Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 32.0 34.2 34.6 32.2 38.1
Algeria 23.9 21.3 22.5 23.7 21.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 69.4 69.2 73.1 92.7 62.8
Antigua and Barbuda 98.6 82.5 79.0 81.2 63.6
Argentina 11.1 12.8 12.9 11.6 11.6
Armenia 56.0 58.3 52.8 49.8 50.5
Aruba 88.7 86.3 83.6 84.6 70.7
Australia 19.3 18.8 20.4 20.6 21.5
Austria 35.9 37.9 38.6 38.9 42.0
Azerbaijan 55.5 53.0 54.5 41.9 38.4
Bahamas, The 57.8 48.3 48.5 44.2 46.8
Bahrain 76.2 69.5 63.9 63.0 56.6
Bangladesh 16.4 15.8 16.1 16.6 17.0
Barbados 44.5 48.3 44.8 45.6 46.4
Belarus 50.4 65.7 63.9 61.6 72.4
Belgium 57.6 60.5 60.1 60.1 69.2
Belize 50.3 55.7 56.9 67.4 73.7
Benin 30.0 31.5 32.5 41.0 34.9
Bermuda
Bhutan 45.7 46.1 49.4 50.7 53.5
Bolivia 27.3 29.4 32.6 27.3 27.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 83.9 72.8 98.4 94.2 75.5
Botswana 37.1 47.7 52.6 43.7 40.1
Brazil 8.9 9.6 9.4 11.4 12.5
Brunei Darussalam 60.6 58.5 57.4 48.4 35.8
Bulgaria 45.4 37.3 36.1 47.8 41.8
Burkina Faso 27.6 26.6 28.1 24.2 25.0
Burundi 15.8 14.4 19.4 16.0 16.2
Cabo Verde 55.3 58.5 59.1 60.0 60.5
Cambodia 43.8 45.3 44.4 53.6 61.8
Cameroon 18.4 18.4 17.7 17.2 19.7
Canada 33.3 36.3 38.1 38.4 38.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 25.6 28.9 28.4 24.0 25.3
Chad 29.1 30.8 29.6 32.2 34.7
Chile 29.0 29.2 29.6 27.3 28.6
China 16.1 14.9 13.7 15.2 18.7
Colombia 20.8 20.8 20.9 17.8 16.8
Comoros 41.4 43.0 37.3 33.9 28.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 30.3 15.0 32.9 17.5 15.6
Congo, Rep. 59.9 60.2 72.6 59.1 43.6
Costa Rica 42.8 44.6 50.1 45.9 45.8
Cote d'Ivoire 32.4 35.3 35.0 34.1 33.9
Croatia 37.3 44.2 36.3 36.5 39.6
Cuba 17.3 17.8 18.3 17.3 16.9
Curacao
Cyprus 70.8 70.9 66.5 64.6 67.9
Czech Republic 43.3 44.7 42.6 43.4 50.2
Denmark 31.5 33.5 34.2 33.4 38.2
Djibouti 50.4 50.3 53.5 48.4 50.4
Dominica 61.4 70.3 66.6 67.5 54.5
Dominican Republic 38.2 40.2 43.6 43.3 45.9
Ecuador 21.9 23.5 25.5 22.8 27.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.2 24.9 25.7 23.3 22.8
El Salvador 33.9 37.6 37.1 37.3 42.4
Equatorial Guinea 424.8 283.3 415.8 288.5 212.1
Eritrea 87.4 85.8 80.1 86.7 58.2
Estonia 72.3 82.1 84.0 74.6 64.9
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands 41.9 49.7 57.5
Fiji 58.8 58.4 58.3 61.4 70.3
Finland 29.4 30.5 29.6 28.6 32.9
France 21.1 22.3 23.2 23.5 27.1
French Polynesia 25.7 26.2 28.7 24.2 24.2
Gabon 33.0 37.2 48.6 38.1 32.7
Gambia, The 29.2 25.4 28.6 28.0 30.6
