Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Chad 5 7 8 9 7
Uganda 8 9 8 10 11
Madagascar 9 9 9 10 13
Sierra Leone 13 11 11 10 6
Lao PDR 6 7 7 10 14
Ghana 7 10 9 10 11
Myanmar 15 16 13 12 13
Niger 3 13 12 12 19
Cote d'Ivoire 12 13 12 12 13
El Salvador 12 11 13 12 13
Central African Republic 12 15 13 13 11
Nigeria 12 11 16 13 10
Zambia 15 15 24 13 11
Namibia 13 10 8 13 15
Benin 13 9 13 13 16
Bolivia 20 19 14 14 14
Vietnam 14 14 18
Guatemala 12 11 10 14 14
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10 13 13 14 14
Uruguay 12 11 11 14 15
Senegal 19 17 12 15 11
Puerto Rico 11 13 11 15 16
Swaziland 29 26 20 15 24
Zimbabwe 17 18 18 15 19
Sudan 9 9 14 15 4
Botswana 29 23 21 16 24
Rwanda 16 17 16 16 14
South Africa 25 21 19 16 20
Nicaragua 22 23 17 16 27
Ireland 21 19 18 16 16
Bangladesh 16 16 17 16 16
Barbados 16 15 16 16 18
Angola 18 16 16 12
Fiji 19 19 18 16 13
Guinea 15 16 17
Mozambique 12 3 7 17 21
Gambia, The 18 15 17 17 16
Malawi 13 19 12 17 21
Honduras 17 17 14 17 21
Philippines 20 14 15 17 19
Kuwait 21 19 22 18 16
Togo 15 17 19 18 16
Saudi Arabia 33 21 19 18 20
Ethiopia 20 13 19 18 26
Panama 15 15 17 18 8
Belgium 19 18 18 19 21
Oman 30 28 32 19 16
Bahamas, The 16 19 18 19
Colombia 19 19 18 19 21
Pakistan 18 18 19 19 18
Burkina Faso 14 23 20 19 19
Mexico 20 21 19 19 23
Trinidad and Tobago 24 19 22 19 13
United Kingdom 19 19 19 19 22
Syrian Arab Republic 25 26 24 20 15
Costa Rica 15 14 16 20 18
Argentina 20 18 17 20 19
France 19 19 19 20 21
Israel 22 19 19 20 18
Congo, Rep. 30 30 29 20 19
Papua New Guinea 27 20 20 21 27
Greece 27 28 27 21 24
Jamaica 23 24 17 21 24
Iceland 23 21 18 21 21
Mali 12 16 21 21 21
Malaysia 30 25 23 21 24
Germany 22 22 22 21 22
Sweden 20 22 20 21 22
Morocco 25 25 23 21 21
Nepal 19 23 20 21 22
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24 21 17 21 17
Denmark 20 22 23 21 20
Peru 21 18 21 21 34
New Zealand 28 26 24 22 20
Netherlands 20 21 22 22 23
Belize 24 22 20 22 25
Italy 23 23 22 22 23
Chile 14 17 19 22 23
Tonga 24 26 24 22 23
Brazil 16 19 19 22 23
Canada 21 22 22 22 24
Spain 20 20 21 23 25
Luxembourg 20 17 20 23 23
Jordan 30 21 20 23 23
India 22 23 23 23 24
Burundi 18 14 12 23 15
Austria 23 23 22 23 24
Cuba 26 29 26 23 24
Dominica 37 28 22 23 31
Sri Lanka 26 24 24 23 23
Solomon Islands 16 18 19 23 24
Tunisia 36 30 27 23 21
United States 25 24 24 24 23
Dominican Republic 21 18 20 24 25
Kenya 20 25 22 24 25
St. Lucia 20 24 25 25 30
Cameroon 26 25 26 25 21
Finland 26 25 24 25 27
Venezuela, RB 18 19 21 25 28
Malta 27 26 23 25 26
Comoros 45 33 24 25 22
Ecuador 19 19 24 25 26
Bahrain 43 36 27 25 20
Mauritius 22 23 22 25 31
Cyprus 34 30 26 26 27
Turkey 16 17 19 26 25
Suriname 12 14 22 26 17
Hong Kong SAR, China 24 22 23 26 28
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27 27 24 26 35
Gabon 33 42 46 26 37
Hungary 26 25 27 27 25
Portugal 23 21 23 27 30
Switzerland 27 27 27 27 29
Australia 27 28 28 27 28
Macao SAR, China 25 26 28 27 28
Algeria 35 35 34 28 28
Thailand 29 28 26 28 33
Korea, Rep. 28 28 27 28 29
Mauritania 24 28 30 28 28
Albania 32 33 31 28 29
Japan 28 28 28 28 31
Georgia 33 34 30 29 31
Uzbekistan 29 27
Poland 28 29 29 33
Norway 26 26 31 30 29
Indonesia 27 28 30 30 29
Guyana 27 36 40 31 21
Kyrgyz Republic 31 31
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28 28 29 32 30
Tajikistan 36 33 32 32
Slovak Republic 31 31 33 31
Bulgaria 33 32 36 33 34
Vanuatu 20 26 29 33 27
Grenada 27 27 30 33 34
Somalia 24 30 25 33 24
St. Kitts and Nevis 30 30 27 34 56
Guinea-Bissau 38 35 24 35 45
Turkmenistan 35 34
Singapore 47 41 37 37 33
Bhutan 37 44 42 37 38
Latvia 33 35 36 37 36
China 35 38 38 37 38
Lesotho 37 42 39 40 45
Antigua and Barbuda 24 28 36 46 40
Mongolia 58 63 64 51 47
Kiribati 49 58 73 73 61
Equatorial Guinea 88 59 64 79 76
Cayman Islands
Palau
New Caledonia 15 14 21
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Marshall Islands
Ukraine
Paraguay
French Polynesia
Maldives
Tanzania
Macedonia, FYR
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lithuania
Moldova
Liechtenstein
Greenland
Libya
Estonia
Qatar
Czech Republic
Romania
Timor-Leste
Russian Federation
Cabo Verde
Liberia
Tuvalu
Samoa
Belarus
San Marino
Afghanistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Guam
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Lebanon
Faeroe Islands
Serbia
Eritrea
Seychelles
Djibouti
Central Europe and the Baltics
Curacao
Kosovo
Croatia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Montenegro
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cambodia
Slovenia
Brunei Darussalam
Aruba
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
American Samoa
United Arab Emirates
West Bank and Gaza
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Armenia
Isle of Man
Andorra
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iraq
Yemen, Rep.
Haiti
Fragile and conflict affected situations

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