Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Myanmar 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.5
French Polynesia 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.0 4.9
Sudan 7.5 5.3 6.7 7.8 16.0
Brazil 6.7 7.0 7.0 9.6 10.2
Rwanda 6.0 7.8 5.6 6.2 6.3
Liberia 8.8 10.8 14.6 31.4
Albania 11.2 9.7 10.8 15.8 17.9
Burundi 5.8 9.8 8.0 7.6 6.3
Palau 12.9 10.4 9.5 12.0 44.4
Haiti 11.3 10.5 9.9 12.2 12.7
India 10.2 10.5 10.8 11.3 12.8
Bangladesh 9.7 10.5 11.8 11.8 12.3
Argentina 10.4 10.6 10.4 9.8 11.0
Japan 9.7 10.7 10.8 10.2 10.9
Burkina Faso 10.6 10.8 12.8 9.5 9.5
United States 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.3 10.7
Mozambique 13.2 12.0 10.9 10.2 12.8
Sierra Leone 17.4 13.2 14.1 13.8 18.1
Uganda 12.0 13.4 9.6 12.3 10.7
Lebanon 12.8 14.5 13.8 14.1 14.2
Peru 13.6 14.7 13.8 15.5 16.8
Colombia 15.2 14.8 15.0 18.3 15.9
Cuba 15.3 14.9 14.3 14.5 14.1
Georgia 13.3 15.6 16.5 19.1 23.0
Serbia 15.0 15.7 21.2 11.7 9.9
Pakistan 16.9 16.1 16.5 15.4 13.4
Tanzania 19.9 16.2 12.4 12.5 13.4
Greece 14.3 16.2 16.3 19.3 23.7
New Caledonia 15.3 16.5 12.0 13.1
Niger 18.5 16.8 17.8 15.9 17.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.2 17.3 12.7 19.3 21.5
West Bank and Gaza 16.0 17.3 18.1 17.6 20.5
Uruguay 19.7 17.5 16.4 15.1 16.7
Guatemala 17.8 18.0 18.2 19.0 20.2
Comoros 18.3 18.1 11.4 12.7 23.0
Chad 17.5 18.5 18.5 18.3 16.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 30.0 18.8 29.8 23.6 11.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.7 18.8 16.2 15.1 16.2
China 17.6 19.1 17.9 17.9 20.7
Australia 18.9 19.1 19.6 18.4 19.4
Nicaragua 16.8 19.4 19.3 18.5 20.1
Guinea 19.2 19.6 21.3 21.6 24.5
Kiribati 16.1 20.1 24.4 12.2 12.9
Seychelles 27.7 20.1 20.1 23.3 75.5
Armenia 23.2 20.3 19.0 20.8 23.4
Guinea-Bissau 10.5 21.0 14.4 24.9 21.8
Bolivia 22.6 21.1 19.7 16.9 18.3
Tonga 20.4 21.1 19.9 16.0 15.4
Malawi 22.8 21.4 32.8 28.0 25.6
Cameroon 23.4 21.4 21.4 21.5 23.3
Ecuador 22.3 21.5 17.9 26.4 32.1
Madagascar 20.5 21.9 21.5 24.5 30.7
Kenya 25.2 22.7 20.2 20.8 21.6
Gambia, The 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4 25.8
Poland 22.4 23.5 26.1 24.3 27.2
Mali 18.9 23.8 21.3 20.8 22.8
Lao PDR 22.7 23.9 36.5 35.9 30.1
South Africa 24.1 24.0 25.0 24.7 27.2
Italy 23.8 24.2 24.1 23.2 25.6
Turkey 21.5 24.6 21.3 19.4 20.1
Russian Federation 26.1 24.7 31.2 43.2 44.1
Morocco 22.7 25.1 24.4 26.3 28.0
Suriname 23.3 25.2 31.1 27.2 19.7
