Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Angola 0 0 0 0 0
Chad 7 8 9 7 8
Uganda 9 8 10 11 11
Madagascar 9 9 10 13 13
Sierra Leone 11 11 10 6 8
Lao PDR 7 7 10 14
Ghana 10 9 10 11 13
Myanmar 16 13 12 13 9
Niger 13 12 12 19 14
Cote d'Ivoire 13 12 12 13 9
El Salvador 11 13 12 13 15
Central African Republic 15 13 13 11 12
Nigeria 11 16 13 10 12
Zambia 15 24 13 11 11
Namibia 10 8 13 15 15
Benin 9 13 13 16 12
Bolivia 19 14 14 14 12
Vietnam 14 14 18 15
Puerto Rico 12 10 14 16 17
Guatemala 11 10 14 14 14
Uruguay 11 11 14 15 12
Senegal 17 12 15 11 9
Swaziland 26 20 15 24 24
Zimbabwe 18 18 15 19 15
Sudan 9 14 15 4 5
Bangladesh 16 16 15 16 16
Botswana 23 21 16 24 36
Rwanda 17 16 16 14 13
South Africa 21 19 16 20 21
Nicaragua 23 17 16 27 27
Barbados 15 16 16 18 19
Fiji 19 18 16 13 13
Guinea 15 16 17 17
Ireland 20 18 17 16 18
Mozambique 3 7 17 21 21
Gambia, The 15 17 17 16 20
Malawi 19 12 17 21 25
Honduras 17 14 17 21 19
Philippines 14 15 17 19 22
Kuwait 19 22 18 16 12
Togo 17 19 18 16 17
Saudi Arabia 21 19 18 20 19
Panama 15 17 18 8 6
Oman 28 32 19 16 12
Bahamas, The 19 18 19 31
Colombia 19 18 19 21 18
Pakistan 18 19 19 18 19
Burkina Faso 23 20 19 19 20
Mexico 21 19 19 23 23
Trinidad and Tobago 19 22 19 13 17
Syrian Arab Republic 26 24 20 15 17
Costa Rica 14 16 20 18 18
Argentina 18 17 20 19 16
Israel 19 19 20 18 17
Belgium 19 19 20 22 24
Congo, Rep. 30 29 20 19 14
Seychelles 23 23 20 26 27
Peru 19 20 20 24 17
Papua New Guinea 20 20 21 27 23
Jamaica 24 17 21 24 27
Mali 16 21 21 21 22
Malaysia 25 23 21 24 28
Luxembourg 15 18 21 22 21
Ethiopia 15 22 21 31 18
Nepal 23 20 21 22 22
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21 17 21 17 22
United Kingdom 21 20 21 24 25
Brazil 20 23 21 23 27
Italy 23 21 22 22 22
Belize 22 20 22 25 30
France 21 22 22 23 24
Chile 17 19 22 23 25
Tonga 26 24 22 23 20
Canada 22 22 22 24 24
Germany 23 23 22 23 24
Iceland 23 20 22 23 20
Jordan 21 20 23 23 23
India 23 23 23 24 24
Burundi 14 12 23 15 16
New Zealand 27 25 23 21 23
Netherlands 21 23 23 24 25
Denmark 23 25 23 21 22
Cuba 29 26 23 24 26
Spain 21 22 23 25 26
Dominica 28 22 23 31 41
Sri Lanka 24 24 23 23 22
Morocco 28 26 23 23 27
Solomon Islands 18 19 23 24 20
Greece 32 31 23 27 27
Tunisia 30 27 23 21 24
United States 24 24 24 23 22
Austria 25 24 24 26 27
Dominican Republic 18 20 24 25 28
Kenya 25 22 24 25 25
St. Lucia 24 25 25 30 35
Cameroon 25 26 25 21 17
Venezuela, RB 19 21 25 28 13
Malta 26 23 25 26 27
Comoros 33 24 25 22 17
Ecuador 19 24 25 26 27
Bahrain 36 27 25 20 25
Mauritius 23 22 25 31 31
Cyprus 30 26 26 27 31
Turkey 17 19 26 25 23
Suriname 14 22 26 17 21
Sweden 27 25 26 27 30
Hong Kong SAR, China 22 23 26 28 27
Egypt, Arab Rep. 27 24 26 35 32
Gabon 42 46 26 37 26
Finland 27 26 27 29 32
Portugal 21 23 27 30 28
Macao SAR, China 26 28 27 28 27
Australia 28 29 27 28 30
Algeria 35 34 28 28 30
Thailand 28 26 28 33 35
Korea, Rep. 28 27 28 29 31
Mauritania 28 30 28 28 19
Albania 33 31 28 29 32
Japan 28 28 28 31 32
Uzbekistan 29 27 32
Georgia 34 30 29 31 28
Switzerland 30 29 30 31 33
Indonesia 28 30 30 29 33
Guyana 36 40 31 21 22
Kyrgyz Republic 31 31 35
Norway 27 33 31 30 27
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28 29 32 30 29
Tajikistan 36 33 32 32 29
Bulgaria 32 36 33 34 33
Vanuatu 26 29 33 27 33
Grenada 27 30 33 34 34
Somalia 30 25 33 24 30
St. Kitts and Nevis 30 27 34 56 58
Guinea-Bissau 35 24 35 45 39
Turkmenistan 35 34 35
Singapore 41 37 37 33 34
Bhutan 44 42 37 38 32
China 38 38 37 38 37
Lesotho 42 39 40 45 52
Antigua and Barbuda 28 36 46 40 41
Mongolia 63 64 51 47 48
Kiribati 58 73 73 61 61
Equatorial Guinea 59 64 79 76 76
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Liberia
Haiti
Belarus
Palau
Lithuania
Kazakhstan
Armenia
Greenland
Eritrea
Ukraine 29
Paraguay
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
Poland
Aruba
Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Montenegro
Qatar
Tuvalu
Romania
Faeroe Islands
Russian Federation 34
Iraq
Maldives
Congo, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Samoa
Azerbaijan
San Marino
Macedonia, FYR
Sao Tome and Principe
Liechtenstein
Cambodia
Libya
Middle East (developing only)
Brunei Darussalam 19
Czech Republic
Tanzania
Serbia
Timor-Leste
Cabo Verde
Estonia
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovak Republic
Guam
Slovenia
United Arab Emirates
Moldova
Djibouti
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
Hungary
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
New Caledonia 14 21
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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