Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Myanmar 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1
Japan 9.4 9.8 9.9 10.2 11.3
United States 14.3 13.1 13.0 13.4 14.7
Cuba 16.9 16.1 13.2 13.6 15.3
Brazil 12.4 14.6 13.4 12.9 13.1
Argentina 11.6 10.3 13.4 14.7 15.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 15.6 13.1 13.6 30.0 26.6
India 13.7 13.2 15.0 15.4 19.3
Pakistan 14.7 15.7 15.3 16.1 14.6
Bangladesh 17.0 18.7 16.6 16.2 15.7
Burundi 16.2 15.8 17.0 21.0 24.6
Sudan 13.4 12.8 17.4 17.2 20.0
Peru 18.8 18.3 17.8 18.1 18.6
Venezuela, RB 18.1 19.4 18.1 16.7 19.2
Colombia 16.8 18.5 18.2 19.9 19.1
Uruguay 20.0 19.5 19.4 24.3 29.4
Tanzania 20.1 21.3 19.8 22.8 26.1
Central African Republic 25.3 22.6 20.1 18.0 19.2
China 18.7 18.3 20.2 25.0 28.9
Australia 21.5 22.0 20.6 21.0 19.7
Cameroon 19.7 23.2 20.7 19.9 19.8
Burkina Faso 25.0 23.1 21.7 22.0 25.8
Madagascar 38.0 32.3 22.6 32.1 47.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22.8 22.3 22.7 24.4 29.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.4 18.8 22.7 25.7 25.9
Guinea-Bissau 33.1 26.8 23.4 24.6 26.4
Turkey 23.1 23.3 23.6 24.0 26.2
Rwanda 24.9 24.3 23.7 23.5 24.8
Italy 24.8 24.5 23.7 22.9 23.5
Saudi Arabia 24.9 24.1 23.8 24.1 24.1
Russian Federation 24.0 24.2 24.5 23.9 22.2
Mexico 26.9 24.9 24.9 26.3 28.0
Uganda 22.1 23.8 25.1 25.2 22.8
France 27.1 26.5 25.4 24.5 25.3
Algeria 21.4 22.0 25.6 23.9 25.6
Indonesia 30.5 30.8 26.4 23.1 27.5
Ethiopia 23.8 23.5 26.4 27.2 31.3
Niger 25.7 24.6 26.5 24.8 27.9
Norway 28.9 28.3 27.3 26.9 27.9
Nigeria 19.7 36.4 27.4 35.4 18.3
Bolivia 27.3 25.3 27.7 26.4 26.3
United Kingdom 28.3 28.5 27.8 27.0 27.2
Ecuador 27.3 27.5 27.9 24.6 26.1
Oman 25.9 29.3 27.9 32.8 38.9
South Africa 24.3 25.4 28.0 24.5 25.6
Qatar 22.3 29.1 28.1 28.5 26.2
Comoros 32.5 29.5 28.2 31.9 32.5
Germany 30.6 30.1 28.2 29.0 30.4
Nepal 32.4 33.3 28.5 28.5 29.5
Spain 31.6 30.2 28.5 27.7 29.0
Guinea 29.0 30.0 29.0 25.2 25.8
Korea, Rep. 32.9 31.2 29.3 30.7 34.5
Uzbekistan 21.5 27.6 29.3 30.6 32.7
New Zealand 32.8 31.8 29.8 28.0 29.2
Liberia 26.9 29.5 29.8 38.7 67.4
Sierra Leone 39.4 27.9 30.2 32.3 29.5
Finland 32.9 30.6 30.2 30.8 32.4
Kenya 31.7 33.0 30.3 30.0 32.9
Chile 28.6 30.5 30.4 31.2 30.4
Solomon Islands 38.6 35.9 30.5 31.7 42.4
Syrian Arab Republic 28.6 29.2 30.5 28.6 39.8
Greece 34.6 33.5 30.6 29.4 29.7
Benin 29.7 30.9 31.0 31.1 28.6
Gabon 32.7 29.4 32.2 28.4 26.7
Poland 33.6 30.8 32.2 36.0 37.2
