Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Mozambique 2.9 2.5 6.6 8.1 8.2
Lao PDR 4.0 3.6 6.1 13.6 12.1
Myanmar 4.6 4.1 2.4 3.1 2.9
India 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9
Bangladesh 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.7
Sudan 5.7 4.7 5.5 3.8 5.3
Ethiopia 5.8 6.8 5.9 5.8 6.6
Somalia 6.3 7.0 6.7 4.8 7.7
United States 7.0 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9
China 9.2 9.9 12.1 11.4 10.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.4 3.9 9.6 7.7 10.2
Guinea-Bissau 9.8 5.2 11.4 12.4 8.9
Burkina Faso 9.9 9.0 11.4 11.0 8.7
Pakistan 10.4 11.9 13.2 13.6 13.9
Ghana 10.7 16.6 19.7 18.2 16.7
Rwanda 10.8 12.6 7.5 6.6 6.1
Burundi 11.0 11.7 9.7 12.6 9.7
Nepal 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.1
Argentina 11.7 8.2 7.9 9.5 13.1
Chad 11.9 13.4 15.4 15.0 13.8
Guatemala 11.9 16.1 15.8 16.1 17.3
Madagascar 12.2 12.1 16.6 16.3 18.4
Brazil 12.2 8.8 9.5 10.9 8.9
Syrian Arab Republic 12.6 11.5 16.0 17.1 24.8
Uganda 13.7 12.8 8.2 7.6 8.0
Colombia 13.8 18.8 17.0 16.3 18.0
Japan 14.1 11.1 10.1 9.8 10.2
Nicaragua 14.8 12.8 11.8 18.0 32.5
Sierra Leone 14.8 11.9 32.0 28.7 23.9
Bhutan 15.0 17.6 23.5 28.1 28.0
Australia 15.3 15.0 15.5 16.0 15.1
Mexico 15.4 17.3 19.5 19.9 19.0
Turkey 15.9 13.3 15.6 18.7 16.2
Greece 16.1 17.6 18.0 16.2 15.9
Albania 16.2 15.1 15.5 16.4 17.9
Lesotho 16.5 15.7 13.0 20.9 21.6
Seychelles 16.6 8.9 8.9 11.2 11.2
Mali 16.8 15.3 16.6 16.4 16.7
Comoros 17.0 16.4 15.2 18.0 14.9
Nigeria 17.4 13.3 26.9 22.9 44.0
Bolivia 19.0 21.3 19.6 18.8 22.5
Ecuador 19.7 15.6 15.4 19.0 20.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 15.7 12.6 17.3 17.9
Niger 20.7 20.0 20.8 18.3 16.6
Spain 21.0 18.3 17.8 17.4 16.7
Kiribati 21.1 9.4 9.7 18.1 18.6
Italy 21.2 18.8 18.0 17.6 18.6
Central African Republic 22.0 18.2 17.8 17.7 20.3
Indonesia 22.2 19.5 23.9 23.8 24.3
Zimbabwe 22.2 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.3
El Salvador 22.3 24.7 19.0 15.8 13.2
Cabo Verde 22.6 17.6 18.1 16.7 19.2
Germany 23.0 21.3 20.7 21.1 22.4
France 23.1 20.2 19.4 20.2 21.5
Thailand 23.2 25.6 28.9 33.0 34.9
Algeria 23.6 12.9 14.3 15.5 18.6
Benin 23.7 16.7 15.3 13.8 13.5
Philippines 24.0 26.3 26.6 28.4 28.1
Venezuela, RB 24.1 19.8 21.4 20.6 34.1
Malawi 24.2 22.9 25.5 23.3 18.8
Honduras 25.1 26.6 23.0 26.3 31.0
Kenya 25.3 25.8 21.3 22.4 23.0
Sri Lanka 26.0 23.7 25.2 26.1 27.3
Morocco 26.6 22.6 23.5 25.9 23.3
Mongolia 26.7 30.2 30.8 28.4 22.5
Uruguay 26.8 26.2 21.6 22.1 23.5
Costa Rica 27.1 27.0 26.7 29.3 30.3
United Kingdom 27.5 24.5 24.2 21.9 22.6
Peru 27.5 16.9 13.2 15.6 17.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 27.5 24.7 26.0 25.5 25.5
Canada 27.7 27.2 26.2 26.1 25.1
Senegal 27.8 24.6 21.2 22.3 24.5
Finland 28.0 25.6 25.0 23.9 23.0
Chile 28.1 29.1 30.1 34.2 35.4
Dominican Republic 28.2 24.4 25.6 33.0 33.5
Portugal 29.2 26.0 27.3 27.6 29.5
New Zealand 29.6 26.9 26.4 26.2 26.4
Korea, Rep. 29.8 33.1 35.5 33.7 28.5
Saudi Arabia 30.1 26.7 30.9 31.3 33.7
Tonga 30.1 25.7 30.9 22.7 25.1
South Africa 31.4 30.6 30.3 29.1 26.7
Tunisia 32.1 30.2 34.8 42.0 44.3
Trinidad and Tobago 32.6 33.3 33.9 38.9 42.6
Solomon Islands 33.2 36.7 33.4 32.0 29.0
Cameroon 33.4 23.3 16.7 16.0 20.7
