Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Myanmar 4.6 4.1 2.4 3.1 2.9
Bangladesh 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.5
India 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9
Sudan 5.7 4.7 5.5 3.8 5.3
Ethiopia 5.8 6.8 5.9 5.8 6.6
Vietnam 6.6 6.0 3.9 23.8
Lao PDR 4.0 3.6 6.1 13.6 12.1
Mozambique 2.9 2.5 6.6 8.1 8.2
Somalia 6.3 7.0 6.7 4.8 7.7
Rwanda 10.8 12.6 7.5 6.6 6.1
United States 7.0 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9
Argentina 11.7 8.2 7.9 9.5 13.1
Uganda 13.7 12.8 8.2 7.6 8.0
Seychelles 16.6 8.9 8.9 11.2 11.2
Brazil 12.2 8.8 9.5 10.9 8.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.4 3.9 9.6 7.7 10.2
Kiribati 21.1 9.4 9.7 18.1 18.6
Burundi 11.0 11.7 9.7 12.6 9.7
Japan 14.1 11.1 10.1 9.8 10.2
Burkina Faso 9.9 9.0 11.4 11.0 8.7
Guinea-Bissau 9.8 5.2 11.4 12.4 8.9
Nicaragua 14.8 12.8 11.8 18.0 32.5
Nepal 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.1
China 8.9 10.5 12.1 11.7 11.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 15.7 12.6 17.3 17.9
Lesotho 16.5 15.7 13.0 20.9 21.6
Peru 27.5 16.9 13.2 15.6 17.9
Pakistan 10.4 11.9 13.2 13.6 13.9
Algeria 23.6 12.9 14.3 15.5 18.6
Comoros 17.0 16.4 15.2 18.0 14.9
Benin 23.7 16.7 15.3 13.8 13.5
Ecuador 19.7 15.6 15.4 19.0 20.3
Chad 11.9 13.4 15.4 15.0 13.8
Albania 16.2 15.1 15.5 16.4 17.9
Australia 15.3 15.0 15.5 16.0 15.1
Turkey 15.9 13.3 15.6 18.7 16.2
Guatemala 11.9 16.1 15.8 16.1 17.3
Syrian Arab Republic 12.6 11.5 16.0 17.1 24.8
Mali 16.8 15.3 16.6 16.4 16.7
Madagascar 12.2 12.1 16.6 16.3 18.4
Cameroon 33.4 23.3 16.7 16.0 20.7
Colombia 13.8 18.8 17.0 16.3 18.0
Spain 21.0 18.3 17.8 17.4 16.7
Central African Republic 22.0 18.2 17.8 17.7 20.3
Italy 21.2 18.8 18.0 17.6 18.6
Greece 16.1 17.6 18.0 16.2 15.9
Cabo Verde 22.6 17.6 18.1 16.7 19.2
El Salvador 22.3 24.7 19.0 15.8 13.2
France 23.1 20.2 19.4 20.2 21.5
Mexico 15.4 17.3 19.5 19.9 19.0
Bolivia 19.0 21.3 19.6 18.8 22.5
Ghana 10.7 16.6 19.7 18.2 16.7
Germany 23.0 21.3 20.7 21.1 22.4
Niger 20.7 20.0 20.8 18.3 16.6
Senegal 27.8 24.6 21.2 22.3 24.5
Kenya 25.3 25.8 21.3 22.4 23.0
Venezuela, RB 24.1 19.8 21.4 20.6 34.1
Uruguay 26.8 26.2 21.6 22.1 23.5
Honduras 25.1 26.6 23.0 26.3 31.0
Morocco 26.6 22.6 23.5 25.9 23.3
Bhutan 15.0 17.6 23.5 28.1 28.0
United Kingdom 27.3 24.3 23.8 21.5 21.9
Indonesia 22.2 19.5 23.9 23.8 24.3
Zimbabwe 22.2 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.3
Finland 28.0 25.6 25.0 23.9 23.0
Sri Lanka 26.0 23.7 25.2 26.1 27.3
Malawi 24.2 22.9 25.5 23.3 18.8
Dominican Republic 28.2 24.4 25.6 33.0 33.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 27.5 24.7 26.0 25.5 25.5
New Zealand 29.3 26.6 26.1 26.2 26.3
Canada 27.7 27.2 26.2 26.1 25.1
Philippines 24.0 26.3 26.6 28.4 28.1
Costa Rica 27.1 27.0 26.7 29.3 30.3
Nigeria 17.4 13.3 26.9 22.9 44.0
Portugal 29.2 26.0 27.3 27.6 29.5
Thailand 23.2 25.6 28.9 33.0 34.9
Chile 28.1 29.1 30.1 34.2 35.4
South Africa 31.4 30.6 30.3 29.1 26.7
Mongolia 26.7 30.2 30.8 28.4 22.5
Saudi Arabia 30.1 26.7 30.9 31.3 33.7
Tonga 30.1 25.7 30.9 22.7 25.1
Sweden 33.6 31.4 31.0 30.7 30.5
Suriname 36.7 32.6 31.1 29.3 37.7
Austria 35.0 32.1 31.5 33.2 35.1
Denmark 36.5 32.2 31.6 33.4 35.3
Guinea 31.1 31.6 26.9 31.1
Norway 42.0 33.6 31.8 32.5 37.3