Morocco 33.4 31.9 32.3 31.5 34.3
Cote d'Ivoire 33.9 32.9 32.4 33.4 38.2
Gambia, The 30.6 25.1 32.5 37.8 48.8
Libya 13.7 16.6 34.1 33.6 32.4
Malawi 35.3 39.1 34.2 40.6 43.2
Iceland 39.4 38.2 34.4 35.9 38.0
Lebanon 35.9 40.0 34.9 37.4 58.3
Zimbabwe 35.9 32.9 35.0 38.1 41.6
Portugal 39.2 37.6 35.2 33.7 35.5
Sweden 38.2 37.5 35.8 34.9 35.8
Canada 38.8 36.6 36.0 33.2 33.0
Haiti 33.4 36.1 36.0 47.9 44.0
Israel 35.8 33.9 36.1 35.7 39.4
Paraguay 38.2 35.6 36.3 39.8 41.2
Kuwait 30.1 35.5 36.6 34.5 32.4
Lao PDR 44.2 37.8 36.9 37.0 47.0
Yemen, Rep. 34.0 35.0 37.7 37.9 35.5
Zambia 36.5 39.6 37.8 36.6 37.3
Bahamas, The 46.8 43.3 38.4 39.7 42.6
Serbia 14.3 37.7 38.7 39.6 50.6
Denmark 38.2 38.5 38.9 37.1 38.3
Senegal 37.2 37.8 39.0 38.7 39.8
Mali 39.4 50.3 39.2 37.4 37.8
Nicaragua 41.2 38.9 39.2 41.5 44.1
Suriname 33.2 54.4 39.6 45.6 48.1
Botswana 40.1 38.9 39.7 37.0 41.4
Guatemala 29.0 41.3 39.7 40.2 42.1
Dominican Republic 45.9 41.0 40.3 43.4 41.6
Romania 38.1 40.7 41.0 42.3 44.8
El Salvador 42.4 41.6 41.1 43.0 44.3
Sri Lanka 49.6 43.6 41.4 40.7 44.2
Brunei Darussalam 35.8 39.2 41.6 36.0 31.8
Austria 42.0 42.9 41.7 41.9 44.0
Bulgaria 41.2 43.8 41.8 44.7 52.6
Switzerland 46.1 45.3 42.3 41.5 42.6
Mauritania 45.3 46.6 42.3 46.8 66.6
Georgia 39.7 38.9 42.4 46.4 48.2
Kyrgyz Republic 47.6 37.0 43.3 45.3 51.3
United Arab Emirates 40.7 43.6 46.4 53.1
Barbados 46.4 44.5 43.6 46.2 49.4
Djibouti 50.4 45.8 43.7 49.1 54.2
Tunisia 42.9 46.7 44.6 42.9 44.7
Bhutan 53.5 47.3 44.6 44.2 57.8
Trinidad and Tobago 45.3 44.6 44.7 37.9 40.7
Macedonia, FYR 47.2 42.3 45.2 43.4 50.2
Croatia 39.6 42.2 45.5 46.3 45.5
Dominica 54.5 48.3 46.3 44.9 46.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 50.6 48.7 46.5 50.1 52.1
Czech Republic 50.2 50.4 46.5 48.3 56.6
Armenia 50.5 46.1 46.6 50.0 45.3
Albania 37.5 38.7 46.7 45.9 43.3
Latvia 45.3 48.6 46.8 48.7 54.3
Kazakhstan 49.1 47.0 47.0 43.0 43.9
Costa Rica 45.8 44.5 47.6 48.5 49.5
Namibia 44.6 47.7 48.1 52.5 42.1
Faeroe Islands 57.5 50.6 48.1 58.5 45.7
Mozambique 37.0 38.5 48.9 47.6 41.8
Togo 47.6 48.5 49.1 59.1 57.9
Jamaica 49.1 51.5 51.8
Iraq 49.6 61.5 49.2 76.8 64.0
Vanuatu 48.0 49.8 49.4 48.3 53.1
Maldives 71.6 51.6 50.0 51.2 60.1
Azerbaijan 38.4 37.3 50.0 65.6 72.7
Grenada 59.6 53.8 50.4 52.7 53.3
Ukraine 57.4 53.8 50.7 55.2 53.7
Slovenia 53.7 52.8 51.2 51.2 56.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 59.3 52.6 53.4 55.3 48.2
Sao Tome and Principe 57.4 59.9 53.4 52.2 52.4
