Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Myanmar 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
French Polynesia 2.9 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.0
Rwanda 5.2 6.0 7.8 5.6 6.2
Sudan 5.0 7.5 5.3 6.7 7.8
Brazil 7.3 6.6 6.8 6.9 9.4
Burundi 12.9 5.8 9.8 8.0 7.6
Palau 14.6 12.9 10.4 9.5 12.0
Uganda 11.8 12.0 13.4 9.6 12.3
Haiti 9.1 11.3 10.5 9.9 12.2
Argentina 9.7 10.4 10.6 10.4 9.8
United States 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.3
Albania 12.5 12.3 10.5 10.8 17.3
Japan 9.1 9.7 10.7 10.8 10.2
Liberia 8.8 10.8 14.6
India 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.8 11.3
Comoros 19.8 18.3 18.1 11.4 12.7
New Caledonia 15.6 15.3 16.5 12.0 13.1
Mozambique 15.6 14.8 13.4 12.2 13.2
Tanzania 24.1 19.9 16.2 12.4 12.5
Burkina Faso 14.1 10.6 10.8 12.8 9.5
Ethiopia 9.6 9.2 11.8 13.3 11.9
Bangladesh 10.9 11.1 12.0 13.3 13.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.7 20.8 17.4 13.6 21.4
Lebanon 10.8 12.8 14.5 13.8 14.1
Peru 12.9 13.6 14.7 13.8 15.5
Sierra Leone 18.6 17.4 13.2 14.1 13.8
Cuba 13.4 15.3 14.9 14.3 14.5
Guinea-Bissau 11.7 10.5 21.0 14.4 24.9
Eritrea 22.4 29.2 29.6 14.8 9.5
Colombia 14.5 15.2 14.8 15.0 18.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22.5 20.7 18.8 16.2 15.1
Greece 14.4 14.2 16.2 16.2 19.2
Uruguay 19.0 19.7 17.5 16.4 15.1
Georgia 25.5 13.3 15.6 16.5 19.1
Pakistan 16.7 16.9 16.1 16.5 15.4
Niger 17.7 18.5 16.8 17.8 15.9
Ecuador 21.3 22.3 21.5 17.9 26.4
West Bank and Gaza 17.1 16.0 17.3 18.1 17.6
Guatemala 19.3 17.8 18.0 18.2 19.0
Chad 21.9 17.5 18.5 18.5 18.3
Armenia 23.9 23.2 20.3 19.0 20.8
Nicaragua 16.1 16.8 19.4 19.3 18.5
Libya 29.2 28.7 26.8 19.4 23.9
Australia 17.9 18.9 19.1 19.6 18.4
Bolivia 22.6 22.6 21.1 19.7 16.9
Tonga 17.5 20.4 23.7 19.7 16.0
Seychelles 10.5 27.7 20.1 20.1 23.3
Kenya 32.6 25.2 22.7 20.2 20.8
China 20.2 20.1 21.8 20.3 20.4
Venezuela, RB 27.1 36.5 29.3 20.9 22.9
Serbia 8.1 15.0 15.7 21.2 11.7
Guinea 21.1 19.2 19.6 21.3 21.6
Turkey 19.9 21.5 24.6 21.3 19.4
Cameroon 23.6 23.4 21.4 21.4 21.5
Madagascar 24.1 20.5 21.9 21.5 24.5
Uzbekistan 36.7 27.7 27.0 22.5 18.1
Algeria 26.2 29.8 30.9 22.6 26.8
Romania 27.6 28.1 29.2 22.6 28.0
Central African Republic 22.2 21.5 26.9 22.7 19.2
Azerbaijan 27.9 29.5 29.0 22.7 28.0
Cabo Verde 17.1 20.2 27.4 22.8 21.0
Nepal 25.0 22.8 26.3 22.8 22.8
Italy 24.7 23.8 24.2 24.1 23.2
Kiribati 11.6 16.1 20.1 24.4 12.2
