Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania 15.1 15.5 16.4 17.9 14.9
Algeria 12.9 14.3 15.5 18.6 23.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3 33.3
Antigua and Barbuda 84.1 79.6 78.7 81.0 89.0
Argentina 8.2 7.9 9.5 13.1 10.4
Armenia 35.0
Aruba
Australia 15.0 15.5 16.0 15.1 15.1
Austria 32.1 31.5 33.2 35.1 35.8
Azerbaijan 43.9
Bahamas, The 63.8 61.3 53.8 54.2
Bahrain 98.7 102.4 95.3 98.6 115.6
Bangladesh 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.9
Barbados 46.8 38.1 40.3 41.6 40.7
Belarus 46.0
Belgium 56.7 55.3 58.8 62.9 61.0
Belize 55.5 60.5 62.0 59.7 62.2
Benin 16.7 15.3 13.8 13.5 19.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 17.6 23.5 28.1 28.0 26.8
Bolivia 21.3 19.6 18.8 22.5 22.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 68.3 75.1 70.5 59.2 55.1
Brazil 8.8 9.5 10.9 8.9 8.2
Brunei Darussalam 61.8 61.8
Bulgaria 40.0 40.8 45.6 46.4 33.1
Burkina Faso 9.0 11.4 11.0 8.7 11.0
Burundi 11.7 9.7 12.6 9.7 7.9
Cabo Verde 17.6 18.1 16.7 19.2 17.1
Cambodia
Cameroon 23.3 16.7 16.0 20.7 20.2
Canada 27.2 26.2 26.1 25.1 25.2
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 18.2 17.8 17.7 20.3 17.1
Chad 13.4 15.4 15.0 13.8 13.5
Chile 29.1 30.1 34.2 35.4 34.0
China 10.5 12.1 11.7 11.4 15.9
Colombia 18.8 17.0 16.3 18.0 20.6
Comoros 16.4 15.2 18.0 14.9 14.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24.7 26.0 25.5 25.5 29.5
Congo, Rep. 39.8 41.7 40.6 48.5 51.8
Costa Rica 27.0 26.7 29.3 30.3 30.2
Cote d'Ivoire 39.5 33.4 30.5 32.0 31.7
Croatia
Cuba 31.7 32.9 32.0 31.2 30.2
Curacao
Cyprus 45.0 47.3 48.1 51.5 51.5
Czech Republic 33.2
Denmark 32.2 31.6 33.4 35.3 36.2
Djibouti 53.8
Dominica 53.3 53.2 54.6 47.1 54.5
Dominican Republic 24.4 25.6 33.0 33.5 33.8
Ecuador 15.6 15.4 19.0 20.3 22.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 12.6 17.3 17.9 20.0
El Salvador 24.7 19.0 15.8 13.2 18.6
Equatorial Guinea 47.4 47.9 51.5 47.3 39.0
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands
Fiji 41.7 45.3 54.3 62.7 62.3
Finland 25.6 25.0 23.9 23.0 22.1
France 20.2 19.4 20.2 21.5 20.8
French Polynesia
Gabon 35.2 42.7 36.7 45.8 46.0
Gambia, The 46.6 49.4 50.4 55.1 59.9
Georgia 41.5 42.2 42.4 40.0
Germany 21.3 20.7 21.1 22.4 22.9
Ghana 16.6 19.7 18.2 16.7 16.9
Greece 17.7 18.1 16.3 15.9 14.8
Greenland
Grenada 53.0 48.0 47.0 40.3 42.4
Guam
Guatemala 16.1 15.8 16.1 17.3 21.0
Guinea 31.1 31.6 26.9 31.1 31.1
Guinea-Bissau 5.2 11.4 12.4 8.9 9.9
Guyana 46.3 79.6 63.6 66.3 62.7
Haiti
Honduras 26.6 23.0 26.3 31.0 37.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 109.3 119.8 129.8 130.1 130.7
Hungary
Iceland 37.7 33.5 31.0 32.8 32.9
India 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9 6.9
Indonesia 19.5 23.9 23.8 24.3 25.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 9.2 7.3 9.8 13.3
Iraq 16.5 23.2 19.7 22.0 7.7
Ireland 49.0 52.4 55.5 58.9 54.6
Isle of Man
Israel 39.5 39.2 35.1 36.8 34.7
Italy 18.8 18.0 17.6 18.6 18.3
Jamaica 48.8 46.6 43.6 43.6 48.1
Japan 11.1 10.1 9.8 10.2 10.3
Jordan 28.3 33.1 43.4 56.1 59.8
Kazakhstan
Kenya 25.8 21.3 22.4 23.0 25.7
Kiribati 9.4 9.7 18.1 18.6 11.6
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 33.1 35.5 33.7 28.5 25.9
Kuwait 46.2 52.5 47.6 52.4 44.9
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2
Lao PDR 3.6 6.1 13.6 12.1 11.3
