Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
French Polynesia 1.3 1.4 2.5 3.7
Myanmar 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.1
Sudan 4.0 3.3 5.2 4.2 4.7
Ethiopia 5.5 4.0 3.2 5.7 7.1
Bangladesh 5.9 6.7 7.6 9.0 9.0
Albania 14.9 7.2 11.5 15.4 11.4
Rwanda 5.6 7.3 5.6 5.2 6.3
Uganda 7.2 7.5 8.8 7.1 8.7
Argentina 10.4 7.7 6.6 6.9 7.5
Kiribati 11.6 7.8 8.6 13.2 26.1
India 6.9 8.3 8.7 9.7 9.7
Brazil 8.2 8.7 10.9 10.5 9.7
United States 9.2 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.9
Japan 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.1 9.0
Burundi 7.9 9.9 8.7 9.4 10.3
Guinea-Bissau 9.9 10.0 4.9 8.9 16.5
Mozambique 8.2 10.2 13.1 12.9 14.1
Tanzania 12.6 10.3 12.4 18.0 20.6
Haiti 10.3 7.6 10.8 6.4
Burkina Faso 11.0 10.4 8.8 9.0 14.2
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.0 10.4 12.6 12.5
Nepal 10.5 11.5 16.0 18.4 19.0
Chad 13.5 12.0 11.1 13.3 16.1
Peru 16.1 12.4 12.8 12.7 13.1
Lao PDR 11.3 13.0 17.0 21.5 25.0
Seychelles 15.3 13.0 11.1 10.8 10.4
Lebanon 18.0 13.2 11.4 9.7 7.9
Russian Federation 18.2 13.3 62.3 38.2 27.8
Turkey 13.4 13.8 14.4 13.7 21.4
Niger 14.8 14.1 16.8 15.6 16.5
Greece 14.7 14.1 14.8 14.0 14.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 14.5 15.0 14.5 27.4 30.4
Spain 15.8 15.8 16.3 17.8 20.4
Australia 15.1 16.0 16.7 17.5 18.0
Mexico 18.6 16.4 15.2 12.1 13.3
Cabo Verde 17.1 16.6 17.3 13.3 15.0
Kuwait 44.9 16.9 40.5 47.8 50.9
New Caledonia 18.5 16.9 13.7 13.1 13.6
Ghana 16.9 17.0 17.2 20.3 25.3
Pakistan 15.5 17.0 17.4 16.3 16.3
Italy 18.3 17.1 17.5 20.5 21.9
El Salvador 18.6 17.2 16.1 19.4 20.0
China 15.9 17.5 17.3 14.9 21.5
Central African Republic 17.1 17.6 16.9 17.1 23.4
Romania 16.7 17.6 27.8 23.0 24.9
Guatemala 21.0 18.0 18.1 17.7 17.5
Madagascar 16.6 18.1 16.4 15.3 22.0
Mali 17.1 18.2 15.4 15.8 23.0
Lesotho 18.0 18.7 20.2 23.6 24.5
Cameroon 20.2 20.0 20.5 16.2 21.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29.5 20.0 16.4 11.3 22.6
Comoros 14.3 20.0 18.0 20.0 20.1
Palau 20.4 32.6 23.3 15.1
Uruguay 23.5 20.7 20.4 19.1 19.8
Benin 19.2 21.0 23.2 22.5 28.3
France 20.8 21.2 21.1 20.6 21.5
Finland 22.1 21.3 25.5 31.4 34.0
Colombia 20.6 21.3 17.7 16.4 15.0
Bolivia 22.8 21.5 20.0 19.1 21.7
Poland 26.3 21.6 21.8 21.1 21.7
South Africa 24.2 21.8 21.3 21.8 21.5
Nicaragua 24.9 21.8 17.3 20.4 13.1
United Kingdom 22.6 21.9 22.2 24.0 25.2
Cuba 30.2 21.9 16.9 13.2 13.2
Tonga 33.9 22.9 23.6 19.9 17.4
Macedonia, FYR 25.8 22.9 54.3 46.8 38.2
Senegal 25.4 23.1 22.3 20.3 31.8
Morocco 25.7 23.2 23.3 23.0 21.8
Malawi 23.8 23.3 23.2 16.1 29.6
Ecuador 22.8 23.7 24.1 20.0 20.3
Germany 22.9 23.7 22.3 20.4 21.1
Zimbabwe 22.9 23.9 27.2 30.7 34.6
Syrian Arab Republic 28.3 24.4 26.3 27.9 33.1
Canada 25.2 24.4 26.3 29.3 32.9
Korea, Rep. 25.9 24.4 24.6 24.5 24.6
Angola 33.3 25.0 69.2 53.9 85.4
Indonesia 25.3 25.8 27.9 26.8 26.5
Ukraine 27.6 26.1 24.0 25.9 35.4
Portugal 29.2 26.5 24.5 23.6 25.1
Sweden 28.7 26.9 26.7 31.3 34.5
Kenya 25.7 27.0 26.3 38.9 37.0
Georgia 40.0 27.6 35.7 46.9 57.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.0 27.8 28.4 25.8 22.6
Sri Lanka 30.2 28.7 31.8 33.8 33.8
Hungary 28.8 27.6 23.2 25.4
Algeria 23.4 29.1 25.3 21.8 22.5
New Zealand 26.8 29.2 31.2 30.6 30.8
Gambia, The 59.9 29.4 30.6 28.2 21.2
Philippines 27.5 29.6 29.1 31.4 33.8
Israel 34.7 29.9 30.6 32.4 32.6
Cote d'Ivoire 31.7 30.0 31.9 29.4 40.5
Guinea 31.1 30.3 24.9 26.5 22.8
Iceland 32.8 30.5 29.5 31.9 34.8
Vietnam 36.0 30.9 34.7 28.7 34.0
