Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bahrain 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Germany 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
Brunei Darussalam 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
United Kingdom 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
United Arab Emirates 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.8
Puerto Rico 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.3
Japan 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 2.0
Switzerland 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6
French Polynesia 1.2 1.3 1.2 2.2 3.3
Oman 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5
Austria 3.5 3.2 2.8 2.5 2.7
France 3.5 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.7
Trinidad and Tobago 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.3
Sweden 3.6 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.8
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.3 3.1 2.8 3.2
Malta 3.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8
Norway 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.1
Denmark 3.8 3.5 3.2 3.1 3.0
Italy 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.3
Netherlands 4.3 4.2 3.9 3.4 3.5
Djibouti 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.5 3.6
Australia 4.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.6
Barbados 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.6 2.8
New Caledonia 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.9
Antigua and Barbuda 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.7
South Africa 4.6 4.6 3.8 4.2 4.6
Seychelles 4.8 4.8 3.8 4.2 4.1
Mexico 7.8 7.5 6.7 4.5 4.3
Czech Republic 4.7 4.7
Finland 6.2 5.5 4.9 5.0 4.8
Botswana 4.9 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.1
Venezuela, RB 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.3
Argentina 8.1 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.5
Cyprus 6.9 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.1
Jordan 7.7 8.1 7.9 6.0 5.2
Saudi Arabia 5.7 5.5 5.6 6.1 6.2
Korea, Rep. 8.2 7.3 7.1 6.4 6.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.5 6.7 7.0 6.8 5.8
Uruguay 9.2 8.5 8.8 7.4 7.9
Brazil 8.1 7.8 7.7 7.6 9.9
New Zealand 6.5 7.5 7.3 8.0 7.1
Jamaica 8.0 8.8
Panama 9.8 9.3 8.4 8.1 7.9
Namibia 9.8 10.7 7.7 8.3 11.3
Russian Federation 16.6 14.3 7.4 8.3 6.6
Gabon 7.3 7.6 8.3 8.5 9.1
Thailand 12.5 12.6 12.3 8.7 9.1
Chile 8.7 9.9 9.9 9.2 9.4
Cabo Verde 14.4 13.4 11.8 10.1 12.9
Swaziland 10.4 11.4 9.0 10.2 13.4
Cuba 14.0 13.3 13.1 10.3 9.6
Grenada 13.4 13.1 11.2 10.6 10.1
Mauritius 12.9 11.7 11.6 10.6 9.9
Palau 18.5 10.6 8.3
St. Lucia 14.5 13.1 13.4 10.9 9.8
Dominican Republic 14.5 13.3 12.5 11.2 10.3
Congo, Rep. 12.9 11.3 11.5 11.2 10.3
Bulgaria 17.0 16.9 12.9 11.3 13.3
Angola 17.9 24.0 10.1 11.6 6.6
Latvia 21.9 23.1 17.6 11.8 9.5
Macedonia, FYR 8.5 13.6 17.1 11.8 13.3
Algeria 11.4 10.2 12.1 12.1 10.1
Costa Rica 12.3 13.4 13.3 13.0 13.4
Malaysia 15.2 14.4 14.6 13.8 13.7
Colombia 16.7 17.4 15.8 13.9 16.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 21.2 18.6 19.4 14.9 11.1
El Salvador 17.4 17.5 14.6 14.9 15.0
Lithuania 27.1 16.7 14.3 15.0 11.1
Zimbabwe 16.5 15.3 7.4 15.0 19.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.1 18.5 18.7 15.3 15.5
Turkey 18.1 15.8 15.6 16.1 16.0
Bolivia 16.7 17.1 16.0 16.3 17.1
Belize 20.0 18.3 17.6 16.7 16.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.4 17.6 16.5 16.7 16.9
Tunisia 17.7 19.1 18.6 17.0 14.4
