Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Angola 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3
Singapore 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
Bahrain 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1
Brunei Darussalam 1.2 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.0
Bahamas, The 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.3
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.2
Japan 2.7 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2
Trinidad and Tobago 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6
France 3.8 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.5
Oman 2.8 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.2
Austria 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4
Norway 3.2 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.3
Sweden 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9
Netherlands 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.4
Malta 4.4 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.8
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.0
Australia 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.4
Seychelles 5.8 6.0 5.3 4.7 4.3
South Africa 5.2 5.0 5.6 5.8 5.4
Saudi Arabia 3.7 4.9 5.7 6.3 6.3
Finland 7.8 7.5 6.0 6.0 6.1
New Zealand 7.4 6.2 6.5 6.9 7.3
Venezuela, RB 6.3 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.3
Botswana 6.4 5.7 6.7 6.0 5.0
Jordan 5.5 5.9 6.7 6.7 6.0
Barbados 6.2 6.4 6.9 6.5 5.2
Cyprus 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.2 6.9
Argentina 7.6 7.8 8.1 9.0 9.6
Panama 8.3 8.9 9.0 9.5 10.2
Chile 7.6 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.7
Mexico 10.1 10.3 9.7 7.9 7.8
Namibia 7.8 8.2 9.7 9.8 9.1
Korea, Rep. 12.5 11.1 9.9 9.9 9.1
Brazil 11.5 11.2 10.0 10.1 8.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 9.1 10.8 10.6 9.7 7.7
Gabon 6.8 9.2 11.0 10.1 8.7
Suriname 9.1 10.1 11.2 10.9 9.8
Bulgaria 11.9 13.1 11.4 10.9 10.6
Congo, Rep. 7.4 12.1 11.9 13.9 12.9
Zambia 14.6 13.6 12.0 17.4 21.2
Dominican Republic 14.5 19.1 12.8 17.0 14.9
Algeria 9.0 10.2 12.9 12.2 13.0
St. Lucia 15.2 18.1 13.2 16.2 13.3
Costa Rica 11.9 13.2 13.5 13.0 12.4
Cuba 12.5 13.6 13.7 13.9 13.7
Uruguay 13.6 12.7 13.7 12.0 10.9
Zimbabwe 22.7 17.8 14.4 16.4 14.9
Morocco 16.5 19.7 15.2 18.3 18.4
Mauritius 16.2 16.2 15.4 13.9 13.1
Thailand 15.8 15.7 15.7 16.2 15.1
Mongolia 16.4 18.7 16.4 16.6 15.5
Swaziland 20.7 22.2 16.5 16.1 15.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.6 19.1 17.0 17.8 17.0
Cabo Verde 13.0 13.6 17.6 17.7 16.2
Bolivia 20.6 18.3 17.7 17.2 16.7
Turkey 20.3 20.1 18.5 17.8 17.1
Grenada 17.1 16.8 18.7 17.9 15.4
Colombia 17.5 18.0 18.7 17.4 16.6
Tunisia 18.1 14.9 18.8 13.5 14.6
Malaysia 19.9 19.8 20.0 20.1 18.1
Vanuatu 27.8 23.9 20.4 20.0 20.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.0 20.8 20.5 19.0 19.7
Honduras 21.9 20.6 20.9 21.2 21.1
Ukraine 21.7 20.9 22.9
Ecuador 19.6 21.9 22.4 23.0 23.4
Belize 20.4 21.0 22.7 22.3 20.4
Fiji 18.3 20.9 23.0 19.5 22.2
Indonesia 23.2 24.2 23.3 22.5 21.7