Morocco 23.8 22.7 25.1 24.4 26.3
Zambia 32.9 28.5 27.4 24.6 25.0
Mali 21.1 20.0 26.1 24.8 26.5
El Salvador 21.6 21.1 25.9 24.8 24.9
South Africa 22.1 24.1 24.0 25.0 24.7
Gambia, The 23.8 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4
United Kingdom 27.2 27.8 27.3 25.4 25.2
Mexico 25.2 26.7 25.2 25.7 25.5
France 22.4 22.8 25.2 25.8 25.7
Poland 23.3 22.4 23.5 26.1 24.3
Spain 21.9 23.1 25.8 26.2 26.4
Chile 29.3 27.3 27.1 26.3 29.6
Germany 22.0 22.9 25.4 26.5 27.1
Yemen, Rep. 22.4 38.5 36.3 26.5 34.8
Benin 27.4 26.5 27.2 27.1 29.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.4 23.6 27.8 27.3 27.6
Portugal 26.8 26.5 27.1 27.3 26.5
Senegal 30.9 27.0 27.3 27.7 28.1
Israel 27.8 27.3 28.2 28.8 32.9
Croatia 27.6 30.7 31.3 29.5 30.5
Togo 32.4 33.3 29.0 29.7 28.9
Nigeria 35.8 32.2 41.8 29.7 33.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 28.5 30.0 18.8 29.8 23.6
Saudi Arabia 37.6 40.3 39.4 29.8 34.8
New Zealand 29.6 28.6 28.6 29.9 31.3
Kazakhstan 39.0 35.3 34.9 30.3 42.5
Syrian Arab Republic 31.0 31.8 32.4 30.5 32.3
Suriname 22.9 23.3 25.2 31.1 27.2
Russian Federation 29.3 26.1 24.7 31.2 43.2
Cambodia 31.2 25.4 33.6 31.2 40.5
Lesotho 22.5 29.9 29.0 32.2 28.4
Samoa 30.8 31.5 29.1 32.4 31.9
Turkmenistan 84.0 74.6 42.7 32.7 56.1
Malawi 30.4 22.8 21.4 32.8 28.0
Bhutan 37.8 35.5 35.9 33.1 31.1
Iceland 34.6 35.3 35.3 33.8 32.6
Ghana 24.5 32.1 32.4 33.9 32.1
Dominican Republic 35.8 35.2 36.2 35.8 36.6
Solomon Islands 36.2 34.4 38.7 36.2 35.7
Sri Lanka 35.6 35.0 36.5 36.2 35.5
Lao PDR 23.2 22.7 23.9 36.5 35.9
Kyrgyz Republic 29.5 30.7 38.3 36.5 42.2
Denmark 36.7 37.1 37.8 37.2 39.4
Finland 35.8 36.3 37.8 37.5 37.6
Norway 38.0 40.8 41.4 37.6 39.4
Austria 33.6 34.3 37.1 38.5 39.4
Tunisia 44.9 42.1 39.1 38.5 38.0
Cote d'Ivoire 41.8 41.1 41.4 39.4 40.4
Canada 36.2 37.2 38.3 40.1 42.0
Bahamas, The 49.5 48.0 43.0 40.4 42.5
Djibouti 39.1 38.5 38.8 40.4 37.3
Sweden 38.0 36.8 40.1 41.0 41.0
Macedonia, FYR 33.0 28.2 37.3 41.2 42.2
Barbados 45.9 47.0 45.6 41.5 40.9
Namibia 45.1 45.9 43.2 41.9 42.0
Ukraine 47.1 45.7 40.6 41.9 53.7
Oman 44.0 49.8 50.0 42.0 48.7
Czech Republic 40.6 38.4 40.6 42.3 43.0
Vanuatu 44.6 46.0 52.1 42.3 37.4
Korea, Rep. 26.7 25.7 29.8 42.4 35.8
Mauritania 52.3 49.4 42.1 43.0 40.9
Bulgaria 51.9 59.0 50.1 43.1 42.6
Zimbabwe 38.2 36.1 37.6 43.4 37.4
Kuwait 52.4 52.3 52.9 43.9 45.9
Philippines 36.4 40.5 49.0 44.8 45.5
