Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Myanmar 4.1 2.4 3.1 2.9 1.9
Sudan 4.7 5.5 3.8 5.3 4.0
Vietnam 6.6 6.0 3.9 23.8 36.0
Somalia 7.0 6.7 4.8 7.7 9.8
Bangladesh 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.9
India 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9 6.9
Rwanda 12.6 7.5 6.6 6.1 5.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 9.2 7.3 9.8 13.3
Uganda 12.8 8.2 7.6 8.0 7.2
Mozambique 2.5 6.6 8.1 8.2 8.2
United States 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9 9.2
Argentina 8.2 7.9 9.5 13.1 10.4
Japan 11.1 10.1 9.8 10.2 10.3
Brazil 8.8 9.5 10.9 8.9 8.2
Burkina Faso 9.0 11.4 11.0 8.7 11.0
Seychelles 8.9 8.9 11.2 11.2 15.3
Nepal 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.1 10.5
China 10.5 12.1 11.7 11.4 15.9
Guinea-Bissau 5.2 11.4 12.4 8.9 9.9
Burundi 11.7 9.7 12.6 9.7 7.9
Pakistan 11.9 13.2 13.6 13.9 15.5
Lao PDR 3.6 6.1 13.6 12.1 11.3
Benin 16.7 15.3 13.8 13.5 19.2
Mali 14.5 15.6 14.6 15.8 15.7
Chad 13.4 15.4 15.0 13.8 13.5
Algeria 12.9 14.3 15.5 18.6 23.4
Peru 16.9 13.2 15.6 17.9 16.1
El Salvador 24.7 19.0 15.8 13.2 18.6
Australia 15.0 15.5 16.0 15.1 15.1
Cameroon 23.3 16.7 16.0 20.7 20.2
Guatemala 16.1 15.8 16.1 17.3 21.0
Colombia 18.8 17.0 16.3 18.0 20.6
Madagascar 12.1 16.6 16.3 18.4 16.6
Greece 17.7 18.1 16.3 15.9 14.8
Albania 15.1 15.5 16.4 17.9 14.9
Cabo Verde 17.6 18.1 16.7 19.2 17.1
Syrian Arab Republic 11.5 16.0 17.1 24.8 28.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 12.6 17.3 17.9 20.0
Spain 18.3 17.8 17.4 16.7 15.8
Italy 18.8 18.0 17.6 18.6 18.3
Central African Republic 18.2 17.8 17.7 20.3 17.1
Nicaragua 12.8 11.8 18.0 32.5 24.9
Comoros 16.4 15.2 18.0 14.9 14.3
Kiribati 9.4 9.7 18.1 18.6 11.6
Ghana 16.6 19.7 18.2 16.7 16.9
Niger 20.0 20.8 18.3 16.6 14.8
Turkey 13.3 15.6 18.7 16.2 13.4
Bolivia 21.3 19.6 18.8 22.5 22.8
Ecuador 15.6 15.4 19.0 20.3 22.8
Iraq 16.5 23.2 19.7 22.0 7.7
Mexico 17.3 19.5 19.9 19.0 18.6
France 20.2 19.4 20.2 21.5 20.8
Venezuela, RB 19.8 21.4 20.6 34.1 39.5
Lesotho 15.7 13.0 20.9 21.6 18.0
Germany 21.3 20.7 21.1 22.4 22.9
United Kingdom 24.3 23.8 21.4 21.9 22.6
Uruguay 26.2 21.6 22.1 23.5 23.5
Senegal 24.6 21.2 22.3 24.5 25.4
Kenya 25.8 21.3 22.4 23.0 25.7
Tonga 25.7 30.9 22.7 25.1 33.9
Nigeria 13.3 26.9 22.9 44.0 35.3
Malawi 22.9 25.5 23.3 18.8 23.8
Zimbabwe 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.3 22.9
Indonesia 19.5 23.9 23.8 24.3 25.3
Finland 25.6 25.0 23.9 23.0 22.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24.7 26.0 25.5 25.5 29.5
Morocco 22.6 23.5 25.9 23.3 25.7
Sri Lanka 23.7 25.2 26.1 27.3 30.2
Canada 27.2 26.2 26.1 25.1 25.2
New Zealand 26.6 26.1 26.2 26.4 26.8
Honduras 26.6 23.0 26.3 31.0 37.2
Guinea 31.1 31.6 26.9 31.1 31.1
Portugal 26.0 27.3 27.6 29.5 29.2
Bhutan 17.6 23.5 28.1 28.0 26.8
Philippines 26.3 26.6 28.4 28.1 27.5
Mongolia 30.2 30.8 28.4 22.5 18.3
Sierra Leone 11.9 32.0 28.7 23.9 34.7
South Africa 30.6 30.3 29.1 26.7 24.2
Suriname 32.6 31.1 29.3 37.7 42.0
Costa Rica 27.0 26.7 29.3 30.3 30.2
Cote d'Ivoire 39.5 33.4 30.5 32.0 31.7
Sweden 31.4 31.0 30.7 30.5 28.7
Iceland 37.7 33.5 31.0 32.8 32.9
Saudi Arabia 26.7 30.9 31.3 33.7 40.6
Solomon Islands 36.7 33.4 32.0 29.0 30.1
Cuba 31.7 32.9 32.0 31.2 30.2
Norway 33.6 31.8 32.5 37.3 39.4
