Monaco
Turkmenistan
Moldova
Slovenia
Palau
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Georgia
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Paraguay
Angola
Azerbaijan
Timor-Leste
Kyrgyz Republic
Djibouti
Poland
Tuvalu
Hungary
Kosovo
China 8.4 7.7 8.6
Guinea
Qatar
Greenland
Romania
Armenia
Russian Federation
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
St. Martin (French part)
Vietnam
Libya
Lithuania
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
French Polynesia
Lao PDR 2.8
Tajikistan
Haiti
Faeroe Islands
Serbia
Estonia
Aruba
Macao SAR, China 127.1 128.7 129.3
Afghanistan
Andorra
Czech Republic
Turks and Caicos Islands
Croatia
American Samoa
Belarus
United Arab Emirates
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Slovak Republic
Uzbekistan
Samoa
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.4
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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