Georgia 32.4 42.1 37.1 38.1 39.7
Germany 22.1 24.2 25.1 26.3 30.6
Ghana 40.1 53.0 46.7 49.6 67.2
Greece 23.2 23.1 26.0 28.1 34.6
Greenland
Grenada 65.6 69.7 74.3 70.1 59.6
Guam
Guatemala 22.6 23.6 26.3 27.4 29.0
Guinea 24.3 22.9 26.9 26.0 29.0
Guinea-Bissau 31.8 39.9 35.8 42.8 33.1
Guyana 108.7 109.5 107.9 104.6 110.7
Haiti 28.9 26.4 26.6 29.7 33.4
Honduras 52.0 51.8 54.1 56.0 66.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 137.8 132.7 123.7 121.9 137.4
Hungary 41.5 47.0 54.5 58.3 70.5
Iceland 34.9 35.0 38.3 37.2 39.5
India 11.3 11.7 12.5 13.1 13.7
Indonesia 26.4 28.1 43.2 27.4 30.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.0 15.4 16.5 15.6 19.8
Iraq 0.0 42.3 54.3 60.7 49.6
Ireland 63.9 65.2 73.5 73.5 80.7
Isle of Man
Israel 34.3 32.6 31.2 35.1 35.6
Italy 19.2 20.5 21.1 21.5 24.8
Jamaica 55.3 51.9
Japan 9.2 9.7 8.9 8.6 9.4
Jordan 78.2 71.6 64.3 61.2 68.6
Kazakhstan 36.0 37.4 34.9 40.1 49.1
Kenya 32.1 31.4 28.7 27.4 31.7
Kiribati 68.1 62.0 51.8 52.6 92.5
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep. 29.0 30.4 30.5 29.7 32.9
Kuwait 39.2 39.6 51.1 39.4 30.1
Kyrgyz Republic 56.6 46.2 58.0 57.0 47.6
Lao PDR 41.1 41.3 47.8 44.2 44.2
Latvia 49.5 48.8 51.3 44.9 44.9
Lebanon 55.3 47.6 41.0 36.8 35.9
Lesotho 129.1 125.2 150.5 138.5 134.7
Liberia 72.0 39.3 41.7 38.9
Libya 23.9 21.8 20.9 14.6 13.7
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 51.2 55.0 50.5 42.4 44.7
Luxembourg 85.8 97.7 104.8 108.5 121.7
Macao SAR, China 52.4 53.8 55.9 61.8 64.6
Macedonia, FYR 38.5 50.8 56.1 52.2 47.2
Madagascar 26.0 30.0 29.3 32.2 38.0
Malawi 31.9 33.6 38.1 43.3 35.3
Malaysia 90.2 92.4 93.7 96.3 100.6
Maldives 73.1 78.5 75.8 79.9 71.6
Mali 33.6 33.2 28.9 30.1 32.7
Malta 90.5 84.2 84.3 88.2 98.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 45.3 42.5 39.0 36.6 45.3
Mauritius 64.3 66.3 66.5 67.4 61.9
Mexico 24.0 24.1 26.0 25.8 26.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 73.9 74.3 75.0 67.4 75.4
Monaco
Mongolia 42.4 47.3 59.5 62.1 67.9
Montenegro 51.1
Morocco 25.9 28.2 28.1 29.6 33.4
Mozambique 40.5 34.1 30.2 39.5 39.6
Myanmar 1.5 1.3 1.0 0.7 0.6
Namibia 51.7 50.8 51.4 50.3 44.6
Nepal 35.6 37.7 33.9 29.7 32.4
Netherlands 51.5 54.2 53.6 54.9 60.0
New Caledonia 27.7 28.2 29.4 33.0
New Zealand 26.8 26.9 28.3 30.5 32.8
Nicaragua 31.6 38.6 37.7 44.0 41.2
Niger 25.9 24.6 26.3 23.2 25.7
Nigeria 25.5 35.1 36.5 22.0 19.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 31.2 32.5 35.1 31.4 28.9
