Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania 12.5 12.3 10.5 10.8 17.3
Algeria 26.2 29.8 30.9 22.6 26.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 82.7 68.5 56.7 86.3
Antigua and Barbuda 85.3 75.7 76.4 75.1 72.5
Argentina 9.7 10.4 10.6 10.4 9.8
Armenia 23.9 23.2 20.3 19.0 20.8
Aruba 84.9 86.6 82.5 79.6 79.9
Australia 17.9 18.9 19.1 19.6 18.4
Austria 33.6 34.3 37.1 38.5 39.4
Azerbaijan 27.9 29.5 29.0 22.7 28.0
Bahamas, The 49.5 48.0 43.0 40.4 42.5
Bahrain 82.0 87.9 79.1 64.6 78.9
Bangladesh 10.9 9.7 10.5 11.8 11.8
Barbados 45.9 47.0 45.6 41.5 40.9
Belarus 49.7 46.3 59.9 59.1 59.2
Belgium 59.6 60.5 64.1 63.5 64.0
Belize 48.0 50.0 52.8 52.6 55.1
Benin 27.4 26.5 27.2 27.1 29.1
Bermuda
Bhutan 37.8 35.5 35.9 33.1 31.1
Bolivia 22.6 22.6 21.1 19.7 16.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.4 23.6 27.8 27.3 27.6
Botswana 50.8 53.8 60.9 49.3 55.2
Brazil 7.4 6.7 7.0 7.0 9.5
Brunei Darussalam 59.7 59.9 57.2 50.5 55.8
Bulgaria 51.9 59.0 50.1 43.1 42.6
Burkina Faso 14.1 10.6 10.8 12.8 9.5
Burundi 12.9 5.8 9.8 8.0 7.6
Cabo Verde 17.1 20.2 27.4 22.8 21.0
Cambodia 31.2 25.4 33.6 31.2 40.5
Cameroon 23.6 23.4 21.4 21.4 21.5
Canada 36.2 37.2 38.3 40.1 42.0
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 22.2 21.5 26.9 22.7 19.2
Chad 21.9 17.5 18.5 18.5 18.3
Chile 29.3 27.3 27.1 26.3 29.6
China 20.4 17.6 19.1 17.9 17.9
Colombia 14.5 15.2 14.8 15.0 18.3
Comoros 19.8 18.3 18.1 11.4 12.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 28.5 30.0 18.8 29.8 23.6
Congo, Rep. 64.7 68.5 75.6 76.3 72.3
Costa Rica 37.6 39.3 40.7 47.4 51.7
Cote d'Ivoire 41.8 41.1 42.9 41.4 42.4
Croatia 27.6 30.7 31.3 29.5 30.5
Cuba 13.4 15.3 14.9 14.3 14.5
Curacao
Cyprus 66.9 70.4 69.5 69.0 67.3
Czech Republic 40.6 38.4 40.6 42.3 43.0
Denmark 36.7 37.1 37.8 37.2 39.4
Djibouti 39.1 38.5 38.8 40.4 37.3
Dominica 49.8 51.3 55.8 58.7 58.6
Dominican Republic 35.8 35.2 36.2 35.8 36.6
Ecuador 21.3 22.3 21.5 17.9 26.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22.5 20.7 18.8 16.2 15.1
El Salvador 21.6 21.1 25.9 24.8 24.9
Equatorial Guinea 68.5 80.1 116.7 115.9 123.6
Eritrea 22.4 29.2 29.6 14.8 9.5
Estonia 49.6 45.1 52.3 54.3 51.3
Ethiopia 9.6 9.2 11.8 13.3 11.9
Faeroe Islands 44.3 46.7
Fiji 59.3 62.8 61.0 60.8 61.0
Finland 35.8 36.3 37.8 37.5 37.6
France 22.4 22.8 25.2 25.8 25.7
French Polynesia 2.9 4.2 4.4 4.1 5.0
Gabon 59.4 62.7 61.3 47.4 59.6
Gambia, The 23.8 21.8 22.9 25.3 24.4
Georgia 25.5 13.3 15.6 16.5 19.1