Sierra Leone 14.8 11.9 32.0 28.7 23.9
Cuba 33.7 31.7 32.9 32.0 31.2
Jordan 39.7 28.3 33.1 43.4 56.1
Iceland 39.2 37.6 33.4 30.9 32.7
Solomon Islands 33.2 36.7 33.4 32.0 29.0
Cote d'Ivoire 46.8 39.5 33.4 30.5 32.0
Trinidad and Tobago 32.6 33.3 33.9 38.9 42.6
Tunisia 32.1 30.2 34.8 42.0 44.3
Korea, Rep. 29.8 33.1 35.5 33.7 28.5
Vanuatu 48.7 34.8 35.8 35.5 37.4
Israel 44.7 39.5 39.2 35.1 36.8
Zambia 36.4 42.2 39.5 33.3 26.8
Bulgaria 42.8 40.0 40.8 45.6 46.4
Switzerland 43.9 41.7 40.8 41.7 43.4
Togo 48.4 44.0 41.4 43.7 39.7
Georgia 41.5 42.2 42.4
Congo, Rep. 56.8 39.8 41.7 40.6 48.5
Gabon 62.6 35.2 42.7 36.7 45.8
Papua New Guinea 42.1 43.6 43.2 43.3 40.6
Fiji 44.4 41.7 45.3 54.3 62.7
Barbados 67.7 56.5 46.0 48.7 50.3
Namibia 51.4 56.3 46.3 46.0 49.6
Jamaica 55.9 48.8 46.6 43.6 43.6
Cyprus 48.7 45.0 47.3 48.1 51.5
Equatorial Guinea 39.8 47.4 47.9 51.5 47.3
Grenada 43.0 53.0 48.0 47.0 40.3
Oman 49.8 39.2 48.9 40.0
Mauritania 59.9 56.2 49.1 50.3 49.8
Gambia, The 43.9 46.6 49.4 50.4 55.1
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3
Netherlands 61.0 51.7 50.3 52.7 56.0
Ireland 54.1 49.1 52.5 55.6 59.0
Kuwait 53.7 46.2 52.5 47.6 52.4
Dominica 36.5 53.3 53.2 54.6 47.1
Belgium 61.9 56.8 55.4 58.9 63.0
Belize 48.5 55.5 60.5 62.0 59.7
Bahamas, The 64.8 63.8 61.3 53.8
Malaysia 54.1 55.5 62.9 66.4 71.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 55.4 61.4 63.9 59.3 55.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73.0 73.0 64.3 76.0 65.3
Mauritius 53.3 60.2 64.3 64.5 63.9
Puerto Rico 67.5 66.6 66.3 67.1 71.7
Malta 64.5 64.3 69.6 70.4 72.1
Panama 68.6 71.1 71.5 75.2 78.9
St. Lucia 61.4 74.1 74.6 87.4 80.2
Botswana 66.3 68.3 75.1 70.5 59.2
Maldives 71.6 68.1 78.7 75.9 79.2
Guyana 48.1 46.3 79.6 63.6 66.3
Antigua and Barbuda 75.1 84.1 79.6 78.7 81.0
Swaziland 56.7 68.8 81.8 76.9 84.1
Luxembourg 110.3 100.9 98.1 99.7 102.5
Bahrain 101.8 98.7 102.4 95.3 98.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 107.2 109.3 119.8 129.8 130.1
Macao SAR, China 120.9 123.5 123.6 119.4 117.0
Singapore 152.4 148.9 164.2 185.0 179.5
West Bank and Gaza
Marshall Islands
Timor-Leste
Palau
Monaco
New Caledonia
Djibouti
Lithuania
St. Martin (French part)
Paraguay
Taiwan, China
Liechtenstein
Macedonia, FYR
Libya
Croatia
Poland
Belarus
Liberia 54.9 55.2
Andorra
Afghanistan
Montenegro
Qatar
Tanzania
Romania
Faeroe Islands
Russian Federation 21.9
Ukraine 32.1
Armenia
Curacao
Samoa
Cambodia
San Marino
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Moldova
Lebanon 18.4
Hungary
Latvia
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia
Haiti
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Guam
Kyrgyz Republic
Tajikistan 35.2 35.9
Eritrea
Greenland
Turkmenistan
French Polynesia
Tuvalu
Estonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bermuda
Slovak Republic
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovenia
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
United Arab Emirates
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Czech Republic
Azerbaijan
Uzbekistan
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iraq
Yemen, Rep.
Kazakhstan
Brunei Darussalam 61.8

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