Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Myanmar 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
French Polynesia 2.9 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.0
Sudan 5.0 7.5 5.3 6.7 7.8
Rwanda 5.2 6.0 7.8 5.6 6.2
Brazil 7.4 6.7 7.0 7.0 9.5
Serbia 8.1 15.0 15.7 21.2 11.7
Japan 9.1 9.7 10.7 10.8 10.2
Haiti 9.1 11.3 10.5 9.9 12.2
Ethiopia 9.6 9.2 11.8 13.3 11.9
Argentina 9.7 10.4 10.6 10.4 9.8
Seychelles 10.5 27.7 20.1 20.1 23.3
United States 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.3
India 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.8 11.3
Lebanon 10.8 12.8 14.5 13.8 14.1
Bangladesh 10.9 9.7 10.5 11.8 11.8
Kiribati 11.6 16.1 20.1 24.4 12.2
Guinea-Bissau 11.7 10.5 21.0 14.4 24.9
Uganda 11.8 12.0 13.4 9.6 12.3
Albania 12.5 12.3 10.5 10.8 17.3
Peru 12.9 13.6 14.7 13.8 15.5
Burundi 12.9 5.8 9.8 8.0 7.6
Cuba 13.4 15.3 14.9 14.3 14.5
Burkina Faso 14.1 10.6 10.8 12.8 9.5
Greece 14.4 14.2 16.2 16.2 19.2
Colombia 14.5 15.2 14.8 15.0 18.3
Palau 14.6 12.9 10.4 9.5 12.0
New Caledonia 15.6 15.3 16.5 12.0 13.1
Mozambique 15.6 14.8 13.4 12.2 13.2
Nicaragua 16.1 16.8 19.4 19.3 18.5
Pakistan 16.7 16.9 16.1 16.5 15.4
West Bank and Gaza 17.1 16.0 17.3 18.1 17.6
Cabo Verde 17.1 20.2 27.4 22.8 21.0
Tonga 17.5 20.4 23.7 19.7 16.0
Niger 17.7 18.5 16.8 17.8 15.9
Australia 17.9 18.9 19.1 19.6 18.4
Sierra Leone 18.6 17.4 13.2 14.1 13.8
Uruguay 19.0 19.7 17.5 16.4 15.1
Guatemala 19.3 17.8 18.0 18.2 19.0
Comoros 19.8 18.3 18.1 11.4 12.7
Turkey 19.9 21.5 24.6 21.3 19.4
China 20.4 17.6 19.1 17.9 17.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.4 23.6 27.8 27.3 27.6
Mali 21.1 20.0 26.1 24.8 26.5
Guinea 21.1 19.2 19.6 21.3 21.6
Ecuador 21.3 22.3 21.5 17.9 26.4
El Salvador 21.6 21.1 25.9 24.8 24.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.7 20.8 17.4 13.6 21.4
Chad 21.9 17.5 18.5 18.5 18.3
Spain 21.9 23.1 25.8 26.2 26.4
Germany 22.0 22.9 25.4 26.5 27.1
South Africa 22.1 24.1 24.0 25.0 24.7
Central African Republic 22.2 21.5 26.9 22.7 19.2
Yemen, Rep. 22.4 38.5 36.3 26.5 34.8
Eritrea 22.4 29.2 29.6 14.8 9.5
France 22.4 22.8 25.2 25.8 25.7
Lesotho 22.5 29.9 29.0 32.2 28.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22.5 20.7 18.8 16.2 15.1
Bolivia 22.6 22.6 21.1 19.7 16.9
Suriname 22.9 23.3 25.2 31.1 27.2
Lao PDR 23.2 22.7 23.9 36.5 35.9
Poland 23.3 22.4 23.5 26.1 24.3
Cameroon 23.6 23.4 21.4 21.4 21.5
Morocco 23.8 22.7 25.1 24.4 26.3