Germany 22.0 22.9 25.4 26.5 27.1
Ghana 24.5 32.1 32.4 33.9 32.1
Greece 14.4 14.2 16.2 16.2 19.2
Greenland
Grenada 44.8 44.7 44.0 46.2 57.4
Guam
Guatemala 19.3 17.8 18.0 18.2 19.0
Guinea 21.1 19.2 19.6 21.3 21.6
Guinea-Bissau 11.7 10.5 21.0 14.4 24.9
Guyana 101.2 102.6 99.7 95.9 96.5
Haiti 9.1 11.3 10.5 9.9 12.2
Honduras 43.7 46.9 46.2 46.4 41.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 142.9 136.4 129.3 124.3 127.0
Hungary 39.2 41.9 48.0 53.0 55.7
Iceland 34.6 35.3 35.3 33.8 32.6
India 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.8 11.3
Indonesia 26.3 25.8 27.9 53.0 35.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.7 20.8 17.4 13.6 21.4
Iraq
Ireland 73.6 75.0 77.3 84.7 86.7
Isle of Man
Israel 27.8 27.3 28.2 28.8 32.9
Italy 24.7 23.8 24.2 24.1 23.2
Jamaica 50.5 43.8 39.1
Japan 9.1 9.7 10.7 10.8 10.2
Jordan 51.7 52.9 49.3 44.9 43.4
Kazakhstan 39.0 35.3 34.9 30.3 42.5
Kenya 32.6 25.2 22.7 20.2 20.8
Kiribati 11.6 16.1 20.1 24.4 12.2
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 26.7 25.7 29.8 42.4 35.8
Kuwait 52.4 52.3 52.9 43.9 45.9
Kyrgyz Republic 29.5 30.7 38.3 36.5 42.2
Lao PDR 23.2 22.7 23.9 36.5 35.9
Latvia 34.7 40.5 39.9 39.4 35.4
Lebanon 10.8 12.8 14.5 13.8 14.1
Lesotho 22.5 29.9 29.0 32.2 28.4
Liberia 8.8 10.8 14.6
Libya 29.2 28.7 26.8 19.4 20.2
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 105.2 109.8 119.5 126.0 132.7
Macao SAR, China 82.7 83.4 83.7 84.6 87.0
Macedonia, FYR 33.0 28.2 37.3 41.2 42.2
Madagascar 24.1 20.5 21.9 21.5 24.5
Malawi 30.4 22.8 21.4 32.8 28.0
Malaysia 94.1 91.6 93.3 115.7 121.3
Maldives 92.7 91.7 91.2 92.4 90.5
Mali 21.1 20.0 26.1 24.8 26.5
Malta 83.1 77.4 76.3 78.9 82.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 52.3 49.4 42.1 30.9 27.2
Mauritius 58.7 63.6 61.5 65.7 63.9
Mexico 25.2 26.7 25.2 25.7 25.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 49.3 55.3 54.8 48.5 52.1
Monaco
Mongolia 40.5 35.5 52.7 47.8 50.2
Montenegro
Morocco 23.8 22.7 25.1 24.4 26.3
Mozambique 15.6 14.8 13.4 12.2 13.2
Myanmar 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.3
Namibia 45.1 45.9 43.2 41.9 42.0
Nepal 25.0 22.8 26.3 22.8 22.8
Netherlands 58.3 59.2 62.5 61.5 61.5
New Caledonia 15.6 15.3 16.5 12.0 13.1
New Zealand 29.4 28.3 28.3 29.6 31.0
Nicaragua 16.1 16.8 19.4 19.3 18.5
Niger 17.7 18.5 16.8 17.8 15.9
Nigeria 35.8 32.2 41.8 29.7 33.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 37.2 39.9 40.6 36.9 38.6
