Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Azerbaijan 27 3 -1 22 15
Armenia 47 40 2 10 23
Angola 0 13 4 11 17
Barbados 14 13 4 7 9
Albania 29 7 5 13 18
Cuba 25 14 7 6 5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0 7 2 8
Cote d'Ivoire 7 7 7 10 14
Niger 11 7 7 6 10
Chad 7 7 7 10 17
Eritrea 8 17 25
Sierra Leone 13 11 8 8 9
Burundi 15 14 11 12 7
Senegal 9 11 11 10 11
Suriname 11 11 11 10 14
Madagascar 17 8 11 11 11
Zambia 17 11 12 15
Libya 19 13 12 16 16
Central African Republic 13 13 12 11 12
Fiji 14 16 13 16 13
Ghana 14 16 13 22 24
Nigeria 14 14 13 14 11
Myanmar 13 15 14 12 12
Trinidad and Tobago 13 16 14 14 20
Benin 14 14 14 16 18
Ethiopia 17 15 14 22 22
Poland 24 19 14 15 17
Cameroon 18 17 14 14 13
South Africa 18 17 15 15 18
Uruguay 12 15 15 16 16
Puerto Rico 17 16 15 16 16
Macedonia, FYR 19 18 15 16 15
Rwanda 15 14 16 17 10
Togo 27 17 16 7 15
Uganda 13 15 16 15 15
Peru 14 16 16 18 20
Oman 12 15 16 18 16
Hungary 21 16 20 23
Ireland 22 20 17 16 17
Argentina 14 15 17 19 20
Bolivia 13 16 17 17 14
Colombia 19 16 17 21 26
Kenya 24 21 17 18 19
Bangladesh 16 17 17 18 18
Vietnam 13 15 18 24 25
Tonga 18 17 18 18 22
United Kingdom 22 19 18 17 18
Dominican Republic 25 17 18 18 19
Guatemala 14 14 18 17 16
Namibia 27 15 18 15 19
Paraguay 19 18 20 24
Canada 21 19 19 19 20
El Salvador 14 15 19 19 20
New Zealand 20 18 19 21 23
Brazil 20 20 19 21 23
Denmark 21 20 19 17 19
Sudan 11 16 19 22 17
Djibouti 14 14 19 9 6
Burkina Faso 19 21 19 19 27
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29 21 19 20 21
Iceland 21 22 20 18 17
Swaziland 15 16 20 18 17
Mozambique 22 16 20 20 22
Bulgaria 26 23 20 15 9
Kyrgyz Republic 24 15 20 12 9
Malawi 23 20 20 15 29
Yemen, Rep. 12 14 20 18 19
United States 21 20 20 20 21
Costa Rica 18 18 20 21 20
Pakistan 19 19 20 21 20
Zimbabwe 17 19 20 23 24
Luxembourg 22 24 20 21 20
Comoros 20 13 21 19 21
Mauritania 20 21 21 14 49
Nepal 18 20 21 23 22
Nicaragua 19 21 21 19 18
Finland 30 24 21 19 20
Vanuatu 33 26 21 21 23
Seychelles 25 22 21 28 27
Guinea 25 22 21 22 21
Italy 22 22 21 19 19
Philippines 24 20 21 24 24
Norway 25 22 22 22 23
Congo, Rep. 16 21 22 29 54
France 24 23 22 19 20
Mali 23 23 22 22 27
Haiti 24 22 14 10
Kuwait 18 42 22 17 16
Australia 29 24 22 24 24
Gabon 22 26 22 22 22
Saudi Arabia 15 19 23 25 20
Ecuador 24 22 23 21 21
Belgium 24 23 23 22 22
Sweden 29 25 23 19 20
Syrian Arab Republic 17 18 23 26 30
Uzbekistan 31 25 23 25 22
Brunei Darussalam 19 21 23 30 29
Mexico 23 23 23 19 20
Papua New Guinea 24 27 23 18 21
Netherlands 24 23 23 21 22
Turkey 25 23 23 27 21
Georgia 31 28 23 6 3
Panama 17 19 24 25 27
Venezuela, RB 10 19 24 19 14
Spain 27 26 24 21 22
St. Lucia 26 25 24 25 24
Chile 25 22 24 27 25
India 25 22 24 21 23
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30 29 24 26 28
Sri Lanka 22 23 24 26 27
Gambia, The 22 20 25 5 5
Israel 25 25 25 25 24
Portugal 28 26 25 22 23
Lebanon 18 19 25 29 37
Germany 25 26 25 24 24
Malta 31 29 25 27 28
Czech Republic 24 22 25 26 30
Mongolia 29 31 26 21 19
Morocco 29 26 26 25 24
Greece 28 29 26 25 23
Honduras 23 25 26 34 38
Austria 27 27 26 25 26
Switzerland 33 30 26 25 26
Belize 26 30 27 28 21
Tanzania 26 26 27 25 25
Bahamas, The 29 29 28 23 26
Hong Kong SAR, China 27 27 28 27 31
Slovak Republic 33 31 29 26 22
Cyprus 27 26 29 24 26
Mauritius 30 28 29 31 32
Tunisia 27 26 29 29 25
Bahrain 16 29 29 18 20
Grenada 38 38 29 31 36
Dominica 41 32 30 27 27
Jamaica 26 24 30 28 27
Botswana 37 33 30 29 26
Indonesia 31 32 30 29 31
Japan 32 32 31 29 28
Algeria 29 32 31 29 30
Romania 30 28 31 29 25
Kazakhstan 32 20 29
Belarus 27 29 32 41 33
Tajikistan 25 23 33 39 37
Jordan 31 25 33 37 33
Ukraine 27 26 34 36 35
Korea, Rep. 35 37 35 33 34
Russian Federation 30 36 35 27 26
Macao SAR, China 25 30 35 35 35
Antigua and Barbuda 32 38 35 32 32
Malaysia 32 38 35 39 41
Singapore 36 34 35 37 33
China 36 36 37 44 42
Kiribati 93 46 38
St. Kitts and Nevis 55 43 39 45 38
Thailand 41 43 40 40 40
Bhutan 30 31 46 43 51
Iran, Islamic Rep. 37 46 46 33 23
Guinea-Bissau 30 31 48 31 22
Guyana 31 41 52 42 27
Moldova 25 29 60 56 29
Lesotho 56 71 71 64 65
Equatorial Guinea 118 99 76 78 109
Guam
Maldives
Lithuania
Croatia
Faeroe Islands
Greenland
Estonia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Latvia
Northern Mariana Islands
Middle East (developing only)
Slovenia
Bermuda
Solomon Islands 20
New Caledonia 31
Somalia 16
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Cambodia 12 12
United Arab Emirates
Cabo Verde
Palau
Qatar 25
Liberia
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Lao PDR
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Turkmenistan 40 46 37
Curacao
Tuvalu
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Samoa
San Marino
Andorra
Aruba 31
Sao Tome and Principe
West Bank and Gaza 40
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia
American Samoa
Serbia
Afghanistan

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