Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Angola 0.0 0.0 0.0 33.3 33.3
Singapore 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3
Bahrain 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9
Puerto Rico 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.0
Brunei Darussalam 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.0 1.0
Japan 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.1
Trinidad and Tobago 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.6
France 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.5
Austria 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.5
Norway 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.4
Oman 3.4 3.5 3.8 3.2 2.6
Malta 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.5
Sweden 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.6
Netherlands 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.3
Antigua and Barbuda 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.0 4.2
Seychelles 6.0 5.3 4.7 4.3 4.8
Australia 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.4 4.6
South Africa 5.0 5.6 5.8 5.4 4.6
Botswana 5.7 6.7 6.0 5.0 4.9
Finland 7.5 6.0 6.0 6.1 6.2
Saudi Arabia 4.9 5.7 6.3 6.3 5.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.9 7.1 6.4 5.1 4.2
Jordan 5.9 6.7 6.7 6.0 7.7
Venezuela, RB 6.7 6.6 6.8 6.3 5.5
New Zealand 6.2 6.5 6.9 7.3 6.4
Cyprus 7.3 7.4 7.2 6.9 6.9
Mexico 10.3 9.7 7.9 7.8 7.8
Chile 9.0 9.2 8.9 8.7 8.7
Argentina 7.8 8.1 9.0 9.6 8.1
Panama 8.9 9.0 9.5 10.2 9.8
Namibia 8.2 9.7 9.8 9.1 9.8
Korea, Rep. 11.1 9.9 9.9 9.1 8.2
Brazil 11.2 10.0 10.1 8.5 8.1
Bulgaria 13.1 11.4 10.9 10.6 17.0
Suriname 10.1 11.2 10.9 9.8 8.7
Uruguay 12.7 13.7 12.0 10.9 9.2
Algeria 10.2 12.9 12.2 13.0 11.4
Costa Rica 13.2 13.5 13.0 12.4 12.3
Tunisia 14.9 18.8 13.5 14.6 17.7
Mauritius 16.2 15.4 13.9 13.1 12.9
Congo, Rep. 12.1 11.9 13.9 12.9 12.9
Cuba 13.6 13.7 13.9 13.7 14.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.8 16.8 15.7 16.0 12.8
Swaziland 22.2 16.5 16.1 15.3 10.4
Thailand 15.7 15.7 16.2 15.1 12.5
St. Lucia 18.1 13.2 16.2 13.3 14.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.6 13.3 16.2 15.2 16.4
Zimbabwe 17.8 14.4 16.4 14.9 16.5
Mongolia 18.7 16.4 16.6 15.5 12.9
Dominican Republic 19.1 12.8 17.0 14.9 14.5
Bolivia 18.3 17.7 17.2 16.7 16.7
Colombia 18.0 18.7 17.4 16.6 16.7
Zambia 13.6 12.0 17.4 21.2 20.6
Cabo Verde 13.6 17.6 17.7 16.2 14.4
Turkey 20.1 18.5 17.8 17.1 18.1
Grenada 16.8 18.7 17.9 15.4 13.4
Morocco 19.7 15.2 18.3 18.4 19.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.8 20.5 19.0 19.7 19.4
Fiji 20.9 23.0 19.5 22.2 20.4
Vanuatu 23.9 20.4 20.0 20.3 20.9
Malaysia 20.2 20.0 20.1 18.1 15.2
Ukraine 21.7 20.9 22.9 25.6
Senegal 24.1 24.9 21.2 22.6 19.9
Honduras 20.6 20.9 21.2 21.1 22.4
Belize 21.0 22.7 22.3 20.4 20.0
Indonesia 24.2 23.3 22.5 21.7 19.4
Philippines 23.9 24.0 23.0 22.7 21.9
Ecuador 21.9 22.4 23.0 23.4 21.4
Guinea 23.9 24.7 23.5 24.1 23.8
Georgia 26.6 24.2 24.3 23.3 31.7
Cameroon 22.4 24.8 24.7 26.1 24.6
China 26.8 26.5 25.4 24.7 26.7
