Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bahrain 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Brunei Darussalam 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Germany 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0
French Polynesia 1.3 1.2 2.2 3.3 2.7
United Arab Emirates 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.8 1.8
United Kingdom 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Puerto Rico 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.0
Japan 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.8
Switzerland 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.5
Oman 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.8
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4
Austria 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.4
Sweden 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.8
France 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.7
Norway 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0
Malta 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9
Bahamas, The 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2 3.3
Denmark 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.3
Djibouti 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.2
Australia 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.3
Italy 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.3
New Caledonia 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.5
South Africa 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.6 3.9
Seychelles 4.8 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.2
Netherlands 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.3 4.6 4.5 3.8 3.4
Finland 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.3
Botswana 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.1 4.9
Venezuela, RB 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.5
Saudi Arabia 5.5 5.6 6.1 6.2 5.9
Cyprus 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.1 4.8
Argentina 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.5 5.8
Mexico 7.5 6.7 4.5 4.3 4.4
Korea, Rep. 7.3 7.1 6.4 6.2 5.8
New Zealand 7.4 7.2 7.9 7.0 7.0
Russian Federation 14.3 7.4 8.3 6.6 7.2
Zimbabwe 15.3 7.4 15.0 19.0 15.2
Namibia 10.7 7.7 8.3 11.3 10.6
Brazil 7.8 7.7 7.6 9.9 5.8
Jordan 8.1 7.9 6.0 5.2 4.3
Panama 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.9 7.9
Uruguay 8.5 8.8 7.4 7.9 8.6
Peru 8.9 9.0 9.5 9.7 9.3
Swaziland 11.4 9.0 10.2 13.4 12.0
Chile 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.4 9.2
Turkmenistan 32.3 10.6 19.4 34.0 17.2
Grenada 13.1 11.2 10.6 10.1 10.1
Suriname 8.9 11.3 19.2 17.0 14.9
Congo, Rep. 11.3 11.5 11.2 10.3 10.5
Angola 25.0 11.5 11.5 6.6 7.3
Mauritius 11.7 11.6 10.6 9.9 10.4
Cabo Verde 13.4 11.8 10.1 12.9 13.7
Algeria 10.2 12.1 12.1 10.1 10.5
Thailand 12.6 12.3 8.0 8.6 9.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.3 12.4 10.4 10.5 12.5
Dominican Republic 13.3 12.5 11.2 10.3 10.0
Bulgaria 16.9 12.9 11.3 13.3 14.7
Cuba 13.3 13.1 10.3 9.6 8.8
Costa Rica 13.4 13.3 13.0 13.4 13.7
St. Lucia 13.1 13.4 10.9 9.8 10.2
El Salvador 17.5 14.6 14.9 15.0 14.5
Malaysia 14.4 14.6 13.8 13.7 12.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.3 15.0 11.2 8.1 10.6
Turkey 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0 16.3
Colombia 17.4 15.8 13.9 16.1 15.3
Paraguay 17.0 15.8 17.8 19.6 20.1
Bolivia 17.1 16.0 16.3 17.1 16.9
Vanuatu 16.6 16.2 18.1 16.3 16.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.6 16.5 16.7 16.9 16.8
Macedonia, FYR 13.6 17.1 11.8 13.3 13.2
Guinea 18.8 17.1 18.0 20.9 19.2
