Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Singapore 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bahrain 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Brunei Darussalam 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
French Polynesia 1.2 1.3 1.2 2.2 3.3
United Kingdom 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Puerto Rico 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3
Japan 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0
Switzerland 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2
Oman 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3
Djibouti 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Norway 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.0
Italy 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Malta 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8
Austria 3.5 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
France 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.7
Sweden 3.6 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.8
New Caledonia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9
Denmark 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.0
Barbados 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 2.8
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7
Netherlands 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.5
Australia 4.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6
South Africa 4.6 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.6
Seychelles 4.8 4.8 3.8 4.2 4.1
Botswana 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.1
Venezuela, RB 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.3
Saudi Arabia 5.7 5.5 5.6 6.1 6.2
Finland 6.2 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.8
New Zealand 6.4 7.4 7.2 7.9 7.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.5 6.7 7.0 6.8 5.8
Cyprus 6.9 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.1
Gabon 7.3 7.6 8.3 8.5 9.1
Jordan 7.7 8.1 7.9 6.0 5.2
Mexico 7.8 7.5 6.7 4.5 4.3
Brazil 8.1 7.8 7.7 7.6 9.9
Argentina 8.1 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.5
Korea, Rep. 8.2 7.3 7.1 6.4 6.2
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 13.6 17.1 11.8 13.3
Suriname 8.7 8.9 11.3 19.2 17.0
Chile 8.7 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.4
Uruguay 9.2 8.5 8.8 7.4 7.9
Panama 9.8 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.9
Namibia 9.8 10.7 7.7 8.3 11.3
Swaziland 10.4 11.4 9.0 10.2 13.4
Algeria 11.4 10.2 12.1 12.1 10.1
Costa Rica 12.3 13.4 13.3 13.0 13.4
Thailand 12.5 12.6 12.3 8.7 9.1
Mauritius 12.9 11.7 11.6 10.6 9.9
Mongolia 12.9 13.1 27.2 27.9 29.3
Congo, Rep. 12.9 11.3 11.5 11.2 10.3
Grenada 13.4 13.1 11.2 10.6 10.1
Cuba 14.0 13.3 13.1 10.3 9.6
Cabo Verde 14.4 13.4 11.8 10.1 12.9
Dominican Republic 14.5 13.3 12.5 11.2 10.3
St. Lucia 14.5 13.1 13.4 10.9 9.8
Malaysia 15.2 14.4 14.6 13.8 13.7
Zimbabwe 16.5 15.3 7.4 15.0 19.0
Russian Federation 16.6 14.3 7.4 8.3 6.6
Bolivia 16.7 17.1 16.0 16.3 17.1
Colombia 16.7 17.4 15.8 13.9 16.1
Bulgaria 17.0 16.9 12.9 11.3 13.3
Armenia 17.4 25.0 31.0 51.4 44.9
El Salvador 17.4 17.5 14.6 14.9 15.0
Tunisia 17.7 19.1 18.6 17.0 14.4
Turkey 18.1 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0
Kiribati 18.6 28.3 30.8 30.3 30.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.1 18.5 18.7 15.3 15.5
Morocco 19.3 22.2 17.6 17.0 22.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.4 17.6 16.5 16.7 16.9
Indonesia 19.4 18.3 18.7 17.9 17.3
Senegal 19.9 20.3 18.6 20.6 19.0
Belize 20.0 18.3 17.6 16.7 16.9
