Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Singapore 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bahrain 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Brunei Darussalam 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
United Arab Emirates 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.8
French Polynesia 1.2 1.3 1.2 2.2 3.3
United Kingdom 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Puerto Rico 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3
Japan 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0
Switzerland 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2
Oman 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3
Djibouti 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Norway 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1
Italy 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Malta 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8
Austria 3.5 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
France 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.7
Sweden 3.6 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.8
New Caledonia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9
Denmark 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.0
Barbados 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 2.8
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7
Netherlands 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.5
Australia 4.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6
South Africa 4.6 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.6
Seychelles 4.8 4.8 3.8 4.2 4.1
Botswana 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.1
Venezuela, RB 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.3
Saudi Arabia 5.7 5.5 5.6 6.1 6.2
Finland 6.2 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.5 6.7 7.0 6.8 5.8
New Zealand 6.5 7.5 7.3 8.0 7.1
Cyprus 6.9 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.1
Gabon 7.3 7.6 8.3 8.5 9.1
Jordan 7.7 8.1 7.9 6.0 5.2
Mexico 7.8 7.5 6.7 4.5 4.3
Brazil 8.1 7.8 7.7 7.6 9.9
Argentina 8.1 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.5
Korea, Rep. 8.2 7.3 7.1 6.4 6.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 13.6 17.1 11.8 13.3
Suriname 8.7 8.9 11.3 19.2 17.0
Chile 8.7 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.4
Uruguay 9.2 8.5 8.8 7.4 7.9
Panama 9.8 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.9
Namibia 9.8 10.7 7.7 8.3 11.3
Swaziland 10.4 11.4 9.0 10.2 13.4
Algeria 11.4 10.2 12.1 12.1 10.1
Costa Rica 12.3 13.4 13.3 13.0 13.4
Thailand 12.5 12.6 12.3 8.7 9.1
Mauritius 12.9 11.7 11.6 10.6 9.9
Mongolia 12.9 13.1 27.2 27.9 29.3
Congo, Rep. 12.9 11.3 11.5 11.2 10.3
Grenada 13.4 13.1 11.2 10.6 10.1
Cuba 14.0 13.3 13.1 10.3 9.6
Cabo Verde 14.4 13.4 11.8 10.1 12.9
Dominican Republic 14.5 13.3 12.5 11.2 10.3
St. Lucia 14.5 13.1 13.4 10.9 9.8
Malaysia 15.2 14.4 14.6 13.8 13.7
Zimbabwe 16.5 15.3 7.4 15.0 19.0
Russian Federation 16.6 14.3 7.4 8.3 6.6
Bolivia 16.7 17.1 16.0 16.3 17.1
Colombia 16.7 17.4 15.8 13.9 16.1
Bulgaria 17.0 16.9 12.9 11.3 13.3
Armenia 17.4 25.0 31.0 51.4 44.9
El Salvador 17.4 17.5 14.6 14.9 15.0
Tunisia 17.7 19.1 18.6 17.0 14.4
Angola 17.9 24.0 10.1 11.6 6.6
Turkey 18.1 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0
Kiribati 18.6 28.3 30.8 30.3 30.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.1 18.5 18.7 15.3 15.5
Morocco 19.3 22.2 17.6 17.0 22.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.4 17.6 16.5 16.7 16.9
Indonesia 19.4 18.3 18.7 17.9 17.3
Senegal 19.9 20.3 18.6 20.6 19.0
