Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 33 31 28 29 32
Algeria 35 34 28 28 30
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0 0 0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 28 36 46 40 41
Argentina 18 17 20 19 16
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 28 29 27 28 30
Austria 25 24 24 26 27
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 19 18 19 31
Bahrain 36 27 25 20 25
Bangladesh 16 16 15 16 16
Barbados 15 16 16 18 19
Belarus
Belgium 19 19 20 22 24
Belize 22 20 22 25 30
Benin 9 13 13 16 12
Bermuda
Bhutan 44 42 37 38 32
Bolivia 19 14 14 14 12
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 23 21 16 24 36
Brazil 20 23 21 23 27
Brunei Darussalam 19
Bulgaria 32 36 33 34 33
Burkina Faso 23 20 19 19 20
Burundi 14 12 23 15 16
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 25 26 25 21 17
Canada 22 22 22 24 24
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 15 13 13 11 12
Chad 7 8 9 7 8
Chile 17 19 22 23 25
China 38 38 37 38 37
Colombia 19 18 19 21 18
Comoros 33 24 25 22 17
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 30 29 20 19 14
Costa Rica 14 16 20 18 18
Cote d'Ivoire 13 12 12 13 9
Croatia
Cuba 29 26 23 24 26
Curacao
Cyprus 30 26 26 27 31
Czech Republic
Denmark 23 25 23 21 22
Djibouti
Dominica 28 22 23 31 41
Dominican Republic 18 20 24 25 28
Ecuador 19 24 25 26 27
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27 24 26 35 32
El Salvador 11 13 12 13 15
Equatorial Guinea 59 64 79 76 76
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 15 22 21 31 18
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 19 18 16 13 13
Finland 27 26 27 29 32
France 21 22 22 23 24
French Polynesia
Gabon 42 46 26 37 26
Gambia, The 15 17 17 16 20
Georgia 34 30 29 31 28
Germany 23 23 22 23 24
Ghana 10 9 10 11 13
Greece 32 31 23 27 27
Greenland
Grenada 27 30 33 34 34
Guam
Guatemala 11 10 14 14 14
Guinea 15 16 17 17
Guinea-Bissau 35 24 35 45 39
Guyana 36 40 31 21 22
Haiti
Honduras 17 14 17 21 19
Hong Kong SAR, China 22 23 26 28 27
Hungary
Iceland 23 20 22 23 20
India 23 23 23 24 24
Indonesia 28 30 30 29 33
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21 17 21 17 22
Iraq
Ireland 20 18 17 16 18
Isle of Man
Israel 19 19 20 18 17
Italy 23 21 22 22 22
Jamaica 24 17 21 24 27
Japan 28 28 28 31 32
Jordan 21 20 23 23 23
Kazakhstan
Kenya 25 22 24 25 25
Kiribati 58 73 73 61 61
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 28 27 28 29 31
Kuwait 19 22 18 16 12
Kyrgyz Republic 31 31 35
Lao PDR 7 7 10 14
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 42 39 40 45 52
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 15 18 21 22 21
Macao SAR, China 26 28 27 28 27
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 9 9 10 13 13
Malawi 19 12 17 21 25
Malaysia 25 23 21 24 28
Maldives
Mali 16 21 21 21 22
Malta 26 23 25 26 27
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 28 30 28 28 19
Mauritius 23 22 25 31 31
Mexico 21 19 19 23 23
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 63 64 51 47 48
Montenegro
Morocco 28 26 23 23 27
Mozambique 3 7 17 21 21
Myanmar 16 13 12 13 9
Namibia 10 8 13 15 15
Nepal 23 20 21 22 22
Netherlands 21 23 23 24 25
New Caledonia 14 21
New Zealand 27 25 23 21 23
Nicaragua 23 17 16 27 27
Niger 13 12 12 19 14
Nigeria 11 16 13 10 12
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 27 33 31 30 27
Oman 28 32 19 16 12
Pakistan 18 19 19 18 19
Palau
Panama 15 17 18 8 6
Papua New Guinea 20 20 21 27 23
Paraguay
Peru 19 20 20 24 17
Philippines 14 15 17 19 22
Poland
Portugal 21 23 27 30 28
Puerto Rico 12 10 14 16 17
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation 34
Rwanda 17 16 16 14 13
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 21 19 18 20 19
Senegal 17 12 15 11 9
Serbia
Seychelles 23 23 20 26 27
Sierra Leone 11 11 10 6 8
Singapore 41 37 37 33 34
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 18 19 23 24 20
Somalia 30 25 33 24 30
South Africa 21 19 16 20 21
South Sudan
Spain 21 22 23 25 26
Sri Lanka 24 24 23 23 22
St. Kitts and Nevis 30 27 34 56 58
St. Lucia 24 25 25 30 35
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28 29 32 30 29
Sudan 9 14 15 4 5
Suriname 14 22 26 17 21
Swaziland 26 20 15 24 24
Sweden 27 25 26 27 30
Switzerland 30 29 30 31 33
Syrian Arab Republic 26 24 20 15 17
Tajikistan 36 33 32 32 29
Tanzania
Thailand 28 26 28 33 35
Timor-Leste
Togo 17 19 18 16 17
Tonga 26 24 22 23 20
Trinidad and Tobago 19 22 19 13 17
Tunisia 30 27 23 21 24
Turkey 17 19 26 25 23
Turkmenistan 35 34 35
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 9 8 10 11 11
Ukraine 29
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 21 20 21 24 25
United States 24 24 24 23 22
Uruguay 11 11 14 15 12
Uzbekistan 29 27 32
Vanuatu 26 29 33 27 33
Venezuela, RB 19 21 25 28 13
Vietnam 14 14 18 15
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 15 24 13 11 11
Zimbabwe 18 18 15 19 15

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