Gambia, The 23.8 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4
Armenia 23.9 23.2 20.3 19.0 20.8
Tanzania 24.1 19.9 16.2 12.4 12.5
Madagascar 24.1 20.5 21.9 21.5 24.5
Ghana 24.5 32.1 32.4 33.9 32.1
Italy 24.7 23.8 24.2 24.1 23.2
Nepal 25.0 22.8 26.3 22.8 22.8
Mexico 25.2 26.7 25.2 25.7 25.5
Georgia 25.5 13.3 15.6 16.5 19.1
Algeria 26.2 29.8 30.9 22.6 26.8
Indonesia 26.3 25.8 27.9 53.0 35.5
Korea, Rep. 26.7 25.7 29.8 42.4 35.8
Portugal 26.8 26.5 27.1 27.3 26.5
Venezuela, RB 27.1 36.5 29.3 20.9 22.9
United Kingdom 27.2 27.8 27.3 25.4 25.2
Benin 27.4 26.5 27.2 27.1 29.1
Croatia 27.6 30.7 31.3 29.5 30.5
Romania 27.6 28.1 29.2 22.6 28.0
Israel 27.8 27.3 28.2 28.8 32.9
Azerbaijan 27.9 29.5 29.0 22.7 28.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 28.5 30.0 18.8 29.8 23.6
Libya 29.2 28.7 26.8 19.4 20.2
Russian Federation 29.3 26.1 24.7 31.2 43.2
Chile 29.3 27.3 27.1 26.3 29.6
New Zealand 29.4 28.3 28.3 29.6 31.0
Kyrgyz Republic 29.5 30.7 38.3 36.5 42.2
Malawi 30.4 22.8 21.4 32.8 28.0
Samoa 30.8 31.5 29.1 32.4 31.9
Senegal 30.9 27.0 27.3 27.7 28.1
Syrian Arab Republic 31.0 31.8 32.4 30.5 32.3
Cambodia 31.2 25.4 33.6 31.2 40.5
Togo 32.4 33.3 29.0 29.7 28.9
Kenya 32.6 25.2 22.7 20.2 20.8
Vietnam 32.8 40.9 43.1 44.8 50.0
Zambia 32.9 28.5 27.4 24.6 25.0
Macedonia, FYR 33.0 28.2 37.3 41.2 42.2
Austria 33.6 34.3 37.1 38.5 39.4
Iceland 34.6 35.3 35.3 33.8 32.6
Latvia 34.7 40.5 39.9 39.4 35.4
Sri Lanka 35.6 35.0 36.5 36.2 35.5
Nigeria 35.8 32.2 41.8 29.7 33.9
Finland 35.8 36.3 37.8 37.5 37.6
Dominican Republic 35.8 35.2 36.2 35.8 36.6
Solomon Islands 36.2 34.4 38.7 36.2 35.7
Canada 36.2 37.2 38.3 40.1 42.0
Philippines 36.4 40.5 49.0 44.8 45.5
Denmark 36.7 37.1 37.8 37.2 39.4
Uzbekistan 36.7 27.7 27.0 22.5 18.1
Norway 37.2 39.9 40.6 36.9 38.6
Costa Rica 37.6 39.3 40.7 47.4 51.7
Saudi Arabia 37.6 40.3 39.4 29.8 34.8
Bhutan 37.8 35.5 35.9 33.1 31.1
Sweden 38.0 36.8 40.1 41.0 41.0
Zimbabwe 38.2 36.1 37.6 43.4 37.4
Kazakhstan 39.0 35.3 34.9 30.3 42.5
Djibouti 39.1 38.5 38.8 40.4 37.3
Hungary 39.2 41.9 48.0 53.0 55.7
Mongolia 40.5 35.5 52.7 47.8 50.2
Czech Republic 40.6 38.4 40.6 42.3 43.0
Switzerland 40.8 41.8 47.2 46.7 47.4
Cote d'Ivoire 41.8 41.1 42.9 41.4 42.4
Thailand 41.8 39.3 48.0 58.9 58.3
Honduras 43.7 46.9 46.2 46.4 41.0
Oman 44.0 49.8 50.0 42.0 48.7
Qatar 44.3 43.7 48.3 51.1 60.0
Vanuatu 44.6 46.0 52.1 42.3 37.4
Grenada 44.8 44.7 44.0 46.2 57.4
Tunisia 44.9 42.1 39.1 38.5 38.0
Namibia 45.1 45.9 43.2 41.9 42.0
