Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bahrain 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Brunei Darussalam 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Germany 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
French Polynesia 1.2 1.3 1.2 2.2 3.3
United Arab Emirates 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.8
United Kingdom 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Puerto Rico 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3
Japan 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0
Switzerland 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6
Oman 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3
Austria 3.5 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
Sweden 3.6 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.8
France 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.7
Norway 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1
Malta 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2
Denmark 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.0
Djibouti 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Australia 4.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6
Italy 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
New Caledonia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9
South Africa 4.6 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.6
Seychelles 4.8 4.8 3.8 4.2 4.1
Barbados 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 2.8
Netherlands 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7
Finland 6.2 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.8
Botswana 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.1
Venezuela, RB 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.3
Saudi Arabia 5.7 5.5 5.6 6.1 6.2
Cyprus 6.9 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.1
Argentina 8.1 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.5
Mexico 7.8 7.5 6.7 4.5 4.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.5 6.7 7.0 6.8 5.8
Korea, Rep. 8.2 7.3 7.1 6.4 6.2
New Zealand 6.5 7.5 7.3 8.0 7.1
Russian Federation 16.6 14.3 7.4 8.3 6.6
Zimbabwe 16.5 15.3 7.4 15.0 19.0
Namibia 9.8 10.7 7.7 8.3 11.3
Brazil 8.1 7.8 7.7 7.6 9.9
Jordan 7.7 8.1 7.9 6.0 5.2
Gabon 7.3 7.6 8.3 8.5 9.1
Panama 9.8 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.9
Uruguay 9.2 8.5 8.8 7.4 7.9
Swaziland 10.4 11.4 9.0 10.2 13.4
Chile 8.7 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.4
Angola 17.9 24.0 10.1 11.6 6.6
Turkmenistan 32.2 32.3 10.6 19.4 34.0
Grenada 13.4 13.1 11.2 10.6 10.1
Suriname 8.7 8.9 11.3 19.2 17.0
Congo, Rep. 12.9 11.3 11.5 11.2 10.3
Mauritius 12.9 11.7 11.6 10.6 9.9
Cabo Verde 14.4 13.4 11.8 10.1 12.9
Algeria 11.4 10.2 12.1 12.1 10.1
Thailand 12.5 12.6 12.3 8.7 9.1
Dominican Republic 14.5 13.3 12.5 11.2 10.3
Bulgaria 17.0 16.9 12.9 11.3 13.3
Cuba 14.0 13.3 13.1 10.3 9.6
Costa Rica 12.3 13.4 13.3 13.0 13.4
St. Lucia 14.5 13.1 13.4 10.9 9.8
Lithuania 27.1 16.7 14.3 15.0 11.1
El Salvador 17.4 17.5 14.6 14.9 15.0
Malaysia 15.2 14.4 14.6 13.8 13.7
Turkey 18.1 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0
Colombia 16.7 17.4 15.8 13.9 16.1
Paraguay 17.0 15.8 17.8 19.6
Bolivia 16.7 17.1 16.0 16.3 17.1
Vanuatu 20.9 16.6 16.2 18.1 16.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.4 17.6 16.5 16.7 16.9
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 13.6 17.1 11.8 13.3
Guinea 23.8 18.8 17.1 18.0 20.9
Morocco 19.3 22.2 17.6 17.0 22.0
Latvia 21.9 23.1 17.6 11.8 9.5
Belize 20.0 18.3 17.6 16.7 16.9
Palau 18.5 10.6 8.3
