Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Myanmar 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.1
Sudan 4.0 3.3 5.2 4.2 4.7
Ethiopia 5.5 4.0 3.2 5.7 7.1
Rwanda 5.6 7.3 5.6 5.2 6.3
Bangladesh 6.1 6.7 7.6 9.0 9.0
India 6.9 8.3 8.7 9.7 9.7
Uganda 7.2 7.5 8.8 7.1 8.7
Burundi 7.9 9.9 8.7 9.4 10.3
Mozambique 8.2 10.2 13.1 12.9 14.1
Brazil 8.2 8.7 10.9 10.5 9.5
United States 9.2 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.9
Somalia 9.8
Guinea-Bissau 9.9 10.0 4.9 8.9 16.5
Japan 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.1 9.0
Argentina 10.4 7.7 6.6 6.9 7.5
Nepal 10.5 11.5 16.0 18.4 19.0
Burkina Faso 11.0 10.4 8.8 9.0 14.2
Lao PDR 11.3 13.0 17.0 21.5 25.0
Kiribati 11.6 7.8 8.6 13.2 26.1
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.0 10.4 12.6 12.5
Tanzania 12.6 10.3 12.4 18.0 20.6
Turkey 13.4 13.8 14.4 13.7 21.4
Chad 13.5 12.0 11.1 13.3 16.1
Comoros 14.3 20.0 18.0 20.0 20.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 14.5 15.0 14.5 27.4 30.4
China 14.7 16.1 16.1 14.1 21.3
Greece 14.7 14.1 14.8 14.0 14.4
Niger 14.8 14.1 16.8 15.6 16.5
Albania 14.9 7.2 11.5 15.4 11.4
Australia 15.1 16.0 16.7 17.5 18.0
Seychelles 15.3 13.0 11.1 10.8 10.4
Pakistan 15.5 17.0 17.4 16.3 16.3
Spain 15.8 15.8 16.3 17.8 20.4
Peru 16.1 12.4 12.8 12.7 13.1
Madagascar 16.6 18.1 16.4 15.3 22.0
Romania 16.7 17.6 27.8 23.0 24.9
Ghana 16.9 17.0 17.2 20.3 25.3
Central African Republic 17.1 17.6 16.9 17.1 23.4
Cabo Verde 17.1 16.6 17.3 13.3 15.0
Mali 17.1 18.2 15.4 15.8 23.0
Lesotho 18.0 18.7 20.2 23.6 24.5
Lebanon 18.0 13.2 11.4 9.7 7.9
Russian Federation 18.2 13.3 62.3 38.2 27.8
Mongolia 18.3 54.1 28.9 59.3 44.6
Italy 18.3 17.1 17.5 20.5 21.9
New Caledonia 18.5 16.9 13.7 13.1 13.6
El Salvador 18.6 17.2 16.1 19.4 20.0
Mexico 18.6 16.4 15.2 12.1 13.3
Benin 19.2 21.0 23.2 22.5 28.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.0 27.8 28.4 25.8 22.6
Cameroon 20.2 20.0 20.5 16.2 21.1
Colombia 20.6 21.3 17.7 16.4 15.0
France 20.8 21.2 21.1 20.6 21.5
Guatemala 21.0 18.0 18.1 17.7 17.5
Finland 22.1 21.3 25.5 31.4 34.0
Ecuador 22.8 23.7 24.1 20.0 20.3
Bolivia 22.8 21.5 20.0 19.1 21.7
Zimbabwe 22.9 23.9 27.2 30.7 34.6
Germany 22.9 23.7 22.3 20.4 21.1
United Kingdom 23.1 22.4 22.6 24.5 25.5
Algeria 23.4 29.1 25.3 21.8 22.5
Uruguay 23.5 20.7 20.4 19.1 19.8
Malawi 23.8 23.3 23.2 16.1 29.6
South Africa 24.2 21.8 21.3 21.8 21.5
Nicaragua 24.9 21.8 17.3 20.4 13.1
Slovak Republic 25.0 43.7 66.5 55.1 58.2
Canada 25.2 24.4 26.3 29.3 32.9
Indonesia 25.3 25.8 27.9 26.8 26.5
Senegal 25.4 23.1 22.3 20.3 31.8
Kenya 25.7 27.0 26.3 38.9 37.0
Morocco 25.7 23.2 23.3 23.0 21.8
Macedonia, FYR 25.8 22.9 54.3 46.8 38.2
Korea, Rep. 25.9 24.4 24.6 24.5 24.6
Poland 26.3 21.6 21.8 21.1 21.7
Bhutan 26.8 32.2 32.0 31.6 29.5
New Zealand 27.0 29.4 31.5 30.9 31.1
Philippines 27.5 29.6 29.1 31.4 33.8
Ukraine 27.6 26.1 24.0 25.9 35.4
Tajikistan 27.8 33.2 9.7 28.6 43.0
Syrian Arab Republic 28.3 24.4 26.3 27.9 33.1
Sweden 28.7 26.9 26.7 31.3 34.5
Uzbekistan 28.8 35.3 27.0 33.7 16.8
Portugal 29.2 26.5 24.5 23.6 25.1
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2 35.3 35.6 33.5 33.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29.5 20.4 16.7 11.3 22.6
Solomon Islands 30.1 33.5 33.9 38.6 36.8
Sri Lanka 30.2 28.7 31.8 33.8 33.8
Costa Rica 30.2 33.6 35.2 35.8 35.6
Cuba 30.2 21.9 16.9 13.2 13.2
Guinea 31.1 30.3 24.9 26.5 22.8
Cote d'Ivoire 31.7 30.0 31.9 29.4 40.5
Iceland 32.8 30.5 29.5 31.9 34.8
Bulgaria 33.1 43.5 47.1 38.2 45.0
Czech Republic 33.2 38.8 40.2 40.3 37.4
Togo 33.5 33.4 26.9 24.4 30.5