Mexico 26.7 25.2 25.7 25.5 26.3
France 22.8 25.2 25.8 25.7 28.2
Germany 22.9 25.4 26.5 27.0 30.8
Spain 23.1 25.8 26.2 26.4 28.6
El Salvador 21.1 25.9 24.8 24.9 27.4
Nepal 22.8 26.3 22.8 22.8 23.3
Libya 28.7 26.8 19.4 20.2 31.6
Central African Republic 21.5 26.9 22.7 19.2 20.4
Uzbekistan 27.7 27.0 22.5 18.1 24.6
Chile 27.3 27.1 26.3 29.6 29.3
United Kingdom 27.7 27.1 25.2 25.1 26.3
Portugal 26.5 27.1 27.3 26.5 28.2
Benin 26.5 27.2 27.1 23.7 21.1
Senegal 27.0 27.3 27.7 28.1 27.9
Zambia 28.5 27.4 24.6 25.0 23.9
Cabo Verde 20.2 27.4 22.8 21.0 27.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 27.8 27.3 27.6 28.7
Indonesia 25.8 27.9 53.0 35.5 41.0
Israel 27.1 27.9 28.6 32.7 35.6
New Zealand 28.3 28.3 29.6 31.0 35.7
Lesotho 29.9 29.0 32.2 28.4 34.8
Togo 33.3 29.0 29.7 28.9 34.4
Azerbaijan 29.5 29.0 22.7 28.0 39.0
Samoa 31.5 29.1 32.4 31.9 30.1
Romania 28.1 29.2 22.9 27.7 32.7
Venezuela, RB 36.5 29.3 20.9 22.9 29.7
Eritrea 29.2 29.6 14.8 9.5 9.7
Korea, Rep. 25.7 29.8 42.4 35.8 35.0
Algeria 29.8 30.9 22.6 26.8 41.2
Croatia 30.7 31.3 29.5 30.5 36.5
Ghana 32.1 32.4 33.9 32.1 48.8
Syrian Arab Republic 31.8 32.4 30.5 32.3 35.4
Cambodia 25.4 33.6 31.2 40.5 49.8
Kazakhstan 35.3 34.9 30.3 42.5 56.6
Iceland 35.5 35.4 33.9 32.7 32.5
Bhutan 35.5 35.9 33.1 31.1 29.0
Dominican Republic 35.2 36.2 35.8 36.6 37.0
Yemen, Rep. 38.5 36.3 26.5 34.8 41.4
Sri Lanka 35.0 36.5 36.2 35.5 39.0
Austria 34.3 37.1 38.5 39.4 43.4
Macedonia, FYR 28.2 37.3 41.2 42.2 32.9
Zimbabwe 36.1 37.6 43.4 37.4 38.2
Finland 36.3 37.8 37.5 37.6 42.1
Denmark 37.1 37.8 37.2 39.4 44.9
Canada 37.2 38.3 40.1 42.0 44.4
Kyrgyz Republic 30.7 38.3 36.5 42.2 41.8
Solomon Islands 34.4 38.7 36.2 35.7 24.1
Djibouti 38.5 38.8 40.4 37.3 35.1
Jamaica 43.8 39.1
Tunisia 42.1 39.1 38.5 38.0 39.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.0 39.3 39.8 37.5 35.7
Saudi Arabia 40.3 39.4 29.8 34.8 43.7
Latvia 40.5 39.7 39.2 35.0 36.9
Sweden 36.8 40.1 41.0 41.0 44.1
Norway 39.9 40.6 36.9 38.6 45.7
Czech Republic 38.4 40.6 42.3 43.0 48.3
Ukraine 45.7 40.6 41.9 53.7 62.4
Costa Rica 39.3 40.7 47.4 51.7 48.6
Nigeria 32.2 41.8 29.7 33.9 51.7
Mauritania 49.4 42.1 30.9 27.2 30.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 45.0 42.7 42.1 45.3 45.3
Turkmenistan 74.6 42.7 32.7 56.1 95.5
Cote d'Ivoire 41.1 42.9 41.4 42.4 40.8
Bahamas, The 48.0 43.0 40.4 42.5 44.4
Vietnam 40.9 43.1 44.8 50.0 50.0
Namibia 45.9 43.2 41.9 42.0 40.9
