Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Myanmar 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
French Polynesia 2.9 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.0
Sudan 5.0 7.5 5.3 6.7 7.8
Brazil 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.9 9.4
Rwanda 5.2 6.0 7.8 5.6 6.2
Liberia 8.8 10.8 14.6
Burundi 12.9 5.8 9.8 8.0 7.6
Palau 14.6 12.9 10.4 9.5 12.0
Haiti 9.1 11.3 10.5 9.9 12.2
Albania 12.5 12.3 10.5 10.8 17.3
India 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.8 11.3
Argentina 9.7 10.4 10.6 10.4 9.8
Japan 9.1 9.7 10.7 10.8 10.2
Burkina Faso 14.1 10.6 10.8 12.8 9.5
United States 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.3
Ethiopia 9.6 9.2 11.8 13.3 11.9
Bangladesh 10.9 11.1 12.0 13.3 13.2
Sierra Leone 18.6 17.4 13.2 14.1 13.8
Mozambique 15.6 14.8 13.4 12.2 13.2
Uganda 11.8 12.0 13.4 9.6 12.3
Lebanon 10.8 12.8 14.5 13.8 14.1
Peru 12.9 13.6 14.7 13.8 15.5
Colombia 14.5 15.2 14.8 15.0 18.3
Cuba 13.4 15.3 14.9 14.3 14.5
Georgia 25.5 13.3 15.6 16.5 19.1
Serbia 8.1 15.0 15.7 21.2 11.7
Pakistan 16.7 16.9 16.1 16.5 15.4
Greece 14.4 14.2 16.2 16.2 19.2
Tanzania 24.1 19.9 16.2 12.4 12.5
New Caledonia 15.6 15.3 16.5 12.0 13.1
Niger 17.7 18.5 16.8 17.8 15.9
West Bank and Gaza 17.1 16.0 17.3 18.1 17.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.7 20.8 17.4 13.6 21.4
Uruguay 19.0 19.7 17.5 16.4 15.1
Guatemala 19.3 17.8 18.0 18.2 19.0
Comoros 19.8 18.3 18.1 11.4 12.7
Chad 21.9 17.5 18.5 18.5 18.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 28.5 30.0 18.8 29.8 23.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22.5 20.7 18.8 16.2 15.1
Australia 17.9 18.9 19.1 19.6 18.4
Nicaragua 16.1 16.8 19.4 19.3 18.5
Guinea 21.1 19.2 19.6 21.3 21.6
Kiribati 11.6 16.1 20.1 24.4 12.2
Seychelles 10.5 27.7 20.1 20.1 23.3
Armenia 23.9 23.2 20.3 19.0 20.8
Guinea-Bissau 11.7 10.5 21.0 14.4 24.9
Bolivia 22.6 22.6 21.1 19.7 16.9
Malawi 30.4 22.8 21.4 32.8 28.0
Cameroon 23.6 23.4 21.4 21.4 21.5
Ecuador 21.3 22.3 21.5 17.9 26.4
China 20.2 20.1 21.8 20.3 20.4
Madagascar 24.1 20.5 21.9 21.5 24.5
Kenya 32.6 25.2 22.7 20.2 20.8
Gambia, The 23.8 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4
Poland 23.3 22.4 23.5 26.1 24.3
Tonga 17.5 20.4 23.7 19.7 16.0
Lao PDR 23.2 22.7 23.9 36.5 35.9
South Africa 22.1 24.1 24.0 25.0 24.7
Italy 24.7 23.8 24.2 24.1 23.2
Turkey 19.9 21.5 24.6 21.3 19.4
Russian Federation 29.3 26.1 24.7 31.2 43.2
Morocco 23.8 22.7 25.1 24.4 26.3
