Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Niger 3 13 12 12 19
Chad 5 7 8 9 7
Lao PDR 6 7 7 10 14
Ghana 7 10 9 10 11
Uganda 8 9 8 10 11
Sudan 9 9 14 15 4
Madagascar 9 9 9 10 13
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10 13 13 14 14
Puerto Rico 11 13 11 15 16
Guatemala 12 11 10 14 14
Cote d'Ivoire 12 13 12 12 13
Mozambique 12 3 7 17 21
Suriname 12 14 22 26 17
El Salvador 12 11 13 12 13
Uruguay 12 11 11 14 15
Central African Republic 12 15 13 13 11
Mali 12 16 21 21 21
Nigeria 12 11 16 13 10
Sierra Leone 13 11 11 10 6
Benin 13 9 13 13 16
Malawi 13 19 12 17 21
Chile 14 17 19 22 23
Burkina Faso 14 23 20 19 19
New Caledonia 15 14 21
Zambia 15 15 24 13 11
Costa Rica 15 14 16 20 18
Panama 15 15 17 18 8
Togo 15 17 19 18 16
Myanmar 15 16 13 12 13
Brazil 16 19 19 22 23
Rwanda 16 17 16 16 14
Solomon Islands 16 18 19 23 24
Bangladesh 16 16 17 16 16
Turkey 16 17 19 26 25
Barbados 16 15 16 16 18
Bahamas, The 16 19 18 19
Namibia 16 11 8 15 17
Zimbabwe 17 18 18 15 19
Honduras 17 17 14 17 21
Ethiopia 18 11 17 16 23
Venezuela, RB 18 19 21 25 28
Pakistan 18 18 19 19 18
Gambia, The 18 15 17 17 16
Burundi 18 14 12 23 15
France 19 19 19 20 21
Nepal 19 23 20 21 22
Ecuador 19 19 24 25 26
Belgium 19 18 18 19 21
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 22
Fiji 19 19 18 16 13
Colombia 19 19 18 19 21
Senegal 19 17 12 15 11
St. Lucia 20 24 25 25 30
Sweden 20 22 20 21 22
Bolivia 20 19 14 14 14
Kenya 20 25 22 24 25
Mexico 20 21 19 19 23
Vanuatu 20 26 29 33 27
Argentina 20 18 17 20 19
Spain 20 20 21 23 25
Denmark 20 22 23 21 20
Luxembourg 20 17 20 23 23
Philippines 20 14 15 17 19
Netherlands 20 21 22 22 23
Canada 21 21 21 22 23
Peru 21 18 21 21 34
Kuwait 21 19 22 18 16
Ireland 21 19 18 16 16
Dominican Republic 21 18 20 24 25
India 22 23 23 23 24
Israel 22 19 19 20 18
Mauritius 22 23 22 25 31
Germany 22 22 22 21 22
Nicaragua 22 23 17 16 27
Austria 23 23 22 23 24
Portugal 23 21 23 27 30
Jamaica 23 24 17 21 24
Iceland 23 21 18 21 21
Italy 23 23 22 22 23
Belize 24 22 20 22 25
Antigua and Barbuda 24 28 36 46 40
Tonga 24 26 24 22 23
Trinidad and Tobago 24 19 22 19 13
Somalia 24 30 25 33 24
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24 21 17 21 17
Hong Kong SAR, China 24 22 23 26 28
Mauritania 24 28 30 28 28
Macao SAR, China 25 26 28 27 28
South Africa 25 21 19 16 20
United States 25 24 24 24 23
Morocco 25 25 23 21 21
Syrian Arab Republic 25 26 24 20 15
Cuba 26 29 26 23 24
Hungary 26 25 27 27 25
Sri Lanka 26 24 24 23 23
Finland 26 25 24 25 27
Cameroon 26 25 26 25 21
Norway 26 26 31 30 29
Australia 26 27 28 27 28
Greece 27 28 27 21 24
Malta 27 26 23 25 26
Indonesia 27 28 30 30 29
Papua New Guinea 27 20 20 21 27
Switzerland 27 27 27 27 29
Guyana 27 36 40 31 21
Grenada 27 27 30 33 34
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27 27 24 26 35
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28 28 29 32 30
Japan 28 28 28 28 31
New Zealand 28 26 24 22 20
Swaziland 29 26 20 15 24
Botswana 29 23 21 16 24
Thailand 29 28 26 28 33
Jordan 30 21 20 23 23
Oman 30 28 32 19 16
St. Kitts and Nevis 30 30 27 34 56
Malaysia 30 25 23 21 24
Korea, Rep. 30 30 29 30 31
Congo, Rep. 30 30 29 20 19
Albania 32 33 31 28 29
Saudi Arabia 33 21 19 18 20
Georgia 33 34 30 29 31
Latvia 33 35 36 37 36
Gabon 33 42 46 26 37
Bulgaria 33 32 36 33 34
Cyprus 34 30 26 26 27
China 35 38 38 37 38
Algeria 35 35 34 28 28
Tunisia 36 30 27 23 21
Dominica 37 28 22 23 31
Lesotho 37 42 39 40 45
Bhutan 37 44 42 37 38
Guinea-Bissau 38 35 24 35 45
Bahrain 43 36 27 25 20
Comoros 45 33 24 25 22
Singapore 47 41 36 36 33
Kiribati 49 58 73 73 61
Mongolia 58 63 64 51 47
Kosovo
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kyrgyz Republic 31 31
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Brunei Darussalam
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Kazakhstan
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Iraq
Andorra
Palau
Czech Republic
Cayman Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Haiti
Liberia
Cabo Verde
Paraguay
Tanzania
Guinea 15 16 17
Bermuda
Guam
Turkmenistan 35 34
Poland 28 29 29 33
Ukraine
Greenland
Angola 18 16 16 12
Libya
Vietnam 14 14 18
Qatar
Afghanistan
Romania
Macedonia, FYR
Russian Federation
Croatia
French Polynesia
Montenegro
Samoa
San Marino
Cambodia
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
Tajikistan 36 33 32 32
Estonia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serbia
Moldova
Seychelles
Belarus
Eritrea
Maldives
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Azerbaijan
Slovak Republic 31 31 33 31
United Arab Emirates
Slovenia
Armenia
Equatorial Guinea
Uzbekistan 29 27
Lithuania
American Samoa
Djibouti
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Yemen, Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Lebanon

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