Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1
Bahrain 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1
Saudi Arabia 1.0 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.8
Singapore 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1
Oman 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.9
Japan 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Puerto Rico 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.5
Malta 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.5
Netherlands 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.0
Norway 4.1 4.1 3.8 3.3 3.4
France 4.1 4.0 4.6 4.0 3.8
Sweden 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Venezuela, RB 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.6 5.6
Austria 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.1
South Africa 6.2 6.5 5.7 4.4 4.8
Argentina 6.4 6.5 9.6 8.7 8.3
Gabon 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.5 6.1
Seychelles 6.8 7.8 6.4 7.7 6.5
Antigua and Barbuda 7.1 6.8 6.2 6.1 4.8
Chile 7.3 6.3 5.5 5.9 7.5
Jordan 7.9 6.1 6.2 6.9 5.6
Australia 7.9 6.7 6.1 4.4 6.1
Namibia 8.4 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.3
Algeria 8.5 9.2 8.4 7.7 7.5
Panama 8.9 8.7 8.1 8.7 8.2
Mexico 9.0 9.0 8.1 8.5 9.4
Suriname 9.1 9.3 9.1 8.2 8.9
Cyprus 9.6 9.3 9.3 7.9 8.9
Finland 9.6 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.2
Barbados 9.9 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.7
New Zealand 10.1 8.6 7.3 7.5 8.5
Brazil 11.0 10.7 9.0 10.9 11.5
Congo, Rep. 11.7 7.9 7.9 7.6 6.9
Mauritius 13.1 15.2 16.2 14.7 15.3
Cuba 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.3 15.8 16.5 17.3 18.4
St. Lucia 14.4 13.1 13.9 15.0 14.8
Bulgaria 14.6 17.0 17.2 14.5 15.8
Botswana 14.7 14.3 11.7 9.0 7.7
Zambia 15.1 17.4 14.9 16.7 16.4
Korea, Rep. 15.1 15.8 14.8 13.5 12.7
Zimbabwe 15.7 17.7 16.1 11.2 14.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 15.9 11.1 14.4 11.6 11.8
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 15.0 14.5 16.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.5 20.0 18.7 16.8 18.8
Ecuador 16.7 16.3 16.4 17.4 19.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.3 20.1 19.6 19.6 20.1
Morocco 18.4 13.0 15.8 15.5 15.0
Cabo Verde 18.6 15.8 12.6 12.1 11.9
Vanuatu 18.9 21.4 20.0 25.1 26.7
Bolivia 19.0 19.3 17.6 20.7 22.8
Colombia 19.9 19.8 19.3 19.2 17.8
Senegal 20.1 22.3 23.0 18.6 20.1
Kiribati 20.7 26.9 26.2 26.5 44.3
Dominican Republic 21.8 20.1 18.8 18.5 20.1
Fiji 22.1 19.9 20.3 18.4 16.0
Malaysia 22.6 21.4 21.1 20.0 20.0
Swaziland 22.7 22.7 20.3 17.2 21.7
Thailand 23.2 21.4 18.5 20.1 17.6
Guyana 23.4 22.2 23.4 24.3 24.7
Honduras 23.7 22.4 21.6 21.1 20.8
Indonesia 24.0 23.4 23.9 22.9 22.7
Lesotho 24.6 26.8 24.8 25.8 27.3
Grenada 24.7 25.4 21.6 20.4 19.9
Georgia 24.8 25.2 23.1 23.6 26.0
Philippines 25.1 24.9 23.3 22.4 24.8
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 26.5 24.1 21.9 24.1
Turkey 26.5 24.5 22.7 21.4 21.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26.8 25.9 31.4 34.5 31.4
Belize 27.4 26.1 22.5 21.5 20.8
Togo 27.5 28.2 27.0 34.5 33.5
Sri Lanka 27.6 27.7 26.4 28.3 28.7
Burkina Faso 29.4 30.7 28.4 28.2 29.1
Pakistan 29.5 30.8 31.6 30.3 27.9
China 29.9 31.6 33.0 32.8 31.8
Madagascar 30.1 33.1 34.2 35.8 35.3
Mauritania 30.4 31.9 33.1 33.8 28.6
Dominica 30.7 31.7 30.4 29.1 28.0
Cameroon 31.3 29.4 28.7 24.3 23.8
Bangladesh 31.6 33.6 33.0 32.4 36.3
Kenya 32.6 32.5 33.4 34.2 34.0
Sudan 32.9 36.4 36.9 33.7 30.7
Sierra Leone 33.0 32.3 35.8 38.1 40.1
Albania 33.6 32.4 31.7 34.1 33.1
Comoros 34.0 34.2 33.5 35.0 34.6
India 35.4 34.1 32.9 33.5 32.2
Papua New Guinea 35.4 35.8 35.1 35.2 40.5
Benin 35.4 32.7 32.5 33.2 33.3
Mozambique 37.1 35.1 33.8 37.6 30.2
Tonga 38.5 39.1 38.1 36.3 37.7
Central African Republic 40.0 39.7 41.7 40.4 42.0
Niger 43.1 45.7 44.3 41.6 35.8
Bhutan 43.6 41.4 42.2 42.3 42.7
Malawi 43.7 39.8 41.1 42.3 42.0
Guinea-Bissau 44.3 53.3 46.8 42.5 41.3
Chad 45.1 39.7 39.5 39.2 33.6
Rwanda 45.8 40.7 39.8 38.2 40.8
Myanmar 46.5 47.4 47.7 47.6 48.1
Mali 48.3 45.7 44.1 41.4 44.2
Ghana 60.1 55.3 59.4 51.9
Nepal 61.8 60.9 61.0 60.3 61.0
Burundi 62.2 61.3 56.9 57.2 60.1
Somalia 68.4 68.3 67.7 66.4 67.9
Uganda 72.0 58.4 53.7 57.6 54.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Poland
Lebanon
Azerbaijan
Afghanistan
San Marino
Liberia
Kazakhstan
Libya
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
Romania 16.4 19.9
Lithuania
Serbia
Luxembourg
Isle of Man
Macao SAR, China
Belarus
Macedonia, FYR
Tajikistan
Ireland
Latvia
Denmark
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Iraq
Curacao
Maldives
Guam
Lao PDR
Greenland
Costa Rica 13.9 13.3
Slovenia
Marshall Islands
South Sudan
Djibouti
Belgium
Iceland
Eritrea
Hungary
Syrian Arab Republic
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 44.5
Aruba
Moldova
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6
Monaco
Guatemala
Mongolia 16.7 18.0 18.4 17.2
Portugal
Montenegro
Qatar
Hong Kong SAR, China
Russian Federation
El Salvador
Samoa
Kyrgyz Republic
Sao Tome and Principe
Kuwait
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Croatia
Italy
Andorra
Bermuda
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Slovak Republic
Yemen, Rep.
Solomon Islands
Haiti
Greece
Jamaica
Spain
Nigeria 28.5 32.4 35.5 39.9
Germany
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Canada
Gambia, The
Equatorial Guinea
Bahamas, The 2.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
Switzerland
Ethiopia 58.1 56.3 57.5 51.2
Taiwan, China
Czech Republic
Tanzania
United States
Timor-Leste
Uzbekistan
Estonia
Israel
Armenia
United Arab Emirates
Turkmenistan
Palau
Tuvalu
Cambodia
Ukraine
Guinea
United Kingdom
Paraguay
Uruguay 13.4 14.6
Peru
Angola
New Caledonia
Vietnam
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
American Samoa
Nicaragua

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