Suriname 22.9 23.3 25.2 31.1 27.2
Mexico 25.2 26.7 25.2 25.7 25.5
France 22.4 22.8 25.2 25.8 25.7
Germany 22.0 22.9 25.4 26.5 27.1
Spain 21.9 23.1 25.8 26.2 26.4
El Salvador 21.6 21.1 25.9 24.8 24.9
Mali 21.1 20.0 26.1 24.8 26.5
Nepal 25.0 22.8 26.3 22.8 22.8
Libya 29.2 28.7 26.8 19.4 23.9
Central African Republic 22.2 21.5 26.9 22.7 19.2
Uzbekistan 36.7 27.7 27.0 22.5 18.1
Chile 29.3 27.3 27.1 26.3 29.6
Portugal 26.8 26.5 27.1 27.3 26.5
Benin 27.4 26.5 27.2 27.1 29.1
United Kingdom 27.2 27.8 27.3 25.4 25.2
Senegal 30.9 27.0 27.3 27.7 28.1
Zambia 32.9 28.5 27.4 24.6 25.0
Cabo Verde 17.1 20.2 27.4 22.8 21.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.4 23.6 27.8 27.3 27.6
Indonesia 26.3 25.8 27.9 53.0 35.5
Israel 27.8 27.3 28.2 28.8 32.9
New Zealand 29.6 28.6 28.6 29.9 31.3
Lesotho 22.5 29.9 29.0 32.2 28.4
Togo 32.4 33.3 29.0 29.7 28.9
Azerbaijan 27.9 29.5 29.0 22.7 28.0
Samoa 30.8 31.5 29.1 32.4 31.9
Romania 27.6 28.1 29.2 22.6 28.0
Venezuela, RB 27.1 36.5 29.3 20.9 22.9
Eritrea 22.4 29.2 29.6 14.8 9.5
Korea, Rep. 26.7 25.7 29.8 42.4 35.8
Algeria 26.2 29.8 30.9 22.6 26.8
Croatia 27.6 30.7 31.3 29.5 30.5
Ghana 24.5 32.1 32.4 33.9 32.1
Syrian Arab Republic 31.0 31.8 32.4 30.5 32.3
Cambodia 31.2 25.4 33.6 31.2 40.5
Kazakhstan 39.0 35.3 34.9 30.3 42.5
Iceland 34.6 35.3 35.3 33.8 32.6
Bhutan 37.8 35.5 35.9 33.1 31.1
Dominican Republic 35.8 35.2 36.2 35.8 36.6
Yemen, Rep. 22.4 38.5 36.3 26.5 34.8
Sri Lanka 35.6 35.0 36.5 36.2 35.5
Austria 33.6 34.3 37.1 38.5 39.4
Macedonia, FYR 33.0 28.2 37.3 41.2 42.2
Zimbabwe 38.2 36.1 37.6 43.4 37.4
Finland 35.8 36.3 37.8 37.5 37.6
Denmark 36.7 37.1 37.8 37.2 39.4
Canada 36.2 37.2 38.3 40.1 42.0
Kyrgyz Republic 29.5 30.7 38.3 36.5 42.2
Solomon Islands 36.2 34.4 38.7 36.2 35.7
Djibouti 39.1 38.5 38.8 40.4 37.3
Jamaica 50.5 43.8 39.1
Tunisia 44.9 42.1 39.1 38.5 38.0
Saudi Arabia 37.6 40.3 39.4 29.8 34.8
Sweden 38.0 36.8 40.1 41.0 41.0
Czech Republic 40.6 38.4 40.6 42.3 43.0
Ukraine 47.1 45.7 40.6 41.9 53.7
Costa Rica 37.6 39.3 40.7 47.4 51.7
Norway 38.0 40.8 41.4 37.6 39.4
Cote d'Ivoire 41.8 41.1 41.4 39.4 40.4
Nigeria 35.8 32.2 41.8 29.7 33.9
Mauritania 52.3 49.4 42.1 43.0 40.9
Turkmenistan 84.0 74.6 42.7 32.7 56.1
Bahamas, The 49.5 48.0 43.0 40.4 42.5
Vietnam 32.8 40.9 43.1 44.8 50.0
Namibia 45.1 45.9 43.2 41.9 42.0
Grenada 44.8 44.7 44.0 46.2 57.4
Barbados 45.9 47.0 45.6 41.5 40.9
Honduras 43.7 46.9 46.2 46.4 41.0
Latvia 42.7 46.8 46.8 47.2 40.4
Switzerland 40.8 41.8 47.2 46.7 47.4
