Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Angola 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3
Singapore 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
Bahrain 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1
Brunei Darussalam 1.2 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.0
Bahamas, The 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.2
Japan 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2
Trinidad and Tobago 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6
Oman 2.8 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.2
Norway 3.2 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.3
France 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.5
Austria 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Netherlands 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.4
Sweden 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9
Malta 4.4 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.8
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.0
Saudi Arabia 3.7 4.9 5.7 6.3 6.3
South Africa 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.8 5.4
Australia 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.4
Botswana 6.4 5.7 6.7 6.0 5.0
Jordan 5.5 5.9 6.7 6.7 6.0
Seychelles 5.8 6.0 5.3 4.7 4.3
New Zealand 7.4 6.2 6.5 6.9 7.3
Barbados 6.2 6.4 6.9 6.5 5.2
Venezuela, RB 6.3 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.3
Cyprus 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.2 6.9
Finland 7.8 7.5 6.0 6.0 6.1
Argentina 7.6 7.8 8.1 9.0 9.6
Namibia 7.8 8.2 9.7 9.8 9.1
Panama 8.3 8.9 9.0 9.5 10.2
Chile 7.6 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.7
Gabon 6.8 9.2 11.0 10.1 8.7
Suriname 9.1 10.1 11.2 10.9 9.8
Algeria 9.0 10.2 12.9 12.2 13.0
Mexico 10.1 10.3 9.7 7.9 7.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 9.1 10.8 10.6 9.7 7.7
Korea, Rep. 12.5 11.1 9.9 9.9 9.1
Brazil 11.5 11.2 10.0 10.1 8.5
Congo, Rep. 7.4 12.1 11.9 13.9 12.9
Uruguay 13.6 12.7 13.7 12.0 10.9
Bulgaria 11.9 13.1 11.4 10.9 10.6
Costa Rica 11.9 13.2 13.5 13.0 12.4
Zambia 14.6 13.6 12.0 17.4 21.2
Cabo Verde 13.0 13.6 17.6 17.7 16.2
Cuba 12.5 13.6 13.7 13.9 13.7
Tunisia 18.1 14.9 18.8 13.5 14.6
Thailand 15.8 15.7 15.7 16.2 15.1
Mauritius 16.2 16.2 15.4 13.9 13.1
Grenada 17.1 16.8 18.7 17.9 15.4
Zimbabwe 22.7 17.8 14.4 16.4 14.9
Colombia 17.5 18.0 18.7 17.4 16.6
St. Lucia 15.2 18.1 13.2 16.2 13.3
Bolivia 20.6 18.3 17.7 17.2 16.7
Mongolia 16.4 18.7 16.4 16.6 15.5
Dominican Republic 14.5 19.1 12.8 17.0 14.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.6 19.1 17.0 17.8 17.0
Morocco 16.5 19.7 15.2 18.3 18.4
Malaysia 19.9 19.8 20.0 20.1 18.1
Turkey 20.3 20.1 18.5 17.8 17.1
Honduras 21.9 20.6 20.9 21.2 21.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.0 20.8 20.5 19.0 19.7
Fiji 18.3 20.9 23.0 19.5 22.2
Belize 20.4 21.0 22.7 22.3 20.4
Ecuador 19.6 21.9 22.4 23.0 23.4
Swaziland 20.7 22.2 16.5 16.1 15.3
Cameroon 21.6 22.4 24.8 24.7 26.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 23.1 24.5 23.2 23.5
Lesotho 24.6 23.6 25.4 27.0 24.9
Guinea 23.9 24.7 23.5 24.1