Vietnam 32.8 40.9 43.1 44.8 50.0
Jordan 51.7 52.9 49.3 44.9 43.4
Lithuania 47.4 50.0 51.6 45.1 38.6
Grenada 44.8 44.7 44.0 46.2 57.4
Honduras 43.7 46.9 46.2 46.4 41.0
Slovak Republic 56.7 52.3 55.1 46.7 47.5
Switzerland 40.8 41.8 47.2 46.7 47.4
Latvia 42.7 46.8 46.8 47.2 40.4
Gabon 59.4 62.7 61.3 47.4 59.6
Costa Rica 37.6 39.3 40.7 47.4 51.7
Slovenia 45.6 46.2 47.6 47.5 44.1
Mongolia 40.5 35.5 52.7 47.8 50.2
Trinidad and Tobago 53.8 51.5 53.9 48.5 50.0
Moldova 49.3 55.3 54.8 48.5 52.1
Tajikistan 65.6 76.6 87.2 48.9 66.1
Botswana 50.8 53.8 60.9 49.3 55.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.2 52.9 50.6 49.5 53.4
Cyprus 50.0 50.8 51.8 49.8 51.8
Brunei Darussalam 59.7 59.9 57.2 50.5 55.8
Qatar 44.3 43.7 48.3 51.1 60.0
Belize 48.0 50.0 52.8 52.6 55.1
Indonesia 26.3 25.8 27.9 53.0 35.5
Hungary 39.2 41.9 48.0 53.0 55.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 51.2 49.7 53.2 53.8 47.0
Papua New Guinea 61.0 59.4 49.2 54.0 63.1
Estonia 49.6 45.1 52.3 54.3 51.3
Paraguay 61.8 52.7 48.5 56.3 45.3
Angola 82.7 68.5 56.7 86.3
St. Lucia 67.5 62.3 59.3 58.4 55.2
Dominica 49.8 51.3 55.8 58.7 58.6
Thailand 41.8 39.3 48.0 58.9 58.3
Belarus 49.7 46.3 59.9 59.1 59.2
Fiji 59.3 62.8 61.0 60.8 61.0
Netherlands 58.3 59.2 62.5 61.5 61.5
Belgium 59.6 60.5 64.1 63.5 64.0
Bahrain 82.0 87.9 79.1 64.6 78.9
Mauritius 58.7 63.6 61.5 65.7 63.9
Puerto Rico 68.7 64.1 63.6 67.1 69.7
Swaziland 60.0 59.4 61.4 67.2 65.0
Antigua and Barbuda 85.3 75.7 76.4 75.1 72.5
Congo, Rep. 64.7 68.5 75.6 76.3 72.3
Malta 83.1 77.4 76.3 78.9 82.9
Panama 100.7 83.4 90.1 79.2 66.5
Aruba 84.9 86.6 82.5 79.6 79.9
Macao SAR, China 82.7 83.4 83.7 84.6 87.0
Ireland 73.6 75.0 77.3 84.7 86.7
Maldives 92.7 91.7 91.2 92.4 90.5
Guyana 101.2 102.6 99.7 95.9 96.5
Malaysia 94.1 91.6 93.3 115.7 121.3
Equatorial Guinea 68.5 80.1 116.7 115.9 123.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 142.9 136.4 129.3 124.3 127.0
Luxembourg 105.2 109.8 119.5 126.0 132.7
Singapore 181.2 176.1 169.9 167.6 177.2
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Montenegro
San Marino
Monaco
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Jamaica 50.5 43.8 39.1
Andorra
Guam
Marshall Islands
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
United Arab Emirates
Faeroe Islands
Iraq
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Curacao
Kosovo
Bermuda

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