Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aruba 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Bahrain 0.9
Qatar 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6
Puerto Rico 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.8
Luxembourg 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Germany 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Brunei Darussalam 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.2
Belgium 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
United Kingdom 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.0
Switzerland 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.7
United Arab Emirates 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3
Austria 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Trinidad and Tobago 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0
French Polynesia 2.7 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.5
France 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Oman 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6
Sweden 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1
Malta 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7
Norway 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.7 2.4
Djibouti 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5
Italy 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
Denmark 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.3
Australia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.3
Bahamas, The 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.0 2.7
Netherlands 3.4 3.2 3.3 2.8 2.6
Barbados 3.5 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.7
New Caledonia 3.5 3.5 3.7
South Africa 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6
Antigua and Barbuda 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.9
Seychelles 4.2 3.9 3.5 2.6 3.1
Spain 4.2 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.2
Slovenia 4.3 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.3
Jordan 4.3 3.8 3.3 3.1 2.4
Finland 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.3
Mexico 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.0
Czech Republic 4.4 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.4
Botswana 4.9 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.3
Cyprus 5.1 4.6 4.0 4.2 4.0
Poland 5.3 5.0 4.3 3.9 3.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 5.2 5.5 4.2 3.3
Portugal 5.4 5.2 4.3 4.0 3.8
Venezuela, RB 5.5 4.5 4.9 5.4 4.7
Slovak Republic 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.5
Brazil 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.5
Argentina 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.7 4.8
Korea, Rep. 5.8 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.8
Estonia 5.8 5.5 5.2 6.1 4.4
Palau 5.9 3.9 3.0 3.0 4.1
Saudi Arabia 5.9 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.7
Ireland 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.8 3.0
New Zealand 7.0 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.8
Russian Federation 7.2 7.2 6.4 5.6 7.3
Croatia 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.8 6.9
Angola 7.3 7.0 9.0 13.0 6.3
Lebanon 7.6 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.2
Panama 7.9 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.0
Gabon 8.0 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.3
Greece 8.1 7.2 6.9 6.6 6.4
Hungary 8.4 8.5 7.3 6.9 6.1
Uruguay 8.6 8.0 7.7 8.0 6.8
Cuba 8.8 9.7 9.6 8.6 8.0
Jamaica 9.0 8.4 7.9 8.1 7.5
Latvia 9.1 7.4 5.1 4.0 3.9
Chile 9.2 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.2
Thailand 9.5 9.5 9.4 10.8 9.4
Dominican Republic 10.0 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.0
Grenada 10.1 8.6 8.4 7.9 8.0
St. Lucia 10.2 8.9 6.8 8.2 7.3
Mauritius 10.4 10.2 9.4 9.3 6.1
Congo, Rep. 10.5 9.0 9.1 11.0 8.4
Algeria 10.5 11.8 9.5 12.5 12.2
Namibia 10.6 10.4 9.5 9.6 9.9
Lithuania 10.9 12.0 10.7 8.7 7.2
Maldives 11.5 10.7 9.9 9.5 9.2
Swaziland 12.0 14.2 13.0 13.2 13.4
West Bank and Gaza 12.8 14.6 13.1 13.5 12.4
Kazakhstan 12.9 12.8 12.0 9.1 10.5
Malaysia 12.9 11.7 11.1 13.3 10.8
