Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aruba 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Bermuda 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Qatar 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6
Luxembourg 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Germany 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Brunei Darussalam 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.2
Puerto Rico 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.8
United Kingdom 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.0
Switzerland 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Belgium 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.7
United Arab Emirates 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3
Trinidad and Tobago 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0
Austria 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Sweden 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1
Oman 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6
Norway 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.7 2.4
France 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Malta 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7
Bahamas, The 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.0 2.7
Netherlands 3.4 3.2 3.3 2.8 2.6
Denmark 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.3
Italy 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
New Caledonia 3.5 3.5 3.7
Djibouti 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5
Australia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.3
Barbados 3.5 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.7
Jordan 4.3 3.8 3.3 3.1 2.4
Antigua and Barbuda 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.9
Seychelles 4.2 3.9 3.5 2.6 3.1
Palau 5.9 3.9 3.0 3.0 4.1
French Polynesia 2.7 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.5
Botswana 4.9 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.3
Finland 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.3
Czech Republic 4.4 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.4
Slovenia 4.3 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.3
South Africa 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.5
Venezuela, RB 5.5 4.5 4.9 5.4 4.7
Cyprus 5.1 4.6 4.0 4.2 4.0
Mexico 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.0
Spain 4.2 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.2
Poland 5.3 5.0 4.3 3.9 3.4
Argentina 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.8 4.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 5.2 5.5 4.2 3.3
Portugal 5.4 5.2 4.3 4.0 3.8
Slovak Republic 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.5
Saudi Arabia 5.9 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.7
Korea, Rep. 5.8 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.8
Estonia 5.8 5.5 5.2 6.1 4.4
Ireland 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.8 3.0
Brazil 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.5
Chile 9.2 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.2
Lebanon 7.6 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.2
Croatia 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.8 6.9
New Zealand 7.0 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.8
Angola 7.3 7.0 9.0 13.0 6.3
Gabon 8.0 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.3
Russian Federation 7.2 7.2 6.4 5.6 7.3
Greece 8.1 7.2 6.9 6.6 6.4
Latvia 9.1 7.4 5.1 4.0 3.9
Panama 7.9 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.0
Uruguay 8.6 8.0 7.7 8.0 6.8
Jamaica 9.0 8.4 7.9 8.1 7.5
Hungary 8.4 8.5 7.3 6.9 6.1
Grenada 10.1 8.6 8.4 7.9 8.0
St. Lucia 10.2 8.9 6.8 8.2 7.3
Congo, Rep. 10.5 9.0 9.1 11.0 8.4
Dominican Republic 10.0 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.0
Thailand 9.5 9.5 9.4 10.8 9.4
Cuba 8.8 9.7 9.6 8.6 8.0
Mauritius 10.4 10.2 9.4 9.3 6.1
Namibia 10.6 10.4 9.5 9.6 9.9
Maldives 11.5 10.7 9.9 9.5 9.2
Malaysia 12.9 11.7 11.1 13.3 10.8
Algeria 10.5 11.8 9.5 12.5 12.2
Lithuania 10.9 12.0 10.7 8.7 7.2
Cabo Verde 13.7 12.4 11.7 10.9 13.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.1 12.5 10.1 10.8 10.5