Grenada 44.7 44.0 46.2 57.4 45.3
Lithuania 41.9 45.0 39.1 32.4 38.5
Barbados 47.0 45.6 41.5 40.9 42.4
Honduras 46.9 46.2 46.4 41.0 54.0
Switzerland 41.8 47.2 46.7 47.4 52.2
Slovenia 46.2 47.6 47.5 44.1 50.0
Hungary 41.9 47.9 52.9 55.6 66.8
Thailand 39.0 48.2 57.9 56.4 64.8
Qatar 43.7 48.3 51.1 60.0 67.3
Paraguay 52.7 48.5 56.3 45.3 46.8
Philippines 40.5 49.0 44.8 45.5 51.4
Papua New Guinea 59.4 49.2 54.0 63.1 66.2
Jordan 52.9 49.3 44.9 43.4 41.9
Oman 49.8 50.0 42.0 48.7 53.7
Bulgaria 59.0 50.1 43.1 43.2 36.5
Vanuatu 46.0 52.1 42.3 37.4 39.2
Trinidad and Tobago 48.9 52.2 48.5 50.2 59.4
Mongolia 35.5 52.7 47.8 50.2 54.0
Belize 50.0 52.8 52.6 55.1 53.0
Kuwait 52.3 52.9 43.9 45.9 56.5
Moldova 55.3 54.8 48.5 52.1 49.8
Slovak Republic 52.3 55.1 46.7 47.5 54.1
Dominica 51.3 55.8 58.7 58.6 43.0
Brunei Darussalam 59.9 57.2 50.5 55.8 67.4
St. Lucia 62.3 59.3 58.4 55.2 48.3
Belarus 46.3 59.9 59.1 59.2 69.2
Netherlands 57.6 60.7 59.7 60.2 66.5
Botswana 53.8 60.9 49.3 55.2 51.8
Fiji 62.8 61.0 60.8 61.0 65.2
Gabon 62.7 61.3 47.4 59.6 69.0
Swaziland 59.4 61.4 67.2 65.0 74.3
Mauritius 63.6 61.5 65.7 63.9 61.4
Puerto Rico 64.1 63.6 67.1 69.7 72.2
Iraq 0.0 63.8 77.9 77.6 75.7
Belgium 60.4 63.9 63.4 63.9 71.9
Angola 82.7 68.5 56.7 86.3 89.6
Cyprus 70.4 69.5 69.0 67.3 70.4
Estonia 61.8 71.6 74.4 70.2 61.6
Congo, Rep. 68.5 75.6 76.3 72.3 80.3
Malta 77.4 76.3 78.9 82.9 90.6
Antigua and Barbuda 75.7 76.4 75.1 72.5 59.6
Ireland 74.8 77.2 84.4 86.6 94.5
Bahrain 87.9 79.1 64.6 78.9 79.2
Aruba 86.6 82.5 79.6 79.9 74.4
Macao SAR, China 83.4 83.7 84.6 87.0 100.4
Tajikistan 76.6 87.2 48.9 66.1 98.8
Panama 83.4 90.1 79.2 66.5 72.6
Maldives 91.7 91.2 92.4 90.5 89.5
Malaysia 91.6 93.3 115.7 121.3 119.8
Guyana 102.6 99.7 95.9 96.5 96.1
Equatorial Guinea 80.1 116.7 115.9 123.6 122.1
Luxembourg 109.3 118.9 125.4 132.0 147.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 136.4 129.3 124.3 127.0 141.8
Singapore 176.1 169.9 167.6 177.2 189.2
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Somalia
Tuvalu
Montenegro 36.8
Andorra
Timor-Leste 9.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faroe Islands 44.3 46.7 49.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
United Arab Emirates
Curacao
Ethiopia
Guam
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Bermuda
San Marino
Afghanistan
Sao Tome and Principe

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