Philippines 24.6 23.9 24.0 23.0 22.7
Georgia 26.0 26.6 24.2 24.3 23.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.4 23.1 24.5 23.2 23.5
Guinea 23.9 24.7 23.5 24.1
Cameroon 21.6 22.4 24.8 24.7 26.1
Senegal 23.2 24.1 24.9 21.2 22.6
Lesotho 24.6 23.6 25.4 27.0 24.9
Pakistan 28.5 27.6 26.2 26.0 26.9
China 28.1 26.8 26.5 25.4 24.7
Syrian Arab Republic 21.9 24.9 26.6 31.8 24.8
Sri Lanka 27.7 27.1 27.0 26.3 25.6
Turkmenistan 27.6 26.9 28.9
Uzbekistan 27.6 29.3 31.1
Kiribati 35.4 26.8 27.9 33.7 28.1
Burkina Faso 35.2 30.9 28.9 29.9 28.9
Cote d'Ivoire 26.5 28.5 29.2 32.0 32.7
India 30.9 29.7 29.2 30.2 29.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.8 33.6 29.7 29.8 28.6
Dominica 27.9 30.2 29.8 28.5 24.0
Guyana 26.8 26.7 29.9 26.0 39.9
Tajikistan 32.7 33.0 30.7 31.7 32.1
Kenya 32.6 33.0 31.5 29.9 30.2
Mauritania 22.5 26.6 32.3 32.7 31.9
Sudan 33.5 36.3 32.8 41.5 39.2
Papua New Guinea 36.6 35.3 32.9 32.0 30.1
Chad 38.1 32.6 33.1 36.8 31.7
Albania 34.6 34.0 33.2 31.5 32.3
Benin 31.5 33.7 33.3 34.4 37.9
Togo 33.7 34.8 33.5 33.6 32.2
Bangladesh 34.8 34.1 34.8 33.5 32.9
Niger 36.7 34.7 35.2 35.4 34.1
Madagascar 35.1 36.8 36.2 33.5 32.9
Bhutan 43.5 42.1 36.6 38.3 35.8
Nigeria 39.2 40.3 37.3 41.6 32.2
Rwanda 41.8 37.5 37.7 39.2 40.3
Comoros 36.1 37.4 38.0 39.5 40.9
Tonga 37.8 39.0 38.9 38.0 36.0
Vietnam 40.2 38.1 40.6 46.3 42.1
Mozambique 47.5 41.1 44.1 42.9 47.4
Sierra Leone 45.1 38.0 45.0 46.0 46.0
Mali 40.3 42.4 45.2 45.0 47.8
Central African Republic 47.6 50.2 47.3 48.9 47.7
Malawi 42.9 43.1 49.0 50.0 47.7
Ghana 48.4 48.0 50.7 49.7 49.4
Nepal 51.7 51.5 50.7 50.9 50.4
Ethiopia 55.4 53.9 52.0 51.6 51.2
Burundi 61.5 58.5 55.1 54.2 53.7
Myanmar 48.2 50.2 55.3 57.4 57.0
Uganda 52.7 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.8
Guinea-Bissau 46.5 45.3 57.6 58.1 50.2
Somalia 66.8 62.4 64.2 69.3 63.6
Maldives
Estonia
Serbia
Marshall Islands
Macao SAR, China
Faeroe Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Equatorial Guinea
Iraq
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Lithuania
Moldova 36.5
Romania
Monaco
Isle of Man
El Salvador
Liberia
Montenegro
Slovenia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Kuwait
Timor-Leste
Tanzania
Luxembourg
Lebanon
United States
Turks and Caicos Islands
Djibouti 3.3
United Arab Emirates
Lao PDR 60.6
Latvia
San Marino
Russian Federation 16.8
Denmark
Samoa
New Caledonia
Sao Tome and Principe
Czech Republic
Ireland
Nicaragua
Libya
Kazakhstan
Cayman Islands
French Polynesia
Slovak Republic
Armenia
Solomon Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Canada
Afghanistan
Spain
Switzerland
Cambodia
Taiwan, China
Iceland
Germany
Yemen, Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Gambia, The
Bermuda
Guatemala
Hungary
Jamaica
Hong Kong SAR, China
Italy
Greece
Belgium
Haiti
Paraguay
Peru
Belarus
Israel
Greenland
Poland
Tuvalu
Portugal
Azerbaijan
Kyrgyz Republic 31.8 33.6
United Kingdom
Qatar
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Curacao
Croatia
West Bank and Gaza
Guam
American Samoa
Palau

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