Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
Brunei Darussalam 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.2
Saudi Arabia 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.8 3.7
Bahrain 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Singapore 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.0
Oman 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.8
Japan 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.7
Puerto Rico 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.4
Malta 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.5 4.4
France 4.0 4.6 4.0 3.8 3.8
Norway 4.1 3.8 3.3 3.4 3.2
Netherlands 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.0 4.0
Sweden 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Austria 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.1 3.6
Venezuela, RB 4.9 5.2 5.6 5.6 6.3
Jordan 6.1 6.2 6.9 5.6 5.5
Chile 6.3 5.5 5.9 7.5 7.6
South Africa 6.5 5.7 4.4 4.8 5.2
Argentina 6.5 9.6 8.7 8.3 7.6
Australia 6.7 6.1 4.4 6.1 5.7
Antigua and Barbuda 6.8 6.2 6.1 4.8 4.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.8 9.1 7.1 7.6 5.8
Seychelles 7.8 6.4 7.7 6.5 5.8
Congo, Rep. 7.9 7.9 7.6 6.9 7.4
Finland 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.2 7.8
New Zealand 8.6 7.3 7.5 8.5 7.4
Panama 8.7 8.1 8.7 8.2 8.3
Mexico 9.0 8.1 8.5 9.4 10.1
Namibia 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.3 7.8
Algeria 9.2 8.4 7.7 7.5 9.0
Cyprus 9.3 9.3 7.9 8.9 7.5
Suriname 9.3 9.1 8.2 8.9 9.1
Brazil 10.7 9.0 10.9 11.5 11.5
Morocco 13.0 15.8 15.5 15.0 16.5
St. Lucia 13.1 13.9 15.0 14.8 15.2
Cuba 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.5 12.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 13.3 12.7 11.8 14.0 14.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.9 13.0 11.4 12.7 13.2
Botswana 14.3 11.7 9.0 7.7 6.4
Mauritius 15.2 16.2 14.7 15.3 16.2
Tunisia 15.6 15.0 14.5 16.3 18.1
Cabo Verde 15.8 12.6 12.1 11.9 13.0
Korea, Rep. 15.8 14.8 13.5 12.7 12.5
Ecuador 16.3 16.4 17.4 19.3 19.6
Romania 16.4 19.9
Mongolia 16.7 18.0 18.4 17.2 16.4
Bulgaria 17.0 17.2 14.5 15.8 11.9
Zambia 17.4 14.9 16.7 16.4 14.6
Zimbabwe 17.7 16.1 11.2 14.9 22.7
Bolivia 19.3 17.6 20.7 22.8 20.6
Colombia 19.8 19.3 19.2 17.8 17.5
Fiji 19.9 20.3 18.4 16.0 18.3
Dominican Republic 20.1 18.8 18.5 20.1 14.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.1 19.6 19.6 20.1 20.0
Vanuatu 21.4 20.0 25.1 26.7 27.8
Thailand 21.4 18.5 20.1 17.6 15.8
Malaysia 21.8 21.5 20.2 20.3 20.3
Guyana 22.2 23.4 24.3 24.7 26.8
Senegal 22.3 23.0 18.6 20.1 23.2
Honduras 22.4 21.6 21.1 20.8 21.9
Swaziland 22.7 20.3 17.2 21.7 20.7
Indonesia 23.4 23.9 22.9 22.7 23.2
Turkey 24.5 22.7 21.4 21.7 20.3
Philippines 24.9 23.3 22.4 24.8 24.6
Georgia 25.2 23.1 23.6 26.0 26.0
Grenada 25.4 21.6 20.4 19.9 17.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 25.9 31.4 34.5 31.4 31.8
