Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Angola 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 33.3
Singapore 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3
Bahrain 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9
United Arab Emirates 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.0 1.0
Japan 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.6
France 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.5
Austria 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5
Norway 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.4
Oman 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.2 2.6
Malta 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.5
Sweden 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.6
Netherlands 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.0 4.2
Seychelles 6.0 5.3 4.7 4.3 4.8
Australia 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.4 4.6
South Africa 5.0 5.6 5.8 5.4 4.6
Botswana 5.7 6.7 6.0 5.0 4.9
Finland 7.5 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.2
Saudi Arabia 4.9 5.7 6.3 6.3 5.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.9 7.1 6.4 5.1 4.2
Jordan 5.9 6.7 6.7 6.0 7.7
Venezuela, RB 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.3 5.5
New Zealand 6.2 6.5 6.9 7.3 6.4
Cyprus 7.3 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.9
Mexico 10.3 9.7 7.9 7.8 7.8
Chile 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.7 8.7
Argentina 7.8 8.1 9.0 9.6 8.1
Panama 8.9 9.0 9.5 10.2 9.8
Namibia 8.2 9.7 9.8 9.1 9.8
Korea, Rep. 11.1 9.9 9.9 9.1 8.2
Brazil 11.2 10.0 10.1 8.5 8.1
Bulgaria 13.1 11.4 10.9 10.6 17.0
Suriname 10.1 11.2 10.9 9.8 8.7
Uruguay 12.7 13.7 12.0 10.9 9.2
Algeria 10.2 12.9 12.2 13.0 11.4
Costa Rica 13.2 13.5 13.0 12.4 12.3
Tunisia 14.9 18.8 13.5 14.6 17.7
Mauritius 16.2 15.4 13.9 13.1 12.9
Congo, Rep. 12.1 11.9 13.9 12.9 12.9
Cuba 13.6 13.7 13.9 13.7 14.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.8 16.8 15.7 16.0 12.8
Swaziland 22.2 16.5 16.1 15.3 10.4
Thailand 15.7 15.7 16.2 15.1 12.5
St. Lucia 18.1 13.2 16.2 13.3 14.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.6 13.3 16.2 15.2 16.4
Zimbabwe 17.8 14.4 16.4 14.9 16.5
Mongolia 18.7 16.4 16.6 15.5 12.9
Dominican Republic 19.1 12.8 17.0 14.9 14.5
Bolivia 18.3 17.7 17.2 16.7 16.7
Colombia 18.0 18.7 17.4 16.6 16.7
Zambia 13.6 12.0 17.4 21.2 20.6
Cabo Verde 13.6 17.6 17.7 16.2 14.4
Turkey 20.1 18.5 17.8 17.1 18.1
Grenada 16.8 18.7 17.9 15.4 13.4
Morocco 19.7 15.2 18.3 18.4 19.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.8 20.5 19.0 19.7 19.4
Fiji 20.9 23.0 19.5 22.2 20.4
Vanuatu 23.9 20.4 20.0 20.3 20.9
Malaysia 20.2 20.0 20.1 18.1 15.2
Ukraine 21.7 20.9 22.9 25.6
Senegal 24.1 24.9 21.2 22.6 19.9
Honduras 20.6 20.9 21.2 21.1 22.4
Belize 21.0 22.7 22.3 20.4 20.0
Indonesia 24.2 23.3 22.5 21.7 19.4
Philippines 23.9 24.0 23.0 22.7 21.9
Ecuador 21.9 22.4 23.0 23.4 21.4
Guinea 23.9 24.7 23.5 24.1 23.8
Georgia 26.6 24.2 24.3 23.3 31.7
Cameroon 22.4 24.8 24.7 26.1 24.6
China 26.8 26.5 25.4 24.7 26.7
