Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 11.2 9.7 10.8 15.8 17.9
Algeria 29.8 30.9 22.6 26.8 41.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 82.7 68.5 56.7 86.3 89.6
Antigua and Barbuda 75.7 76.4 75.1 72.5 59.6
Argentina 10.4 10.6 10.4 9.8 11.0
Armenia 23.2 20.3 19.0 20.8 23.4
Aruba 86.6 82.5 79.6 79.9 74.4
Australia 18.9 19.1 19.6 18.4 19.4
Austria 34.3 37.1 38.5 39.4 43.4
Azerbaijan 29.5 29.0 22.7 28.0 39.0
Bahamas, The 48.0 43.0 40.4 42.5 44.4
Bahrain 87.9 79.1 64.6 78.9 79.2
Bangladesh 9.7 10.5 11.8 11.8 12.3
Barbados 47.0 45.6 41.5 40.9 42.4
Belarus 46.3 59.9 59.1 59.2 69.2
Belgium 60.4 63.9 63.4 63.9 71.9
Belize 50.0 52.8 52.6 55.1 53.0
Benin 26.5 27.2 27.1 23.7 21.1
Bermuda
Bhutan 35.5 35.9 33.1 31.1 29.0
Bolivia 22.6 21.1 19.7 16.9 18.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 23.6 27.8 27.3 27.6 28.7
Botswana 53.8 60.9 49.3 55.2 51.8
Brazil 6.7 7.0 7.0 9.6 10.2
Brunei Darussalam 59.9 57.2 50.5 55.8 67.4
Bulgaria 59.0 50.1 43.1 43.2 36.5
Burkina Faso 10.6 10.8 12.8 9.5 9.5
Burundi 5.8 9.8 8.0 7.6 6.3
Cabo Verde 20.2 27.4 22.8 21.0 27.0
Cambodia 25.4 33.6 31.2 40.5 49.8
Cameroon 23.4 21.4 21.4 21.5 23.3
Canada 37.2 38.3 40.1 42.0 44.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 21.5 26.9 22.7 19.2 20.4
Chad 17.5 18.5 18.5 18.3 16.9
Chile 27.3 27.1 26.3 29.6 29.3
China 17.6 19.1 17.9 17.9 20.7
Colombia 15.2 14.8 15.0 18.3 15.9
Comoros 18.3 18.1 11.4 12.7 23.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 30.0 18.8 29.8 23.6 11.4
Congo, Rep. 68.5 75.6 76.3 72.3 80.3
Costa Rica 39.3 40.7 47.4 51.7 48.6
Cote d'Ivoire 41.1 42.9 41.4 42.4 40.8
Croatia 30.7 31.3 29.5 30.5 36.5
Cuba 15.3 14.9 14.3 14.5 14.1
Curacao
Cyprus 70.4 69.5 69.0 67.3 70.4
Czech Republic 38.4 40.6 42.3 43.0 48.3
Denmark 37.1 37.8 37.2 39.4 44.9
Djibouti 38.5 38.8 40.4 37.3 35.1
Dominica 51.3 55.8 58.7 58.6 43.0
Dominican Republic 35.2 36.2 35.8 36.6 37.0
Ecuador 22.3 21.5 17.9 26.4 32.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.7 18.8 16.2 15.1 16.2
El Salvador 21.1 25.9 24.8 24.9 27.4
Equatorial Guinea 80.1 116.7 115.9 123.6 122.1
Eritrea 29.2 29.6 14.8 9.5 9.7
Estonia 61.8 71.6 74.4 70.2 61.6
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands 44.3 46.7 49.7
Fiji 62.8 61.0 60.8 61.0 65.2
Finland 36.3 37.8 37.5 37.6 42.1
France 22.8 25.2 25.8 25.7 28.2
French Polynesia 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.0 4.9
Gabon 62.7 61.3 47.4 59.6 69.0
Gambia, The 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4 25.8
