Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Ghana 4.8 3.3 5.6 8.0 10.7
Bangladesh 5.1 5.1 5.6 3.4 5.4
India 5.8 5.9 5.7 6.2 5.2
Chad 15.1 6.6 16.4 18.0 11.9
Myanmar 8.9 7.0 6.8 5.8 4.6
Brazil 9.4 7.6 11.4 13.5 12.2
China 7.5 7.8 7.3 8.0 8.9
Guinea-Bissau 11.2 7.8 6.0 13.4 9.8
Burkina Faso 9.3 8.2 7.9 11.0 9.9
Mozambique 9.9 8.3 6.1 4.1 2.9
Uganda 16.1 8.4 8.7 12.7 13.7
United States 9.5 8.5 7.6 7.5 7.0
Kiribati 29.8 9.1 13.2 39.2 21.1
Argentina 6.9 9.1 9.2 7.6 11.7
Sudan 9.6 9.9 10.6 8.5 5.7
Pakistan 12.3 9.9 11.9 11.1 10.4
Burundi 9.1 10.2 9.0 11.5 11.0
Seychelles 11.1 10.3 13.8 17.0 16.6
Colombia 11.9 10.9 10.4 11.9 13.8
Madagascar 11.5 11.2 10.6 13.3 12.2
Rwanda 9.8 11.6 11.6 12.6 10.8
Nepal 12.9 11.6 10.2 10.7 11.5
Turkey 8.2 11.9 12.5 15.6 15.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14.1 12.1 16.2 26.0 27.5
Australia 14.9 13.5 13.6 13.6 15.3
Bhutan 15.4 13.7 12.1 12.9 15.0
Japan 14.4 14.2 13.6 14.7 14.1
Syrian Arab Republic 16.0 14.2 13.5 12.7 12.6
Mali 13.3 14.3 15.9 19.1 17.0
Uruguay 15.2 14.3 25.7 26.6 26.8
Dominican Republic 20.8 14.3 14.4 28.2 28.2
Ecuador 14.6 14.7 15.6 17.4 19.7
Guatemala 17.1 14.8 13.0 13.0 11.9
Mexico 10.4 15.3 19.0 17.4 15.4
Comoros 11.8 15.7 19.8 9.0 17.0
Sierra Leone 23.0 15.8 11.1 10.6 14.8
Nicaragua 22.3 16.0 19.4 16.4 14.8
Zimbabwe 19.4 16.9 16.4 20.6 22.2
Spain 16.4 17.1 19.2 21.4 21.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.4 17.1 14.5 11.3 8.9
Greece 21.4 17.2 16.5 16.8 16.1
Benin 15.9 17.8 13.8 19.6 23.7
Nigeria 22.2 17.8 14.5 15.7 17.4
Chile 16.4 19.4 24.0 24.2 28.1
Albania 23.0 19.4 18.2 17.4 16.2
Lesotho 19.3 19.4 16.6 17.4 16.5
Peru 19.1 19.6 22.9 23.1 27.5
Philippines 23.8 20.3 21.3 24.0 24.0
Portugal 20.3 20.7 24.5 29.2 29.2
Germany 20.2 20.9 20.3 21.8 23.0
Niger 24.2 21.0 20.8 22.9 20.7
Italy 21.7 21.2 20.4 21.1 21.2
France 21.8 21.2 22.3 23.7 23.1
Venezuela, RB 26.8 22.2 19.5 26.8 24.1
Central African Republic 24.4 22.2 24.1 23.4 22.0
Morocco 23.5 22.2 23.5 26.6 26.6
Malawi 25.7 22.5 20.8 28.4 24.2
El Salvador 26.7 22.8 24.5 21.8 22.3
Thailand 23.8 22.9 20.1 21.9 23.2
Cabo Verde 21.5 22.9 24.6 22.8 22.6
United Kingdom 25.4 25.1 25.2 26.9 27.3
Canada 26.5 25.2 25.0 28.1 27.7
Indonesia 29.0 25.3 26.3 25.6 22.2
Somalia 24.8 26.0 23.6 14.6 6.3
Mongolia 23.9 26.3 26.6 29.2 26.7
Iraq 31.6 26.4 24.6 25.7 25.1
South Africa 28.4 26.5 24.7 25.5 31.4
Kenya 30.5 26.7 25.9 26.7 25.3
Honduras 31.6 26.7 26.2 25.7 25.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 33.4 27.0 25.5 22.4 19.9
Sri Lanka 30.5 27.4 26.3 28.8 26.0
Tonga 25.4 27.6 18.7 26.6 30.1
Zambia 28.6 27.7 32.9 35.1 36.4
New Zealand 27.9 27.7 28.4 31.8 29.3
Finland 31.3 28.9 28.7 29.5 28.0
Bolivia 23.3 29.1 28.3 23.7 19.0
Senegal 31.7 29.2 35.2 34.0 27.8
Algeria 34.6 30.9 27.9 25.7 23.6
Sweden 28.7 31.0 34.0 34.7 33.6
Korea, Rep. 32.1 31.0 30.8 31.1 29.8
Iceland 33.8 31.5 38.8 37.1 39.3
Austria 33.1 31.8 30.6 32.8 35.0
Cuba 32.6 32.6 32.5 32.3 33.7
Cameroon 21.9 33.2 30.4 33.5 33.4
Trinidad and Tobago 45.0 34.3 30.2 31.4 32.6
Bulgaria 35.6 34.3 37.1 40.1 42.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 43.2 35.4 34.3 40.2 40.7
