Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1
Bahrain 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1
Singapore 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1
Saudi Arabia 1.0 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.8
Oman 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.9
Japan 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Puerto Rico 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.5
Malta 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.5
Norway 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.5
Austria 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.1
Netherlands 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.0
Sweden 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
France 4.1 4.0 4.6 4.0 3.8
Venezuela, RB 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.6 5.6
Chile 7.3 6.3 5.5 5.9 7.5
South Africa 6.2 6.5 5.7 4.4 4.8
Australia 7.9 6.7 6.1 4.4 6.1
Gabon 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.5 6.1
Jordan 7.9 6.1 6.2 6.9 5.6
Antigua and Barbuda 7.1 6.8 6.2 6.1 4.8
Seychelles 6.8 7.8 6.4 7.7 6.5
Barbados 9.9 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.7
New Zealand 10.2 8.7 7.4 7.6 8.5
Congo, Rep. 11.7 7.9 7.9 7.6 6.9
Panama 8.9 8.7 8.1 8.7 8.2
Mexico 9.0 9.0 8.1 8.5 9.4
Algeria 8.5 9.2 8.4 7.7 7.5
Finland 9.6 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.2
Namibia 8.4 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.3
Brazil 11.0 10.7 9.0 10.9 11.5
Suriname 9.1 9.3 9.1 8.2 8.9
Cyprus 9.6 9.3 9.3 7.9 8.9
Argentina 6.4 6.5 9.6 8.7 8.3
Botswana 14.7 14.3 11.7 9.0 7.7
Cabo Verde 18.6 15.8 12.6 12.1 11.9
Cuba 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.5
St. Lucia 14.4 13.1 13.9 15.0 14.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 15.9 11.1 14.4 11.6 11.8
Korea, Rep. 15.1 15.8 14.8 13.5 12.7
Zambia 15.1 17.4 14.9 16.7 16.4
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 15.0 14.5 16.3
Latvia 11.8 13.8 15.7 18.6 20.8
Morocco 18.4 13.0 15.8 15.5 15.0
Zimbabwe 15.7 17.7 16.1 11.2 14.9
Mauritius 13.1 15.2 16.2 14.7 15.3
Ecuador 16.7 16.3 16.4 17.4 19.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.3 15.8 16.5 17.3 18.4
Bulgaria 14.6 17.0 17.2 14.5 15.8
Bolivia 19.0 19.3 17.6 20.7 22.8
Mongolia 16.7 18.0 18.4 17.2
Thailand 23.2 21.4 18.5 20.1 17.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.5 20.0 18.7 16.8 18.8
Dominican Republic 21.8 20.1 18.8 18.5 20.1
Colombia 19.9 19.8 19.3 19.2 17.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.3 20.1 19.6 19.6 20.1
Romania 16.4 19.9
Vanuatu 18.9 21.4 20.0 25.1 26.7
Fiji 22.1 19.9 20.3 18.4 16.0
Swaziland 22.7 22.7 20.3 17.2 21.7
Malaysia 22.6 21.4 21.1 20.0 20.0
Grenada 24.7 25.4 21.6 20.4 19.9
Honduras 23.7 22.4 21.6 21.1 20.8
Belize 27.4 26.1 22.5 21.5 20.8
Turkey 26.5 24.5 22.7 21.4 21.7
Senegal 20.1 22.3 23.0 18.6 20.1
Georgia 24.8 25.2 23.1 23.6 26.0
Philippines 25.1 24.9 23.3 22.4 24.8
Guyana 23.4 22.2 23.4 24.3 24.7
Indonesia 24.0 23.4 23.9 22.9 22.7
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 26.5 24.1 21.9 24.1
Lesotho 24.6 26.8 24.8 25.8 27.3
Kiribati 20.7 26.9 26.2 26.5 44.3
Sri Lanka 27.6 27.7 26.4 28.3 28.7
Togo 27.5 28.2 27.0 34.5 33.5
Burkina Faso 29.4 30.7 28.4 28.2 29.1
Cameroon 31.3 29.4 28.7 24.3 23.8
Dominica 30.7 31.7 30.4 29.1 28.0
Bangladesh 31.6 31.7 31.2 30.7 32.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26.8 25.9 31.4 34.5 31.4
Pakistan 29.5 30.8 31.6 30.3 27.9
Albania 33.6 32.4 31.7 34.1 33.1
Liberia 35.9 31.6 32.2 33.8 35.5
Nigeria 28.5 32.4 35.5 39.9
Benin 35.4 32.7 32.5 33.2 33.3
India 35.4 34.1 32.9 33.5 32.2
Mauritania 30.4 31.9 33.1 33.8 28.6
Kenya 32.6 32.5 33.4 34.2 34.0
China 30.2 31.9 33.4 33.2 32.1
Comoros 34.0 34.2 33.5 35.0 34.6
Mozambique 37.1 35.1 33.8 37.6 30.2
Madagascar 30.1 33.1 34.2 35.8 35.3
Papua New Guinea 35.4 35.8 35.1 35.2 40.5
Sierra Leone 33.0 32.3 35.8 38.1 40.1
Sudan 32.9 36.4 36.9 33.7 30.7
Tonga 38.5 39.1 38.1 36.3 37.7
Chad 45.1 39.7 39.5 39.2 33.6
Rwanda 45.8 40.7 39.8 38.2 40.8
Malawi 43.7 39.8 41.1 42.3 42.0
Central African Republic 40.0 39.7 41.7 40.4 42.0
Bhutan 43.6 41.4 42.2 42.3 42.7
Mali 48.3 45.7 44.1 41.4 44.2
Niger 43.1 45.7 44.3 41.6 35.8
Guinea-Bissau 44.3 53.3 46.8 42.5 41.3
Myanmar 46.5 47.4 47.7 47.6 48.1
Uganda 72.0 58.4 53.7 57.6 54.8
Ethiopia 58.1 56.3 57.5 51.2
Burundi 62.2 61.3 56.9 57.2 60.1
Ghana 60.1 55.3 59.4 51.9
Nepal 61.8 60.9 61.0 60.3 61.0
Somalia 68.4 68.3 67.7 66.4 67.9
Ukraine
Lithuania
Armenia
Luxembourg
Liechtenstein
Macao SAR, China
Estonia
Macedonia, FYR
Czech Republic
Lao PDR
Libya
Kyrgyz Republic
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kuwait
Maldives
Eritrea
Kosovo
Tanzania
Cambodia
Turkmenistan
Marshall Islands
Uruguay 13.4 14.6
Korea, Dem. Rep.
San Marino
Kazakhstan
French Polynesia
Vietnam
Slovenia
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
Canada
Azerbaijan
Cayman Islands
Aruba
Jamaica
Syrian Arab Republic
Montenegro
Timor-Leste
Italy
Angola
Israel
Tuvalu
Isle of Man
United Kingdom
Ireland
Costa Rica 13.9 13.3
Germany
Samoa
Serbia
Sao Tome and Principe
Iraq
Gambia, The
New Caledonia
Belgium
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Belarus
Nicaragua
Slovak Republic
Iceland
Solomon Islands
Hungary
Faeroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Spain
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bahamas, The 2.3
Haiti
St. Martin (French part)
Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Palau
El Salvador
Bermuda
Switzerland
Guatemala
Tajikistan
Paraguay
Djibouti
Peru
Denmark
Guam
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6
Poland
Curacao
Portugal
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
Croatia
Qatar
Andorra
Greece
United States
Russian Federation
Uzbekistan
Afghanistan
American Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 44.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Moldova
Yemen, Rep.
Monaco
Lebanon

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