Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Myanmar 4.6 4.1 2.4 3.1 2.9
Sudan 5.7 4.7 5.5 3.8 5.3
Vietnam 6.6 6.0 3.9 23.8
Somalia 6.3 7.0 6.7 4.8 7.7
Bangladesh 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.7
Ethiopia 5.8 6.8 5.9 5.8 6.6
India 5.2 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9
Rwanda 10.8 12.6 7.5 6.6 6.1
Uganda 13.7 12.8 8.2 7.6 8.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 9.4 3.9 9.6 7.7 10.2
Mozambique 2.9 2.5 6.6 8.1 8.2
United States 7.0 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9
Argentina 11.7 8.2 7.9 9.5 13.1
Japan 14.1 11.1 10.1 9.8 10.2
Brazil 12.2 8.8 9.5 10.9 8.9
Burkina Faso 9.9 9.0 11.4 11.0 8.7
Seychelles 16.6 8.9 8.9 11.2 11.2
China 9.2 9.9 12.1 11.4 10.6
Nepal 11.5 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.1
Guinea-Bissau 9.8 5.2 11.4 12.4 8.9
Burundi 11.0 11.7 9.7 12.6 9.7
Pakistan 10.4 11.9 13.2 13.6 13.9
Lao PDR 4.0 3.6 6.1 13.6 12.1
Benin 23.7 16.7 15.3 13.8 13.5
Chad 11.9 13.4 15.4 15.0 13.8
Algeria 23.6 12.9 14.3 15.5 18.6
Peru 27.5 16.9 13.2 15.6 17.9
El Salvador 22.3 24.7 19.0 15.8 13.2
Australia 15.3 15.0 15.5 16.0 15.1
Cameroon 33.4 23.3 16.7 16.0 20.7
Guatemala 11.9 16.1 15.8 16.1 17.3
Greece 16.1 17.6 18.0 16.2 15.9
Colombia 13.8 18.8 17.0 16.3 18.0
Madagascar 12.2 12.1 16.6 16.3 18.4
Mali 16.8 15.3 16.6 16.4 16.7
Albania 16.2 15.1 15.5 16.4 17.9
Cabo Verde 22.6 17.6 18.1 16.7 19.2
Syrian Arab Republic 12.6 11.5 16.0 17.1 24.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 15.7 12.6 17.3 17.9
Spain 21.0 18.3 17.8 17.4 16.7
Italy 21.2 18.8 18.0 17.6 18.6
Central African Republic 22.0 18.2 17.8 17.7 20.3
Nicaragua 14.8 12.8 11.8 18.0 32.5
Comoros 17.0 16.4 15.2 18.0 14.9
Kiribati 21.1 9.4 9.7 18.1 18.6
Ghana 10.7 16.6 19.7 18.2 16.7
Niger 20.7 20.0 20.8 18.3 16.6
Turkey 15.9 13.3 15.6 18.7 16.2
Bolivia 19.0 21.3 19.6 18.8 22.5
Ecuador 19.7 15.6 15.4 19.0 20.3
Mexico 15.4 17.3 19.5 19.9 19.0
France 23.1 20.2 19.4 20.2 21.5
Venezuela, RB 24.1 19.8 21.4 20.6 34.1
Lesotho 16.5 15.7 13.0 20.9 21.6
Germany 23.0 21.3 20.7 21.1 22.4
United Kingdom 27.5 24.5 24.2 21.9 22.6
Uruguay 26.8 26.2 21.6 22.1 23.5
Senegal 27.8 24.6 21.2 22.3 24.5
Kenya 25.3 25.8 21.3 22.4 23.0
Tonga 30.1 25.7 30.9 22.7 25.1
Nigeria 17.4 13.3 26.9 22.9 44.0
Malawi 24.2 22.9 25.5 23.3 18.8
Zimbabwe 22.2 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.3
Indonesia 22.2 19.5 23.9 23.8 24.3
Finland 28.0 25.6 25.0 23.9 23.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 27.5 24.7 26.0 25.5 25.5
Morocco 26.6 22.6 23.5 25.9 23.3
Sri Lanka 26.0 23.7 25.2 26.1 27.3
Canada 27.7 27.2 26.2 26.1 25.1
New Zealand 29.6 26.9 26.4 26.2 26.4
Honduras 25.1 26.6 23.0 26.3 31.0
Guinea 31.1 31.6 26.9 31.1
Portugal 29.2 26.0 27.3 27.6 29.5
Bhutan 15.0 17.6 23.5 28.1 28.0
Philippines 24.0 26.3 26.6 28.4 28.1
Mongolia 26.7 30.2 30.8 28.4 22.5
Sierra Leone 14.8 11.9 32.0 28.7 23.9
South Africa 31.4 30.6 30.3 29.1 26.7
Suriname 36.7 32.6 31.1 29.3 37.7
Costa Rica 27.1 27.0 26.7 29.3 30.3
Cote d'Ivoire 46.8 39.5 33.4 30.5 32.0
Sweden 33.6 31.4 31.0 30.7 30.5
Iceland 39.2 37.6 33.4 30.9 32.7
Saudi Arabia 30.1 26.7 30.9 31.3 33.7
Solomon Islands 33.2 36.7 33.4 32.0 29.0