Latvia
Lebanon 18.4 18.0
Lesotho 15.7 13.0 20.9 21.6 18.0
Liberia 55.2
Libya 39.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 100.4 97.6 99.1 101.9 99.8
Macao SAR, China 123.5 123.6 119.4 117.0 110.0
Macedonia, FYR 25.8
Madagascar 12.1 16.6 16.3 18.4 16.6
Malawi 22.9 25.5 23.3 18.8 23.8
Malaysia 56.5 62.9 66.4 71.4 74.5
Maldives 68.1 78.7 75.9 79.2 85.5
Mali 14.5 15.6 14.6 15.8 15.7
Malta 64.3 69.6 70.4 72.1 75.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 56.2 49.1 50.3 49.8 45.6
Mauritius 60.2 64.3 64.5 63.9 65.0
Mexico 17.3 19.5 19.9 19.0 18.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 48.2
Monaco
Mongolia 30.2 30.8 28.4 22.5 18.3
Montenegro
Morocco 22.6 23.5 25.9 23.3 25.7
Mozambique 2.5 6.6 8.1 8.2 8.2
Myanmar 4.1 2.4 3.1 2.9 1.9
Namibia 56.3 46.3 46.0 49.6 43.3
Nepal 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.1 10.5
Netherlands 51.1 49.8 52.1 55.4 54.8
New Caledonia 18.5
New Zealand 26.6 26.1 26.2 26.4 26.8
Nicaragua 12.8 11.8 18.0 32.5 24.9
Niger 20.0 20.8 18.3 16.6 14.8
Nigeria 13.3 26.9 22.9 44.0 35.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 33.6 31.8 32.5 37.3 39.4
Oman 39.2 48.9 40.0 47.2
Pakistan 11.9 13.2 13.6 13.9 15.5
Palau
Panama 71.1 71.5 75.2 78.9 86.8
Papua New Guinea 43.6 43.2 43.3 40.6 40.6
Paraguay
Peru 16.9 13.2 15.6 17.9 16.1
Philippines 26.3 26.6 28.4 28.1 27.5
Poland 26.3
Portugal 26.0 27.3 27.6 29.5 29.2
Puerto Rico 66.6 66.3 67.1 71.7 75.7
Qatar
Romania 16.7
Russian Federation 21.9 18.2
Rwanda 12.6 7.5 6.6 6.1 5.6
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 26.7 30.9 31.3 33.7 40.6
Senegal 24.6 21.2 22.3 24.5 25.4
Serbia
Seychelles 8.9 8.9 11.2 11.2 15.3
Sierra Leone 11.9 32.0 28.7 23.9 34.7
Singapore 148.9 164.2 185.0 179.5 177.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 25.0
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 36.7 33.4 32.0 29.0 30.1
Somalia 7.0 6.7 4.8 7.7 9.8
South Africa 30.6 30.3 29.1 26.7 24.2
South Sudan
Spain 18.3 17.8 17.4 16.7 15.8
Sri Lanka 23.7 25.2 26.1 27.3 30.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 49.1 45.3 42.8 39.5
St. Lucia 74.1 74.6 87.4 80.2 72.6
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.7 51.9 62.0 53.6 54.2
Sudan 4.7 5.5 3.8 5.3 4.0
Suriname 32.6 31.1 29.3 37.7 42.0
Swaziland 68.8 81.8 76.9 84.1 59.0
Sweden 31.4 31.0 30.7 30.5 28.7
Switzerland 41.7 40.8 41.7 43.4 41.3
Syrian Arab Republic 11.5 16.0 17.1 24.8 28.3
Tajikistan 35.2 35.9 27.8
Tanzania 12.6
Thailand 25.6 28.9 33.0 34.9 34.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 44.0 41.4 43.7 39.7 33.5
Tonga 25.7 30.9 22.7 25.1 33.9
Trinidad and Tobago 34.4 33.8 38.7 42.4 45.2
Tunisia 30.2 34.8 42.0 44.3 43.6
Turkey 13.3 15.6 18.7 16.2 13.4
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 12.8 8.2 7.6 8.0 7.2
Ukraine 32.1 27.6
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 24.3 23.8 21.4 21.9 22.6
United States 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9 9.2
Uruguay 26.2 21.6 22.1 23.5 23.5
Uzbekistan 28.8
Vanuatu 34.8 35.8 35.5 37.4 47.1
Venezuela, RB 19.8 21.4 20.6 34.1 39.5
Vietnam 6.6 6.0 3.9 23.8 36.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 12.2
Zambia
Zimbabwe 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.3 22.9

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