Slovenia 45.6 46.2 47.6 47.5 44.1
Barbados 45.9 47.0 45.6 41.5 40.9
Ukraine 47.1 45.7 40.6 41.9 53.7
Belize 48.0 50.0 52.8 52.6 55.1
Moldova 49.3 55.3 54.8 48.5 52.1
Bahamas, The 49.5 48.0 43.0 40.4 42.5
Estonia 49.6 45.1 52.3 54.3 51.3
Belarus 49.7 46.3 59.9 59.1 59.2
Dominica 49.8 51.3 55.8 58.7 58.6
Jamaica 50.5 43.8 39.1
Botswana 50.8 53.8 60.9 49.3 55.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.2 52.9 50.6 49.5 53.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 51.2 49.7 53.2 53.8 47.0
Jordan 51.7 52.9 49.3 44.9 43.4
Bulgaria 51.9 59.0 50.1 43.1 42.6
Mauritania 52.3 49.4 42.1 30.9 27.2
Kuwait 52.4 52.3 52.9 43.9 45.9
Trinidad and Tobago 53.8 51.5 53.9 48.5 50.0
Slovak Republic 56.7 52.3 55.1 46.7 47.5
Netherlands 58.3 59.2 62.5 61.5 61.5
Mauritius 58.7 63.6 61.5 65.7 63.9
Fiji 59.3 62.8 61.0 60.8 61.0
Gabon 59.4 62.7 61.3 47.4 59.6
Belgium 59.6 60.5 64.1 63.5 64.0
Brunei Darussalam 59.7 59.9 57.2 50.5 55.8
Swaziland 60.0 59.4 61.4 67.2 65.0
Papua New Guinea 61.0 59.4 49.2 54.0 63.1
Paraguay 61.8 52.7 48.5 56.3 45.3
Congo, Rep. 64.7 68.5 75.6 76.3 72.3
Tajikistan 65.6 76.6 87.2 48.9 66.1
Cyprus 66.9 70.4 69.5 69.0 67.3
St. Lucia 67.5 62.3 59.3 58.4 55.2
Equatorial Guinea 68.5 80.1 116.7 115.9 123.6
Puerto Rico 68.7 64.1 63.6 67.1 69.7
Ireland 73.6 75.0 77.3 84.7 86.7
Bahrain 82.0 87.9 79.1 64.6 78.9
Macao SAR, China 82.7 83.4 83.7 84.6 87.0
Malta 83.1 77.4 76.3 78.9 82.9
Turkmenistan 84.0 74.6 42.7 32.7 56.1
Aruba 84.9 86.6 82.5 79.6 79.9
Antigua and Barbuda 85.3 75.7 76.4 75.1 72.5
Maldives 92.7 91.7 91.2 92.4 90.5
Malaysia 94.1 91.6 93.3 115.7 121.3
Panama 100.7 83.4 90.1 79.2 66.5
Guyana 101.2 102.6 99.7 95.9 96.5
Luxembourg 105.2 109.8 119.5 126.0 132.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 142.9 136.4 129.3 124.3 127.0
Singapore 181.2 176.1 169.9 167.6 177.2
Liechtenstein
St. Martin (French part)
Bermuda
Timor-Leste
Lithuania
Somalia
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Angola 82.7 68.5 56.7 86.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
Iraq
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
United Arab Emirates
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Monaco
Guam
San Marino
Andorra
Taiwan, China
Curacao
Montenegro
Sao Tome and Principe
Afghanistan
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Faeroe Islands 44.3 46.7
Liberia 8.8 10.8 14.6

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