Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Mozambique 2.9 2.5 6.6 8.1 8.2
Lao PDR 4.0 3.6 6.1 13.6 12.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.4 3.9 9.6 7.7 10.2
Myanmar 4.6 4.1 2.4 3.1 2.9
Sudan 5.7 4.7 5.5 3.8 5.3
India 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9
Guinea-Bissau 9.8 5.2 11.4 12.4 8.9
Bangladesh 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.7
Vietnam 6.6 6.0 3.9 23.8
Ethiopia 5.8 6.8 5.9 5.8 6.6
Somalia 6.3 7.0 6.7 4.8 7.7
United States 7.0 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9
Argentina 11.7 8.2 7.9 9.5 13.1
Brazil 12.2 8.8 9.5 10.9 8.9
Seychelles 16.6 8.9 8.9 11.2 11.2
Burkina Faso 9.9 9.0 11.4 11.0 8.7
Kiribati 21.1 9.4 9.7 18.1 18.6
China 9.2 9.9 12.1 11.4 10.6
Japan 14.1 11.1 10.1 9.8 10.2
Syrian Arab Republic 12.6 11.5 16.0 17.1 24.8
Nepal 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.1
Burundi 11.0 11.7 9.7 12.6 9.7
Pakistan 10.4 11.9 13.2 13.6 13.9
Sierra Leone 14.8 11.9 32.0 28.7 23.9
Madagascar 12.2 12.1 16.6 16.3 18.4
Rwanda 10.8 12.6 7.5 6.6 6.1
Nicaragua 14.8 12.8 11.8 18.0 32.5
Uganda 13.7 12.8 8.2 7.6 8.0
Algeria 23.6 12.9 14.3 15.5 18.6
Turkey 15.9 13.3 15.6 18.7 16.2
Nigeria 17.4 13.3 26.9 22.9 44.0
Chad 11.9 13.4 15.4 15.0 13.8
Australia 15.3 15.0 15.5 16.0 15.1
Albania 16.2 15.1 15.5 16.4 17.9
Mali 16.8 15.3 16.6 16.4 16.7
Ecuador 19.7 15.6 15.4 19.0 20.3
Lesotho 16.5 15.7 13.0 20.9 21.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 15.7 12.6 17.3 17.9
Guatemala 11.9 16.1 15.8 16.1 17.3
Comoros 17.0 16.4 15.2 18.0 14.9
Ghana 10.7 16.6 19.7 18.2 16.7
Benin 23.7 16.7 15.3 13.8 13.5
Peru 27.5 16.9 13.2 15.6 17.9
Mexico 15.4 17.3 19.5 19.9 19.0
Cabo Verde 22.6 17.6 18.1 16.7 19.2
Greece 16.1 17.6 18.0 16.2 15.9
Bhutan 15.0 17.6 23.5 28.1 28.0
Central African Republic 22.0 18.2 17.8 17.7 20.3
Spain 21.0 18.3 17.8 17.4 16.7
Italy 21.2 18.8 18.0 17.6 18.6
Colombia 13.8 18.8 17.0 16.3 18.0
Indonesia 22.2 19.5 23.9 23.8 24.3
Venezuela, RB 24.1 19.8 21.4 20.6 34.1
Niger 20.7 20.0 20.8 18.3 16.6
France 23.1 20.2 19.4 20.2 21.5
Bolivia 19.0 21.3 19.6 18.8 22.5
Germany 23.0 21.3 20.7 21.1 22.4
Morocco 26.6 22.6 23.5 25.9 23.3
Malawi 24.2 22.9 25.5 23.3 18.8
Cameroon 33.4 23.3 16.7 16.0 20.7
Sri Lanka 26.0 23.7 25.2 26.1 27.3
Zimbabwe 22.2 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.3
Dominican Republic 28.2 24.4 25.6 33.0 33.5
United Kingdom 27.5 24.5 24.2 21.9 22.6
Senegal 27.8 24.6 21.2 22.3 24.5
El Salvador 22.3 24.7 19.0 15.8 13.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 27.5 24.7 26.0 25.5 25.5
Thailand 23.2 25.6 28.9 33.0 34.9
Finland 28.0 25.6 25.0 23.9 23.0
Tonga 30.1 25.7 30.9 22.7 25.1
Kenya 25.3 25.8 21.3 22.4 23.0
Portugal 29.2 26.0 27.3 27.6 29.5
Uruguay 26.8 26.2 21.6 22.1 23.5
Philippines 24.0 26.3 26.6 28.4 28.1
Honduras 25.1 26.6 23.0 26.3 31.0
Saudi Arabia 30.1 26.7 30.9 31.3 33.7
New Zealand 29.6 26.9 26.4 26.2 26.4
Costa Rica 27.1 27.0 26.7 29.3 30.3
Canada 27.7 27.2 26.2 26.1 25.1
Jordan 39.7 28.3 33.1 43.4 56.1
Chile 28.1 29.1 30.1 34.2 35.4
Mongolia 26.7 30.2 30.8 28.4 22.5
Tunisia 32.1 30.2 34.8 42.0 44.3
South Africa 31.4 30.6 30.3 29.1 26.7
Guinea 31.1 31.6 26.9 31.1
Sweden 33.6 31.4 31.0 30.7 30.5
Cuba 33.7 31.7 32.9 32.0 31.2
