Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Sudan 5 11 16 19 22
Panama 6 17 19 24 25
Chad 8 7 7 7 10
Sierra Leone 8 13 11 8 8
Cote d'Ivoire 9 7 7 7 10
Myanmar 9 13 15 14 12
Senegal 9 9 11 11 10
Zambia 11 17 11 12 15
Uganda 11 13 15 16 15
Bolivia 12 13 16 17 17
Nigeria 12 14 14 13 14
Central African Republic 12 13 13 12 11
Benin 12 14 14 14 16
Uruguay 12 12 15 15 16
Angola 12 12 13 4 11
Kuwait 12 18 42 22 17
Oman 12 12 15 16 18
Venezuela, RB 13 10 19 24 19
Ghana 13 14 16 13 22
Madagascar 13 17 8 11 11
Rwanda 13 15 14 16 17
Fiji 13 14 16 13 16
Guatemala 14 14 14 18 17
Ethiopia 14 13 11 11 17
Niger 14 11 7 7 6
Congo, Rep. 14 16 21 22 29
Congo, Dem. Rep. 14 9 6 7 2
Vietnam 15 13 15 18 24
Zimbabwe 15 17 19 20 23
El Salvador 15 14 15 19 19
Argentina 16 14 15 17 19
Puerto Rico 16 17 17 16 17
Burundi 16 15 14 11 12
Togo 17 27 17 16 7
Trinidad and Tobago 17 13 16 14 14
Bangladesh 17 17 17 17 18
Namibia 17 34 19 22 16
Cameroon 17 18 17 14 14
Syrian Arab Republic 17 17 18 23 26
Guinea 17 25 22 21 22
Israel 17 25 25 25 25
Comoros 17 20 13 21 19
Ireland 18 21 19 16 15
Costa Rica 18 18 18 20 21
Colombia 18 19 16 17 21
Brunei Darussalam 19 19 21 23 30
Mauritania 19 20 21 21 14
Iceland 19 19 20 18 17
Pakistan 19 19 19 20 21
Honduras 19 23 25 26 34
Barbados 19 14 13 4 7
Saudi Arabia 19 15 19 23 25
Solomon Islands 20 20
Gambia, The 20 22 20 25 5
Burkina Faso 20 19 21 19 19
Tonga 20 18 17 18 18
Denmark 21 20 19 18 16
Peru 21 16 17 17 19
Suriname 21 11 11 11 10
South Africa 21 18 17 15 14
Mozambique 21 22 16 20 20
Nepal 22 18 20 21 23
France 22 22 21 19 17
Philippines 22 24 20 21 24
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22 37 46 46 33
Mali 22 23 23 22 22
Sri Lanka 22 22 23 24 26
Guyana 22 31 41 52 42
Italy 22 23 22 22 19
Belgium 22 23 22 21 21
United States 22 21 20 20 20
New Zealand 22 20 17 18 20
Germany 23 23 24 23 22
United Kingdom 23 20 17 16 16
Mexico 23 23 23 23 19
Luxembourg 23 24 25 22 22
Papua New Guinea 23 24 27 23 18
Jordan 23 31 25 33 37
Canada 23 21 19 18 18
Turkey 23 25 23 23 27
Morocco 24 25 23 23 22
Greece 24 25 25 23 22
India 24 25 22 24 21
Tunisia 24 27 26 29 29
Swaziland 24 15 16 20 18
Netherlands 24 23 23 23 21
Sweden 24 24 20 19 15
Malawi 25 23 20 20 15
Bahrain 25 16 29 29 18
Kenya 25 24 21 17 18
Austria 25 25 25 25 24
Chile 25 25 22 24 27
Norway 26 23 20 20 20
Spain 26 26 25 23 21
Gabon 26 22 26 22 22
Cuba 26 25 14 7 6
Hong Kong SAR, China 27 27 27 28 27
Hungary 27 25 20 16 19
Jamaica 27 26 24 30 28
Brazil 27 20 20 19 21
Macao SAR, China 27 25 30 35 35
Ecuador 27 24 22 23 21
Malta 27 31 29 25 27
Nicaragua 27 19 21 21 19
Georgia 28 31 28 23 6
Portugal 28 27 26 25 22
Malaysia 28 32 38 35 39
Dominican Republic 28 25 17 18 18
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 29 30 29 24 26
Ukraine 29 27 26 34 36
Australia 29 29 24 22 23
Tajikistan 29 25 23 33 39
Algeria 30 29 32 31 29
Switzerland 30 30 28 24 23
Belize 30 26 30 27 28
Somalia 30 16
Finland 30 28 22 19 16
Cyprus 31 27 26 29 24
Mauritius 31 30 28 29 31
Bahamas, The 31 29 29 28 23
Uzbekistan 32 32 27 23 25
Albania 32 29 7 5 13
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32 29 21 19 20
Japan 32 32 32 31 29
Slovak Republic 32 33 31 28 24
Bhutan 32 30 31 46 43
Indonesia 33 31 32 30 29
Vanuatu 33 33 26 21 21
Bulgaria 33 26 23 20 15
Singapore 34 35 33 35 36
Russian Federation 34 30 36 35 27
Korea, Rep. 34 38 40 37 36
Grenada 34 38 38 29 31
St. Lucia 35 26 25 24 25
Thailand 35 41 43 40 40
Turkmenistan 35 40 46 37
Kyrgyz Republic 35 24 15 20 12
Latvia 36 40 34 41 9
Botswana 36 37 33 30 29
China 37 36 36 37 44
Poland 38 24 19 14 15
Guinea-Bissau 39 30 31 48 31
Dominica 41 41 32 30 27
Antigua and Barbuda 41 32 38 35 32
Mongolia 48 29 31 26 21
Lesotho 52 56 71 71 64
St. Kitts and Nevis 58 55 43 39 45
Kiribati 61 93 46 38
St. Martin (French part)
Cambodia 12
Macedonia, FYR 19 18 15 16
Djibouti 14 14 19 9
Lithuania 33 24 16 19
New Caledonia 31
Maldives
Estonia 28
Liechtenstein
Curacao
Libya 19 13 12 16
Montenegro
Qatar
Moldova 25 29 60 56
Romania 30 28 31 29
French Polynesia
Liberia
Equatorial Guinea 17 51 24 22
Marshall Islands
Czech Republic 23 21 24 25
Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Paraguay 19 18 20
Afghanistan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Lao PDR
Guam
Serbia
Greenland
Seychelles
Faeroe Islands
Kosovo
Eritrea 8 17
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tanzania 26 26 27 25
United Arab Emirates
Timor-Leste
Belarus 27 29 32 41
Croatia 12 10 13 15
Aruba
Cayman Islands
Palau
Cabo Verde
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tuvalu
Yemen, Rep. 12 14 20 18
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Slovenia 17 17 18 19
Bermuda
Kazakhstan 32 20
Azerbaijan 27 3 -1 22
Isle of Man
Armenia 47 40 2 10
Iraq
Andorra
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza
Haiti 24 22 14
American Samoa
Lebanon 18 19 25 29

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