Georgia 13.3 15.6 16.5 19.1 23.0
Germany 22.9 25.4 26.5 27.0 30.8
Ghana 32.1 32.4 33.9 32.1 48.8
Greece 14.3 16.2 16.3 19.3 23.7
Greenland
Grenada 44.7 44.0 46.2 57.4 45.3
Guam
Guatemala 17.8 18.0 18.2 19.0 20.2
Guinea 19.2 19.6 21.3 21.6 24.5
Guinea-Bissau 10.5 21.0 14.4 24.9 21.8
Guyana 102.6 99.7 95.9 96.5 96.1
Haiti 11.3 10.5 9.9 12.2 12.7
Honduras 46.9 46.2 46.4 41.0 54.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 136.4 129.3 124.3 127.0 141.8
Hungary 41.9 47.9 52.9 55.6 66.8
Iceland 35.5 35.4 33.9 32.7 32.5
India 10.2 10.5 10.8 11.3 12.8
Indonesia 25.8 27.9 53.0 35.5 41.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.2 17.3 12.7 19.3 21.5
Iraq 0.0 63.8 77.9 77.6 75.7
Ireland 74.8 77.2 84.4 86.6 94.5
Isle of Man
Israel 27.1 27.9 28.6 32.7 35.6
Italy 23.8 24.2 24.1 23.2 25.6
Jamaica 43.8 39.1
Japan 9.7 10.7 10.8 10.2 10.9
Jordan 52.9 49.3 44.9 43.4 41.9
Kazakhstan 35.3 34.9 30.3 42.5 56.6
Kenya 25.2 22.7 20.2 20.8 21.6
Kiribati 16.1 20.1 24.4 12.2 12.9
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 25.7 29.8 42.4 35.8 35.0
Kuwait 52.3 52.9 43.9 45.9 56.5
Kyrgyz Republic 30.7 38.3 36.5 42.2 41.8
Lao PDR 22.7 23.9 36.5 35.9 30.1
Latvia 40.5 39.7 39.2 35.0 36.9
Lebanon 12.8 14.5 13.8 14.1 14.2
Lesotho 29.9 29.0 32.2 28.4 34.8
Liberia 8.8 10.8 14.6 31.4
Libya 28.7 26.8 19.4 20.2 31.6
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 41.9 45.0 39.1 32.4 38.5
Luxembourg 109.3 118.9 125.4 132.0 147.5
Macao SAR, China 83.4 83.7 84.6 87.0 100.4
Macedonia, FYR 28.2 37.3 41.2 42.2 32.9
Madagascar 20.5 21.9 21.5 24.5 30.7
Malawi 22.8 21.4 32.8 28.0 25.6
Malaysia 91.6 93.3 115.7 121.3 119.8
Maldives 91.7 91.2 92.4 90.5 89.5
Mali 18.9 23.8 21.3 20.8 22.8
Malta 77.4 76.3 78.9 82.9 90.6
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 49.4 42.1 30.9 27.2 30.0
Mauritius 63.6 61.5 65.7 63.9 61.4
Mexico 26.7 25.2 25.7 25.5 26.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 55.3 54.8 48.5 52.1 49.8
Monaco
Mongolia 35.5 52.7 47.8 50.2 54.0
Montenegro 36.8
Morocco 22.7 25.1 24.4 26.3 28.0
Mozambique 13.2 12.0 10.9 10.2 12.8
Myanmar 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.5
Namibia 45.9 43.2 41.9 42.0 40.9
Nepal 22.8 26.3 22.8 22.8 23.3
Netherlands 57.6 60.7 59.7 60.2 66.5
New Caledonia 15.3 16.5 12.0 13.1
New Zealand 28.3 28.3 29.6 31.0 35.7
Nicaragua 16.8 19.4 19.3 18.5 20.1
Niger 18.5 16.8 17.8 15.9 17.8
Nigeria 32.2 41.8 29.7 33.9 51.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 39.9 40.6 36.9 38.6 45.7