Austria 35.0 32.1 31.5 33.2 35.1
Denmark 36.5 32.2 31.6 33.4 35.3
Suriname 36.7 32.6 31.1 29.3 37.7
Korea, Rep. 29.8 33.1 35.5 33.7 28.5
Trinidad and Tobago 32.6 33.3 33.9 38.9 42.6
Norway 42.7 34.2 32.4 33.1 38.0
Vanuatu 48.7 34.8 35.8 35.5 37.4
Gabon 62.6 35.2 42.7 36.7 45.8
Solomon Islands 33.2 36.7 33.4 32.0 29.0
Iceland 39.2 37.6 33.4 30.9 32.7
Angola 35.7 38.5 32.6 33.0 33.9
Oman 49.8 39.2 48.9 40.0
Israel 44.7 39.5 39.2 35.1 36.8
Cote d'Ivoire 46.8 39.5 33.4 30.5 32.0
Congo, Rep. 56.8 39.8 41.7 40.6 48.5
Bulgaria 42.8 40.0 40.8 45.6 46.4
Fiji 44.4 41.7 45.3 54.3 62.7
Switzerland 43.9 41.7 40.8 41.7 43.4
Zambia 36.4 42.2 39.5 33.3 26.8
Papua New Guinea 42.1 43.6 43.2 43.3 40.6
Togo 48.4 44.0 41.4 43.7 39.7
Cyprus 48.7 45.0 47.3 48.1 51.5
Kuwait 53.7 46.2 52.5 47.6 52.4
Guyana 48.1 46.3 79.6 63.6 66.3
Gambia, The 43.9 46.6 49.4 50.4 55.1
Equatorial Guinea 39.8 47.4 47.9 51.5 47.3
Jamaica 55.9 48.8 46.6 43.6 43.6
Ireland 54.1 49.1 52.5 55.6 59.0
Netherlands 61.0 51.7 50.3 52.7 56.0
Grenada 43.0 53.0 48.0 47.0 40.3
Dominica 36.5 53.3 53.2 54.6 47.1
Liberia 54.9 55.2
Malaysia 54.1 55.5 62.9 66.4 71.4
Belize 48.5 55.5 60.5 62.0 59.7
Mauritania 59.9 56.2 49.1 50.3 49.8
Namibia 51.4 56.3 46.3 46.0 49.6
Barbados 67.7 56.5 46.0 48.7 50.3
Belgium 61.9 56.8 55.4 58.9 63.0
Mauritius 53.3 60.2 64.3 64.5 63.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 55.4 61.4 63.9 59.3 55.3
Bahamas, The 64.8 63.8 61.3 53.8
Malta 64.5 64.3 69.6 70.4 72.1
Puerto Rico 67.5 66.6 66.3 67.1 71.7
Maldives 71.6 68.1 78.7 75.9 79.2
Botswana 66.3 68.3 75.1 70.5 59.2
Swaziland 56.7 68.8 81.8 76.9 84.1
Panama 68.6 71.1 71.5 75.2 78.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73.0 73.0 64.3 76.0 65.3
St. Lucia 61.4 74.1 74.6 87.4 80.2
Antigua and Barbuda 75.1 84.1 79.6 78.7 81.0
Bahrain 101.8 98.7 102.4 95.3 98.6
Luxembourg 110.3 100.9 98.1 99.7 102.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 107.2 109.3 119.8 129.8 130.1
Macao SAR, China 120.9 123.5 123.6 119.4 117.0
Singapore 152.4 148.9 164.2 185.0 179.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Afghanistan
Slovak Republic
Macedonia, FYR
Croatia
Bermuda
Iraq
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Brunei Darussalam 61.8
Belarus
Kyrgyz Republic
Paraguay
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Monaco
Kosovo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Poland
West Bank and Gaza
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Serbia
Montenegro
Lithuania
Czech Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Slovenia
Haiti
Libya
Moldova
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Azerbaijan
Faeroe Islands
Cambodia
Armenia
Liechtenstein
Tajikistan 35.2 35.9
Djibouti
Qatar
Hungary
Romania
Aruba
Russian Federation 21.9
Tanzania
Ukraine 32.1
Timor-Leste
Eritrea
Guam
French Polynesia
Greenland
Estonia
Turkmenistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Samoa
United Arab Emirates
San Marino
Georgia 41.5 42.2 42.4
Sao Tome and Principe
Uzbekistan
Kazakhstan
Andorra
Curacao
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
New Caledonia
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 18.4

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