Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Ghana 8.5 4.8 3.3 5.6 8.0
Bangladesh 5.5 5.1 5.1 5.6 3.4
India 6.0 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.2
Chad 16.9 15.1 6.6 16.4 18.0
Ethiopia 7.6 6.7 6.4 7.6
Myanmar 9.1 8.9 7.0 6.8 5.8
Brazil 9.1 9.4 7.6 11.4 13.5
China 6.0 7.5 7.8 7.3 8.0
Guinea-Bissau 12.7 11.2 7.8 6.0 13.4
Burkina Faso 9.0 9.3 8.2 7.9 11.0
Mozambique 10.9 9.9 8.3 6.1 4.1
Uganda 19.4 16.1 8.4 8.7 12.7
United States 9.8 9.5 8.5 7.6 7.5
Kiribati 23.4 29.8 9.1 13.2 39.2
Argentina 5.1 6.9 9.1 9.2 7.6
Sudan 10.6 9.6 9.9 10.6 8.5
Pakistan 12.5 12.3 9.9 11.9 11.1
Burundi 8.8 9.1 10.2 9.0 11.5
Seychelles 14.4 11.1 10.3 13.8 17.0
Colombia 16.2 11.9 10.9 10.4 11.9
Madagascar 13.3 11.5 11.2 10.6 13.3
Rwanda 14.4 9.8 11.6 11.6 12.6
Nepal 11.5 12.9 11.6 10.2 10.7
Turkey 5.2 8.2 11.9 12.5 15.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 16.5 14.1 12.1 16.2 26.0
Australia 16.4 14.9 13.5 13.6 13.6
Bhutan 13.6 15.4 13.7 12.1 12.9
Japan 13.4 14.4 14.2 13.6 14.7
Syrian Arab Republic 18.6 16.0 14.2 13.5 12.7
Uruguay 15.0 15.2 14.3 25.7 26.6
Mali 14.7 13.4 14.3 16.1 17.8
Dominican Republic 19.2 20.8 14.3 14.4 28.2
Ecuador 17.1 14.6 14.7 15.6 17.4
Guatemala 22.2 17.1 14.8 13.0 13.0
Mexico 10.7 10.4 15.3 19.0 17.4
Comoros 8.7 11.8 15.7 19.8 9.0
Sierra Leone 22.9 23.0 15.8 11.1 10.6
Nicaragua 24.2 22.3 16.0 19.4 16.4
Zimbabwe 23.4 19.4 16.9 16.4 20.6
Spain 14.4 16.4 17.1 19.2 21.4
Greece 19.2 21.3 17.1 16.4 16.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 14.4 12.8 17.7 15.5 12.0
Benin 15.8 15.9 17.8 13.8 19.6
Nigeria 29.4 22.2 17.8 14.5 15.7
Chile 22.8 16.4 19.4 24.0 24.2
Albania 23.1 23.0 19.4 18.2 17.4
Lesotho 21.0 19.3 19.4 16.6 17.4
Peru 27.5 19.1 19.6 22.9 23.1
Philippines 23.6 23.8 20.3 21.3 24.0
Portugal 21.5 20.3 20.7 24.5 29.2
Germany 18.7 20.2 20.9 20.3 21.8
Niger 24.6 24.2 21.0 20.8 22.9
Italy 20.2 21.7 21.2 20.4 21.1
France 20.8 21.8 21.2 22.3 23.7
Venezuela, RB 28.8 26.8 22.2 19.5 26.8
Central African Republic 25.2 24.4 22.2 24.1 23.4
Morocco 19.9 23.5 22.2 23.5 26.6
Malawi 24.8 25.7 22.5 20.8 28.4
El Salvador 34.2 26.7 22.8 24.5 21.8
Thailand 24.1 23.8 22.9 20.1 21.9
Cabo Verde 17.1 21.5 22.9 24.6 22.8
United Kingdom 26.0 25.4 25.1 25.2 26.9
Canada 27.6 26.5 25.2 25.0 28.1
Indonesia 34.2 29.0 25.3 26.3 25.6
Somalia 33.2 24.8 26.0 23.6 14.6
Mongolia 23.9 26.3 26.6 29.2
South Africa 35.4 28.4 26.5 24.7 25.5
Kenya 29.5 30.5 26.7 25.9 26.7
Honduras 37.2 31.6 26.7 26.2 25.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 30.5 33.4 27.0 25.5 22.4
Sri Lanka 32.2 30.5 27.4 26.3 28.8
Tonga 30.1 25.4 27.6 18.7 26.6
Zambia 41.4 28.6 27.7 32.9 35.1
New Zealand 28.8 27.9 27.7 28.4 31.8
Finland 30.8 31.3 28.9 28.7 29.5
Bolivia 24.5 23.3 29.1 28.3 23.7
Senegal 23.9 31.7 29.2 35.2 34.0
Algeria 34.3 34.6 30.9 27.9 25.7
Sweden 28.0 28.7 31.0 34.0 34.7
Korea, Rep. 30.2 32.1 31.0 30.8 31.1
Iceland 34.6 33.7 31.3 38.7 37.0
Austria 31.8 33.1 31.8 30.6 32.8
Cuba 32.8 32.6 32.6 32.5 32.3
Cameroon 27.9 21.9 33.2 30.4 33.5
Bulgaria 35.7 35.6 34.3 37.1 40.1
Trinidad and Tobago 50.4 45.9 34.9 30.7 32.1