Belize 20.0 18.3 17.6 16.7 16.9
Fiji 20.4 20.7 20.1 19.8 20.9
Zambia 20.6 17.4 23.8 34.1 13.6
Vanuatu 20.9 16.6 16.2 18.1 16.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21.2 18.6 19.4 14.9 11.1
Ecuador 21.4 21.7 19.7 24.3 23.0
Latvia 21.9 23.1 17.6 11.8 9.5
Philippines 21.9 21.0 21.8 21.6 22.0
Honduras 22.4 22.7 20.4 20.6 24.3
Belarus 23.5 21.0 23.6 18.3 15.0
Romania 23.7 20.1 19.4 22.6 21.5
Guinea 23.8 18.8 17.1 18.0 20.9
Yemen, Rep. 24.4 23.1 24.2 22.6 25.0
Cameroon 24.6 24.8 27.3 20.6 23.8
Lesotho 24.7 17.7 18.6 17.5 18.3
Dominica 25.0 23.8 22.4 21.5 21.7
Ukraine 25.6 22.8 20.4 21.7 16.2
Pakistan 26.0 25.8 26.3 25.0 25.6
Sri Lanka 26.3 26.8 25.9 24.6 23.8
Lithuania 27.1 16.7 14.3 15.0 11.1
China 27.1 24.5 21.8 19.7 19.9
Madagascar 28.6 29.7 29.1 28.7 23.8
Solomon Islands 28.9 47.0 49.0 48.2 47.7
India 29.0 29.4 28.7 28.7 28.3
Azerbaijan 29.0 32.3 28.5 28.5 33.0
Burkina Faso 29.1 31.2 30.2 31.4 35.5
Chad 29.3 36.5 35.3 32.5 37.8
Kenya 29.5 28.1 28.7 31.5 33.3
Mauritania 29.6 37.5 37.5 38.0 36.9
Syrian Arab Republic 29.8 32.8 34.4 32.2 31.1
Bangladesh 30.3 30.4 29.4 26.3 25.6
Papua New Guinea 30.9 27.5 25.7 28.7 33.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.0 41.7 49.4 51.7 57.0
Nigeria 31.5 31.2 27.3 33.9 38.8
Georgia 31.7 28.7 52.9 58.6 65.9
Turkmenistan 32.2 32.3 10.6 19.4 34.0
Cote d'Ivoire 32.5 33.3 34.0 28.2 25.3
Rwanda 32.5 32.1 33.2 33.7 49.8
Uzbekistan 32.8 37.0 34.8 30.4 37.4
Tajikistan 33.3 36.6 27.4 23.3 24.0
Kyrgyz Republic 33.5 37.0 39.0 41.0 40.9
Togo 33.8 32.8 35.3 44.1 34.9
Benin 34.7 35.0 33.9 34.1 32.3
Niger 35.3 39.2 38.8 38.5 40.8
Bhutan 35.3 33.8 34.4 32.2 34.9
Tonga 35.6 36.8 38.2 40.8 25.3
Albania 35.9 39.3 51.6 54.6 53.6
Moldova 36.1 42.7 50.9 32.5 29.2
Mozambique 37.1 39.1 34.5 38.3 33.3
Guyana 38.1 38.4 40.8 36.2 37.0
Vietnam 38.7 40.5 33.9 29.9 27.4
Sudan 40.6 41.8 40.3 41.4 35.7
Comoros 41.4 39.7 39.5 39.1 37.6
Malawi 45.0 43.7 38.8 48.9 25.1
Ghana 45.1 45.6 45.0 41.4 42.0
Mali 45.5 45.1 46.1 44.5 46.4
Tanzania 46.0 48.1 48.0 48.1 45.0
Sierra Leone 46.9 38.8 37.9 43.1 39.4
Central African Republic 49.3 46.0 46.9 46.4 45.0
Nepal 51.6 47.2 44.9 42.2 43.1
Ethiopia 52.0 61.4 66.0 62.4 55.7
Liberia 54.4 55.6 51.3 50.6 52.4
Burundi 55.9 54.3 53.5 52.6 46.8
Uganda 56.6 52.8 51.1 51.5 49.9
Myanmar 57.3 58.8 60.5 63.0 63.0
Guinea-Bissau 60.8 54.1 49.4 55.2 55.6
Lao PDR 61.2 58.2 61.8 57.5 57.6
Somalia 65.5
Czech Republic 4.7 4.7
Canada
Curacao
Iceland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
Ireland
Gambia, The
Liechtenstein
Maldives
United States
Slovenia
Nicaragua 21.0
Isle of Man
Spain
Jamaica 8.0 8.8
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
Guatemala
Poland
Portugal
Bermuda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greece
Equatorial Guinea
Northern Mariana Islands
Eritrea 30.6 22.4 24.4
Kosovo
Luxembourg
Estonia
South Sudan
Samoa
Guam
San Marino
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sao Tome and Principe
Cambodia 46.5 47.7
Montenegro
Afghanistan
Faeroe Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.9
Serbia
Kazakhstan 26.7 17.5 15.5
Kuwait
Germany 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
Monaco
Timor-Leste
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belgium
Slovak Republic
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Israel
Tuvalu
Haiti
Hungary
Libya
Qatar 1.1
Andorra
Aruba 0.5
Paraguay 17.0 15.8 17.8 19.6
Peru
American Samoa
Iraq
Palau 18.5 10.6 8.3
West Bank and Gaza 13.4
Hong Kong SAR, China
Croatia
Lebanon 7.1

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