Sweden 33.6 31.4 31.0 30.7 30.5
Cuba 33.7 31.7 32.9 32.0 31.2
Austria 35.0 32.1 31.5 33.2 35.1
Angola 35.7 38.5 32.6 33.0 33.9
Zambia 36.4 42.2 39.5 33.3 26.8
Denmark 36.5 32.2 31.6 33.4 35.3
Dominica 36.5 53.3 53.2 54.6 47.1
Suriname 36.7 32.6 31.1 29.3 37.7
Iceland 39.2 37.6 33.4 30.9 32.7
Jordan 39.7 28.3 33.1 43.4 56.1
Equatorial Guinea 39.8 47.4 47.9 51.5 47.3
Papua New Guinea 42.1 43.6 43.2 43.3 40.6
Norway 42.7 34.2 32.4 33.1 38.0
Bulgaria 42.8 40.0 40.8 45.6 46.4
Grenada 43.0 53.0 48.0 47.0 40.3
Gambia, The 43.9 46.6 49.4 50.4 55.1
Switzerland 43.9 41.7 40.8 41.7 43.4
Fiji 44.4 41.7 45.3 54.3 62.7
Israel 44.7 39.5 39.2 35.1 36.8
Cote d'Ivoire 46.8 39.5 33.4 30.5 32.0
Guyana 48.1 46.3 79.6 63.6 66.3
Togo 48.4 44.0 41.4 43.7 39.7
Belize 48.5 55.5 60.5 62.0 59.7
Vanuatu 48.7 34.8 35.8 35.5 37.4
Cyprus 48.7 45.0 47.3 48.1 51.5
Oman 49.8 39.2 48.9 40.0
Namibia 51.4 56.3 46.3 46.0 49.6
Mauritius 53.3 60.2 64.3 64.5 63.9
Kuwait 53.7 46.2 52.5 47.6 52.4
Malaysia 54.1 55.5 62.9 66.4 71.4
Ireland 54.1 49.1 52.5 55.6 59.0
Liberia 54.9 55.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 55.4 61.4 63.9 59.3 55.3
Jamaica 55.9 48.8 46.6 43.6 43.6
Swaziland 56.7 68.8 81.8 76.9 84.1
Congo, Rep. 56.8 39.8 41.7 40.6 48.5
Mauritania 59.9 56.2 49.1 50.3 49.8
Netherlands 61.0 51.7 50.3 52.7 56.0
St. Lucia 61.4 74.1 74.6 87.4 80.2
Belgium 61.9 56.8 55.4 58.9 63.0
Gabon 62.6 35.2 42.7 36.7 45.8
Malta 64.5 64.3 69.6 70.4 72.1
Bahamas, The 64.8 63.8 61.3 53.8
Botswana 66.3 68.3 75.1 70.5 59.2
Puerto Rico 67.5 66.6 66.3 67.1 71.7
Barbados 67.7 56.5 46.0 48.7 50.3
Panama 68.6 71.1 71.5 75.2 78.9
Maldives 71.6 68.1 78.7 75.9 79.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73.0 73.0 64.3 76.0 65.3
Antigua and Barbuda 75.1 84.1 79.6 78.7 81.0
Bahrain 101.8 98.7 102.4 95.3 98.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 107.2 109.3 119.8 129.8 130.1
Luxembourg 110.3 100.9 98.1 99.7 102.5
Macao SAR, China 120.9 123.5 123.6 119.4 117.0
Singapore 152.4 148.9 164.2 185.0 179.5
Croatia
Moldova
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Guinea 31.1 31.6 26.9 31.1
Bermuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hungary
Palau
French Polynesia
Monaco
Slovenia
Eritrea
South Sudan
Paraguay
Belarus
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Montenegro
Poland
Ukraine 32.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
New Caledonia
Georgia 41.5 42.2 42.4
Curacao
Slovak Republic
Czech Republic
Cambodia
Brunei Darussalam 61.8
Estonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Armenia
Tajikistan 35.2 35.9
Liechtenstein
Greenland
St. Martin (French part)
Kazakhstan
Qatar
Romania
Macedonia, FYR
Russian Federation 21.9
Uzbekistan
Isle of Man
Timor-Leste
Tanzania
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Iraq
Lithuania
Guam
Turkmenistan
Andorra
Kosovo
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
American Samoa
Azerbaijan
United Arab Emirates
Libya
Djibouti
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Vietnam 6.6 6.0 3.9 23.8
Haiti
Samoa
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sao Tome and Principe
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 18.4

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