Cuba 33.7 31.7 32.9 32.0 31.2
Thailand 23.2 25.6 28.9 33.0 34.9
Dominican Republic 28.2 24.4 25.6 33.0 33.5
Angola 35.7 38.5 32.6 33.0 33.9
Norway 42.7 34.2 32.4 33.1 38.0
Austria 35.0 32.1 31.5 33.2 35.1
Zambia 36.4 42.2 39.5 33.3 26.8
Denmark 36.5 32.2 31.6 33.4 35.3
Korea, Rep. 29.8 33.1 35.5 33.7 28.5
Chile 28.1 29.1 30.1 34.2 35.4
Israel 44.7 39.5 39.2 35.1 36.8
Tajikistan 35.2 35.9
Vanuatu 48.7 34.8 35.8 35.5 37.4
Gabon 62.6 35.2 42.7 36.7 45.8
Trinidad and Tobago 32.6 33.3 33.9 38.9 42.6
Oman 49.8 39.2 48.9 40.0
Congo, Rep. 56.8 39.8 41.7 40.6 48.5
Switzerland 43.9 41.7 40.8 41.7 43.4
Tunisia 32.1 30.2 34.8 42.0 44.3
Georgia 41.5 42.2 42.4
Papua New Guinea 42.1 43.6 43.2 43.3 40.6
Jordan 39.7 28.3 33.1 43.4 56.1
Jamaica 55.9 48.8 46.6 43.6 43.6
Togo 48.4 44.0 41.4 43.7 39.7
Bulgaria 42.8 40.0 40.8 45.6 46.4
Namibia 51.4 56.3 46.3 46.0 49.6
Grenada 43.0 53.0 48.0 47.0 40.3
Kuwait 53.7 46.2 52.5 47.6 52.4
Cyprus 48.7 45.0 47.3 48.1 51.5
Barbados 67.7 56.5 46.0 48.7 50.3
Mauritania 59.9 56.2 49.1 50.3 49.8
Gambia, The 43.9 46.6 49.4 50.4 55.1
Equatorial Guinea 39.8 47.4 47.9 51.5 47.3
Netherlands 61.0 51.7 50.3 52.7 56.0
Fiji 44.4 41.7 45.3 54.3 62.7
Dominica 36.5 53.3 53.2 54.6 47.1
Ireland 54.1 49.1 52.5 55.6 59.0
Belgium 61.9 56.8 55.4 58.9 63.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 55.4 61.4 63.9 59.3 55.3
Belize 48.5 55.5 60.5 62.0 59.7
Guyana 48.1 46.3 79.6 63.6 66.3
Mauritius 53.3 60.2 64.3 64.5 63.9
Malaysia 54.1 55.5 62.9 66.4 71.4
Puerto Rico 67.5 66.6 66.3 67.1 71.7
Malta 64.5 64.3 69.6 70.4 72.1
Botswana 66.3 68.3 75.1 70.5 59.2
Panama 68.6 71.1 71.5 75.2 78.9
Maldives 71.6 68.1 78.7 75.9 79.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 73.0 73.0 64.3 76.0 65.3
Swaziland 56.7 68.8 81.8 76.9 84.1
Antigua and Barbuda 75.1 84.1 79.6 78.7 81.0
St. Lucia 61.4 74.1 74.6 87.4 80.2
Bahrain 101.8 98.7 102.4 95.3 98.6
Luxembourg 110.3 100.9 98.1 99.7 102.5
Macao SAR, China 120.9 123.5 123.6 119.4 117.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 107.2 109.3 119.8 129.8 130.1
Singapore 152.4 148.9 164.2 185.0 179.5
Montenegro
Cambodia
Croatia
Libya
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Haiti
Kyrgyz Republic
Greenland
Paraguay
Afghanistan
Kosovo
Iraq
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Poland
Macedonia, FYR
Curacao
Moldova
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
Qatar
Estonia
Romania
Aruba
Russian Federation 21.9
Belarus
Bermuda
South Sudan
Samoa
Djibouti
San Marino
Brunei Darussalam 61.8
Sao Tome and Principe
Liberia 54.9 55.2
Kazakhstan
Hungary
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza
United Arab Emirates
Bahamas, The 64.8 63.8 61.3 53.8
Lithuania
Tanzania
Monaco
Timor-Leste
Liechtenstein
Azerbaijan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea
Slovak Republic
Turkmenistan
Slovenia
Tuvalu
Isle of Man
Ukraine 32.1
French Polynesia
Armenia
Faeroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Uzbekistan
Czech Republic
Andorra
Serbia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
New Caledonia
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 18.4

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