Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Myanmar 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
French Polynesia 2.9 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.0
Burundi 12.9 5.8 9.8 8.0 7.6
Rwanda 5.2 6.0 7.8 5.6 6.2
Brazil 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.9 9.4
Sudan 5.0 7.5 5.3 6.7 7.8
Ethiopia 9.6 9.2 11.8 13.3 11.9
Japan 9.1 9.7 10.7 10.8 10.2
India 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.8 11.3
Argentina 9.7 10.4 10.6 10.4 9.8
Guinea-Bissau 11.7 10.5 21.0 14.4 24.9
Burkina Faso 14.1 10.6 10.8 12.8 9.5
United States 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.3
Bangladesh 10.9 11.1 12.0 13.3 13.2
Haiti 9.1 11.3 10.5 9.9 12.2
Uganda 11.8 12.0 13.4 9.6 12.3
Albania 12.5 12.3 10.5 10.8 17.3
Lebanon 10.8 12.8 14.5 13.8 14.1
Palau 14.6 12.9 10.4 9.5 12.0
Georgia 25.5 13.3 15.6 16.5 19.1
Peru 12.9 13.6 14.7 13.8 15.5
Greece 14.4 14.2 16.2 16.2 19.2
Mozambique 15.6 14.8 13.4 12.2 13.2
Serbia 8.1 15.0 15.7 21.2 11.7
Colombia 14.5 15.2 14.8 15.0 18.3
Cuba 13.4 15.3 14.9 14.3 14.5
New Caledonia 15.6 15.3 16.5 12.0 13.1
West Bank and Gaza 17.1 16.0 17.3 18.1 17.6
Kiribati 11.6 16.1 20.1 24.4 12.2
Nicaragua 16.1 16.8 19.4 19.3 18.5
Pakistan 16.7 16.9 16.1 16.5 15.4
Sierra Leone 18.6 17.4 13.2 14.1 13.8
Chad 21.9 17.5 18.5 18.5 18.3
Guatemala 19.3 17.8 18.0 18.2 19.0
Comoros 19.8 18.3 18.1 11.4 12.7
Niger 17.7 18.5 16.8 17.8 15.9
Australia 17.9 18.9 19.1 19.6 18.4
Guinea 21.1 19.2 19.6 21.3 21.6
Uruguay 19.0 19.7 17.5 16.4 15.1
Tanzania 24.1 19.9 16.2 12.4 12.5
Mali 21.1 20.0 26.1 24.8 26.5
China 20.2 20.1 21.8 20.3 20.4
Cabo Verde 17.1 20.2 27.4 22.8 21.0
Tonga 17.5 20.4 23.7 19.7 16.0
Madagascar 24.1 20.5 21.9 21.5 24.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22.5 20.7 18.8 16.2 15.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.7 20.8 17.4 13.6 21.4
El Salvador 21.6 21.1 25.9 24.8 24.9
Central African Republic 22.2 21.5 26.9 22.7 19.2
Turkey 19.9 21.5 24.6 21.3 19.4
Gambia, The 23.8 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4
Ecuador 21.3 22.3 21.5 17.9 26.4
Poland 23.3 22.4 23.5 26.1 24.3
Bolivia 22.6 22.6 21.1 19.7 16.9
Lao PDR 23.2 22.7 23.9 36.5 35.9
Morocco 23.8 22.7 25.1 24.4 26.3
Nepal 25.0 22.8 26.3 22.8 22.8
France 22.4 22.8 25.2 25.8 25.7
Malawi 30.4 22.8 21.4 32.8 28.0
Germany 22.0 22.9 25.4 26.5 27.1
Spain 21.9 23.1 25.8 26.2 26.4
Armenia 23.9 23.2 20.3 19.0 20.8