Thailand 25.6 28.9 33.0 34.9 34.1
Dominican Republic 24.4 25.6 33.0 33.5 33.8
Austria 32.1 31.5 33.2 35.1 35.8
Denmark 32.2 31.6 33.4 35.3 36.2
Korea, Rep. 33.1 35.5 33.7 28.5 25.9
Chile 29.1 30.1 34.2 35.4 34.0
Israel 39.5 39.2 35.1 36.8 34.7
Tajikistan 35.2 35.9 27.8
Vanuatu 34.8 35.8 35.5 37.4 47.1
Gabon 35.2 42.7 36.7 45.8 46.0
Trinidad and Tobago 34.4 33.8 38.7 42.4 45.2
Oman 39.2 48.9 40.0 47.2
Barbados 46.8 38.1 40.3 41.6 40.7
Congo, Rep. 39.8 41.7 40.6 48.5 51.8
Switzerland 41.7 40.8 41.7 43.4 41.3
Tunisia 30.2 34.8 42.0 44.3 43.6
Georgia 41.5 42.2 42.4 40.0
Papua New Guinea 43.6 43.2 43.3 40.6 40.6
Jordan 28.3 33.1 43.4 56.1 59.8
Jamaica 48.8 46.6 43.6 43.6 48.1
Togo 44.0 41.4 43.7 39.7 33.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 49.1 45.3 42.8 39.5
Bulgaria 40.0 40.8 45.6 46.4 33.1
Namibia 56.3 46.3 46.0 49.6 43.3
Grenada 53.0 48.0 47.0 40.3 42.4
Kuwait 46.2 52.5 47.6 52.4 44.9
Cyprus 45.0 47.3 48.1 51.5 51.5
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3 33.3
Mauritania 56.2 49.1 50.3 49.8 45.6
Gambia, The 46.6 49.4 50.4 55.1 59.9
Equatorial Guinea 47.4 47.9 51.5 47.3 39.0
Netherlands 51.1 49.8 52.1 55.4 54.8
Fiji 41.7 45.3 54.3 62.7 62.3
Dominica 53.3 53.2 54.6 47.1 54.5
Ireland 49.0 52.4 55.5 58.9 54.6
Belgium 56.7 55.3 58.8 62.9 61.0
Belize 55.5 60.5 62.0 59.7 62.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.7 51.9 62.0 53.6 54.2
Guyana 46.3 79.6 63.6 66.3 62.7
Mauritius 60.2 64.3 64.5 63.9 65.0
Malaysia 56.5 62.9 66.4 71.4 74.5
Puerto Rico 66.6 66.3 67.1 71.7 75.7
Malta 64.3 69.6 70.4 72.1 75.8
Botswana 68.3 75.1 70.5 59.2 55.1
Panama 71.1 71.5 75.2 78.9 86.8
Maldives 68.1 78.7 75.9 79.2 85.5
Swaziland 68.8 81.8 76.9 84.1 59.0
Antigua and Barbuda 84.1 79.6 78.7 81.0 89.0
St. Lucia 74.1 74.6 87.4 80.2 72.6
Bahrain 98.7 102.4 95.3 98.6 115.6
Luxembourg 100.4 97.6 99.1 101.9 99.8
Macao SAR, China 123.5 123.6 119.4 117.0 110.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 109.3 119.8 129.8 130.1 130.7
Singapore 148.9 164.2 185.0 179.5 177.2
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Guam
Macedonia, FYR 25.8
Andorra
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Isle of Man
Bermuda
Haiti
Cambodia
Faroe Islands
Paraguay
United Arab Emirates
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kazakhstan
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Poland 26.3
Monaco
Lithuania
Brunei Darussalam 61.8 61.8
Liechtenstein
Greenland
Qatar
Estonia
Romania 16.7
American Samoa
Russian Federation 21.9 18.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Armenia 35.0
South Sudan
Samoa
Bahamas, The 63.8 61.3 53.8 54.2
San Marino
New Caledonia 18.5
Sao Tome and Principe
Moldova 48.2
Libya 39.7
Hungary
Liberia 55.2
Montenegro
Serbia
Belarus 46.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Tanzania 12.6
Yemen, Rep. 12.2
Timor-Leste
Djibouti 53.8
French Polynesia
Uzbekistan 28.8
Ethiopia
Croatia
Turkmenistan
Azerbaijan 43.9
Tuvalu
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Ukraine 32.1 27.6
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic 33.2
Slovak Republic 25.0
Curacao
Slovenia
Cayman Islands
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan
Zambia
Lebanon 18.4 18.0

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