Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bahrain 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Brunei Darussalam 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Germany 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
United Arab Emirates 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.8
French Polynesia 1.2 1.3 1.2 2.2 3.3
United Kingdom 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Puerto Rico 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3
Japan 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0
Switzerland 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3
Oman 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5
France 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.7
Sweden 3.6 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.8
Austria 3.5 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
Djibouti 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Malta 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2
Norway 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1
Denmark 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.0
Australia 4.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6
Italy 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
New Caledonia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9
Barbados 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 2.8
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7
Netherlands 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.5
South Africa 4.6 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.6
Seychelles 4.8 4.8 3.8 4.2 4.1
Botswana 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.1
Saudi Arabia 5.7 5.5 5.6 6.1 6.2
Finland 6.2 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.8
Venezuela, RB 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.3
Cyprus 6.9 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.5 6.7 7.0 6.8 5.8
Argentina 8.1 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.5
Korea, Rep. 8.2 7.3 7.1 6.4 6.2
New Zealand 6.5 7.5 7.3 8.0 7.1
Mexico 7.8 7.5 6.7 4.5 4.3
Gabon 7.3 7.6 8.3 8.5 9.1
Brazil 8.1 7.8 7.7 7.6 9.9
Jordan 7.7 8.1 7.9 6.0 5.2
Uruguay 9.2 8.5 8.8 7.4 7.9
Suriname 8.7 8.9 11.3 19.2 17.0
Panama 9.8 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.9
Chile 8.7 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.4
Algeria 11.4 10.2 12.1 12.1 10.1
Namibia 9.8 10.7 7.7 8.3 11.3
Congo, Rep. 12.9 11.3 11.5 11.2 10.3
Swaziland 10.4 11.4 9.0 10.2 13.4
Mauritius 12.9 11.7 11.6 10.6 9.9
Thailand 12.5 12.6 12.3 8.7 9.1
Mongolia 12.9 13.1 27.2 27.9 29.3
St. Lucia 14.5 13.1 13.4 10.9 9.8
Grenada 13.4 13.1 11.2 10.6 10.1
Cuba 14.0 13.3 13.1 10.3 9.6
Dominican Republic 14.5 13.3 12.5 11.2 10.3
Cabo Verde 14.4 13.4 11.8 10.1 12.9
Costa Rica 12.3 13.4 13.3 13.0 13.4
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 13.6 17.1 11.8 13.3
Russian Federation 16.6 14.3 7.4 8.3 6.6
Malaysia 15.2 14.4 14.6 13.8 13.7
Zimbabwe 16.5 15.3 7.4 15.0 19.0
Turkey 18.1 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0
Vanuatu 20.9 16.6 16.2 18.1 16.3
Lithuania 27.1 16.7 14.3 15.0 11.1
Bulgaria 17.0 16.9 12.9 11.3 13.3
Paraguay 17.0 15.8 17.8 19.6
Bolivia 16.7 17.1 16.0 16.3 17.1
Colombia 16.7 17.4 15.8 13.9 16.1
Zambia 20.6 17.4 23.8 34.1 13.6
El Salvador 17.4 17.5 14.6 14.9 15.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.4 17.6 16.5 16.7 16.9
Lesotho 24.7 17.7 18.6 17.5 18.3
Indonesia 19.4 18.3 18.7 17.9 17.3
