Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Myanmar 4.1 2.4 3.1 2.9 1.9
Bangladesh 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.9
India 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9 6.9
Sudan 4.7 5.5 3.8 5.3 4.0
Vietnam 6.6 6.0 3.9 23.8 36.0
Lao PDR 3.6 6.1 13.6 12.1 11.3
Mozambique 2.5 6.6 8.1 8.2 8.2
Somalia 7.0 6.7 4.8 7.7 9.8
Rwanda 12.6 7.5 6.6 6.1 5.6
United States 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9 9.2
Argentina 8.2 7.9 9.5 13.1 10.4
Uganda 12.8 8.2 7.6 8.0 7.2
Seychelles 8.9 8.9 11.2 11.2 15.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 9.2 7.3 9.8 13.3
Brazil 8.8 9.5 10.9 8.9 8.2
Kiribati 9.4 9.7 18.1 18.6 11.6
Burundi 11.7 9.7 12.6 9.7 7.9
Japan 11.1 10.1 9.8 10.2 10.3
Burkina Faso 9.0 11.4 11.0 8.7 11.0
Guinea-Bissau 5.2 11.4 12.4 8.9 9.9
Nicaragua 12.8 11.8 18.0 32.5 24.9
Nepal 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.1 10.5
China 10.5 12.1 11.7 11.4 15.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 12.6 17.3 17.9 20.0
Lesotho 15.7 13.0 20.9 21.6 18.0
Peru 16.9 13.2 15.6 17.9 16.1
Pakistan 11.9 13.2 13.6 13.9 15.5
Algeria 12.9 14.3 15.5 18.6 23.4
Comoros 16.4 15.2 18.0 14.9 14.3
Benin 16.7 15.3 13.8 13.5 19.2
Ecuador 15.6 15.4 19.0 20.3 22.8
Chad 13.4 15.4 15.0 13.8 13.5
Albania 15.1 15.5 16.4 17.9 14.9
Australia 15.0 15.5 16.0 15.1 15.1
Mali 14.5 15.6 14.6 15.8 15.7
Turkey 13.3 15.6 18.7 16.2 13.4
Guatemala 16.1 15.8 16.1 17.3 21.0
Syrian Arab Republic 11.5 16.0 17.1 24.8 28.3
Madagascar 12.1 16.6 16.3 18.4 16.6
Cameroon 23.3 16.7 16.0 20.7 20.2
Colombia 18.8 17.0 16.3 18.0 20.6
Spain 18.3 17.8 17.4 16.7 15.8
Central African Republic 18.2 17.8 17.7 20.3 17.1
Italy 18.8 18.0 17.6 18.6 18.3
Cabo Verde 17.6 18.1 16.7 19.2 17.1
Greece 17.7 18.1 16.3 15.9 14.8
El Salvador 24.7 19.0 15.8 13.2 18.6
France 20.2 19.4 20.2 21.5 20.8
Mexico 17.3 19.5 19.9 19.0 18.6
Bolivia 21.3 19.6 18.8 22.5 22.8
Ghana 16.6 19.7 18.2 16.7 16.9
Germany 21.3 20.7 21.1 22.4 22.9
Niger 20.0 20.8 18.3 16.6 14.8
Senegal 24.6 21.2 22.3 24.5 25.4
Kenya 25.8 21.3 22.4 23.0 25.7
Venezuela, RB 19.8 21.4 20.6 34.1 39.5
Uruguay 26.2 21.6 22.1 23.5 23.5
Honduras 26.6 23.0 26.3 31.0 37.2
Iraq 16.5 23.2 19.7 22.0 7.7
Morocco 22.6 23.5 25.9 23.3 25.7
Bhutan 17.6 23.5 28.1 28.0 26.8
United Kingdom 24.3 23.8 21.4 21.9 22.6
Indonesia 19.5 23.9 23.8 24.3 25.3
Zimbabwe 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.3 22.9
Finland 25.6 25.0 23.9 23.0 22.1
Sri Lanka 23.7 25.2 26.1 27.3 30.2
Malawi 22.9 25.5 23.3 18.8 23.8
Dominican Republic 24.4 25.6 33.0 33.5 33.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24.7 26.0 25.5 25.5 29.5
New Zealand 26.6 26.1 26.2 26.4 26.8
Canada 27.2 26.2 26.1 25.1 25.2
Philippines 26.3 26.6 28.4 28.1 27.5
Costa Rica 27.0 26.7 29.3 30.3 30.2
Nigeria 13.3 26.9 22.9 44.0 35.3
Portugal 26.0 27.3 27.6 29.5 29.2
Thailand 25.6 28.9 33.0 34.9 34.1
Chile 29.1 30.1 34.2 35.4 34.0
South Africa 30.6 30.3 29.1 26.7 24.2
Mongolia 30.2 30.8 28.4 22.5 18.3
Saudi Arabia 26.7 30.9 31.3 33.7 40.6
Tonga 25.7 30.9 22.7 25.1 33.9
Sweden 31.4 31.0 30.7 30.5 28.7
Suriname 32.6 31.1 29.3 37.7 42.0
Austria 32.1 31.5 33.2 35.1 35.8
Denmark 32.2 31.6 33.4 35.3 36.2
Guinea 31.1 31.6 26.9 31.1 31.1
Norway 33.6 31.8 32.5 37.3 39.4
Sierra Leone 11.9 32.0 28.7 23.9 34.7
