Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Myanmar 4.1 2.4 3.1 2.9 1.9
Sudan 4.7 5.5 3.8 5.3 4.0
Vietnam 6.6 6.0 3.9 23.8 36.0
Somalia 7.0 6.7 4.8 7.7 9.8
Bangladesh 5.2 5.0 5.4 5.5 5.9
India 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.9 6.9
Rwanda 12.6 7.5 6.6 6.1 5.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 9.2 7.3 9.8 13.3
Uganda 12.8 8.2 7.6 8.0 7.2
Mozambique 2.5 6.6 8.1 8.2 8.2
United States 7.0 7.5 8.5 8.9 9.2
Argentina 8.2 7.9 9.5 13.1 10.4
Japan 11.1 10.1 9.8 10.2 10.3
Brazil 8.8 9.5 10.9 8.9 8.2
Burkina Faso 9.0 11.4 11.0 8.7 11.0
Seychelles 8.9 8.9 11.2 11.2 15.3
Nepal 11.7 11.8 11.4 11.1 10.5
China 10.5 12.1 11.7 11.4 15.9
Guinea-Bissau 5.2 11.4 12.4 8.9 9.9
Burundi 11.7 9.7 12.6 9.7 7.9
Pakistan 11.9 13.2 13.6 13.9 15.5
Lao PDR 3.6 6.1 13.6 12.1 11.3
Benin 16.7 15.3 13.8 13.5 19.2
Mali 14.5 15.6 14.6 15.8 15.7
Chad 13.4 15.4 15.0 13.8 13.5
Algeria 12.9 14.3 15.5 18.6 23.4
Peru 16.9 13.2 15.6 17.9 16.1
El Salvador 24.7 19.0 15.8 13.2 18.6
Australia 15.0 15.5 16.0 15.1 15.1
Cameroon 23.3 16.7 16.0 20.7 20.2
Guatemala 16.1 15.8 16.1 17.3 21.0
Colombia 18.8 17.0 16.3 18.0 20.6
Madagascar 12.1 16.6 16.3 18.4 16.6
Greece 17.7 18.1 16.3 15.9 14.8
Albania 15.1 15.5 16.4 17.9 14.9
Cabo Verde 17.6 18.1 16.7 19.2 17.1
Syrian Arab Republic 11.5 16.0 17.1 24.8 28.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 12.6 17.3 17.9 20.0
Spain 18.3 17.8 17.4 16.7 15.8
Italy 18.8 18.0 17.6 18.6 18.3
Central African Republic 18.2 17.8 17.7 20.3 17.1
Nicaragua 12.8 11.8 18.0 32.5 24.9
Comoros 16.4 15.2 18.0 14.9 14.3
Kiribati 9.4 9.7 18.1 18.6 11.6
Ghana 16.6 19.7 18.2 16.7 16.9
Niger 20.0 20.8 18.3 16.6 14.8
Turkey 13.3 15.6 18.7 16.2 13.4
Bolivia 21.3 19.6 18.8 22.5 22.8
Ecuador 15.6 15.4 19.0 20.3 22.8
Iraq 16.5 23.2 19.7 22.0 7.7
Mexico 17.3 19.5 19.9 19.0 18.6
France 20.2 19.4 20.2 21.5 20.8
Venezuela, RB 19.8 21.4 20.6 34.1 39.5
Lesotho 15.7 13.0 20.9 21.6 18.0
Germany 21.3 20.7 21.1 22.4 22.9
United Kingdom 24.3 23.8 21.4 21.9 22.6
Uruguay 26.2 21.6 22.1 23.5 23.5
Senegal 24.6 21.2 22.3 24.5 25.4
Kenya 25.8 21.3 22.4 23.0 25.7
Tonga 25.7 30.9 22.7 25.1 33.9
Nigeria 13.3 26.9 22.9 44.0 35.3
Malawi 22.9 25.5 23.3 18.8 23.8
Zimbabwe 24.0 24.0 23.7 23.3 22.9
Indonesia 19.5 23.9 23.8 24.3 25.3
Finland 25.6 25.0 23.9 23.0 22.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24.7 26.0 25.5 25.5 29.5
Morocco 22.6 23.5 25.9 23.3 25.7
Sri Lanka 23.7 25.2 26.1 27.3 30.2
Canada 27.2 26.2 26.1 25.1 25.2
New Zealand 26.6 26.1 26.2 26.4 26.8
Honduras 26.6 23.0 26.3 31.0 37.2
Guinea 31.1 31.6 26.9 31.1 31.1
Portugal 26.0 27.3 27.6 29.5 29.2
Bhutan 17.6 23.5 28.1 28.0 26.8
Philippines 26.3 26.6 28.4 28.1 27.5
Mongolia 30.2 30.8 28.4 22.5 18.3
Sierra Leone 11.9 32.0 28.7 23.9 34.7
South Africa 30.6 30.3 29.1 26.7 24.2
Suriname 32.6 31.1 29.3 37.7 42.0
Costa Rica 27.0 26.7 29.3 30.3 30.2
Cote d'Ivoire 39.5 33.4 30.5 32.0 31.7
Sweden 31.4 31.0 30.7 30.5 28.7
Iceland 37.7 33.5 31.0 32.8 32.9
Saudi Arabia 26.7 30.9 31.3 33.7 40.6
Solomon Islands 36.7 33.4 32.0 29.0 30.1
Cuba 31.7 32.9 32.0 31.2 30.2
Norway 33.6 31.8 32.5 37.3 39.4
Thailand 25.6 28.9 33.0 34.9 34.1