Oman 44.0 49.8 50.0 42.0 48.7
Pakistan 16.7 16.9 16.1 16.5 15.4
Palau 14.6 12.9 10.4 9.5 12.0
Panama 100.7 83.4 90.1 79.2 66.5
Papua New Guinea 61.0 59.4 49.2 54.0 63.1
Paraguay 61.8 52.7 48.5 56.3 45.3
Peru 12.9 13.6 14.7 13.8 15.5
Philippines 36.4 40.5 49.0 44.8 45.5
Poland 23.3 22.4 23.5 26.1 24.3
Portugal 26.8 26.5 27.1 27.3 26.5
Puerto Rico 68.7 64.1 63.6 67.1 69.7
Qatar 44.3 43.7 48.3 51.1 60.0
Romania 27.6 28.1 29.2 22.6 28.0
Russian Federation 29.3 26.1 24.7 31.2 43.2
Rwanda 5.2 6.0 7.8 5.6 6.2
Samoa 30.8 31.5 29.1 32.4 31.9
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 37.6 40.3 39.4 29.8 34.8
Senegal 30.9 27.0 27.3 27.7 28.1
Serbia 8.1 15.0 15.7 21.2 11.7
Seychelles 10.5 27.7 20.1 20.1 23.3
Sierra Leone 18.6 17.4 13.2 14.1 13.8
Singapore 181.2 176.1 169.9 167.6 177.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 56.7 52.3 55.1 46.7 47.5
Slovenia 45.6 46.2 47.6 47.5 44.1
Solomon Islands 36.2 34.4 38.7 36.2 35.7
Somalia
South Africa 22.1 24.1 24.0 25.0 24.7
South Sudan
Spain 21.9 23.1 25.8 26.2 26.4
Sri Lanka 35.6 35.0 36.5 36.2 35.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 51.2 49.7 53.2 53.8 47.0
St. Lucia 67.5 62.3 59.3 58.4 55.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 51.2 52.9 50.6 49.5 53.4
Sudan 5.0 7.5 5.3 6.7 7.8
Suriname 22.9 23.3 25.2 31.1 27.2
Swaziland 60.0 59.4 61.4 67.2 65.0
Sweden 38.0 36.8 40.1 41.0 41.0
Switzerland 40.8 41.8 47.2 46.7 47.4
Syrian Arab Republic 31.0 31.8 32.4 30.5 32.3
Tajikistan 65.6 76.6 87.2 48.9 66.1
Tanzania 24.1 19.9 16.2 12.4 12.5
Thailand 41.8 39.3 48.0 58.9 58.3
Timor-Leste
Togo 32.4 33.3 29.0 29.7 28.9
Tonga 17.5 20.4 23.7 19.7 16.0
Trinidad and Tobago 53.8 51.5 53.9 48.5 50.0
Tunisia 44.9 42.1 39.1 38.5 38.0
Turkey 19.9 21.5 24.6 21.3 19.4
Turkmenistan 84.0 74.6 42.7 32.7 56.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 11.8 12.0 13.4 9.6 12.3
Ukraine 47.1 45.7 40.6 41.9 53.7
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 27.2 27.8 27.3 25.4 25.2
United States 10.6 10.7 11.1 10.5 10.3
Uruguay 19.0 19.7 17.5 16.4 15.1
Uzbekistan 36.7 27.7 27.0 22.5 18.1
Vanuatu 44.6 46.0 52.1 42.3 37.4
Venezuela, RB 27.1 36.5 29.3 20.9 22.9
Vietnam 32.8 40.9 43.1 44.8 50.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 17.1 16.0 17.3 18.1 17.6
Yemen, Rep. 22.4 38.5 36.3 26.5 34.8
Zambia 32.9 28.5 27.4 24.6 25.0
Zimbabwe 38.2 36.1 37.6 43.4 37.4

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