Suriname 22.9 23.3 25.2 31.1 27.2
Cameroon 23.6 23.4 21.4 21.4 21.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.4 23.6 27.8 27.3 27.6
Italy 24.7 23.8 24.2 24.1 23.2
South Africa 22.1 24.1 24.0 25.0 24.7
Kenya 32.6 25.2 22.7 20.2 20.8
Cambodia 31.2 25.4 33.6 31.2 40.5
Korea, Rep. 26.7 25.7 29.8 42.4 35.8
Indonesia 26.3 25.8 27.9 53.0 35.5
Russian Federation 29.3 26.1 24.7 31.2 43.2
Benin 27.4 26.5 27.2 27.1 29.1
Portugal 26.8 26.5 27.1 27.3 26.5
Mexico 25.2 26.7 25.2 25.7 25.5
Senegal 30.9 27.0 27.3 27.7 28.1
Israel 27.8 27.3 28.2 28.8 32.9
Chile 29.3 27.3 27.1 26.3 29.6
Uzbekistan 36.7 27.7 27.0 22.5 18.1
Seychelles 10.5 27.7 20.1 20.1 23.3
United Kingdom 27.2 27.8 27.3 25.4 25.2
Romania 27.6 28.1 29.2 22.6 28.0
Macedonia, FYR 33.0 28.2 37.3 41.2 42.2
Zambia 32.9 28.5 27.4 24.6 25.0
New Zealand 29.6 28.6 28.6 29.9 31.3
Libya 29.2 28.7 26.8 19.4 23.9
Eritrea 22.4 29.2 29.6 14.8 9.5
Azerbaijan 27.9 29.5 29.0 22.7 28.0
Algeria 26.2 29.8 30.9 22.6 26.8
Lesotho 22.5 29.9 29.0 32.2 28.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 28.5 30.0 18.8 29.8 23.6
Croatia 27.6 30.7 31.3 29.5 30.5
Kyrgyz Republic 29.5 30.7 38.3 36.5 42.2
Samoa 30.8 31.5 29.1 32.4 31.9
Syrian Arab Republic 31.0 31.8 32.4 30.5 32.3
Ghana 24.5 32.1 32.4 33.9 32.1
Nigeria 35.8 32.2 41.8 29.7 33.9
Togo 32.4 33.3 29.0 29.7 28.9
Austria 33.6 34.3 37.1 38.5 39.4
Solomon Islands 36.2 34.4 38.7 36.2 35.7
Sri Lanka 35.6 35.0 36.5 36.2 35.5
Dominican Republic 35.8 35.2 36.2 35.8 36.6
Kazakhstan 39.0 35.3 34.9 30.3 42.5
Iceland 34.6 35.3 35.3 33.8 32.6
Bhutan 37.8 35.5 35.9 33.1 31.1
Mongolia 40.5 35.5 52.7 47.8 50.2
Zimbabwe 38.2 36.1 37.6 43.4 37.4
Finland 35.8 36.3 37.8 37.5 37.6
Venezuela, RB 27.1 36.5 29.3 20.9 22.9
Sweden 38.0 36.8 40.1 41.0 41.0
Denmark 36.7 37.1 37.8 37.2 39.4
Canada 36.2 37.2 38.3 40.1 42.0
Czech Republic 40.6 38.4 40.6 42.3 43.0
Yemen, Rep. 22.4 38.5 36.3 26.5 34.8
Djibouti 39.1 38.5 38.8 40.4 37.3
Thailand 41.8 39.3 48.0 58.9 58.3
Costa Rica 37.6 39.3 40.7 47.4 51.7
Saudi Arabia 37.6 40.3 39.4 29.8 34.8
Philippines 36.4 40.5 49.0 44.8 45.5
Norway 38.0 40.8 41.4 37.6 39.4
Vietnam 32.8 40.9 43.1 44.8 50.0
Cote d'Ivoire 41.8 41.1 41.4 39.4 40.4
Switzerland 40.8 41.8 47.2 46.7 47.4
Hungary 39.2 41.9 48.0 53.0 55.7
Tunisia 44.9 42.1 39.1 38.5 38.0
Qatar 44.3 43.7 48.3 51.1 60.0
Jamaica 50.5 43.8 39.1
Grenada 44.8 44.7 44.0 46.2 57.4
Estonia 49.6 45.1 52.3 54.3 51.3
Ukraine 47.1 45.7 40.6 41.9 53.7
