Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1
Bahrain 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1
Saudi Arabia 1.0 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.8
Singapore 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1
Oman 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.9
Japan 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Puerto Rico 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.5
Malta 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.5
Netherlands 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.0
France 4.1 4.0 4.6 4.0 3.8
Norway 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.5
Sweden 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Venezuela, RB 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.6 5.6
Austria 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.1
South Africa 6.2 6.5 5.7 4.4 4.8
Argentina 6.4 6.5 9.6 8.7 8.3
Gabon 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.5 6.1
Seychelles 6.8 7.8 6.4 7.7 6.5
Antigua and Barbuda 7.1 6.8 6.2 6.1 4.8
Chile 7.3 6.3 5.5 5.9 7.5
Jordan 7.9 6.1 6.2 6.9 5.6
Australia 7.9 6.7 6.1 4.4 6.1
Namibia 8.4 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.3
Algeria 8.5 9.2 8.4 7.7 7.5
Panama 8.9 8.7 8.1 8.7 8.2
Mexico 9.0 9.0 8.1 8.5 9.4
Suriname 9.1 9.3 9.1 8.2 8.9
Cyprus 9.6 9.3 9.3 7.9 8.9
Finland 9.6 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.2
Barbados 9.9 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.7
New Zealand 10.2 8.7 7.4 7.6 8.5
Brazil 11.0 10.7 9.0 10.9 11.5
Congo, Rep. 11.7 7.9 7.9 7.6 6.9
Latvia 11.8 13.8 15.7 18.6 20.8
Mauritius 13.1 15.2 16.2 14.7 15.3
Cuba 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.3 15.8 16.5 17.3 18.4
St. Lucia 14.4 13.1 13.9 15.0 14.8
Bulgaria 14.6 17.0 17.2 14.5 15.8
Botswana 14.7 14.3 11.7 9.0 7.7
Zambia 15.1 17.4 14.9 16.7 16.4
Korea, Rep. 15.1 15.8 14.8 13.5 12.7
Zimbabwe 15.7 17.7 16.1 11.2 14.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 15.9 11.1 14.4 11.6 11.8
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 15.0 14.5 16.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.5 20.0 18.7 16.8 18.8
Ecuador 16.7 16.3 16.4 17.4 19.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.3 20.1 19.6 19.6 20.1
Morocco 18.4 13.0 15.8 15.5 15.0
Cabo Verde 18.6 15.8 12.6 12.1 11.9
Vanuatu 18.9 21.4 20.0 25.1 26.7
Bolivia 19.0 19.3 17.6 20.7 22.8
Colombia 19.9 19.8 19.3 19.2 17.8
Senegal 20.1 22.3 23.0 18.6 20.1
Kiribati 20.7 26.9 26.2 26.5 44.3
Dominican Republic 21.8 20.1 18.8 18.5 20.1
Fiji 22.1 19.9 20.3 18.4 16.0
Malaysia 22.6 21.4 21.1 20.0 20.0
Swaziland 22.7 22.7 20.3 17.2 21.7
Thailand 23.2 21.4 18.5 20.1 17.6
Guyana 23.4 22.2 23.4 24.3 24.7
Honduras 23.7 22.4 21.6 21.1 20.8
Indonesia 24.0 23.4 23.9 22.9 22.7
Lesotho 24.6 26.8 24.8 25.8 27.3
Grenada 24.7 25.4 21.6 20.4 19.9
Georgia 24.8 25.2 23.1 23.6 26.0
Philippines 25.1 24.9 23.3 22.4 24.8
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 26.5 24.1 21.9 24.1
