Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
French Polynesia 1.3 1.4 2.5 3.7
Myanmar 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.1
Ethiopia 5.5 4.0 3.2 5.7 7.1
Guinea-Bissau 9.9 10.0 4.9 8.9 16.5
Sudan 4.0 3.3 5.2 4.2 4.7
Rwanda 5.6 7.3 5.6 5.2 6.3
Argentina 10.4 7.7 6.6 6.9 7.5
Haiti 10.3 7.6 10.8 6.4
Bangladesh 6.1 6.7 7.6 9.0 9.0
Kiribati 11.6 7.8 8.6 13.2 26.1
India 6.9 8.3 8.7 9.7 9.7
Burundi 7.9 9.9 8.7 9.4 10.3
Uganda 7.2 7.5 8.8 7.1 8.7
Burkina Faso 11.0 10.4 8.8 9.0 14.2
Tajikistan 27.8 33.2 9.7 28.6 43.0
United States 9.2 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.9
Japan 10.3 9.9 9.8 9.1 9.0
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 11.0 10.4 12.6 12.5
Brazil 8.2 8.7 10.9 10.5 9.5
Seychelles 15.3 13.0 11.1 10.8 10.4
Chad 13.5 12.0 11.1 13.3 16.1
Lebanon 18.0 13.2 11.4 9.7 7.9
Eritrea 11.4 30.6 28.0
Albania 14.9 7.2 11.5 15.4 11.4
Tanzania 12.6 10.3 12.4 18.0 20.6
Peru 16.1 12.4 12.8 12.7 13.1
Mozambique 8.2 10.2 13.1 12.9 14.1
New Caledonia 18.5 16.9 13.7 13.1 13.6
Turkey 13.4 13.8 14.4 13.7 21.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 14.5 15.0 14.5 27.4 30.4
Greece 14.7 14.1 14.8 14.0 14.4
Mexico 18.6 16.4 15.2 12.1 13.3
Mali 17.1 18.2 15.4 15.8 23.0
Nepal 10.5 11.5 16.0 18.4 19.0
El Salvador 18.6 17.2 16.1 19.4 20.0
China 14.7 16.1 16.1 14.1 21.3
Spain 15.8 15.8 16.3 17.8 20.4
Madagascar 16.6 18.1 16.4 15.3 22.0
Australia 15.1 16.0 16.7 17.5 18.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29.5 20.4 16.7 11.3 22.6
Niger 14.8 14.1 16.8 15.6 16.5
Central African Republic 17.1 17.6 16.9 17.1 23.4
Cuba 30.2 21.9 16.9 13.2 13.2
Lao PDR 11.3 13.0 17.0 21.5 25.0
Ghana 16.9 17.0 17.2 20.3 25.3
Nicaragua 24.9 21.8 17.3 20.4 13.1
Cabo Verde 17.1 16.6 17.3 13.3 15.0
Pakistan 15.5 17.0 17.4 16.3 16.3
Italy 18.3 17.1 17.5 20.5 21.9
Colombia 20.6 21.3 17.7 16.4 15.0
Comoros 14.3 20.0 18.0 20.0 20.1
Guatemala 21.0 18.0 18.1 17.7 17.5
Bolivia 22.8 21.5 20.0 19.1 21.7
Lesotho 18.0 18.7 20.2 23.6 24.5
Uruguay 23.5 20.7 20.4 19.1 19.8
Cameroon 20.2 20.0 20.5 16.2 21.1
France 20.8 21.2 21.1 20.6 21.5
South Africa 24.2 21.8 21.3 21.8 21.5
Poland 26.3 21.6 21.8 21.1 21.7
Germany 22.9 23.7 22.3 20.4 21.1
Senegal 25.4 23.1 22.3 20.3 31.8
United Kingdom 23.1 22.4 22.6 24.5 25.5
Malawi 23.8 23.3 23.2 16.1 29.6
Benin 19.2 21.0 23.2 22.5 28.3
Morocco 25.7 23.2 23.3 23.0 21.8
Lithuania 52.1 29.6 23.4 82.5 55.4
Tonga 33.9 22.9 23.6 19.9 17.4
Ukraine 27.6 26.1 24.0 25.9 35.4
Ecuador 22.8 23.7 24.1 20.0 20.3
Portugal 29.2 26.5 24.5 23.6 25.1
Korea, Rep. 25.9 24.4 24.6 24.5 24.6
Guinea 31.1 30.3 24.9 26.5 22.8
Algeria 23.4 29.1 25.3 21.8 22.5
Finland 22.1 21.3 25.5 31.4 34.0
Syrian Arab Republic 28.3 24.4 26.3 27.9 33.1
Kenya 25.7 27.0 26.3 38.9 37.0
Canada 25.2 24.4 26.3 29.3 32.9
Venezuela, RB 39.5 31.4 26.4 27.0 30.9
Sweden 28.7 26.9 26.7 31.3 34.5
Togo 33.5 33.4 26.9 24.4 30.5
Uzbekistan 28.8 35.3 27.0 33.7 16.8
Zimbabwe 22.9 23.9 27.2 30.7 34.6
Hungary 28.8 27.6 23.2 25.4
Romania 16.7 17.6 27.8 23.0 24.9
Indonesia 25.3 25.8 27.9 26.8 26.5
Mauritania 45.6 34.7 28.2 32.0 43.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.0 27.8 28.4 25.8 22.6
Suriname 42.0 35.0 28.7 20.4 22.9
Mongolia 18.3 54.1 28.9 59.3 44.6
Philippines 27.5 29.6 29.1 31.4 33.8
Iceland 32.8 30.5 29.5 31.9 34.8
Chile 34.0 32.4 29.8 26.6 28.2
Libya 39.7 33.8 30.6 28.2 27.0
Gambia, The 59.9 29.4 30.6 28.2 21.2
Israel 34.7 29.9 30.6 32.4 32.6
New Zealand 27.0 29.4 31.5 30.9 31.1
Sierra Leone 34.7 31.2 31.6 24.3 29.5
