Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Lao PDR 7 7 10 14
Mozambique 3 7 17 21 21
Namibia 10 8 13 15 15
Chad 7 8 9 7 8
Uganda 9 8 10 11 11
Madagascar 9 9 10 13 13
Ghana 10 9 10 11 13
Puerto Rico 12 10 14 16 17
Guatemala 11 10 14 14 14
Sierra Leone 11 11 10 6 8
Uruguay 11 11 14 15 12
Niger 13 12 12 19 14
Burundi 14 12 23 15 16
Senegal 17 12 15 11 9
Cote d'Ivoire 13 12 12 13 9
Malawi 19 12 17 21 25
Myanmar 16 13 12 13 9
Central African Republic 15 13 13 11 12
Congo, Dem. Rep. 13 13 14 14 14
El Salvador 11 13 12 13 15
Benin 9 13 13 16 12
Bolivia 19 14 14 14 12
Honduras 17 14 17 21 19
Sudan 9 14 15 4 5
Vietnam 14 14 18 15
Guinea 15 16 17 17
Philippines 14 15 17 19 22
Nigeria 11 16 13 10 12
Rwanda 17 16 16 14 13
Barbados 15 16 16 18 19
Costa Rica 14 16 20 18 18
Angola 18 16 16 12 12
Gambia, The 15 17 17 16 20
Bangladesh 16 17 16 16 17
Nicaragua 23 17 16 27 27
Jamaica 24 17 21 24 27
Panama 15 17 18 8 6
Argentina 18 17 20 19 16
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21 17 21 17 22
Ireland 19 18 16 16 18
Belgium 18 18 19 21 22
Colombia 19 18 19 21 18
Zimbabwe 18 18 15 19 15
Fiji 19 18 16 13 13
Bahamas, The 19 18 19 31
Iceland 21 18 21 21 19
United Kingdom 19 19 19 22 23
Solomon Islands 18 19 23 24 20
Mexico 21 19 19 23 23
Pakistan 18 19 19 18 19
Togo 17 19 18 16 17
Turkey 17 19 26 25 23
Chile 17 19 22 23 25
Ethiopia 13 19 18 26 16
South Africa 21 19 16 20 21
Brazil 19 19 22 23 27
Israel 19 19 20 18 17
France 19 19 20 21 22
Saudi Arabia 21 19 18 20 19
Papua New Guinea 20 20 21 27 23
Dominican Republic 18 20 24 25 28
Luxembourg 17 20 23 23 23
Jordan 21 20 23 23 23
Swaziland 26 20 15 24 24
Sweden 22 20 21 22 24
Burkina Faso 23 20 19 19 20
Nepal 23 20 21 22 22
Belize 22 20 22 25 30
Mali 16 21 21 21 22
Venezuela, RB 19 21 25 28 13
New Caledonia 14 21
Spain 20 21 23 25 26
Peru 18 21 21 34 16
Botswana 23 21 16 24 36
Germany 22 22 21 22 23
Trinidad and Tobago 19 22 19 13 17
Italy 23 22 22 23 22
Kenya 25 22 24 25 25
Mauritius 23 22 25 31 31
Canada 22 22 22 24 24
Suriname 14 22 26 17 21
Netherlands 21 22 22 23 24
Kuwait 19 22 18 16 12
Dominica 28 22 23 31 41
Austria 23 22 23 24 25
Morocco 25 23 21 21 24
Portugal 21 23 27 30 28
Denmark 22 23 21 20 21
Malta 26 23 25 26 27
Malaysia 25 23 21 24 28
Hong Kong SAR, China 22 23 26 28 27
India 23 23 23 24 24
Ecuador 19 24 25 26 27
Comoros 33 24 25 22 17
Sri Lanka 24 24 23 23 22
United States 24 24 24 23 22
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27 24 26 35 32
Guinea-Bissau 35 24 35 45 39
Zambia 15 24 13 11 11
Syrian Arab Republic 26 24 20 15 17
New Zealand 26 24 22 20 22
Tonga 26 24 22 23 20
Finland 25 24 25 27 30
St. Lucia 24 25 25 30 35
Somalia 30 25 33 24 30
Cameroon 25 26 25 21 17
Cuba 29 26 23 24 26
Thailand 28 26 28 33 35
Cyprus 30 26 26 27 31
Tunisia 30 27 23 21 24
Bahrain 36 27 25 20 25
Hungary 25 27 27 25 27
Switzerland 27 27 27 29 30
Greece 28 27 21 24 24
Korea, Rep. 28 27 28 29 31
St. Kitts and Nevis 30 27 34 56 58
Japan 28 28 28 31 32
Macao SAR, China 26 28 27 28 27
Australia 28 28 27 28 30
Vanuatu 26 29 33 27 33
Poland 28 29 29 33 38
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28 29 32 30 29
Congo, Rep. 30 29 20 19 14
Indonesia 28 30 30 29 33
Mauritania 28 30 28 28 19
Georgia 34 30 29 31 28
Grenada 27 30 33 34 34
Slovak Republic 31 31 33 31 32
Albania 33 31 28 29 32
Norway 26 31 30 29 26
Oman 28 32 19 16 12
Tajikistan 36 33 32 32 29
Algeria 35 34 28 28 30
Antigua and Barbuda 28 36 46 40 41
Bulgaria 32 36 33 34 33
Latvia 35 36 37 36 36
Singapore 41 37 37 33 34
China 38 38 37 38 37
Lesotho 42 39 40 45 52
Guyana 36 40 31 21 22
Bhutan 44 42 37 38 32
Gabon 42 46 26 37 26
Mongolia 63 64 51 47 48
Equatorial Guinea 59 64 79 76 76
Kiribati 58 73 73 61 61
Marshall Islands
Lithuania
Maldives
Liechtenstein
Czech Republic
Paraguay
Armenia
Libya
Estonia
Liberia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Moldova
Belarus
Afghanistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kyrgyz Republic 31 31 35
St. Martin (French part)
Qatar
Northern Mariana Islands
Romania
Palau
Russian Federation 34
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kosovo
United Arab Emirates
Samoa
Uzbekistan 29 27 32
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sao Tome and Principe
Greenland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
French Polynesia
Croatia
Faeroe Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Eritrea
Cayman Islands
Djibouti
Cabo Verde
Curacao
Serbia
Tanzania
Seychelles
Timor-Leste
Kazakhstan
Cambodia
Monaco
Brunei Darussalam 19
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkmenistan 35 34 35
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Slovenia
Ukraine 29
Iraq
Bermuda
Haiti
Azerbaijan
Yemen, Rep.
Aruba
Montenegro
Andorra
Guam
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
American Samoa
Lebanon

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