Namibia 45.1 45.9 43.2 41.9 42.0
Vanuatu 44.6 46.0 52.1 42.3 37.4
Slovenia 45.6 46.2 47.6 47.5 44.1
Belarus 49.7 46.3 59.9 59.1 59.2
Latvia 42.7 46.8 46.8 47.2 40.4
Honduras 43.7 46.9 46.2 46.4 41.0
Barbados 45.9 47.0 45.6 41.5 40.9
Bahamas, The 49.5 48.0 43.0 40.4 42.5
Mauritania 52.3 49.4 42.1 43.0 40.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 51.2 49.7 53.2 53.8 47.0
Oman 44.0 49.8 50.0 42.0 48.7
Lithuania 47.4 50.0 51.6 45.1 38.6
Belize 48.0 50.0 52.8 52.6 55.1
Cyprus 50.0 50.8 51.8 49.8 51.8
Dominica 49.8 51.3 55.8 58.7 58.6
Trinidad and Tobago 53.8 51.5 53.9 48.5 50.0
Kuwait 52.4 52.3 52.9 43.9 45.9
Slovak Republic 56.7 52.3 55.1 46.7 47.5
Paraguay 61.8 52.7 48.5 56.3 45.3
Jordan 51.7 52.9 49.3 44.9 43.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.2 52.9 50.6 49.5 53.4
Botswana 50.8 53.8 60.9 49.3 55.2
Moldova 49.3 55.3 54.8 48.5 52.1
Bulgaria 51.9 59.0 50.1 43.1 42.6
Netherlands 58.3 59.2 62.5 61.5 61.5
Swaziland 60.0 59.4 61.4 67.2 65.0
Papua New Guinea 61.0 59.4 49.2 54.0 63.1
Brunei Darussalam 59.7 59.9 57.2 50.5 55.8
Belgium 59.6 60.5 64.1 63.5 64.0
St. Lucia 67.5 62.3 59.3 58.4 55.2
Gabon 59.4 62.7 61.3 47.4 59.6
Fiji 59.3 62.8 61.0 60.8 61.0
Mauritius 58.7 63.6 61.5 65.7 63.9
Puerto Rico 68.7 64.1 63.6 67.1 69.7
Congo, Rep. 64.7 68.5 75.6 76.3 72.3
Turkmenistan 84.0 74.6 42.7 32.7 56.1
Ireland 73.6 75.0 77.3 84.7 86.7
Antigua and Barbuda 85.3 75.7 76.4 75.1 72.5
Tajikistan 65.6 76.6 87.2 48.9 66.1
Malta 83.1 77.4 76.3 78.9 82.9
Equatorial Guinea 68.5 80.1 116.7 115.9 123.6
Angola 82.7 68.5 56.7 86.3
Panama 100.7 83.4 90.1 79.2 66.5
Macao SAR, China 82.7 83.4 83.7 84.6 87.0
Aruba 84.9 86.6 82.5 79.6 79.9
Bahrain 82.0 87.9 79.1 64.6 78.9
Malaysia 94.1 91.6 93.3 115.7 121.3
Maldives 92.7 91.7 91.2 92.4 90.5
Guyana 101.2 102.6 99.7 95.9 96.5
Luxembourg 105.2 109.8 119.5 126.0 132.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 142.9 136.4 129.3 124.3 127.0
Singapore 181.2 176.1 169.9 167.6 177.2
Isle of Man
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Tuvalu
Kosovo
Montenegro
Greenland
Marshall Islands
Guam
Faeroe Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Turks and Caicos Islands
Timor-Leste
American Samoa
Afghanistan
United Arab Emirates
Bermuda
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Northern Mariana Islands
Iraq
Liberia 8.8 10.8 14.6
San Marino

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