Tunisia 13.0 15.7 12.6 12.0 12.0
Macedonia, FYR 13.2 13.2 12.8 13.2 12.9
Cabo Verde 13.7 12.4 11.7 10.9 13.6
Costa Rica 13.7 12.8 13.0 12.8 10.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.1 12.5 10.1 10.8 10.5
El Salvador 14.5 14.0 14.4 12.9 11.2
Bulgaria 14.7 12.9 22.6 15.4 14.5
Suriname 14.9 16.4 12.6 9.6 9.8
Zimbabwe 15.2 21.8 18.9 21.8 19.2
Colombia 15.3 13.8 13.7 14.3 14.0
Ukraine 15.4 13.8 14.4 14.2 14.3
Zambia 16.0 15.1 15.9 18.0 20.6
Turkey 16.3 17.4 15.0 13.6 11.5
Vanuatu 16.4 17.6 16.7 29.3 28.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.8 17.3 17.0 17.1 17.3
Bolivia 16.9 16.4 17.2 14.7 15.1
Indonesia 17.1 16.7 16.1 18.1 19.6
Turkmenistan 17.2 13.3 21.6 26.2 26.2
Morocco 17.3 22.2 18.6 20.2 17.5
Belarus 17.5 17.0 15.4 13.9 14.6
Belize 17.8 17.8 17.4 16.7 17.3
Lesotho 18.0 18.6 17.5 17.6 18.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.4 15.6 14.8 17.3 15.1
Dominica 18.9 19.9 19.4 18.8 18.7
Guinea 19.2 18.0 21.0 22.1 22.5
China 20.0 19.7 18.3 17.6 16.5
Fiji 20.1 20.1 17.3 16.8 19.1
Paraguay 20.1 19.9 17.8 16.7 16.4
Yemen, Rep. 20.5 16.7 16.2 19.6 16.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.7 25.2 21.3 19.4 16.2
Serbia 20.9 21.3 20.5 18.4 21.0
Eritrea 20.9 18.0 16.9 25.5 24.9
Senegal 21.0 19.9 19.8 19.4 19.0
Romania 21.4 20.6 19.6 16.2 15.2
Honduras 21.5 22.3 23.0 19.1 15.9
Philippines 21.6 20.6 18.9 14.8 15.2
Nicaragua 22.0 23.5 22.1 21.3 18.8
Ecuador 22.6 21.4 20.9 18.3 18.3
Tonga 22.7 23.9 23.9 24.9 25.8
Sri Lanka 23.0 22.4 21.9 21.1 20.7
Cameroon 23.6 23.6 24.7 25.3 24.4
Cote d'Ivoire 24.7 24.6 23.3 24.1 22.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 25.3 24.6 24.4 27.0 25.4
Pakistan 26.1 25.5 26.7 27.3 27.0
India 26.3 27.1 25.9 25.8 24.5
Bangladesh 26.4 25.7 25.8 25.4 26.2
Madagascar 26.7 27.2 31.5 30.6 30.0
Vietnam 27.2 27.8 25.8 25.8 25.4
Azerbaijan 27.3 27.5 21.7 18.9 19.2
Kiribati 29.5 27.4 25.6 25.5 25.6
Malawi 30.4 34.7 32.6 35.6 37.8
Kenya 31.1 30.7 30.9 31.2 32.4
Syrian Arab Republic 31.6 29.9 27.9 30.6 25.2
Bhutan 32.0 31.2 31.2 29.5 27.3
Nigeria 32.1 31.1 34.0 39.0 35.3
Uzbekistan 32.3 26.1 32.2 31.3 33.5
Moldova 33.0 31.4 30.2 31.8 27.9
Benin 33.1 35.7 35.8 36.6 35.8
Mongolia 34.4 41.0 34.7 35.1 34.8
Mozambique 34.8 35.2 34.9 30.8 28.6
Papua New Guinea 35.5 33.3 37.0 35.5 36.1
Burkina Faso 35.8 39.4 36.8 39.6 32.9
Chad 35.8 39.0 39.9 40.8 39.7
Mauritania 37.4 36.2 33.4 31.2 30.2
Togo 37.8 40.8 42.2 35.0 36.9
Tajikistan 38.4 39.0 35.4 27.2 27.4
Sudan 38.7 43.8 46.8 46.3 45.2
Niger 40.2 38.9 38.9 42.6 40.7
Comoros 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9
Guyana 41.2 38.9 35.4 34.6 34.6
Nepal 41.8 41.5 41.4 39.9 41.3
Armenia 42.3 36.8 32.0 34.0 29.5
Ghana 42.7 43.9 40.1 40.2 39.9
Sierra Leone 42.9 47.5 58.6 61.8 62.0
Kyrgyz Republic 43.9 49.7 44.6 39.5 37.7
Rwanda 44.0 47.2 46.0 45.5 37.4
Solomon Islands 44.7 41.1 41.6 37.5 35.9
Central African Republic 46.5 51.7 54.8 55.7 51.7
Tanzania 47.1 48.0 46.8 33.8 34.1
Burundi 48.1 57.2 47.7 48.0 47.9
Uganda 49.4 45.1 42.0 42.1 38.5
Mali 49.5 51.8 44.5 46.5 46.5
Cambodia 49.6 46.6 46.3 46.3 43.3
Georgia 52.2 34.1 29.2 27.6 26.2
Ethiopia 55.0 54.3 57.7 52.5 48.6
Guinea-Bissau 55.1 57.6 54.6 62.4 58.7
Lao PDR 55.7 53.3 52.8 53.3 53.7
Albania 55.8 33.0 33.6 32.6 29.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 57.0 33.6 48.1 47.5 52.7
Myanmar 60.0 60.1 58.9 59.1 59.9
Liberia 81.8 94.0 77.0 78.6 76.2
Guam
Bermuda 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
South Sudan
Iraq
Montenegro
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Libya
Turks and Caicos Islands
Canada
United States 1.4 1.2 1.2
Israel
Monaco
Andorra
Greenland
St. Martin (French part)
Marshall Islands
Afghanistan
Isle of Man
Peru
Curacao
Equatorial Guinea
Iceland 9.7 9.7 9.2
American Samoa
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Hong Kong SAR, China
Kuwait
Haiti
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Kosovo
Guatemala
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faeroe Islands
Cayman Islands
Timor-Leste
Gambia, The

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