Belize 20.0 18.3 17.6 16.7 16.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.1 18.5 18.7 15.3 15.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21.2 18.6 19.4 14.9 11.1
Guinea 23.8 18.8 17.1 18.0 20.9
Tunisia 17.7 19.1 18.6 17.0 14.4
Romania 23.7 20.1 19.4 22.6 21.5
Senegal 19.9 20.3 18.6 20.6 19.0
Fiji 20.4 20.7 20.1 19.8 20.9
Philippines 21.9 21.0 21.8 21.6 22.0
Belarus 23.5 21.0 23.6 18.3 15.0
Ecuador 21.4 21.7 19.7 24.3 23.0
Morocco 19.3 22.2 17.6 17.0 22.0
Honduras 22.4 22.7 20.4 20.6 24.3
Ukraine 25.6 22.8 20.4 21.7 16.2
Yemen, Rep. 24.4 23.1 24.2 22.6 25.0
Latvia 21.9 23.1 17.6 11.8 9.5
Dominica 25.0 23.8 22.4 21.5 21.7
Angola 17.9 24.0 10.1 11.6 6.6
China 27.1 24.5 21.8 19.7 19.9
Cameroon 24.6 24.8 27.3 20.6 23.8
Armenia 17.4 25.0 31.0 51.4 44.9
Pakistan 26.0 25.8 26.3 25.0 25.6
Sri Lanka 26.3 26.8 25.9 24.6 23.8
Papua New Guinea 30.9 27.5 25.7 28.7 33.9
Kenya 29.5 28.1 28.7 31.5 33.3
Kiribati 18.6 28.3 30.8 30.3 30.2
Georgia 31.7 28.7 52.9 58.6 65.9
India 29.0 29.4 28.7 28.7 28.3
Madagascar 28.6 29.7 29.1 28.7 23.8
Bangladesh 30.3 30.4 29.4 26.3 25.6
Nigeria 31.5 31.2 27.3 33.9 38.8
Burkina Faso 29.1 31.2 30.2 31.4 35.5
Rwanda 32.5 32.1 33.2 33.7 49.8
Turkmenistan 32.2 32.3 10.6 19.4 34.0
Azerbaijan 29.0 32.3 28.5 28.5 33.0
Togo 33.8 32.8 35.3 44.1 34.9
Syrian Arab Republic 29.8 32.8 34.4 32.2 31.1
Cote d'Ivoire 32.5 33.3 34.0 28.2 25.3
Bhutan 35.3 33.8 34.4 32.2 34.9
Benin 34.7 35.0 33.9 34.1 32.3
Chad 29.3 36.5 35.3 32.5 37.8
Tajikistan 33.3 36.6 27.4 23.3 24.0
Tonga 35.6 36.8 38.2 40.8 25.3
Uzbekistan 32.8 37.0 34.8 30.4 37.4
Kyrgyz Republic 33.5 37.0 39.0 41.0 40.9
Mauritania 29.6 37.5 37.5 38.0 36.9
Guyana 38.1 38.4 40.8 36.2 37.0
Sierra Leone 46.9 38.8 37.9 43.1 39.4
Mozambique 37.1 39.1 34.5 38.3 33.3
Niger 35.3 39.2 38.8 38.5 40.8
Albania 35.9 39.3 51.6 54.6 53.6
Comoros 41.4 39.7 39.5 39.1 37.6
Vietnam 38.7 40.5 33.9 29.9 27.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.0 41.7 49.4 51.7 57.0
Sudan 40.6 41.8 40.3 41.4 35.7
Moldova 36.1 42.7 50.9 32.5 29.2
Malawi 45.0 43.7 38.8 48.9 25.1
Mali 45.5 45.1 46.1 44.5 46.4
Ghana 45.1 45.6 45.0 41.4 42.0
Central African Republic 49.3 46.0 46.9 46.4 45.0
Solomon Islands 28.9 47.0 49.0 48.2 47.7
Nepal 51.6 47.2 44.9 42.2 43.1
Tanzania 46.0 48.1 48.0 48.1 45.0
Uganda 56.6 52.8 51.1 51.5 49.9
Guinea-Bissau 60.8 54.1 49.4 55.2 55.6
Burundi 55.9 54.3 53.5 52.6 46.8
Liberia 54.4 55.6 51.3 50.6 52.4
Lao PDR 61.2 58.2 61.8 57.5 57.6
Myanmar 57.3 58.8 60.5 63.0 63.0
Ethiopia 52.0 61.4 66.0 62.4 55.7
Cayman Islands
Equatorial Guinea
Slovak Republic
Marshall Islands
Afghanistan
Guatemala
Gambia, The
Isle of Man
Palau 18.5 10.6 8.3
Nicaragua 21.0
Guam
Israel
Faeroe Islands
Portugal
Spain
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Qatar 1.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.9
Croatia
Iceland
Maldives
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea 30.6 22.4 24.4
Slovenia
Samoa
Somalia 65.5
San Marino
South Sudan
Sao Tome and Principe
Liechtenstein
Montenegro
Canada
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya
Belgium
Cambodia 46.5 47.7
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
Estonia
Hungary
Bermuda
Monaco
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Timor-Leste
Ireland
Kuwait
Greece
Kosovo
Kazakhstan 26.7 17.5 15.5
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba 0.5
Tuvalu
Serbia
Haiti
Iraq
Luxembourg
United States
Hong Kong SAR, China
Jamaica 8.0 8.8
West Bank and Gaza 13.4
Andorra
Peru
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Czech Republic 4.7 4.7
American Samoa
Poland
Lebanon 7.1

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