Cuba 31.7 32.9 32.0 31.2 30.2
Jordan 28.3 33.1 43.4 56.1 59.8
Solomon Islands 36.7 33.4 32.0 29.0 30.1
Cote d'Ivoire 39.5 33.4 30.5 32.0 31.7
Iceland 37.7 33.5 31.0 32.8 32.9
Trinidad and Tobago 34.4 33.8 38.7 42.4 45.2
Tunisia 30.2 34.8 42.0 44.3 43.6
Korea, Rep. 33.1 35.5 33.7 28.5 25.9
Vanuatu 34.8 35.8 35.5 37.4 47.1
Barbados 46.8 38.1 40.3 41.6 40.7
Israel 39.5 39.2 35.1 36.8 34.7
Zambia 42.2 39.5 33.3 26.8 35.9
Bulgaria 40.0 40.8 45.6 46.4 33.1
Switzerland 41.7 40.8 41.7 43.4 41.3
Togo 44.0 41.4 43.7 39.7 33.5
Georgia 41.5 42.2 42.4 40.0
Congo, Rep. 39.8 41.7 40.6 48.5 51.8
Gabon 35.2 42.7 36.7 45.8 46.0
Papua New Guinea 43.6 43.2 43.3 40.6 40.6
Fiji 41.7 45.3 54.3 62.7 62.3
Namibia 56.3 46.3 46.0 49.6 43.3
Jamaica 48.8 46.6 43.6 43.6 48.1
Cyprus 45.0 47.3 48.1 51.5 51.5
Equatorial Guinea 47.4 47.9 51.5 47.3 39.0
Grenada 53.0 48.0 47.0 40.3 42.4
Oman 39.2 48.9 40.0 47.2
Mauritania 56.2 49.1 50.3 49.8 45.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 49.1 45.3 42.8 39.5
Gambia, The 46.6 49.4 50.4 55.1 59.9
Netherlands 51.1 49.8 52.1 55.4 54.8
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3 33.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.7 51.9 62.0 53.6 54.2
Ireland 49.0 52.4 55.5 58.9 54.6
Kuwait 46.2 52.5 47.6 52.4 44.9
Dominica 53.3 53.2 54.6 47.1 54.5
Belgium 56.7 55.3 58.8 62.9 61.0
Belize 55.5 60.5 62.0 59.7 62.2
Bahamas, The 63.8 61.3 53.8 54.2
Malaysia 56.5 62.9 66.4 71.4 74.5
Mauritius 60.2 64.3 64.5 63.9 65.0
Puerto Rico 66.6 66.3 67.1 71.7 75.7
Malta 64.3 69.6 70.4 72.1 75.8
Panama 71.1 71.5 75.2 78.9 86.8
St. Lucia 74.1 74.6 87.4 80.2 72.6
Botswana 68.3 75.1 70.5 59.2 55.1
Maldives 68.1 78.7 75.9 79.2 85.5
Guyana 46.3 79.6 63.6 66.3 62.7
Antigua and Barbuda 84.1 79.6 78.7 81.0 89.0
Swaziland 68.8 81.8 76.9 84.1 59.0
Luxembourg 100.4 97.6 99.1 101.9 99.8
Bahrain 98.7 102.4 95.3 98.6 115.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 109.3 119.8 129.8 130.1 130.7
Macao SAR, China 123.5 123.6 119.4 117.0 110.0
Singapore 148.9 164.2 185.0 179.5 177.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Timor-Leste
Lithuania
Greenland
Palau
Tuvalu
Macedonia, FYR 25.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Liechtenstein
Ethiopia
Paraguay
Curacao
Libya 39.7
Bermuda
Liberia 55.2
American Samoa
Poland 26.3
Moldova 48.2
New Caledonia 18.5
French Polynesia
Marshall Islands
Tanzania 12.6
Qatar
Djibouti 53.8
Romania 16.7
Turkmenistan
Russian Federation 21.9 18.2
Ukraine 32.1 27.6
Azerbaijan 43.9
Cayman Islands
Samoa
Hungary
San Marino
Haiti
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Guam
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2
Montenegro
Serbia
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Tajikistan 35.2 35.9 27.8
Kazakhstan
Estonia
Cambodia
Eritrea
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Czech Republic 33.2
Monaco
Croatia
Slovenia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Belarus 46.0
Aruba
Isle of Man
United Arab Emirates
Andorra
Armenia 35.0
South Sudan
Uzbekistan 28.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Brunei Darussalam 61.8 61.8
Slovak Republic 25.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep. 12.2
Afghanistan
Lebanon 18.4 18.0

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