Lesotho 24.7 17.7 18.6 17.5 18.3
Tunisia 17.7 19.1 18.6 17.0 14.4
Senegal 19.9 20.3 18.6 20.6 19.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.1 18.5 18.7 15.3 15.5
Indonesia 19.4 18.3 18.7 17.9 17.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21.2 18.6 19.4 14.9 11.1
Romania 23.7 20.1 19.4 22.6 21.5
Ecuador 21.4 21.7 19.7 24.3 23.0
Fiji 20.4 20.7 20.1 19.8 20.9
Ukraine 25.6 22.8 20.4 21.7 16.2
Honduras 22.4 22.7 20.4 20.6 24.3
China 27.1 24.5 21.8 19.7 19.9
Philippines 21.9 21.0 21.8 21.6 22.0
Dominica 25.0 23.8 22.4 21.5 21.7
Belarus 23.5 21.0 23.6 18.3 15.0
Zambia 20.6 17.4 23.8 34.1 13.6
Yemen, Rep. 24.4 23.1 24.2 22.6 25.0
Papua New Guinea 30.9 27.5 25.7 28.7 33.9
Sri Lanka 26.3 26.8 25.9 24.6 23.8
Pakistan 26.0 25.8 26.3 25.0 25.6
Kazakhstan 26.7 17.5 15.5
Mongolia 12.9 13.1 27.2 27.9 29.3
Nigeria 31.5 31.2 27.3 33.9 38.8
Cameroon 24.6 24.8 27.3 20.6 23.8
Tajikistan 33.3 36.6 27.4 23.3 24.0
Azerbaijan 29.0 32.3 28.5 28.5 33.0
India 29.0 29.4 28.7 28.7 28.3
Kenya 29.5 28.1 28.7 31.5 33.3
Madagascar 28.6 29.7 29.1 28.7 23.8
Bangladesh 30.3 30.4 29.4 26.3 25.6
Burkina Faso 29.1 31.2 30.2 31.4 35.5
Eritrea 30.6 22.4 24.4
Kiribati 18.6 28.3 30.8 30.3 30.2
Armenia 17.4 25.0 31.0 51.4 44.9
Rwanda 32.5 32.1 33.2 33.7 49.8
Vietnam 38.7 40.5 33.9 29.9 27.4
Benin 34.7 35.0 33.9 34.1 32.3
Cote d'Ivoire 32.5 33.3 34.0 28.2 25.3
Bhutan 35.3 33.8 34.4 32.2 34.9
Syrian Arab Republic 29.8 32.8 34.4 32.2 31.1
Mozambique 37.1 39.1 34.5 38.3 33.3
Uzbekistan 32.8 37.0 34.8 30.4 37.4
Togo 33.8 32.8 35.3 44.1 34.9
Chad 29.3 36.5 35.3 32.5 37.8
Mauritania 29.6 37.5 37.5 38.0 36.9
Sierra Leone 46.9 38.8 37.9 43.1 39.4
Tonga 35.6 36.8 38.2 40.8 25.3
Niger 35.3 39.2 38.8 38.5 40.8
Malawi 45.0 43.7 38.8 48.9 25.1
Kyrgyz Republic 33.5 37.0 39.0 41.0 40.9
Comoros 41.4 39.7 39.5 39.1 37.6
Sudan 40.6 41.8 40.3 41.4 35.7
Guyana 38.1 38.4 40.8 36.2 37.0
Nepal 51.6 47.2 44.9 42.2 43.1
Ghana 45.1 45.6 45.0 41.4 42.0
Mali 45.5 45.1 46.1 44.5 46.4
Central African Republic 49.3 46.0 46.9 46.4 45.0
Tanzania 46.0 48.1 48.0 48.1 45.0
Solomon Islands 28.9 47.0 49.0 48.2 47.7
Guinea-Bissau 60.8 54.1 49.4 55.2 55.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.0 41.7 49.4 51.7 57.0
Moldova 36.1 42.7 50.9 32.5 29.2
Uganda 56.6 52.8 51.1 51.5 49.9
Liberia 54.4 55.6 51.3 50.6 52.4
Albania 35.9 39.3 51.6 54.6 53.6
Georgia 31.7 28.7 52.9 58.6 65.9
Burundi 55.9 54.3 53.5 52.6 46.8
Myanmar 57.3 58.8 60.5 63.0 63.0
Lao PDR 61.2 58.2 61.8 57.5 57.6
Ethiopia 52.0 61.4 66.0 62.4 55.7
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Bermuda
Peru
Equatorial Guinea
Luxembourg
St. Martin (French part)
Poland
Jamaica 8.0 8.8
Portugal
Iraq
Curacao
United States
Qatar 1.1
Liechtenstein
Czech Republic 4.7 4.7
Cayman Islands
Estonia
Libya
Belgium
Samoa
Isle of Man
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Aruba 0.5
Canada
Haiti
Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.9
Serbia
Kosovo
Afghanistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Gambia, The
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cambodia 46.5 47.7
Greece
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Slovak Republic
Timor-Leste
Slovenia
Israel
Montenegro
Ireland
Somalia 65.5
Iceland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tuvalu
Guatemala
Hungary
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Hong Kong SAR, China
Nicaragua 21.0
Andorra
Maldives
American Samoa
Kuwait
Monaco
South Sudan
West Bank and Gaza 13.4
Spain
Guam
Lebanon 7.1

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