Oman 35.8 38.6 49.7 37.6 25.9
Pakistan 21.4 20.8 17.5 17.0 14.7
Palau 66.9 64.4 53.9 73.9 103.6
Panama 82.2 85.7 81.1 67.7 69.8
Papua New Guinea 48.4 50.1 48.8 52.9 49.2
Paraguay 50.3 47.5 48.4 36.8 38.2
Peru 18.7 19.3 19.4 17.9 18.8
Philippines 49.3 59.3 53.9 49.4 53.4
Poland 23.8 27.4 30.9 30.2 33.6
Portugal 33.7 35.1 36.5 36.8 39.2
Puerto Rico 57.3 58.8 56.3 62.1 62.1
Qatar 39.8 36.2 40.0 25.7 22.3
Romania 36.6 36.2 30.6 32.2 38.0
Russian Federation 21.8 22.5 24.6 26.2 24.0
Rwanda 26.2 25.7 23.2 24.5 24.9
Samoa 50.4 47.5 50.2 55.5 51.0
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 26.8 26.2 26.6 23.3 24.9
Senegal 32.8 33.6 34.3 35.1 37.2
Serbia 27.1 29.9 30.4 18.4 14.3
Seychelles 75.3 60.5 63.0 69.6 81.9
Sierra Leone 32.2 15.1 21.3 19.9 39.4
Singapore 159.9 155.5 146.3 160.4 176.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 62.9 64.5 57.3 51.9 56.6
Slovenia 47.4 48.7 49.2 48.5 53.7
Solomon Islands 55.8 65.6 52.7 42.1 38.6
Somalia
South Africa 22.6 22.9 23.9 22.2 24.3
South Sudan
Spain 23.2 25.5 26.7 28.3 31.6
Sri Lanka 43.9 43.6 42.3 43.3 49.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 60.6 55.0 52.9 52.7 59.3
St. Lucia 68.5 68.5 64.5 64.3 57.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.2 65.8 66.6 61.4 50.6
Sudan 15.8 12.5 15.2 16.9 13.4
Suriname 30.8 34.8 52.5 33.6 33.2
Swaziland 80.6 76.2 84.8 81.3 88.0
Sweden 30.7 33.1 34.7 35.0 38.2
Switzerland 38.0 42.1 42.2 42.7 46.1
Syrian Arab Republic 38.1 33.8 30.9 32.0 28.6
Tajikistan 80.0 93.9 58.0 67.5 100.9
Tanzania 31.9 25.7 25.0 22.9 20.1
Thailand 45.3 46.8 42.3 44.3 56.5
Timor-Leste 168.5
Togo 44.1 44.8 43.3 39.0 47.6
Tonga 58.4 51.7 59.6 45.6 46.9
Trinidad and Tobago 38.0 56.3 53.9 44.5 45.5
Tunisia 43.6 41.4 41.5 39.9 42.9
Turkey 27.8 30.4 20.2 19.3 23.1
Turkmenistan 75.4 68.5 70.8 83.5 80.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 23.4 20.8 20.4 23.8 22.1
Ukraine 48.2 43.7 44.2 48.2 57.4
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 27.5 26.6 26.1 26.7 28.2
United States 11.9 12.3 12.3 12.9 14.3
Uruguay 19.9 20.2 19.2 18.3 20.0
Uzbekistan 34.2 30.0 22.8 18.4 21.5
Vanuatu 53.1 50.4 52.4 53.9 48.0
Venezuela, RB 21.3 22.0 22.7 19.2 18.1
Vietnam 51.8 51.2 52.2 52.8 53.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 73.3 73.0 70.9 78.7 67.1
Yemen, Rep. 47.4 45.1 47.2 37.2 34.0
Zambia 35.3 30.9 31.6 34.7 36.5
Zimbabwe 35.9 44.6 45.1 33.5 35.9

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