Oman 49.8 50.0 42.0 48.7 53.7
Pakistan 16.9 16.1 16.5 15.4 13.4
Palau 12.9 10.4 9.5 12.0 44.4
Panama 83.4 90.1 79.2 66.5 72.6
Papua New Guinea 59.4 49.2 54.0 63.1 66.2
Paraguay 52.7 48.5 56.3 45.3 46.8
Peru 13.6 14.7 13.8 15.5 16.8
Philippines 40.5 49.0 44.8 45.5 51.4
Poland 22.4 23.5 26.1 24.3 27.2
Portugal 26.5 27.1 27.3 26.5 28.2
Puerto Rico 64.1 63.6 67.1 69.7 72.2
Qatar 43.7 48.3 51.1 60.0 67.3
Romania 28.1 29.2 22.9 27.7 32.7
Russian Federation 26.1 24.7 31.2 43.2 44.1
Rwanda 6.0 7.8 5.6 6.2 6.3
Samoa 31.5 29.1 32.4 31.9 30.1
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 40.3 39.4 29.8 34.8 43.7
Senegal 27.0 27.3 27.7 28.1 27.9
Serbia 15.0 15.7 21.2 11.7 9.9
Seychelles 27.7 20.1 20.1 23.3 75.5
Sierra Leone 17.4 13.2 14.1 13.8 18.1
Singapore 176.1 169.9 167.6 177.2 189.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 52.3 55.1 46.7 47.5 54.1
Slovenia 46.2 47.6 47.5 44.1 50.0
Solomon Islands 34.4 38.7 36.2 35.7 24.1
Somalia
South Africa 24.1 24.0 25.0 24.7 27.2
South Sudan
Spain 23.1 25.8 26.2 26.4 28.6
Sri Lanka 35.0 36.5 36.2 35.5 39.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 40.0 39.3 39.8 37.5 35.7
St. Lucia 62.3 59.3 58.4 55.2 48.3
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 45.0 42.7 42.1 45.3 45.3
Sudan 7.5 5.3 6.7 7.8 16.0
Suriname 23.3 25.2 31.1 27.2 19.7
Swaziland 59.4 61.4 67.2 65.0 74.3
Sweden 36.8 40.1 41.0 41.0 44.1
Switzerland 41.8 47.2 46.7 47.4 52.2
Syrian Arab Republic 31.8 32.4 30.5 32.3 35.4
Tajikistan 76.6 87.2 48.9 66.1 98.8
Tanzania 19.9 16.2 12.4 12.5 13.4
Thailand 39.0 48.2 57.9 56.4 64.8
Timor-Leste 9.8
Togo 33.3 29.0 29.7 28.9 34.4
Tonga 20.4 21.1 19.9 16.0 15.4
Trinidad and Tobago 48.9 52.2 48.5 50.2 59.4
Tunisia 42.1 39.1 38.5 38.0 39.5
Turkey 21.5 24.6 21.3 19.4 20.1
Turkmenistan 74.6 42.7 32.7 56.1 95.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 12.0 13.4 9.6 12.3 10.7
Ukraine 45.7 40.6 41.9 53.7 62.4
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 27.7 27.1 25.2 25.1 26.3
United States 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.3 10.7
Uruguay 19.7 17.5 16.4 15.1 16.7
Uzbekistan 27.7 27.0 22.5 18.1 24.6
Vanuatu 46.0 52.1 42.3 37.4 39.2
Venezuela, RB 36.5 29.3 20.9 22.9 29.7
Vietnam 40.9 43.1 44.8 50.0 50.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 16.0 17.3 18.1 17.6 20.5
Yemen, Rep. 38.5 36.3 26.5 34.8 41.4
Zambia 28.5 27.4 24.6 25.0 23.9
Zimbabwe 36.1 37.6 43.4 37.4 38.2

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