Denmark 36.1 35.9 35.9 36.4 36.5
Solomon Islands 36.9 36.2 38.5 38.1 33.2
Cote d'Ivoire 35.2 36.4 37.0 45.3 46.8
Papua New Guinea 38.2 36.8 36.2 39.4 42.1
Tunisia 41.4 36.9 34.4 33.0 32.1
Jamaica 47.2 38.0 35.7 55.6 55.9
Israel 42.5 38.1 35.4 40.6 44.7
Mauritania 45.1 40.1 45.7 45.6 59.9
Grenada 44.7 40.2 38.5 37.9 43.0
Switzerland 41.8 40.5 40.4 42.3 43.9
Jordan 43.6 40.6 35.8 39.1 39.7
Norway 42.8 41.0 41.3 42.3 42.0
Dominica 34.6 41.2 41.1 35.6 36.5
Vanuatu 38.4 42.8 54.2 57.7 48.7
Ireland 43.3 43.0 46.9 53.3 54.0
Fiji 43.0 43.2 43.6 42.8 44.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 42.1 44.3 47.2 52.9 56.6
Gambia, The 44.0 44.3 50.5 51.1 43.9
Costa Rica 43.3 45.1 29.9 29.0 27.1
Mauritius 44.5 47.0 46.4 48.5 53.3
Belize 53.4 48.0 49.1 62.4 48.5
Togo 46.2 50.1 45.5 51.2 48.4
Equatorial Guinea 66.0 50.7 55.4 53.3 39.8
Saudi Arabia 62.8 50.7 38.5 34.5 30.1
Cyprus 50.3 50.9 50.4 54.7 48.7
Malaysia 52.5 51.0 51.0 54.4 55.1
Suriname 58.7 51.8 43.9 43.4 36.7
Namibia 56.2 52.1 44.8 45.2 51.4
Guyana 68.9 52.8 45.9 44.2 48.1
Barbados 49.5 52.8 58.4 59.6 56.1
Kuwait 69.5 54.5 59.1 60.1 53.7
Botswana 49.7 54.6 62.1 60.8 66.3
Congo, Rep. 58.0 55.3 57.9 61.6 56.8
Netherlands 55.3 55.3 55.0 58.8 60.3
Belgium 53.5 57.5 59.8 63.7 61.8
St. Lucia 51.8 57.8 63.6 52.6 61.4
Oman 64.7 58.5 53.7 50.3 49.8
Gabon 63.4 61.6 61.3 59.1 62.6
Malta 72.5 61.6 59.8 62.4 64.5
Liberia 69.5 62.4 59.1 55.5 54.9
Bahamas, The 67.4 65.8 66.6 63.6 64.8
Swaziland 75.2 66.4 62.1 55.5 56.7
Antigua and Barbuda 73.2 67.8 61.3 74.7 75.1
Puerto Rico 68.4 70.4 66.1 67.4 67.5
Panama 94.0 85.8 71.2 67.2 68.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 91.1 85.9 95.9 106.6 107.2
Brunei Darussalam 93.1 89.3 88.3
Luxembourg 87.6 90.0 91.3 102.2 109.7
Bahrain 131.1 119.0 96.7 96.5 101.8
Macao SAR, China 127.1 128.7 129.3 120.9
Maldives 166.4 159.8 132.6 77.2 71.6
Singapore 198.2 185.4 166.9 156.6 152.4
Slovenia
Isle of Man
Hungary
New Caledonia
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Ethiopia
Libya
Haiti
Moldova
Estonia
Guinea
Palau
Czech Republic
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Monaco
Guam
Tajikistan
Paraguay
American Samoa
Greenland
Georgia
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea
Poland
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 3.4
Slovak Republic
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Djibouti
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Croatia
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Azerbaijan
Cambodia
Armenia
Macedonia, FYR
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Belarus
Marshall Islands
Montenegro
Tanzania
Angola 50.0
Timor-Leste
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Aruba
French Polynesia
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
Tuvalu
Samoa
San Marino
United Arab Emirates
Sao Tome and Principe
Andorra
Faeroe Islands
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 2.8 4.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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