Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
United Arab Emirates 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8
Brunei Darussalam 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1
Bahrain 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1
Singapore 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.1
Saudi Arabia 1.0 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.8
Japan 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Oman 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.9
Puerto Rico 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.1 2.5
Norway 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.4 3.5
Austria 4.9 4.5 4.1 3.9 4.1
France 4.1 4.0 4.6 4.0 3.8
Netherlands 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.0
Malta 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.5
South Africa 6.2 6.5 5.7 4.4 4.8
Australia 7.9 6.7 6.1 4.4 6.1
Sweden 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Venezuela, RB 4.8 4.9 5.2 5.6 5.6
Chile 7.3 6.3 5.5 5.9 7.5
Antigua and Barbuda 7.1 6.8 6.2 6.1 4.8
Gabon 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.5 6.1
Jordan 7.9 6.1 6.2 6.9 5.6
Barbados 9.9 7.0 6.8 7.1 6.7
Congo, Rep. 11.7 7.9 7.9 7.6 6.9
New Zealand 10.2 8.7 7.4 7.6 8.5
Seychelles 6.8 7.8 6.4 7.7 6.5
Algeria 8.5 9.2 8.4 7.7 7.5
Cyprus 9.6 9.3 9.3 7.9 8.9
Suriname 9.1 9.3 9.1 8.2 8.9
Namibia 8.4 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.3
Mexico 9.0 9.0 8.1 8.5 9.4
Finland 9.6 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.2
Argentina 6.4 6.5 9.6 8.7 8.3
Panama 8.9 8.7 8.1 8.7 8.2
Botswana 14.7 14.3 11.7 9.0 7.7
Brazil 11.0 10.7 9.0 10.9 11.5
Zimbabwe 15.7 17.7 16.1 11.2 14.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 15.9 11.1 14.4 11.6 11.8
Cabo Verde 18.6 15.8 12.6 12.1 11.9
Uruguay 13.4 14.6
Cuba 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.5
Korea, Rep. 15.1 15.8 14.8 13.5 12.7
Costa Rica 13.9 13.3
Bulgaria 14.6 17.0 17.2 14.5 15.8
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 15.0 14.5 16.3
Mauritius 13.1 15.2 16.2 14.7 15.3
St. Lucia 14.4 13.1 13.9 15.0 14.8
Morocco 18.4 13.0 15.8 15.5 15.0
Zambia 15.1 17.4 14.9 16.7 16.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.5 20.0 18.7 16.8 18.8
Swaziland 22.7 22.7 20.3 17.2 21.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.3 15.8 16.5 17.3 18.4
Ecuador 16.7 16.3 16.4 17.4 19.3
Fiji 22.1 19.9 20.3 18.4 16.0
Mongolia 16.7 18.0 18.4 17.2
Dominican Republic 21.8 20.1 18.8 18.5 20.1
Senegal 20.1 22.3 23.0 18.6 20.1
Latvia 11.8 13.8 15.7 18.6 20.8
Colombia 19.9 19.8 19.3 19.2 17.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.3 20.1 19.6 19.6 20.1
Malaysia 22.6 21.4 21.1 20.0 20.0
Thailand 23.2 21.4 18.5 20.1 17.6
Grenada 24.7 25.4 21.6 20.4 19.9
Bolivia 19.0 19.3 17.6 20.7 22.8
Honduras 23.7 22.4 21.6 21.1 20.8
Turkey 26.5 24.5 22.7 21.4 21.7
Belize 27.4 26.1 22.5 21.5 20.8
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 26.5 24.1 21.9 24.1