Fiji 20.4 20.7 20.1 19.8 20.9
Zambia 20.6 17.4 23.8 34.1 13.6
Vanuatu 20.9 16.6 16.2 18.1 16.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21.2 18.6 19.4 14.9 11.1
Ecuador 21.4 21.7 19.7 24.3 23.0
Philippines 21.9 21.0 21.8 21.6 22.0
Honduras 22.4 22.7 20.4 20.6 24.3
Belarus 23.5 21.0 23.6 18.3 15.0
Romania 23.7 20.1 19.4 22.6 21.5
Guinea 23.8 18.8 17.1 18.0 20.9
Yemen, Rep. 24.4 23.1 24.2 22.6 25.0
Cameroon 24.6 24.8 27.3 20.6 23.8
Lesotho 24.7 17.7 18.6 17.5 18.3
Dominica 25.0 23.8 22.4 21.5 21.7
Ukraine 25.6 22.8 20.4 21.7 16.2
Pakistan 26.0 25.8 26.3 25.0 25.6
Sri Lanka 26.3 26.8 25.9 24.6 23.8
China 26.7 24.2 21.4 19.4 19.5
Madagascar 28.6 29.7 29.1 28.7 23.8
Solomon Islands 28.9 47.0 49.0 48.2 47.7
India 29.0 29.4 28.7 28.7 28.3
Azerbaijan 29.0 32.3 28.5 28.5 33.0
Burkina Faso 29.1 31.2 30.2 31.4 35.5
Chad 29.3 36.5 35.3 32.5 37.8
Kenya 29.5 28.1 28.7 31.5 33.3
Mauritania 29.6 37.5 37.5 38.0 36.9
Syrian Arab Republic 29.8 32.8 34.4 32.2 31.1
Papua New Guinea 30.9 27.5 25.7 28.7 33.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.0 40.0 49.7 51.7 57.0
Nigeria 31.5 31.2 27.3 33.9 38.8
Georgia 31.7 28.7 52.9 58.6 65.9
Turkmenistan 32.2 32.3 10.6 19.4 34.0
Cote d'Ivoire 32.5 33.3 34.0 28.2 25.3
Rwanda 32.5 32.1 33.2 33.7 49.8
Bangladesh 32.8 30.4 29.4 26.3 25.6
Uzbekistan 32.8 37.0 34.8 30.4 37.4
Tajikistan 33.3 36.6 27.4 23.3 24.0
Angola 33.3 25.0 11.5 11.5 6.6
Kyrgyz Republic 33.5 37.0 39.0 41.0 40.9
Togo 33.8 32.8 35.3 44.1 34.9
Benin 34.7 35.0 33.9 34.1 32.3
Niger 35.3 39.2 38.8 38.5 40.8
Bhutan 35.3 33.8 34.4 32.2 34.9
Tonga 35.6 36.8 38.2 40.8 25.3
Albania 35.9 39.3 51.6 54.6 53.6
Moldova 36.1 42.7 50.9 32.5 29.2
Mozambique 37.1 39.1 34.5 38.3 33.3
Guyana 38.1 38.4 40.8 36.2 37.0
Vietnam 38.7 40.5 33.9 29.9 27.4
Sudan 40.6 41.8 40.3 41.4 35.7
Comoros 41.4 39.7 39.5 39.1 37.6
Malawi 45.0 43.7 38.8 48.9 25.1
Ghana 45.1 45.6 45.0 41.4 42.0
Mali 45.5 45.1 46.1 44.5 46.4
Tanzania 46.0 48.1 48.0 48.1 45.0
Sierra Leone 46.9 38.8 37.9 43.1 39.4
Central African Republic 49.3 46.0 46.9 46.4 45.0
Nepal 51.6 47.2 44.9 42.2 43.1
Ethiopia 52.0 61.4 66.0 62.4 55.7
Burundi 55.9 54.3 53.5 52.6 46.8
Uganda 56.6 52.8 51.1 51.5 49.9
Myanmar 57.3 58.8 60.5 63.0 63.0
Guinea-Bissau 60.8 54.1 49.4 55.2 55.6
Lao PDR 61.2 58.2 61.8 57.5 57.6
Somalia 65.5
Germany 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
Maldives
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Kazakhstan 26.7 17.5 15.5
Estonia
Gambia, The
Turks and Caicos Islands
Nicaragua 21.0
Eritrea 30.6 22.4 24.4
Jamaica 8.0 8.8
United Arab Emirates
Palau 18.5 10.6 8.3
Slovenia
Equatorial Guinea
Spain
Guatemala
St. Martin (French part)
Paraguay 17.0 15.8 17.8 19.6
Guam
Peru 8.9 9.0 9.5 9.7
Latvia
Montenegro
Hungary
Faeroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
United States
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Lithuania
Israel
Hong Kong SAR, China
Curacao
South Sudan
Croatia
Isle of Man
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.9
Cayman Islands
Taiwan, China
Canada
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cambodia 46.5 47.7
Timor-Leste
Liechtenstein
Samoa
Libya
San Marino
Liberia
Sao Tome and Principe
Afghanistan
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Lebanon 7.1
Belgium
Bermuda
Luxembourg
Serbia
Kuwait
Monaco
Tuvalu
Greece
Ireland
Iceland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Haiti
Slovak Republic
Aruba 0.5
Iraq
Portugal
Czech Republic 4.7 4.7
West Bank and Gaza 13.4
Qatar
American Samoa
Poland

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