Sierra Leone 34.7 31.2 31.6 24.3 29.5
Venezuela, RB 39.5 31.4 26.4 27.0 30.9
Bhutan 26.8 32.2 32.0 31.6 29.5
Chile 34.0 32.4 29.8 26.6 28.2
Moldova 48.2 32.4 38.9 21.1 38.2
Tajikistan 27.8 33.2 9.7 28.6 43.0
Togo 33.5 33.4 26.9 24.4 30.5
Solomon Islands 30.1 33.5 33.9 38.6 36.8
Costa Rica 30.2 33.6 35.2 35.8 35.6
Libya 39.7 33.8 30.6 28.2 27.0
Honduras 37.2 34.5 32.2 34.7 39.8
Zambia 35.9 34.6 36.4 33.6 33.0
Austria 35.8 34.7 33.2 31.5 32.2
Mauritania 45.6 34.7 28.2 32.0 43.8
Suriname 42.0 35.0 28.7 20.4 22.9
Uzbekistan 28.8 35.3 27.0 33.7 16.8
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2 35.3 35.6 33.5 33.8
Thailand 34.1 36.0 37.0 38.0 38.9
Belarus 46.0 36.9 59.3 67.6 71.3
Denmark 36.2 37.5 36.9 36.4 36.7
Saudi Arabia 40.6 38.6 39.3 34.6 34.2
Turkmenistan 38.7 67.1 84.7 85.0
Czech Republic 33.2 38.8 40.2 40.3 37.4
Norway 39.4 39.2 37.1 37.2 37.3
Switzerland 41.3 40.1 40.9 41.5 41.1
Dominican Republic 33.8 40.1 37.1 36.7 36.7
Equatorial Guinea 39.0 40.2 44.2 53.2 67.0
Tunisia 43.6 40.4 39.5 40.4 44.9
Trinidad and Tobago 45.4 40.5 42.0 44.0 46.1
Grenada 42.4 40.7 39.6 49.0 48.1
Armenia 35.0 40.7 39.8 47.2 39.3
Barbados 42.9 40.8 41.5 42.6 45.3
Congo, Rep. 51.8 41.6 40.7 42.8 58.5
Nigeria 35.3 41.7 37.5 33.8 24.3
Papua New Guinea 40.6 42.3 47.8 52.6 53.5
Vanuatu 47.1 42.7 45.6 46.0 45.3
Oman 47.2 43.1 44.7 43.1 43.0
Bulgaria 33.1 43.5 47.1 38.2 45.0
Slovak Republic 25.0 43.7 66.5 55.1 58.2
Namibia 43.3 43.8 42.8 47.1 44.5
Azerbaijan 43.9 45.7 86.2 57.4 24.7
Cyprus 51.5 47.1 49.5 47.5 47.7
Gabon 46.0 47.3 46.1 48.8 61.7
Jamaica 48.1 50.2 62.3 47.4 51.3
Paraguay 50.8 49.8 59.9 60.8
Bahamas, The 54.2 51.0 50.2 52.0 51.0
Dominica 54.5 51.2 52.0 48.6 49.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.8 52.8 59.3 50.0 46.3
Botswana 55.1 53.0 48.2 47.1 47.8
Djibouti 53.8 53.8 44.5 44.0 41.9
Mongolia 18.3 54.1 28.9 59.3 44.6
Belize 62.2 54.3 49.7 46.7 49.8
Ireland 54.8 55.6 58.5 63.4 68.0
Netherlands 55.4 56.1 54.3 53.6 55.7
Fiji 62.3 57.3 51.9 52.4 56.4
Jordan 59.8 57.4 50.2 50.3 47.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 51.7 58.9 61.7 58.3 54.6
Swaziland 59.0 59.3 57.3 57.3 63.7
Belgium 61.1 59.7 58.3 55.6 57.9
Mauritius 65.0 62.3 59.3 58.2 56.7
Brunei Darussalam 61.8 66.7 57.9 54.8 51.1
St. Lucia 72.6 69.9 67.7 67.7 65.7
Maldives 85.5 76.9 78.0 67.1 77.7
Malta 75.8 77.4 81.8 84.8 86.0
Malaysia 74.5 77.8 76.0 78.9 89.2
Puerto Rico 75.7 78.0 73.3 67.7 67.9
Bahrain 115.6 85.0 84.4 83.9 81.2
Antigua and Barbuda 89.0 90.1 96.1 96.2 58.8
Panama 86.8 96.8 100.0 97.0 99.8
Luxembourg 100.4 100.2 99.2 99.5 102.8
Macao SAR, China 110.0 103.0 91.3 84.9 82.2
Guyana 62.7 105.9 127.6 117.4 105.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 130.7 134.2 137.8 135.1 133.9
Singapore 177.2 168.5 161.6 161.5 166.0
Samoa 20.9
Kazakhstan 74.0 37.9 37.1
Slovenia
Somalia 9.8
Sao Tome and Principe
Qatar 44.9
Tuvalu
South Sudan
Cambodia 16.1 25.8
Aruba 80.4
Timor-Leste
Croatia
Cayman Islands
Guam
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza 14.5
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Estonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15.4
Curacao
Eritrea 11.4 30.6 28.0
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Afghanistan
United Arab Emirates
Bermuda
American Samoa
Iraq
Lithuania
Montenegro
Liberia
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Taiwan, China
Latvia
Monaco
Korea, Dem. Rep.

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