Turkey 26.5 24.5 22.7 21.4 21.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26.8 25.9 31.4 34.5 31.4
Belize 27.4 26.1 22.5 21.5 20.8
Togo 27.5 28.2 27.0 34.5 33.5
Sri Lanka 27.6 27.7 26.4 28.3 28.7
Burkina Faso 29.4 30.7 28.4 28.2 29.1
Pakistan 29.5 30.8 31.6 30.3 27.9
Madagascar 30.1 33.1 34.2 35.8 35.3
China 30.2 31.9 33.4 33.2 32.1
Mauritania 30.4 31.9 33.1 33.8 28.6
Dominica 30.7 31.7 30.4 29.1 28.0
Cameroon 31.3 29.4 28.7 24.3 23.8
Bangladesh 31.6 31.7 31.2 30.7 32.3
Kenya 32.6 32.5 33.4 34.2 34.0
Sudan 32.9 36.4 36.9 33.7 30.7
Sierra Leone 33.0 32.3 35.8 38.1 40.1
Albania 33.6 32.4 31.7 34.1 33.1
Comoros 34.0 34.2 33.5 35.0 34.6
India 35.4 34.1 32.9 33.5 32.2
Papua New Guinea 35.4 35.8 35.1 35.2 40.5
Benin 35.4 32.7 32.5 33.2 33.3
Liberia 35.9 31.6 32.2 33.8 35.5
Mozambique 37.1 35.1 33.8 37.6 30.2
Tonga 38.5 39.1 38.1 36.3 37.7
Central African Republic 40.0 39.7 41.7 40.4 42.0
Niger 43.1 45.7 44.3 41.6 35.8
Bhutan 43.6 41.4 42.2 42.3 42.7
Malawi 43.7 39.8 41.1 42.3 42.0
Guinea-Bissau 44.3 53.3 46.8 42.5 41.3
Chad 45.1 39.7 39.5 39.2 33.6
Rwanda 45.8 40.7 39.8 38.2 40.8
Myanmar 46.5 47.4 47.7 47.6 48.1
Mali 48.3 45.7 44.1 41.4 44.2
Ghana 60.1 55.3 59.4 51.9
Nepal 61.8 60.9 61.0 60.3 61.0
Burundi 62.2 61.3 56.9 57.2 60.1
Somalia 68.4 68.3 67.7 66.4 67.9
Uganda 72.0 58.4 53.7 57.6 54.8
Solomon Islands
Hungary
Qatar
Libya
Tajikistan
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Lithuania
St. Martin (French part)
Luxembourg
Vietnam
Macao SAR, China
Samoa
Macedonia, FYR
Aruba
Hong Kong SAR, China
Spain
Kuwait
Denmark
Haiti
Uzbekistan
Maldives
Jamaica
Kosovo
Russian Federation
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sao Tome and Principe
Marshall Islands
Azerbaijan
Ireland
Slovak Republic
Guinea
Armenia
Guatemala
Eritrea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 44.5
Djibouti
Moldova
Switzerland
Monaco
Iceland
Mongolia 16.7 18.0 18.4 17.2
Kazakhstan
Montenegro
West Bank and Gaza
Guam
Iraq
Greenland
Romania 16.4 19.9
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Italy
Isle of Man
San Marino
Afghanistan
Bahamas, The 2.3
Bermuda
Serbia
New Caledonia
Ethiopia 58.1 56.3 57.5 51.2
Greece
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Nicaragua
Slovenia
Israel
Lao PDR
Nigeria 28.5 32.4 35.5 39.9
South Sudan
Northern Mariana Islands
Estonia
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6
Equatorial Guinea
Costa Rica 13.9 13.3
El Salvador
Turks and Caicos Islands
Angola
Czech Republic
Andorra
Cambodia
Syrian Arab Republic
Kyrgyz Republic
Tanzania
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
United States
Curacao
Belgium
Croatia
Germany
Turkmenistan
Palau
Tuvalu
Belarus
Ukraine
Gambia, The
United Kingdom
Paraguay
Uruguay 13.4 14.6
Peru
Canada
French Polynesia
Poland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Portugal
Yemen, Rep.
Cayman Islands
Lebanon

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