Slovenia 45.6 46.2 47.6 47.5 44.1
Hungary 39.2 41.9 48.0 53.0 55.7
Thailand 41.8 39.3 48.0 58.9 58.3
Qatar 44.3 43.7 48.3 51.1 60.0
Paraguay 61.8 52.7 48.5 56.3 45.3
Philippines 36.4 40.5 49.0 44.8 45.5
Papua New Guinea 61.0 59.4 49.2 54.0 63.1
Jordan 51.7 52.9 49.3 44.9 43.4
Oman 44.0 49.8 50.0 42.0 48.7
Bulgaria 51.9 59.0 50.1 43.1 42.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.2 52.9 50.6 49.5 53.4
Lithuania 47.4 50.0 51.6 45.1 38.6
Cyprus 50.0 50.8 51.8 49.8 51.8
Vanuatu 44.6 46.0 52.1 42.3 37.4
Estonia 49.6 45.1 52.3 54.3 51.3
Mongolia 40.5 35.5 52.7 47.8 50.2
Belize 48.0 50.0 52.8 52.6 55.1
Kuwait 52.4 52.3 52.9 43.9 45.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 51.2 49.7 53.2 53.8 47.0
Trinidad and Tobago 53.8 51.5 53.9 48.5 50.0
Moldova 49.3 55.3 54.8 48.5 52.1
Slovak Republic 56.7 52.3 55.1 46.7 47.5
Dominica 49.8 51.3 55.8 58.7 58.6
Brunei Darussalam 59.7 59.9 57.2 50.5 55.8
St. Lucia 67.5 62.3 59.3 58.4 55.2
Belarus 49.7 46.3 59.9 59.1 59.2
Botswana 50.8 53.8 60.9 49.3 55.2
Fiji 59.3 62.8 61.0 60.8 61.0
Gabon 59.4 62.7 61.3 47.4 59.6
Swaziland 60.0 59.4 61.4 67.2 65.0
Mauritius 58.7 63.6 61.5 65.7 63.9
Netherlands 58.3 59.2 62.5 61.5 61.5
Puerto Rico 68.7 64.1 63.6 67.1 69.7
Belgium 59.6 60.5 64.1 63.5 64.0
Angola 82.7 68.5 56.7 86.3
Congo, Rep. 64.7 68.5 75.6 76.3 72.3
Malta 83.1 77.4 76.3 78.9 82.9
Antigua and Barbuda 85.3 75.7 76.4 75.1 72.5
Ireland 73.6 75.0 77.3 84.7 86.7
Bahrain 82.0 87.9 79.1 64.6 78.9
Aruba 84.9 86.6 82.5 79.6 79.9
Macao SAR, China 82.7 83.4 83.7 84.6 87.0
Tajikistan 65.6 76.6 87.2 48.9 66.1
Panama 100.7 83.4 90.1 79.2 66.5
Maldives 92.7 91.7 91.2 92.4 90.5
Malaysia 94.1 91.6 93.3 115.7 121.3
Guyana 101.2 102.6 99.7 95.9 96.5
Equatorial Guinea 68.5 80.1 116.7 115.9 123.6
Luxembourg 105.2 109.8 119.5 126.0 132.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 142.9 136.4 129.3 124.3 127.0
Singapore 181.2 176.1 169.9 167.6 177.2
Andorra
South Sudan
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
United Arab Emirates
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
American Samoa
Iraq
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Timor-Leste
Kosovo
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Greenland
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Afghanistan
Montenegro
Sao Tome and Principe
Isle of Man
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Guam
Monaco

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