Dominican Republic 33.8 40.1 37.1 36.7 36.7
Tonga 33.9 22.9 23.6 19.9 17.4
Chile 34.0 32.4 29.8 26.6 28.2
Thailand 34.1 36.0 37.0 38.0 38.9
Sierra Leone 34.7 31.2 31.6 24.3 29.5
Israel 34.7 29.9 30.6 32.4 32.6
Armenia 35.0 40.7 39.8 47.2 39.3
Nigeria 35.3 41.7 37.5 33.8 24.3
Austria 35.8 34.7 33.2 31.5 32.2
Zambia 35.9 34.6 36.4 33.6 33.0
Vietnam 36.0 30.9 34.7 28.7 34.0
Denmark 36.2 37.5 36.9 36.4 36.7
Honduras 37.2 34.5 32.2 34.7 39.8
Angola 38.9 30.3 68.8 53.9 85.4
Equatorial Guinea 39.0 40.2 44.2 53.2 67.0
Venezuela, RB 39.5 31.4 26.4 27.0 30.9
Libya 39.7 33.8 30.6 28.2 27.0
Georgia 40.0 27.6 35.7 46.9 57.8
Norway 40.1 39.9 37.9 37.9 38.1
Papua New Guinea 40.6 42.3 47.8 52.6 53.5
Saudi Arabia 40.6 38.6 39.3 34.6 34.2
Switzerland 41.3 40.1 40.9 41.5 41.1
Suriname 42.0 35.0 28.7 20.4 22.9
Grenada 42.4 40.7 39.6 49.0 48.1
Barbados 42.9 40.8 41.5 42.6 45.3
Namibia 43.3 43.8 42.8 47.1 44.5
Tunisia 43.6 40.4 39.5 40.4 44.9
Azerbaijan 43.9 45.7 86.2 57.4 24.7
Kuwait 44.9 16.9 40.5 47.8 50.9
Trinidad and Tobago 45.4 40.5 42.0 44.0 46.1
Mauritania 45.6 34.7 28.2 32.0 43.8
Belarus 46.0 36.9 59.3 67.6 71.3
Gabon 46.0 47.3 46.1 48.8 61.7
Vanuatu 47.1 42.7 45.6 46.0 45.3
Oman 47.2 43.1 44.7 43.1 43.0
Latvia 47.7 35.2 79.9 73.2 46.5
Jamaica 48.1 50.2 62.3 47.4 51.3
Moldova 48.2 32.4 38.9 21.1 38.2
Cyprus 51.5 47.1 49.5 47.5 47.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 51.7 58.9 61.7 58.3 54.6
Congo, Rep. 51.8 41.6 40.7 42.8 58.5
Lithuania 52.1 29.6 23.4 82.5 55.4
Djibouti 53.8 53.8 44.5 44.0 41.9
Bahamas, The 54.2 51.0 50.2 52.0 51.0
Dominica 54.5 51.2 52.0 48.6 49.1
Ireland 54.8 55.6 58.5 63.4 68.0
Botswana 55.1 53.0 48.2 47.1 47.8
Netherlands 55.4 56.1 54.3 53.6 55.7
Swaziland 59.0 59.3 57.3 57.3 63.7
Jordan 59.8 57.4 50.2 50.3 47.9
Gambia, The 59.9 29.4 30.6 28.2 21.2
Belgium 61.1 59.7 58.3 55.6 57.9
Brunei Darussalam 61.8 66.7 57.9 54.8 51.1
Belize 62.2 54.3 49.7 46.7 49.8
Fiji 62.3 57.3 51.9 52.4 56.4
Guyana 62.7 105.9 127.6 117.4 105.0
Mauritius 65.0 62.3 59.3 58.2 56.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.8 52.8 59.3 50.0 46.3
St. Lucia 72.6 69.9 67.7 67.7 65.7
Malaysia 74.5 77.8 76.0 78.9 89.2
Puerto Rico 75.7 78.0 73.3 67.7 67.9
Malta 75.8 77.4 81.8 84.8 86.0
Maldives 85.5 76.9 78.0 67.1 77.7
Panama 86.8 96.8 100.0 97.0 99.8
Antigua and Barbuda 89.0 90.1 96.1 96.2 58.8
Luxembourg 100.4 100.2 99.2 99.5 102.8
Macao SAR, China 110.0 103.0 91.3 84.9 82.2
Bahrain 115.6 85.0 84.4 83.9 81.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 130.7 134.2 137.8 135.1 133.9
Singapore 177.2 168.5 161.6 161.5 166.0
San Marino
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kosovo
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15.4
Samoa 20.9
Paraguay 50.8 49.8 59.9 60.8
Slovenia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Serbia
United Arab Emirates
Afghanistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
West Bank and Gaza 14.5
Guam
Hungary 28.8 27.6 23.2 25.4
Greenland
Haiti 10.3 7.6 10.8 6.4
Kazakhstan 74.0 37.9 37.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Timor-Leste
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Aruba 80.4
French Polynesia 1.3 1.4 2.5 3.7
Marshall Islands
Turkmenistan 38.7 67.1 84.7 85.0
Liberia
Tuvalu
Palau 20.4 32.6 23.3 15.1
Faeroe Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Estonia
Liechtenstein
Eritrea 11.4 30.6 28.0
Curacao
Montenegro
Iraq
Cambodia 16.1 25.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Qatar 44.9
Croatia
Isle of Man
Monaco

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