Belize 26.1 22.5 21.5 20.8 20.4
Cote d'Ivoire 26.5 24.1 21.9 24.1 26.5
Lesotho 26.8 24.8 25.8 27.3 24.6
Kiribati 26.9 26.2 26.5 44.3 35.4
Sri Lanka 27.7 26.4 28.3 28.7 27.7
Togo 28.2 27.0 34.5 33.5 33.7
Nigeria 28.5 32.4 35.5 39.9 39.2
Cameroon 29.4 28.7 24.3 23.8 21.6
Burkina Faso 30.7 28.4 28.2 29.1 35.2
Pakistan 30.8 31.6 30.3 27.9 28.5
China 31.6 33.0 32.8 31.8 28.1
Dominica 31.7 30.4 29.1 28.0 27.9
Mauritania 31.9 33.1 33.8 28.6 22.5
Sierra Leone 32.3 35.8 38.1 40.1 45.1
Albania 32.4 31.7 34.1 33.1 34.6
Kenya 32.5 33.4 34.2 34.0 32.6
Benin 32.7 32.5 33.2 33.3 31.5
Madagascar 33.1 34.2 35.8 35.3 35.1
Bangladesh 33.6 33.0 32.4 36.3 34.8
India 34.1 32.9 33.5 32.2 30.9
Comoros 34.2 33.5 35.0 34.6 36.1
Mozambique 35.1 33.8 37.6 30.2 47.5
Papua New Guinea 35.8 35.1 35.2 40.5 36.6
Sudan 36.4 36.9 33.7 30.7 33.5
Tonga 39.1 38.1 36.3 37.7 37.8
Central African Republic 39.7 41.7 40.4 42.0 47.6
Chad 39.7 39.5 39.2 33.6 38.1
Malawi 39.8 41.1 42.3 42.0 42.9
Rwanda 40.7 39.8 38.2 40.8 41.8
Bhutan 41.4 42.2 42.3 42.7 43.5
Mali 42.6 40.4 37.0 36.7 38.6
Niger 45.7 44.3 41.6 35.8 36.7
Myanmar 47.4 47.7 47.6 48.1 48.2
Guinea-Bissau 53.3 46.8 42.5 41.3 46.5
Ghana 55.3 59.4 51.9 48.4
Ethiopia 58.1 56.3 57.5 51.2 55.4
Uganda 58.4 53.7 57.6 54.8 52.7
Nepal 60.9 61.0 60.3 61.0 51.7
Burundi 61.3 56.9 57.2 60.1 61.5
Somalia 68.3 67.7 66.4 67.9 66.8
Liberia
Gambia, The
Libya
Timor-Leste
Liechtenstein
Serbia
Lithuania
Angola 0.0
Luxembourg
Tuvalu
Macao SAR, China
San Marino
Macedonia, FYR
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Uruguay 13.4 14.6 13.6
Aruba
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Syrian Arab Republic 21.9
Kazakhstan
American Samoa
Maldives
United Kingdom
Canada
Gabon
Cambodia
Belarus
Marshall Islands
Faroe Islands
South Sudan
Slovenia
Cayman Islands
Jamaica
Eritrea
Italy
Armenia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 44.5
Andorra
Moldova
Tanzania
Monaco
Czech Republic
Israel
Turkmenistan
Montenegro
Ukraine
Isle of Man
West Bank and Gaza
Ireland
Russian Federation
Iraq
Samoa
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sao Tome and Principe
Iceland
French Polynesia
Hungary
Barbados
New Caledonia
Estonia
Hong Kong SAR, China
Slovak Republic
Nicaragua
Solomon Islands
Haiti
Bahamas, The 2.3 2.2
Guinea
Spain
Northern Mariana Islands
Azerbaijan
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
Guatemala
Equatorial Guinea
Guam
El Salvador
Palau
Switzerland
Greenland
Tajikistan 32.7
Greece
Djibouti
Paraguay
Denmark
Peru
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 3.0
Germany
Curacao
Poland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Portugal
Croatia
Belgium
Costa Rica 13.9 13.3 11.9
Qatar
United States
Kuwait
Uzbekistan
Vietnam 40.2
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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