Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1
Saudi Arabia 1.0 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.8
Bahrain 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1
Singapore 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1
Oman 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.9
Japan 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Puerto Rico 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.5
Malta 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.5
France 4.1 4.0 4.6 4.0 3.8
Norway 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.5
Netherlands 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.0
Sweden 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Austria 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.1
Venezuela, RB 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.6 5.6
Jordan 7.9 6.1 6.2 6.9 5.6
Gabon 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.5 6.1
Chile 7.3 6.3 5.5 5.9 7.5
South Africa 6.2 6.5 5.7 4.4 4.8
Argentina 6.4 6.5 9.6 8.7 8.3
Australia 7.9 6.7 6.1 4.4 6.1
Antigua and Barbuda 7.1 6.8 6.2 6.1 4.8
Barbados 9.9 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.7
Seychelles 6.8 7.8 6.4 7.7 6.5
Congo, Rep. 11.7 7.9 7.9 7.6 6.9
Finland 9.6 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.2
New Zealand 10.2 8.7 7.4 7.6 8.5
Panama 8.9 8.7 8.1 8.7 8.2
Mexico 9.0 9.0 8.1 8.5 9.4
Namibia 8.4 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.3
Algeria 8.5 9.2 8.4 7.7 7.5
Cyprus 9.6 9.3 9.3 7.9 8.9
Suriname 9.1 9.3 9.1 8.2 8.9
Brazil 11.0 10.7 9.0 10.9 11.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 15.9 11.1 14.4 11.6 11.8
Morocco 18.4 13.0 15.8 15.5 15.0
St. Lucia 14.4 13.1 13.9 15.0 14.8
Cuba 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.5
Latvia 11.8 13.8 15.7 18.6 20.8
Botswana 14.7 14.3 11.7 9.0 7.7
Mauritius 13.1 15.2 16.2 14.7 15.3
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 15.0 14.5 16.3
Cabo Verde 18.6 15.8 12.6 12.1 11.9
Korea, Rep. 15.1 15.8 14.8 13.5 12.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.3 15.8 16.5 17.3 18.4
Ecuador 16.7 16.3 16.4 17.4 19.3
Romania 16.4 19.9
Mongolia 16.7 18.0 18.4 17.2
Bulgaria 14.6 17.0 17.2 14.5 15.8
Zambia 15.1 17.4 14.9 16.7 16.4
Zimbabwe 15.7 17.7 16.1 11.2 14.9
Bolivia 19.0 19.3 17.6 20.7 22.8
Colombia 19.9 19.8 19.3 19.2 17.8
Fiji 22.1 19.9 20.3 18.4 16.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.5 20.0 18.7 16.8 18.8
Dominican Republic 21.8 20.1 18.8 18.5 20.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.3 20.1 19.6 19.6 20.1
Vanuatu 18.9 21.4 20.0 25.1 26.7
Thailand 23.2 21.4 18.5 20.1 17.6
Malaysia 22.6 21.4 21.1 20.0 20.0
Guyana 23.4 22.2 23.4 24.3 24.7
Senegal 20.1 22.3 23.0 18.6 20.1
Honduras 23.7 22.4 21.6 21.1 20.8
Swaziland 22.7 22.7 20.3 17.2 21.7
Indonesia 24.0 23.4 23.9 22.9 22.7
Turkey 26.5 24.5 22.7 21.4 21.7
Philippines 25.1 24.9 23.3 22.4 24.8
Georgia 24.8 25.2 23.1 23.6 26.0
Grenada 24.7 25.4 21.6 20.4 19.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26.8 25.9 31.4 34.5 31.4
Belize 27.4 26.1 22.5 21.5 20.8
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 26.5 24.1 21.9 24.1
Lesotho 24.6 26.8 24.8 25.8 27.3
Kiribati 20.7 26.9 26.2 26.5 44.3
Sri Lanka 27.6 27.7 26.4 28.3 28.7
Togo 27.5 28.2 27.0 34.5 33.5
Nigeria 28.5 32.4 35.5 39.9
Cameroon 31.3 29.4 28.7 24.3 23.8
Burkina Faso 29.4 30.7 28.4 28.2 29.1
Pakistan 29.5 30.8 31.6 30.3 27.9
Liberia 35.9 31.6 32.2 33.8 35.5
Bangladesh 31.6 31.7 31.2 30.7 32.3
Dominica 30.7 31.7 30.4 29.1 28.0
China 30.2 31.9 33.4 33.2 32.1
Mauritania 30.4 31.9 33.1 33.8 28.6
Sierra Leone 33.0 32.3 35.8 38.1 40.1
Albania 33.6 32.4 31.7 34.1 33.1
Kenya 32.6 32.5 33.4 34.2 34.0
Benin 35.4 32.7 32.5 33.2 33.3
Madagascar 30.1 33.1 34.2 35.8 35.3
India 35.4 34.1 32.9 33.5 32.2
Comoros 34.0 34.2 33.5 35.0 34.6
Mozambique 37.1 35.1 33.8 37.6 30.2
Papua New Guinea 35.4 35.8 35.1 35.2 40.5
Sudan 32.9 36.4 36.9 33.7 30.7
Tonga 38.5 39.1 38.1 36.3 37.7
Central African Republic 40.0 39.7 41.7 40.4 42.0
Chad 45.1 39.7 39.5 39.2 33.6
Malawi 43.7 39.8 41.1 42.3 42.0
Rwanda 45.8 40.7 39.8 38.2 40.8
Bhutan 43.6 41.4 42.2 42.3 42.7
Niger 43.1 45.7 44.3 41.6 35.8
Mali 48.3 45.7 44.1 41.4 44.2
Myanmar 46.5 47.4 47.7 47.6 48.1
Guinea-Bissau 44.3 53.3 46.8 42.5 41.3
Ghana 60.1 55.3 59.4 51.9
Ethiopia 58.1 56.3 57.5 51.2
Uganda 72.0 58.4 53.7 57.6 54.8
Nepal 61.8 60.9 61.0 60.3 61.0
Burundi 62.2 61.3 56.9 57.2 60.1
Somalia 68.4 68.3 67.7 66.4 67.9
Kyrgyz Republic
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Serbia
Luxembourg
Israel
Macao SAR, China
Poland
Macedonia, FYR
San Marino
Kosovo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Croatia
Equatorial Guinea
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Peru
Guinea
Belgium
Greenland
Jamaica
Marshall Islands
Libya
Hong Kong SAR, China
Italy
Greece
Slovenia
Afghanistan
South Sudan
Uruguay 13.4 14.6
Armenia
Germany
Angola
Hungary
Guatemala
West Bank and Gaza
Paraguay
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Portugal
Haiti
Qatar
Lao PDR
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
Samoa
Belarus
Sao Tome and Principe
Gambia, The
Estonia
New Caledonia
Eritrea
Iraq
Bahamas, The 2.3
Nicaragua
Slovak Republic
Kazakhstan
Solomon Islands
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6
Azerbaijan
Czech Republic
Spain
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Syrian Arab Republic
St. Martin (French part)
Tanzania
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El Salvador
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Curacao
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Turkmenistan
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Tuvalu
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American Samoa
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United States
Moldova
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Monaco
Costa Rica 13.9 13.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Montenegro
Yemen, Rep.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 44.5
Lebanon

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