Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Lao PDR 6 7 7 10 14
Mozambique 12 3 7 17 21
Namibia 13 10 8 13 15
Chad 5 7 8 9 7
Uganda 8 9 8 10 11
Madagascar 9 9 9 10 13
Ghana 7 10 9 10 11
Guatemala 12 11 10 14 14
Sierra Leone 13 11 11 10 6
Uruguay 12 11 11 14 15
Puerto Rico 11 13 11 15 16
Niger 3 13 12 12 19
Burundi 18 14 12 23 15
Senegal 19 17 12 15 11
Cote d'Ivoire 12 13 12 12 13
Malawi 13 19 12 17 21
Myanmar 15 16 13 12 13
Central African Republic 12 15 13 13 11
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10 13 13 14 14
El Salvador 12 11 13 12 13
Benin 13 9 13 13 16
Bolivia 20 19 14 14 14
Honduras 17 17 14 17 21
Sudan 9 9 14 15 4
Vietnam 14 14 18
Guinea 15 16 17
Philippines 20 14 15 17 19
Nigeria 12 11 16 13 10
Rwanda 16 17 16 16 14
Barbados 16 15 16 16 18
Costa Rica 15 14 16 20 18
Angola 18 16 16 12
Gambia, The 18 15 17 17 16
Bangladesh 16 16 17 16 16
Nicaragua 22 23 17 16 27
Jamaica 23 24 17 21 24
Panama 15 15 17 18 8
Argentina 20 18 17 20 19
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24 21 17 21 17
Ireland 21 19 18 16 16
Belgium 19 18 18 19 21
Colombia 19 19 18 19 21
Zimbabwe 17 18 18 15 19
Fiji 19 19 18 16 13
Bahamas, The 16 19 18 19
Iceland 23 21 18 21 21
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 22
Solomon Islands 16 18 19 23 24
Mexico 20 21 19 19 23
Pakistan 18 18 19 19 18
Togo 15 17 19 18 16
Turkey 16 17 19 26 25
Chile 14 17 19 22 23
Ethiopia 20 13 19 18 26
South Africa 25 21 19 16 20
Brazil 16 19 19 22 23
Israel 22 19 19 20 18
France 19 19 19 20 21
Saudi Arabia 33 21 19 18 20
Papua New Guinea 27 20 20 21 27
Dominican Republic 21 18 20 24 25
Luxembourg 20 17 20 23 23
Jordan 30 21 20 23 23
Swaziland 29 26 20 15 24
Sweden 20 22 20 21 22
Burkina Faso 14 23 20 19 19
Nepal 19 23 20 21 22
Belize 24 22 20 22 25
Mali 12 16 21 21 21
Venezuela, RB 18 19 21 25 28
New Caledonia 15 14 21
Spain 20 20 21 23 25
Peru 21 18 21 21 34
Botswana 29 23 21 16 24
Germany 22 22 22 21 22
Trinidad and Tobago 24 19 22 19 13
Italy 23 23 22 22 23
Kenya 20 25 22 24 25
Mauritius 22 23 22 25 31
Canada 21 22 22 22 24
Suriname 12 14 22 26 17
Netherlands 20 21 22 22 23
Kuwait 21 19 22 18 16
Dominica 37 28 22 23 31
Austria 23 23 22 23 24
Morocco 25 25 23 21 21
Portugal 23 21 23 27 30
Denmark 20 22 23 21 20
Malta 27 26 23 25 26
Malaysia 30 25 23 21 24
Hong Kong SAR, China 24 22 23 26 28
India 22 23 23 23 24
Ecuador 19 19 24 25 26
Comoros 45 33 24 25 22
Sri Lanka 26 24 24 23 23
United States 25 24 24 24 23
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27 27 24 26 35
Guinea-Bissau 38 35 24 35 45
Zambia 15 15 24 13 11
Syrian Arab Republic 25 26 24 20 15
New Zealand 28 26 24 22 20
Tonga 24 26 24 22 23
Finland 26 25 24 25 27
St. Lucia 20 24 25 25 30
Somalia 24 30 25 33 24
Cameroon 26 25 26 25 21
Cuba 26 29 26 23 24
Thailand 29 28 26 28 33
Cyprus 34 30 26 26 27
Tunisia 36 30 27 23 21
Bahrain 43 36 27 25 20
Hungary 26 25 27 27 25
Switzerland 27 27 27 27 29
Greece 27 28 27 21 24
Korea, Rep. 28 28 27 28 29
St. Kitts and Nevis 30 30 27 34 56
Japan 28 28 28 28 31
Macao SAR, China 25 26 28 27 28
Australia 27 28 28 27 28
Vanuatu 20 26 29 33 27
Poland 28 29 29 33
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28 28 29 32 30
Congo, Rep. 30 30 29 20 19
Indonesia 27 28 30 30 29
Mauritania 24 28 30 28 28
Georgia 33 34 30 29 31
Grenada 27 27 30 33 34
Slovak Republic 31 31 33 31
Albania 32 33 31 28 29
Norway 26 26 31 30 29
Oman 30 28 32 19 16
Tajikistan 36 33 32 32
Algeria 35 35 34 28 28
Antigua and Barbuda 24 28 36 46 40
Bulgaria 33 32 36 33 34
Latvia 33 35 36 37 36
Singapore 47 41 37 37 33
China 35 38 38 37 38
Lesotho 37 42 39 40 45
Guyana 27 36 40 31 21
Bhutan 37 44 42 37 38
Gabon 33 42 46 26 37
Mongolia 58 63 64 51 47
Equatorial Guinea 88 59 64 79 76
Kiribati 49 58 73 73 61
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Turkmenistan 35 34
Palau
Djibouti
Libya
Aruba
Liberia
St. Martin (French part)
Paraguay
Lithuania
Moldova
Ukraine
Lebanon
American Samoa
Central Europe and the Baltics
French Polynesia
Kyrgyz Republic 31 31
Eritrea
Kosovo
Curacao
Qatar
Northern Mariana Islands
Romania
Tuvalu
Russian Federation
Belarus
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Armenia
Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
San Marino
Maldives
Sao Tome and Principe
Faeroe Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Estonia
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Cambodia
Czech Republic
Brunei Darussalam
Croatia
Kazakhstan
Tanzania
Serbia
Timor-Leste
Seychelles
Cabo Verde
Isle of Man
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Iraq
Bermuda
Slovenia
United Arab Emirates
Haiti
Azerbaijan
West Bank and Gaza
Uzbekistan 29 27
Afghanistan
Andorra
Montenegro
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Yemen, Rep.
South Sudan
Fragile and conflict affected situations

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