Dominican Republic 24.4 25.6 33.0 33.5 33.8
Austria 32.1 31.5 33.2 35.1 35.8
Zambia 42.2 39.5 33.3 26.8 35.9
Denmark 32.2 31.6 33.4 35.3 36.2
Korea, Rep. 33.1 35.5 33.7 28.5 25.9
Chile 29.1 30.1 34.2 35.4 34.0
Israel 39.5 39.2 35.1 36.8 34.7
Tajikistan 35.2 35.9 27.8
Vanuatu 34.8 35.8 35.5 37.4 47.1
Gabon 35.2 42.7 36.7 45.8 46.0
Trinidad and Tobago 34.4 33.8 38.7 42.4 45.2
Oman 39.2 48.9 40.0 47.2
Barbados 46.8 38.1 40.3 41.6 40.7
Congo, Rep. 39.8 41.7 40.6 48.5 51.8
Switzerland 41.7 40.8 41.7 43.4 41.3
Tunisia 30.2 34.8 42.0 44.3 43.6
Georgia 41.5 42.2 42.4 40.0
Papua New Guinea 43.6 43.2 43.3 40.6 40.6
Jordan 28.3 33.1 43.4 56.1 59.8
Jamaica 48.8 46.6 43.6 43.6 48.1
Togo 44.0 41.4 43.7 39.7 33.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 46.2 49.1 45.3 42.8 39.5
Bulgaria 40.0 40.8 45.6 46.4 33.1
Namibia 56.3 46.3 46.0 49.6 43.3
Grenada 53.0 48.0 47.0 40.3 42.4
Kuwait 46.2 52.5 47.6 52.4 44.9
Cyprus 45.0 47.3 48.1 51.5 51.5
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3 33.3
Mauritania 56.2 49.1 50.3 49.8 45.6
Gambia, The 46.6 49.4 50.4 55.1 59.9
Equatorial Guinea 47.4 47.9 51.5 47.3 39.0
Netherlands 51.1 49.8 52.1 55.4 54.8
Fiji 41.7 45.3 54.3 62.7 62.3
Dominica 53.3 53.2 54.6 47.1 54.5
Ireland 49.0 52.4 55.5 58.9 54.6
Belgium 56.7 55.3 58.8 62.9 61.0
Belize 55.5 60.5 62.0 59.7 62.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 57.7 51.9 62.0 53.6 54.2
Guyana 46.3 79.6 63.6 66.3 62.7
Mauritius 60.2 64.3 64.5 63.9 65.0
Malaysia 56.5 62.9 66.4 71.4 74.5
Puerto Rico 66.6 66.3 67.1 71.7 75.7
Malta 64.3 69.6 70.4 72.1 75.8
Botswana 68.3 75.1 70.5 59.2 55.1
Panama 71.1 71.5 75.2 78.9 86.8
Maldives 68.1 78.7 75.9 79.2 85.5
Swaziland 68.8 81.8 76.9 84.1 59.0
Antigua and Barbuda 84.1 79.6 78.7 81.0 89.0
St. Lucia 74.1 74.6 87.4 80.2 72.6
Bahrain 98.7 102.4 95.3 98.6 115.6
Luxembourg 100.4 97.6 99.1 101.9 99.8
Macao SAR, China 123.5 123.6 119.4 117.0 110.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 109.3 119.8 129.8 130.1 130.7
Singapore 148.9 164.2 185.0 179.5 177.2
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Aruba
Monaco
Palau
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
New Caledonia 18.5
Bermuda
Brunei Darussalam 61.8 61.8
Paraguay
Estonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Macedonia, FYR 25.8
Cambodia
Isle of Man
Poland 26.3
Hungary
Lithuania
Haiti
Liechtenstein
Tanzania 12.6
Qatar
Faeroe Islands
Romania 16.7
Turkmenistan
Russian Federation 21.9 18.2
Ukraine 32.1 27.6
Armenia 35.0
Kazakhstan
Samoa
Bahamas, The 63.8 61.3 53.8 54.2
San Marino
Moldova 48.2
Sao Tome and Principe
St. Martin (French part)
Libya 39.7
Andorra
Liberia 55.2
Montenegro
Serbia
Belarus 46.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Guam
West Bank and Gaza
Greenland
Djibouti 53.8
French Polynesia
Curacao
Ethiopia
Croatia
Eritrea
Azerbaijan 43.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
United Arab Emirates
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic 33.2
Slovak Republic 25.0
Uzbekistan 28.8
Slovenia
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep. 12.2
Afghanistan
Lebanon 18.4 18.0

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