Vanuatu 27.8 23.9 20.4 20.0 20.3
Philippines 24.6 23.9 24.0 23.0 22.7
Senegal 23.2 24.1 24.9 21.2 22.6
Indonesia 23.2 24.2 23.3 22.5 21.7
Syrian Arab Republic 21.9 24.9 26.6 31.8 24.8
Georgia 26.0 26.6 24.2 24.3 23.3
Mauritania 22.5 26.6 32.3 32.7 31.9
Guyana 26.8 26.7 29.9 26.0 39.9
Kiribati 35.4 26.8 27.9 33.7 28.1
China 28.1 26.8 26.5 25.4 24.7
Sri Lanka 27.7 27.1 27.0 26.3 25.6
Pakistan 28.5 27.6 26.2 26.0 26.9
Cote d'Ivoire 26.5 28.5 29.2 32.0 32.7
India 30.9 29.7 29.2 30.2 29.0
Dominica 27.9 30.2 29.8 28.5 24.0
Burkina Faso 35.2 30.9 28.9 29.9 28.9
Chad 38.1 32.6 33.1 36.8 31.7
Kenya 32.6 33.0 31.5 29.9 30.2
Tajikistan 32.7 33.0 30.7 31.7 32.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.8 33.6 29.7 29.8 28.6
Benin 31.5 33.7 33.3 34.4 37.9
Albania 34.6 34.0 33.2 31.5 32.3
Bangladesh 34.8 34.1 34.8 33.5 32.9
Niger 36.7 34.7 35.2 35.4 34.1
Togo 33.7 34.8 33.5 33.6 32.2
Papua New Guinea 36.6 35.3 32.9 32.0 30.1
Sudan 33.5 36.3 32.8 41.5 39.2
Madagascar 35.1 36.8 36.2 33.5 32.9
Comoros 36.1 37.4 38.0 39.5 40.9
Rwanda 41.8 37.5 37.7 39.2 40.3
Sierra Leone 45.1 38.0 45.0 46.0 46.0
Vietnam 40.2 38.1 40.6 46.3 42.1
Tonga 37.8 39.0 38.9 38.0 36.0
Nigeria 39.2 40.3 37.3 41.6 32.2
Mozambique 47.5 41.1 44.1 42.9 47.4
Bhutan 43.5 42.1 36.6 38.3 35.8
Mali 40.3 42.4 45.2 45.0 47.8
Malawi 42.9 43.1 49.0 50.0 47.7
Guinea-Bissau 46.5 45.3 57.6 58.1 50.2
Ghana 48.4 48.0 50.7 49.7 49.4
Central African Republic 47.6 50.2 47.3 48.9 47.7
Myanmar 48.2 50.2 55.3 57.4 57.0
Nepal 51.7 51.5 50.7 50.9 50.4
Ethiopia 55.4 53.9 52.0 51.6 51.2
Uganda 52.7 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.8
Burundi 61.5 58.5 55.1 54.2 53.7
Somalia 66.8 62.4 64.2 69.3 63.6
Bermuda
Serbia
Maldives
Turks and Caicos Islands
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Kuwait
Belarus
Marshall Islands
Uzbekistan 27.6 29.3 31.1
Equatorial Guinea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Djibouti 3.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Denmark
Guatemala
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greece
Moldova 36.5
United Arab Emirates
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Czech Republic
Hungary
Montenegro
El Salvador
Curacao
Hong Kong SAR, China
Lithuania
Afghanistan
Liechtenstein
Belgium
Croatia
Guam
Libya
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
New Caledonia
Kyrgyz Republic 31.8 33.6
Kazakhstan
United States
Nicaragua
Andorra
Eritrea
Macedonia, FYR
Estonia
Canada
Gambia, The
Cambodia
Slovenia
Slovak Republic
South Sudan
Solomon Islands
Jamaica
Italy
Israel
Spain
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Ireland
Haiti
Paraguay
Lebanon
Peru
Switzerland
Iraq
Taiwan, China
Poland
Tanzania
Portugal
Timor-Leste
Liberia
Greenland
Qatar
Azerbaijan
Romania
Turkmenistan 27.6 26.9 28.9
Russian Federation 16.8
Tuvalu
Yemen, Rep.
Ukraine 21.7 20.9 22.9
Lao PDR 60.6
United Kingdom
San Marino
Armenia
Sao Tome and Principe
Latvia
Cayman Islands
Germany
Iceland
West Bank and Gaza
Samoa
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands

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