Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Mozambique 12 3 7 17 21
Lao PDR 6 7 7 10 14
Chad 5 7 8 9 7
Madagascar 9 9 9 10 13
Uganda 8 9 8 10 11
Benin 13 9 13 13 16
Sudan 9 9 14 15 4
Ghana 7 10 9 10 11
Namibia 13 10 8 13 15
El Salvador 12 11 13 12 13
Sierra Leone 13 11 11 10 6
Nigeria 12 11 16 13 10
Uruguay 12 11 11 14 15
Guatemala 12 11 10 14 14
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10 13 13 14 14
Niger 3 13 12 12 19
Puerto Rico 11 13 11 15 16
Ethiopia 20 13 19 18 26
Cote d'Ivoire 12 13 12 12 13
Costa Rica 15 14 16 20 18
Burundi 18 14 12 23 15
New Caledonia 15 14 21
Philippines 20 14 15 17 19
Suriname 12 14 22 26 17
Zambia 15 15 24 13 11
Gambia, The 18 15 17 17 16
Panama 15 15 17 18 8
Central African Republic 12 15 13 13 11
Barbados 16 15 16 16 18
Myanmar 15 16 13 12 13
Mali 12 16 21 21 21
Bangladesh 16 16 17 16 16
Turkey 16 17 19 26 25
Luxembourg 20 17 20 23 23
Togo 15 17 19 18 16
Senegal 19 17 12 15 11
Chile 14 17 19 22 23
Rwanda 16 17 16 16 14
Honduras 17 17 14 17 21
Argentina 20 18 17 20 19
Dominican Republic 21 18 20 24 25
Zimbabwe 17 18 18 15 19
Angola 18 16 16 12
Belgium 19 18 18 19 21
Solomon Islands 16 18 19 23 24
Pakistan 18 18 19 19 18
Peru 21 18 21 21 34
France 19 19 19 20 21
Malawi 13 19 12 17 21
Ireland 21 19 18 16 16
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 22
Trinidad and Tobago 24 19 22 19 13
Kuwait 21 19 22 18 16
Ecuador 19 19 24 25 26
Colombia 19 19 18 19 21
Fiji 19 19 18 16 13
Venezuela, RB 18 19 21 25 28
Bahamas, The 16 19 18 19
Brazil 16 19 19 22 23
Israel 22 19 19 20 18
Bolivia 20 19 14 14 14
Papua New Guinea 27 20 20 21 27
Spain 20 20 21 23 25
South Africa 25 21 19 16 20
Iceland 23 21 18 21 21
Netherlands 20 21 22 22 23
Jordan 30 21 20 23 23
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24 21 17 21 17
Mexico 20 21 19 19 23
Portugal 23 21 23 27 30
Saudi Arabia 33 21 19 18 20
Hong Kong SAR, China 24 22 23 26 28
Sweden 20 22 20 21 22
Denmark 20 22 23 21 20
Germany 22 22 22 21 22
Belize 24 22 20 22 25
Canada 21 22 22 22 24
Nepal 19 23 20 21 22
Burkina Faso 14 23 20 19 19
Botswana 29 23 21 16 24
Nicaragua 22 23 17 16 27
Italy 23 23 22 22 23
Austria 23 23 22 23 24
Mauritius 22 23 22 25 31
India 22 23 23 23 24
Sri Lanka 26 24 24 23 23
St. Lucia 20 24 25 25 30
United States 25 24 24 24 23
Jamaica 23 24 17 21 24
Malaysia 30 25 23 21 24
Cameroon 26 25 26 25 21
Hungary 26 25 27 27 25
Morocco 25 25 23 21 21
Kenya 20 25 22 24 25
Finland 26 25 24 25 27
Macao SAR, China 25 26 28 27 28
Syrian Arab Republic 25 26 24 20 15
Malta 27 26 23 25 26
Vanuatu 20 26 29 33 27
Norway 26 26 31 30 29
New Zealand 28 26 24 22 20
Swaziland 29 26 20 15 24
Tonga 24 26 24 22 23
Grenada 27 27 30 33 34
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27 27 24 26 35
Switzerland 27 27 27 27 29
Oman 30 28 32 19 16
Poland 28 29 29 33
Antigua and Barbuda 24 28 36 46 40
Greece 27 28 27 21 24
Korea, Rep. 28 28 27 28 29
Indonesia 27 28 30 30 29
Australia 27 28 28 27 28
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28 28 29 32 30
Japan 28 28 28 28 31
Mauritania 24 28 30 28 28
Thailand 29 28 26 28 33
Dominica 37 28 22 23 31
Cuba 26 29 26 23 24
Somalia 24 30 25 33 24
Tunisia 36 30 27 23 21
Congo, Rep. 30 30 29 20 19
St. Kitts and Nevis 30 30 27 34 56
Cyprus 34 30 26 26 27
Slovak Republic 31 31 33 31
Bulgaria 33 32 36 33 34
Albania 32 33 31 28 29
Comoros 45 33 24 25 22
Georgia 33 34 30 29 31
Algeria 35 35 34 28 28
Guinea-Bissau 38 35 24 35 45
Latvia 33 35 36 37 36
Bahrain 43 36 27 25 20
Tajikistan 36 33 32 32
Guyana 27 36 40 31 21
China 35 38 38 37 38
Singapore 47 41 37 37 33
Lesotho 37 42 39 40 45
Gabon 33 42 46 26 37
Bhutan 37 44 42 37 38
Kiribati 49 58 73 73 61
Equatorial Guinea 88 59 64 79 76
Mongolia 58 63 64 51 47
Estonia
Brunei Darussalam
Liberia
Croatia
Maldives
Vietnam 14 14 18
Lebanon
St. Martin (French part)
Palau
Monaco
Central Europe and the Baltics
Northern Mariana Islands
Kyrgyz Republic 31 31
Afghanistan
Paraguay
Libya
Kosovo
Czech Republic
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cayman Islands
Belarus
Cabo Verde
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Armenia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kazakhstan
Azerbaijan
Isle of Man
Andorra
Qatar
West Bank and Gaza
Romania
Macedonia, FYR
Russian Federation
Eritrea
Iraq
Samoa
Djibouti
San Marino
Curacao
Sao Tome and Principe
Moldova
Haiti
Cambodia
Marshall Islands
Tanzania
Serbia
Timor-Leste
Seychelles
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guinea 15 16 17
Bermuda
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Turkmenistan 35 34
Ukraine
Tuvalu
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guam
United Arab Emirates
Slovenia
Aruba
Greenland
Uzbekistan 29 27
Montenegro
American Samoa
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Yemen, Rep.
Faeroe Islands
Fragile and conflict affected situations

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