Sri Lanka 30.2 28.7 31.8 33.8 33.8
Cote d'Ivoire 31.7 30.0 31.9 29.4 40.5
Bhutan 26.8 32.2 32.0 31.6 29.5
Honduras 37.2 34.5 32.2 34.7 39.8
Palau 20.4 32.6 23.3 15.1
Austria 35.8 34.7 33.2 31.5 32.2
Solomon Islands 30.1 33.5 33.9 38.6 36.8
Vietnam 36.0 30.9 34.7 28.7 34.0
Costa Rica 30.2 33.6 35.2 35.8 35.6
Kyrgyz Republic 29.2 35.3 35.6 33.5 33.8
Georgia 40.0 27.6 35.7 46.9 57.8
Zambia 35.9 34.6 36.4 33.6 33.0
Denmark 36.2 37.5 36.9 36.4 36.7
Thailand 34.1 36.0 37.0 38.0 38.9
Dominican Republic 33.8 40.1 37.1 36.7 36.7
Nigeria 35.3 41.7 37.5 33.8 24.3
Norway 40.1 39.9 37.9 37.9 38.1
Moldova 48.2 32.4 38.9 21.1 38.2
Saudi Arabia 40.6 38.6 39.3 34.6 34.2
Tunisia 43.6 40.4 39.5 40.4 44.9
Grenada 42.4 40.7 39.6 49.0 48.1
Armenia 35.0 40.7 39.8 47.2 39.3
Czech Republic 33.2 38.8 40.2 40.3 37.4
Kuwait 44.9 16.9 40.5 47.8 50.9
Congo, Rep. 51.8 41.6 40.7 42.8 58.5
Switzerland 41.3 40.1 40.9 41.5 41.1
Barbados 42.9 40.8 41.5 42.6 45.3
Trinidad and Tobago 45.4 40.5 42.0 44.0 46.1
Namibia 43.3 43.8 42.8 47.1 44.5
Equatorial Guinea 39.0 40.2 44.2 53.2 67.0
Djibouti 53.8 53.8 44.5 44.0 41.9
Oman 47.2 43.1 44.7 43.1 43.0
Vanuatu 47.1 42.7 45.6 46.0 45.3
Gabon 46.0 47.3 46.1 48.8 61.7
Bulgaria 33.1 43.5 47.1 38.2 45.0
Papua New Guinea 40.6 42.3 47.8 52.6 53.5
Botswana 55.1 53.0 48.2 47.1 47.8
Cyprus 51.5 47.1 49.5 47.5 47.7
Belize 62.2 54.3 49.7 46.7 49.8
Paraguay 50.8 49.8 59.9 60.8
Jordan 59.8 57.4 50.2 50.3 47.9
Bahamas, The 54.2 51.0 50.2 52.0 51.0
Fiji 62.3 57.3 51.9 52.4 56.4
Dominica 54.5 51.2 52.0 48.6 49.1
Netherlands 55.4 56.1 54.3 53.6 55.7
Macedonia, FYR 25.8 22.9 54.3 46.8 38.2
Swaziland 59.0 59.3 57.3 57.3 63.7
Brunei Darussalam 61.8 66.7 57.9 54.8 51.1
Belgium 61.1 59.7 58.3 55.6 57.9
Ireland 54.8 55.6 58.5 63.4 68.0
Belarus 46.0 36.9 59.3 67.6 71.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 65.8 52.8 59.3 50.0 46.3
Mauritius 65.0 62.3 59.3 58.2 56.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 51.7 58.9 61.7 58.3 54.6
Jamaica 48.1 50.2 62.3 47.4 51.3
Russian Federation 18.2 13.3 62.3 38.2 27.8
Slovak Republic 25.0 43.7 66.5 55.1 58.2
Turkmenistan 38.7 67.1 84.7 85.0
St. Lucia 72.6 69.9 67.7 67.7 65.7
Angola 38.9 30.3 68.8 53.9 85.4
Puerto Rico 75.7 78.0 73.3 67.7 67.9
Kazakhstan 74.0 37.9 37.1
Malaysia 74.5 77.8 76.0 78.9 89.2
Maldives 85.5 76.9 78.0 67.1 77.7
Latvia 47.7 35.2 79.9 73.2 46.5
Malta 75.8 77.4 81.8 84.8 86.0
Bahrain 115.6 85.0 84.4 83.9 81.2
Azerbaijan 43.9 45.7 86.2 57.4 24.7
Macao SAR, China 110.0 103.0 91.3 84.9 82.2
Antigua and Barbuda 89.0 90.1 96.1 96.2 58.8
Luxembourg 100.4 100.2 99.2 99.5 102.8
Panama 86.8 96.8 100.0 97.0 99.8
Guyana 62.7 105.9 127.6 117.4 105.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 130.7 134.2 137.8 135.1 133.9
Singapore 177.2 168.5 161.6 161.5 166.0
Slovenia
Aruba 80.4
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Montenegro
Guam
Monaco
Kosovo
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Iraq
Marshall Islands
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
Somalia 9.8
Timor-Leste
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Samoa 20.9
Qatar 44.9
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
West Bank and Gaza 14.5
United Arab Emirates
Bermuda
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
Estonia
Liechtenstein
Croatia
Liberia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Cambodia 16.1 25.8
Andorra
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15.4

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