Morocco 22.2 17.6 17.0 22.0 17.3
Belize 18.3 18.3 17.3 17.4 18.3
Palau 18.5 10.6 8.3 5.9
Lesotho 17.7 18.6 17.5 18.3 18.0
Tunisia 19.1 18.6 17.0 14.4 13.0
Senegal 20.3 18.6 20.6 19.0 21.0
Indonesia 18.3 18.7 17.9 17.3 17.1
Romania 20.1 19.4 22.6 21.5 21.4
Ecuador 21.7 19.7 24.3 23.0 22.6
Fiji 20.7 20.1 19.8 20.9 20.1
Ukraine 22.8 20.4 21.7 16.2 15.4
Honduras 22.7 20.4 20.6 24.3 21.5
China 24.2 21.4 19.4 19.5 19.7
Philippines 21.0 21.8 21.6 22.0 21.6
Dominica 23.8 22.4 21.5 21.7 18.9
Belarus 21.0 23.6 18.3 15.0 17.5
Zambia 17.4 23.8 34.1 13.6 16.0
Yemen, Rep. 23.1 24.2 22.6 25.0 20.5
Papua New Guinea 27.5 25.7 28.7 33.9 35.5
Sri Lanka 26.8 25.9 24.6 23.8 23.0
Pakistan 25.8 26.3 25.0 25.6 26.1
Kazakhstan 26.7 17.5 15.5 12.9
Mongolia 13.1 27.2 27.9 29.3 34.4
Nigeria 31.2 27.3 33.9 38.8 32.1
Cameroon 24.8 27.3 20.6 23.8 23.6
Tajikistan 36.6 27.4 23.3 24.0 38.4
Azerbaijan 32.3 28.5 28.5 33.0 27.3
India 29.4 28.7 28.7 28.3 26.3
Kenya 28.1 28.7 31.5 33.3 31.1
Madagascar 29.7 29.1 28.7 23.8 26.7
Bangladesh 30.4 29.4 26.3 25.6 26.4
Burkina Faso 31.2 30.2 31.4 35.5 35.8
Eritrea 30.6 22.4 24.4 20.9
Kiribati 28.3 30.8 30.3 30.2 29.5
Armenia 25.0 31.0 51.4 44.9 42.3
Mozambique 37.0 32.4 36.3 32.7 33.7
Rwanda 32.1 33.2 33.7 49.8 44.0
Vietnam 40.5 33.9 29.9 27.4 27.2
Benin 35.0 33.9 34.1 32.3 33.1
Cote d'Ivoire 33.3 34.0 28.2 25.3 24.7
Bhutan 33.8 34.4 32.2 34.9 32.0
Syrian Arab Republic 32.8 34.4 32.2 31.1 31.6
Uzbekistan 37.0 34.8 30.4 37.4 32.3
Togo 32.8 35.3 44.1 34.9 37.8
Chad 36.5 35.3 32.5 37.8 35.8
Mauritania 37.5 37.5 38.0 36.9 37.4
Sierra Leone 38.8 37.9 43.1 39.4 42.9
Tonga 36.8 38.2 40.8 25.2 24.8
Niger 39.2 38.8 38.5 40.8 40.2
Malawi 43.7 38.8 48.9 25.1 30.4
Mali 41.3 39.0 41.5 39.1 40.3
Kyrgyz Republic 37.0 39.0 41.0 40.9 43.9
Comoros 39.7 39.5 39.1 37.6 40.9
Sudan 41.8 40.3 41.4 35.7 38.7
Guyana 38.4 40.8 36.2 37.0 41.2
Nepal 47.2 44.9 42.2 43.1 41.8
Ghana 45.6 45.0 41.4 42.0 42.7
Central African Republic 46.0 46.9 46.4 45.0 46.5
Tanzania 48.1 48.0 48.1 45.0 47.1
Solomon Islands 47.0 49.0 48.2 47.7 44.7
Guinea-Bissau 54.1 49.4 55.2 55.6 55.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 40.0 49.7 51.7 57.0 57.0
Moldova 42.7 50.9 32.5 29.2 33.0
Uganda 52.8 51.1 51.5 49.9 49.4
Albania 39.3 51.6 54.6 53.6 55.8
Georgia 28.7 52.9 58.6 65.9 52.2
Burundi 54.3 53.5 52.6 46.8 48.1
Myanmar 58.8 60.5 63.0 63.0 60.0
Lao PDR 58.2 61.8 57.5 57.6 55.7
Ethiopia 61.4 66.0 62.4 55.7 55.0
Maldives 11.5
South Sudan
Gambia, The
Slovenia 4.3
Estonia 5.7
Lithuania 11.1
Kuwait
Monaco
Gabon
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Hong Kong SAR, China
Somalia
Israel
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Poland 5.3
Cambodia 46.5 47.7 49.6
Marshall Islands
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Faroe Islands
Barbados
Greenland
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovak Republic 5.6
Guatemala
Montenegro
Aruba 0.5 0.6
Cayman Islands
United States
Spain 4.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Canada
Hungary 8.4
St. Martin (French part)
Greece 8.1
Iceland
Ireland 6.4
Bermuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.9 20.7
Nicaragua 21.3 22.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 25.3
Serbia 20.9
Guam
Haiti
Timor-Leste
Portugal 5.4
Curacao
Qatar
Belgium 1.4
Croatia 7.2
Jamaica 8.0 8.8 9.0
Liberia
Tuvalu
Luxembourg 1.0
Isle of Man
Samoa
Libya
San Marino
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Equatorial Guinea
Czech Republic 4.7 4.7 4.4
West Bank and Gaza 13.4 12.8
Latvia 8.9
Afghanistan
Lebanon 7.1 7.6

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