Philippines 25.1 24.9 23.3 22.4 24.8
Indonesia 24.0 23.4 23.9 22.9 22.7
Georgia 24.8 25.2 23.1 23.6 26.0
Guyana 23.4 22.2 23.4 24.3 24.7
Cameroon 31.3 29.4 28.7 24.3 23.8
Vanuatu 18.9 21.4 20.0 25.1 26.7
Lesotho 24.6 26.8 24.8 25.8 27.3
Kiribati 20.7 26.9 26.2 26.5 44.3
Burkina Faso 29.4 30.7 28.4 28.2 29.1
Sri Lanka 27.6 27.7 26.4 28.3 28.7
Dominica 30.7 31.7 30.4 29.1 28.0
Pakistan 29.5 30.8 31.6 30.3 27.9
Bangladesh 31.6 31.7 31.2 30.7 32.3
Benin 35.4 32.7 32.5 33.2 33.3
China 30.2 31.9 33.4 33.2 32.1
India 35.4 34.1 32.9 33.5 32.2
Sudan 32.9 36.4 36.9 33.7 30.7
Mauritania 30.4 31.9 33.1 33.8 28.6
Liberia 35.9 31.6 32.2 33.8 35.5
Albania 33.6 32.4 31.7 34.1 33.1
Kenya 32.6 32.5 33.4 34.2 34.0
Togo 27.5 28.2 27.0 34.5 33.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 26.8 25.9 31.4 34.5 31.4
Comoros 34.0 34.2 33.5 35.0 34.6
Papua New Guinea 35.4 35.8 35.1 35.2 40.5
Nigeria 28.5 32.4 35.5 39.9
Madagascar 30.1 33.1 34.2 35.8 35.3
Tonga 38.5 39.1 38.1 36.3 37.7
Mozambique 37.1 35.1 33.8 37.6 30.2
Sierra Leone 33.0 32.3 35.8 38.1 40.1
Rwanda 45.8 40.7 39.8 38.2 40.8
Chad 45.1 39.7 39.5 39.2 33.6
Central African Republic 40.0 39.7 41.7 40.4 42.0
Mali 48.3 45.7 44.1 41.4 44.2
Niger 43.1 45.7 44.3 41.6 35.8
Malawi 43.7 39.8 41.1 42.3 42.0
Bhutan 43.6 41.4 42.2 42.3 42.7
Guinea-Bissau 44.3 53.3 46.8 42.5 41.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 44.5
Myanmar 46.5 47.4 47.7 47.6 48.1
Burundi 62.2 61.3 56.9 57.2 60.1
Ethiopia 58.1 56.3 57.5 51.2
Uganda 72.0 58.4 53.7 57.6 54.8
Nepal 61.8 60.9 61.0 60.3 61.0
Somalia 68.4 68.3 67.7 66.4 67.9
Angola
Luxembourg
Switzerland
Macao SAR, China
Serbia
Macedonia, FYR
Belgium
Liechtenstein
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6
Libya
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Maldives
Lao PDR
Gambia, The
Kyrgyz Republic
Denmark
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kuwait
Uzbekistan
Kosovo
Lithuania
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Greece
Slovenia
Kazakhstan
Moldova
Spain
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Croatia
Azerbaijan
Montenegro
Tajikistan
Curacao
French Polynesia
Jamaica
Faeroe Islands
Italy
Estonia
Cayman Islands
United States
El Salvador
American Samoa
Canada
Yemen, Rep.
New Caledonia
Guatemala
Israel
Bermuda
Nicaragua
Greenland
Isle of Man
Slovak Republic
Ireland
Solomon Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Cambodia
South Sudan
Iraq
Ghana 60.1 55.3 59.4 51.9
Czech Republic
Belarus
Palau
Germany
Iceland
Bahamas, The 2.3
Hungary
Aruba
Paraguay
Syrian Arab Republic
Peru
Tanzania
Hong Kong SAR, China
Timor-Leste
Poland
Djibouti
Portugal
Armenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Turkmenistan
Qatar
Tuvalu
Romania 16.4 19.9
Ukraine
Russian Federation
United Kingdom
Haiti
Andorra
Samoa
Eritrea
San Marino
Vietnam
Sao Tome and Principe
West Bank and Gaza
Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Lebanon

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