Guyana 26.7 29.9 26.0 39.9 38.1
Pakistan 27.6 26.2 26.0 26.9 26.0
Sri Lanka 27.1 27.0 26.3 25.6 26.3
Turkmenistan 27.6 26.9 28.9 32.2
Lesotho 23.6 25.4 27.0 24.9 24.7
Dominica 30.2 29.8 28.5 24.0 25.0
Uzbekistan 27.6 29.3 31.1 32.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.6 29.7 29.8 28.6 31.0
Kenya 33.0 31.5 29.9 30.2 29.5
Burkina Faso 30.9 28.9 29.9 28.9 29.1
India 29.7 29.2 30.2 29.0 29.0
Albania 34.0 33.2 31.5 32.3 35.9
Tajikistan 33.0 30.7 31.7 32.1 33.3
Syrian Arab Republic 24.9 26.6 31.8 24.8 29.8
Kyrgyz Republic 31.8 33.6 33.5
Papua New Guinea 35.3 32.9 32.0 30.1 30.9
Cote d'Ivoire 28.5 29.2 32.0 32.7 32.5
Mauritania 26.6 32.3 32.7 31.9 29.6
Madagascar 36.8 36.2 33.5 32.9 28.6
Bangladesh 34.1 34.8 33.5 32.9 32.8
Togo 34.8 33.5 33.6 32.2 33.8
Kiribati 26.8 27.9 33.7 28.1 18.6
Benin 33.7 33.3 34.4 37.9 34.7
Niger 34.7 35.2 35.4 34.1 35.3
Chad 32.6 33.1 36.8 31.7 29.3
Tonga 39.0 38.9 38.0 36.0 35.6
Bhutan 42.1 36.6 38.3 35.8 35.3
Rwanda 37.5 37.7 39.2 40.3 32.5
Comoros 37.4 38.0 39.5 40.9 41.4
Sudan 36.3 32.8 41.5 39.2 40.6
Mali 37.9 38.9 41.6 40.3 39.5
Nigeria 40.3 37.3 41.6 32.2 31.5
Mozambique 41.1 44.1 42.9 47.4 37.1
Sierra Leone 38.0 45.0 46.0 46.0 46.9
Vietnam 38.1 40.6 46.3 42.1 38.7
Central African Republic 50.2 47.3 48.9 47.7 49.3
Ghana 48.0 50.7 49.7 49.4 45.1
Malawi 43.1 49.0 50.0 47.7 45.0
Nepal 51.5 50.7 50.9 50.4 51.6
Ethiopia 53.9 52.0 51.6 51.2 52.0
Burundi 58.5 55.1 54.2 53.7 55.9
Uganda 56.6 56.8 56.7 56.8 56.6
Myanmar 50.2 55.3 57.4 57.0 57.3
Guinea-Bissau 45.3 57.6 58.1 50.2 60.8
Somalia 62.4 64.2 69.3 63.6 65.5
Czech Republic
Maldives
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
Luxembourg
Peru
Marshall Islands
Haiti
Kuwait
Greece
Germany
Gambia, The
Jamaica
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Poland
Moldova 36.5 36.1
Romania 23.7
Monaco
San Marino
Gabon
Serbia
Hungary
Slovenia
Montenegro
French Polynesia 1.2
Spain
Lithuania
St. Martin (French part)
Macedonia, FYR 8.5
West Bank and Gaza
Faeroe Islands
Denmark 3.8
Liechtenstein
Portugal
Libya
Qatar
New Caledonia 3.6
Russian Federation 16.8 16.6
Estonia
Samoa
Nicaragua
Sao Tome and Principe
Liberia
Croatia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kazakhstan
Belarus 23.5
Hong Kong SAR, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Slovak Republic
Turks and Caicos Islands
Solomon Islands 28.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Switzerland 2.3
South Sudan
Israel
Greenland
Belgium
Canada
Isle of Man
Cambodia
Guatemala
Guam
United Kingdom 1.5
Italy 3.5
Aruba
Bermuda
Andorra
Tanzania 46.0
Iraq
Timor-Leste
Paraguay
Ireland
Northern Mariana Islands
Barbados
Eritrea
Bahamas, The 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.6
Azerbaijan 29.0
Tuvalu
Equatorial Guinea
El Salvador 17.4
United Arab Emirates
Palau
United States
Djibouti 3.3 3.1
Armenia 17.4
Iceland
American Samoa
Lao PDR 60.6 61.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep. 24.4
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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