Guyana 26.7 29.9 26.0 39.9 38.1
Pakistan 27.6 26.2 26.0 26.9 26.0
Sri Lanka 27.1 27.0 26.3 25.6 26.3
Turkmenistan 27.6 26.9 28.9 32.2
Lesotho 23.6 25.4 27.0 24.9 24.7
Dominica 30.2 29.8 28.5 24.0 25.0
Uzbekistan 27.6 29.3 31.1 32.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.6 29.7 29.8 28.6 31.0
Kenya 33.0 31.5 29.9 30.2 29.5
Burkina Faso 30.9 28.9 29.9 28.9 29.1
India 29.7 29.2 30.2 29.0 29.0
Albania 34.0 33.2 31.5 32.3 35.9
Tajikistan 33.0 30.7 31.7 32.1 33.3
Syrian Arab Republic 24.9 26.6 31.8 24.8 29.8
Kyrgyz Republic 31.8 33.6 33.5
Papua New Guinea 35.3 32.9 32.0 30.1 30.9
Cote d'Ivoire 28.5 29.2 32.0 32.7 32.5
Mauritania 26.6 32.3 32.7 31.9 29.6
Madagascar 36.8 36.2 33.5 32.9 28.6
Bangladesh 34.1 34.8 33.5 32.9 32.8
Togo 34.8 33.5 33.6 32.2 33.8
Kiribati 26.8 27.9 33.7 28.1 18.6
Benin 33.7 33.3 34.4 37.9 34.7
Niger 34.7 35.2 35.4 34.1 35.3
Chad 32.6 33.1 36.8 31.7 29.3
Tonga 39.0 38.9 38.0 36.0 35.6
Bhutan 42.1 36.6 38.3 35.8 35.3
Rwanda 37.5 37.7 39.2 40.3 32.5
Comoros 37.4 38.0 39.5 40.9 41.4
Sudan 36.3 32.8 41.5 39.2 40.6
Mali 37.9 38.9 41.6 40.3 39.5
Nigeria 40.3 37.3 41.6 32.2 31.5
Mozambique 41.1 44.1 42.9 47.4 37.1
Sierra Leone 38.0 45.0 46.0 46.0 46.9
Vietnam 38.1 40.6 46.3 42.1 38.7
Central African Republic 50.2 47.3 48.9 47.7 49.3
Ghana 48.0 50.7 49.7 49.4 45.1
Malawi 43.1 49.0 50.0 47.7 45.0
Nepal 51.5 50.7 50.9 50.4 51.6
Ethiopia 53.9 52.0 51.6 51.2 52.0
Burundi 58.5 55.1 54.2 53.7 55.9
Uganda 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.8 56.6
Myanmar 50.2 55.3 57.4 57.0 57.3
Guinea-Bissau 45.3 57.6 58.1 50.2 60.8
Somalia 62.4 64.2 69.3 63.6 65.5
Maldives
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
Romania 23.7
Spain
Greece
Marshall Islands
San Marino
Macedonia, FYR 8.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Macao SAR, China
Poland
St. Martin (French part)
Germany
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Denmark 3.8
Moldova 36.5 36.1
Hong Kong SAR, China
Monaco
Czech Republic
Gambia, The
Liberia
Montenegro
Slovenia
Gabon
Luxembourg
Guam
Greenland
Jamaica
Peru
French Polynesia 1.2
Djibouti 3.3 3.1
Lithuania
Portugal
Faroe Islands
Qatar
New Caledonia 3.6
Russian Federation 16.8 16.6
Liechtenstein
Samoa
Nicaragua
Sao Tome and Principe
Kuwait
Curacao
Haiti
Croatia
Belarus 23.5
Kazakhstan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Slovak Republic
Hungary
Solomon Islands 28.9
Libya
Bosnia and Herzegovina
South Sudan
Italy 3.5
Iceland
Tanzania 46.0
Cayman Islands
Timor-Leste
Canada
Guatemala
Cambodia
Bahamas, The 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.6
United Kingdom 1.5
Switzerland 2.3
Aruba
Bermuda
Andorra
Israel
Ireland
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Belgium
Turks and Caicos Islands
Barbados
Estonia
Eritrea
Tuvalu
Equatorial Guinea
Palau
Azerbaijan 29.0
El Salvador 17.4
United States
Iraq
Armenia 17.4
Paraguay
American Samoa
Lao PDR 60.6 61.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep. 24.4
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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