Turkmenistan 80.9 76.9 53.4 56.6 59.5
Congo, Rep. 43.6 53.3 53.9 76.0 50.8
St. Lucia 57.1 54.5 54.0 62.0 56.5
Netherlands 60.6 58.1 54.8 53.5 56.1
Ghana 67.2 64.8 54.9 56.6 60.4
Tonga 46.9 49.0 55.5 53.6 55.1
Philippines 53.4 52.9 55.7 54.7 54.1
Angola 62.8 74.9 56.7 62.0 54.1
Puerto Rico 62.1 60.2 56.9 65.2 64.4
Vietnam 53.3 52.7 57.2 62.6 67.4
Thailand 58.1 59.4 57.5 58.9 65.8
Papua New Guinea 49.2 52.3 58.0 54.0 58.9
Bahrain 56.6 53.4 58.4 56.0 62.1
Mauritius 61.9 62.5 58.8 55.4 56.4
Antigua and Barbuda 63.6 62.9 59.1 63.7 65.9
Montenegro 51.1 62.0 59.9 47.0 58.1
Hungary 70.6 66.3 60.3 60.6 64.0
Cyprus 67.9 64.1 61.6 56.6 57.5
Panama 69.8 65.9 62.3 58.5 63.9
West Bank and Gaza 67.1 67.3 62.8 63.4 72.5
Fiji 70.3 68.7 63.9 68.2 70.4
Cambodia 61.8 61.3 64.3 66.6 70.9
Slovak Republic 56.6 65.8 64.6 64.0 71.3
Eritrea 58.2 61.3 64.8 67.6 59.8
Belgium 69.5 67.8 64.9 63.5 65.8
Honduras 66.4 64.6 65.3 68.2 77.0
Afghanistan 65.3 94.3 87.1
Estonia 64.9 65.4 65.9 66.0 69.4
Belize 73.7 69.1 66.1 65.9 58.5
Jordan 68.6 67.2 66.7 68.4 82.6
Samoa 51.0 70.5 67.3 48.1 44.7
Belarus 72.4 70.3 67.4 69.0 74.3
Mongolia 67.9 65.5 67.8 67.9 70.5
Cabo Verde 60.5 62.4 68.5 67.4 69.6
Aruba 70.7 68.5 69.4 70.9 68.6
Macao SAR, China 64.6 68.0 70.3 70.7 66.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 75.5 75.9 70.9 83.2 77.5
Ireland 82.5 81.7 74.1 65.6 66.1
Tajikistan 100.9 78.4 76.1 73.5 69.9
Moldova 75.4 73.5 77.9 87.2 82.0
Palau 103.6 80.0 79.0 72.0 78.5
Malta 98.4 82.6 79.2 78.5 80.6
Seychelles 81.9 103.6 85.4 86.5 81.6
Malaysia 100.6 93.0 91.1 87.3 95.0
Swaziland 88.0 98.5 101.0 101.9 87.5
Guyana 110.7 111.4 105.5 99.8 105.7
Kiribati 92.5 98.4 113.5 97.1 95.7
Chad 34.7 49.7 113.7 58.7 50.8
Luxembourg 121.6 125.1 116.9 115.9 128.1
Equatorial Guinea 212.1 226.7 128.9 188.2 135.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 137.4 132.4 139.2 159.0 177.9
Lesotho 134.7 136.5 143.7 139.4 129.8
Singapore 176.9 168.3 168.3 177.6 190.0
Timor-Leste 168.5 176.8 193.5 138.0 94.6
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Monaco
American Samoa
Curacao
Somalia
New Caledonia
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Lithuania 54.4
Andorra
Liechtenstein
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bermuda
Tuvalu
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia 24.2
Middle East (developing only)
Greenland

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