Morocco 19.3 22.2 17.6 17.0 22.0
Lesotho 24.7 17.7 18.6 17.5 18.3
Kazakhstan 26.7 17.5 15.5
Paraguay 17.0 15.8 17.8 19.6
Indonesia 19.4 18.3 18.7 17.9 17.3
Guinea 23.8 18.8 17.1 18.0 20.9
Vanuatu 20.9 16.6 16.2 18.1 16.3
Belarus 23.5 21.0 23.6 18.3 15.0
Suriname 8.7 8.9 11.3 19.2 17.0
Turkmenistan 32.2 32.3 10.6 19.4 34.0
China 27.1 24.5 21.8 19.7 19.9
Fiji 20.4 20.7 20.1 19.8 20.9
Cameroon 24.6 24.8 27.3 20.6 23.8
Senegal 19.9 20.3 18.6 20.6 19.0
Honduras 22.4 22.7 20.4 20.6 24.3
Dominica 25.0 23.8 22.4 21.5 21.7
Philippines 21.9 21.0 21.8 21.6 22.0
Ukraine 25.6 22.8 20.4 21.7 16.2
Eritrea 30.6 22.4 24.4
Yemen, Rep. 24.4 23.1 24.2 22.6 25.0
Romania 23.7 20.1 19.4 22.6 21.5
Tajikistan 33.3 36.6 27.4 23.3 24.0
Ecuador 21.4 21.7 19.7 24.3 23.0
Sri Lanka 26.3 26.8 25.9 24.6 23.8
Pakistan 26.0 25.8 26.3 25.0 25.6
Bangladesh 30.3 30.4 29.4 26.3 25.6
Mongolia 12.9 13.1 27.2 27.9 29.3
Cote d'Ivoire 32.5 33.3 34.0 28.2 25.3
Azerbaijan 29.0 32.3 28.5 28.5 33.0
India 29.0 29.4 28.7 28.7 28.3
Madagascar 28.6 29.7 29.1 28.7 23.8
Papua New Guinea 30.9 27.5 25.7 28.7 33.9
Vietnam 38.7 40.5 33.9 29.9 27.4
Kiribati 18.6 28.3 30.8 30.3 30.2
Uzbekistan 32.8 37.0 34.8 30.4 37.4
Burkina Faso 29.1 31.2 30.2 31.4 35.5
Kenya 29.5 28.1 28.7 31.5 33.3
Syrian Arab Republic 29.8 32.8 34.4 32.2 31.1
Bhutan 35.3 33.8 34.4 32.2 34.9
Chad 29.3 36.5 35.3 32.5 37.8
Moldova 36.1 42.7 50.9 32.5 29.2
Rwanda 32.5 32.1 33.2 33.7 49.8
Nigeria 31.5 31.2 27.3 33.9 38.8
Zambia 20.6 17.4 23.8 34.1 13.6
Benin 34.7 35.0 33.9 34.1 32.3
Guyana 38.1 38.4 40.8 36.2 37.0
Mauritania 29.6 37.5 37.5 38.0 36.9
Mozambique 37.1 39.1 34.5 38.3 33.3
Niger 35.3 39.2 38.8 38.5 40.8
Comoros 41.4 39.7 39.5 39.1 37.6
Tonga 35.6 36.8 38.2 40.8 25.3
Kyrgyz Republic 33.5 37.0 39.0 41.0 40.9
Ghana 45.1 45.6 45.0 41.4 42.0
Sudan 40.6 41.8 40.3 41.4 35.7
Nepal 51.6 47.2 44.9 42.2 43.1
Sierra Leone 46.9 38.8 37.9 43.1 39.4
Togo 33.8 32.8 35.3 44.1 34.9
Mali 45.5 45.1 46.1 44.5 46.4
Central African Republic 49.3 46.0 46.9 46.4 45.0
Cambodia 46.5 47.7
Tanzania 46.0 48.1 48.0 48.1 45.0
Solomon Islands 28.9 47.0 49.0 48.2 47.7
Malawi 45.0 43.7 38.8 48.9 25.1
Liberia 54.4 55.6 51.3 50.6 52.4
Armenia 17.4 25.0 31.0 51.4 44.9
Uganda 56.6 52.8 51.1 51.5 49.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 31.0 41.7 49.4 51.7 57.0
Burundi 55.9 54.3 53.5 52.6 46.8
Albania 35.9 39.3 51.6 54.6 53.6
Guinea-Bissau 60.8 54.1 49.4 55.2 55.6
Lao PDR 61.2 58.2 61.8 57.5 57.6
Georgia 31.7 28.7 52.9 58.6 65.9
Ethiopia 52.0 61.4 66.0 62.4 55.7
Myanmar 57.3 58.8 60.5 63.0 63.0
Isle of Man
Portugal
Andorra
Monaco
Hong Kong SAR, China
Qatar 1.1
St. Martin (French part)
Luxembourg
Hungary
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.9
Guatemala
Liechtenstein
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Samoa
Curacao
San Marino
Iraq
Sao Tome and Principe
Aruba 0.5
Libya
Northern Mariana Islands
Canada
Poland
Serbia
Maldives
Afghanistan
Belgium
Peru
Croatia
Bermuda
Israel
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Ireland
Slovak Republic
Iceland
Slovenia
Cayman Islands
United States
Timor-Leste
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Haiti
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Montenegro
Guam
Nicaragua 21.0
Tuvalu
Spain
Greenland
Kosovo
American Samoa
Equatorial Guinea
Greece
West Bank and Gaza 13.4
Gambia, The
Somalia 65.5
Kuwait
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Estonia
South Sudan
Lebanon 7.1

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