Kazakhstan 12.9 12.8 12.0 9.1 10.5
Costa Rica 13.7 12.8 13.0 12.8 10.5
Bulgaria 14.7 12.9 22.6 15.4 14.5
Macedonia, FYR 13.2 13.2 12.8 13.2 12.9
Turkmenistan 17.2 13.3 21.6 26.2 26.2
Colombia 15.3 13.8 13.7 14.3 14.0
Ukraine 15.4 13.8 14.4 14.2 14.3
El Salvador 14.5 14.0 14.4 12.9 11.2
Swaziland 12.0 14.2 13.0 13.2 13.4
West Bank and Gaza 12.8 14.6 13.1 13.5 12.4
Zambia 16.0 15.1 15.9 18.0 20.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.4 15.6 14.8 17.3 15.1
Tunisia 13.0 15.7 12.6 12.0 12.0
Bolivia 16.9 16.4 17.2 14.7 15.1
Suriname 14.9 16.4 12.6 9.6 9.8
Indonesia 17.1 16.7 16.1 18.1 19.6
Yemen, Rep. 20.5 16.7 16.2 19.6 16.4
Belarus 17.5 17.0 15.4 13.9 14.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.8 17.3 17.0 17.1 17.3
Turkey 16.3 17.4 15.0 13.6 11.5
Vanuatu 16.4 17.6 16.7 29.3 28.5
Belize 17.8 17.8 17.4 16.7 17.3
Eritrea 20.9 18.0 16.9 25.5 24.9
Guinea 19.2 18.0 21.0 22.1 22.5
Lesotho 18.0 18.6 17.5 17.6 18.0
China 20.0 19.7 18.3 17.6 16.5
Paraguay 20.1 19.9 17.8 16.7 16.4
Dominica 18.9 19.9 19.4 18.8 18.7
Senegal 21.0 19.9 19.8 19.4 19.0
Fiji 20.1 20.1 17.3 16.8 19.1
Romania 21.4 20.6 19.6 16.2 15.2
Philippines 21.6 20.6 18.9 14.8 15.2
Serbia 20.9 21.3 20.5 18.4 21.0
Ecuador 22.6 21.4 20.9 18.3 18.3
Zimbabwe 15.2 21.8 18.9 21.8 19.2
Morocco 17.3 22.2 18.6 20.2 17.5
Honduras 21.5 22.3 23.0 19.1 15.9
Sri Lanka 23.0 22.4 21.9 21.1 20.7
Nicaragua 22.0 23.5 22.1 21.3 18.8
Cameroon 23.6 23.6 24.7 25.3 24.4
Tonga 22.7 23.9 23.9 24.9 25.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 25.3 24.6 24.4 27.0 25.4
Cote d'Ivoire 24.7 24.6 23.3 24.1 22.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.7 25.2 21.3 19.4 16.2
Pakistan 26.1 25.5 26.7 27.3 27.0
Bangladesh 26.4 25.7 25.8 25.4 26.2
Uzbekistan 32.3 26.1 32.2 31.3 33.5
India 26.3 27.1 25.9 25.8 24.5
Madagascar 26.7 27.2 31.5 30.6 30.0
Kiribati 29.5 27.4 25.6 25.5 25.6
Azerbaijan 27.3 27.5 21.7 18.9 19.2
Vietnam 27.2 27.8 25.8 25.8 25.4
Syrian Arab Republic 31.6 29.9 27.9 30.6 25.2
Kenya 31.1 30.7 30.9 31.2 32.4
Nigeria 32.1 31.1 34.0 39.0 35.3
Bhutan 32.0 31.2 31.2 29.5 27.3
Moldova 33.0 31.4 30.2 31.8 27.9
Albania 55.8 33.0 33.6 32.6 29.5
Papua New Guinea 35.5 33.3 37.0 35.5 36.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 57.0 33.6 48.1 47.5 52.7
Georgia 52.2 34.1 29.2 27.6 26.2
Malawi 30.4 34.7 32.6 35.6 37.8
Mozambique 34.8 35.2 34.9 30.8 28.6
Benin 33.1 35.7 35.8 36.6 35.8
Mauritania 37.4 36.2 33.4 31.2 30.2
Armenia 42.3 36.8 32.0 34.0 29.5
Guyana 41.2 38.9 35.4 34.6 34.6
Niger 40.2 38.9 38.9 42.6 40.7
Tajikistan 38.4 39.0 35.4 27.2 27.4
Chad 35.8 39.0 39.9 40.8 39.7
Burkina Faso 35.8 39.4 36.8 39.6 32.9
Togo 37.8 40.8 42.2 35.0 36.9
Comoros 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9
Mongolia 34.4 41.0 34.7 35.1 34.8
Solomon Islands 44.7 41.1 41.6 37.5 35.9
Nepal 41.8 41.5 41.4 39.9 41.3
Sudan 38.7 43.8 46.8 46.3 45.2
Ghana 42.7 43.9 40.1 40.2 39.9
Uganda 49.4 45.1 42.0 42.1 38.5
Cambodia 49.6 46.6 46.3 46.3 43.3
Rwanda 44.0 47.2 46.0 45.5 37.4
Sierra Leone 42.9 47.5 58.6 61.8 62.0
Tanzania 47.1 48.0 46.8 33.8 34.1
Kyrgyz Republic 43.9 49.7 44.6 39.5 37.7
Central African Republic 46.5 51.7 54.8 55.7 51.7
Mali 49.5 51.8 44.5 46.5 46.5
Lao PDR 55.7 53.3 52.8 53.3 53.7
Ethiopia 55.0 54.3 57.7 52.5 48.6
Burundi 48.1 57.2 47.7 48.0 47.9
Guinea-Bissau 55.1 57.6 54.6 62.4 58.7
Myanmar 60.0 60.1 58.9 59.1 59.9
Liberia 81.8 94.0 77.0 78.6 76.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Andorra
Bahrain 0.9
American Samoa
Canada
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
San Marino
Greenland
Kosovo
Somalia
United States 1.4 1.2 1.2
St. Martin (French part)
Samoa
Montenegro
Timor-Leste
Monaco
Curacao
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Marshall Islands
Kuwait
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Tuvalu
Isle of Man
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Iceland 9.7 9.7 9.2
Gambia, The
Peru
Israel
Guatemala
Iraq
Sao Tome and Principe
Hong Kong SAR, China
Equatorial Guinea
Haiti
Liechtenstein
Libya
Guam

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