Denmark 32.4 36.1 35.9 35.9 36.4
Solomon Islands 36.9 36.2 38.5 38.1
Cote d'Ivoire 35.0 35.2 36.4 37.0 45.3
Papua New Guinea 43.2 38.2 36.8 36.2 39.4
Tunisia 40.2 41.4 36.9 34.4 33.0
Jamaica 51.1 47.2 38.0 35.7 55.6
Israel 43.8 42.5 38.1 35.4 40.6
Mauritania 36.8 45.1 40.1 45.7 45.6
Grenada 47.4 44.7 40.2 38.5 37.9
Switzerland 40.8 41.8 40.5 40.4 42.3
Jordan 40.4 43.6 40.6 35.8 39.1
Norway 42.8 42.8 41.0 41.3 42.3
Dominica 22.0 34.6 41.2 41.1 35.6
Vanuatu 33.2 38.4 42.8 54.2 57.7
Ireland 44.4 43.4 43.1 47.0 53.4
Fiji 47.8 43.0 43.2 43.6 42.8
Gambia, The 42.7 44.0 44.3 50.5 51.1
Costa Rica 26.5 43.3 45.1 29.9 29.0
Mauritius 51.0 44.5 47.0 46.4 48.5
Belize 55.4 53.4 48.0 49.1 62.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 66.9 60.4 49.8 48.9 55.1
Malaysia 56.7 51.6 50.1 50.4 53.5
Togo 51.1 46.2 50.1 45.5 51.2
Equatorial Guinea 50.7 66.0 50.7 55.4 53.3
Saudi Arabia 63.5 62.8 50.7 38.5 34.5
Cyprus 45.3 50.3 50.9 50.4 54.7
Suriname 68.8 58.7 51.8 43.9 43.4
Namibia 70.0 56.2 52.1 44.8 45.2
Guyana 81.3 68.9 52.8 45.9 44.2
Kuwait 78.3 69.5 54.5 59.1 60.1
Botswana 53.1 49.7 54.6 62.1 60.8
Congo, Rep. 60.0 58.0 55.3 57.9 61.6
Netherlands 51.3 55.9 55.9 55.6 59.5
Belgium 49.7 53.6 57.6 59.9 63.8
St. Lucia 67.0 51.8 57.8 63.6 52.6
Oman 62.7 64.7 58.5 53.7 50.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 54.9 57.4 58.9 61.3 69.0
Gabon 64.7 63.4 61.6 61.3 59.1
Malta 80.9 72.5 61.6 59.8 62.4
Liberia 71.8 69.5 62.4 59.1 55.5
Barbados 70.1 59.7 63.8 70.5 71.9
Bahamas, The 70.4 67.4 65.8 66.6 63.6
Swaziland 74.6 75.2 66.4 62.1 55.5
Antigua and Barbuda 67.3 73.2 67.8 61.3 74.7
Puerto Rico 65.1 68.4 70.4 66.1 67.4
Panama 98.2 94.0 85.8 71.2 67.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 88.9 91.1 85.9 95.9 106.6
Brunei Darussalam 93.4 93.1 89.3 88.3
Luxembourg 90.0 88.1 90.5 91.7 102.8
Bahrain 124.1 131.1 119.0 96.7 96.5
Macao SAR, China 127.1 128.7 129.3
Maldives 153.5 166.4 159.8 132.6 77.2
Singapore 202.1 198.2 185.4 166.9 156.6
French Polynesia
Taiwan, China
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Afghanistan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Djibouti
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.4
Palau
Timor-Leste
Libya
Tuvalu
Lebanon
Faeroe Islands
Paraguay
Belarus
Latvia
Aruba
Czech Republic
Cayman Islands
Poland
Tanzania
Lao PDR 2.8
Croatia
Liechtenstein
Turkmenistan
Qatar
Ukraine
Romania
American Samoa
Russian Federation
Vietnam
Lithuania
Estonia
Samoa
Monaco
San Marino
Moldova
Sao Tome and Principe
Haiti
Kyrgyz Republic
Guinea
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Armenia
Serbia
Tajikistan
Bermuda
Guam
Azerbaijan
Greenland
Montenegro
Georgia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Slovak Republic
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovenia
Angola
Kazakhstan
United Arab Emirates
Isle of Man
Andorra
Iraq
Uzbekistan
South Sudan
Curacao
Cambodia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Hungary
Yemen, Rep.
Macedonia, FYR
Eritrea

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