Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Aruba 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Qatar 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6
Bermuda 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Luxembourg 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
United Kingdom 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.0
Germany 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Puerto Rico 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.8
United States 1.4 1.2 1.2
Switzerland 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Belgium 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2
Brunei Darussalam 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.2
Japan 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.7
Austria 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
United Arab Emirates 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.2 2.3
Trinidad and Tobago 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.0
Barbados 3.5 3.7 3.0 2.2 2.7
Sweden 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1
Denmark 3.3 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.3
Seychelles 4.2 3.9 3.5 2.6 3.1
France 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5
Norway 3.1 2.6 2.4 2.7 2.4
Oman 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.6
Netherlands 3.4 3.2 3.3 2.8 2.6
Malta 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7
Palau 5.9 3.9 3.0 3.0 4.1
Bahamas, The 3.3 3.1 3.4 3.0 2.7
Jordan 4.3 3.8 3.3 3.1 2.4
Italy 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
Australia 3.3 3.7 3.6 3.3 3.3
Finland 4.3 3.9 3.9 3.3 3.3
Botswana 4.9 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.3
Djibouti 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5
Czech Republic 4.4 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.4
South Africa 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6
Ireland 6.4 5.5 4.4 3.8 3.0
Slovenia 4.3 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.3
Poland 5.3 5.0 4.3 3.9 3.4
Antigua and Barbuda 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.0 3.9
Latvia 9.1 7.4 5.1 4.0 3.9
Portugal 5.4 5.2 4.3 4.0 3.8
French Polynesia 2.7 3.9 3.9 4.1 4.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.3 5.2 5.5 4.2 3.3
Cyprus 5.1 4.6 4.0 4.2 4.0
Mexico 4.4 4.7 4.4 4.2 4.0
Spain 4.2 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.2
Korea, Rep. 5.8 5.5 5.0 4.6 4.8
Slovak Republic 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.5
Venezuela, RB 5.5 4.5 4.9 5.4 4.7
Brazil 5.8 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.5
Russian Federation 7.2 7.2 6.4 5.6 7.3
Argentina 5.8 6.1 5.7 5.7 4.8
Estonia 5.8 5.5 5.2 6.1 4.4
Chile 9.2 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.2
Saudi Arabia 5.9 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.7
New Zealand 7.0 7.0 6.6 6.5 6.8
Greece 8.1 7.2 6.9 6.6 6.4
Croatia 7.2 7.0 6.5 6.8 6.9
Lebanon 7.6 6.9 7.5 6.9 7.2
Hungary 8.4 8.5 7.3 6.9 6.1
Gabon 8.0 7.1 7.2 7.0 7.3
Panama 7.9 7.5 7.3 7.4 7.0
Grenada 10.1 8.6 8.4 7.9 8.0
Uruguay 8.6 8.0 7.7 8.0 6.8
Jamaica 9.0 8.4 7.9 8.1 7.5
St. Lucia 10.2 8.9 6.8 8.2 7.3
Cuba 8.8 9.7 9.6 8.6 8.0
Lithuania 10.9 12.0 10.7 8.7 7.2
Dominican Republic 10.0 9.3 9.1 8.7 8.0
Kazakhstan 12.9 12.8 12.0 9.1 10.5
Mauritius 10.4 10.2 9.4 9.3 6.1
Maldives 11.5 10.7 9.9 9.5 9.2
Namibia 10.6 10.4 9.5 9.6 9.9
Suriname 14.9 16.4 12.6 9.6 9.8
Iceland 9.7 9.7 9.2
Thailand 9.5 9.5 9.4 10.8 9.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 14.1 12.5 10.1 10.8 10.5
Cabo Verde 13.7 12.4 11.7 10.9 13.6
Congo, Rep. 10.5 9.0 9.1 11.0 8.4
Tunisia 13.0 15.7 12.6 12.0 12.0
Algeria 10.5 11.8 9.5 12.5 12.2
Costa Rica 13.7 12.8 13.0 12.8 10.5
El Salvador 14.5 14.0 14.4 12.9 11.2
Angola 7.3 7.0 9.0 13.0 6.3
Swaziland 12.0 14.2 13.0 13.2 13.4
Macedonia, FYR 13.2 13.2 12.8 13.2 12.9
Malaysia 12.9 11.7 11.1 13.3 10.8
West Bank and Gaza 12.8 14.6 13.1 13.5 12.4
Turkey 16.3 17.4 15.0 13.6 11.5
Belarus 17.5 17.0 15.4 13.9 14.6
Ukraine 15.4 13.8 14.4 14.2 14.3
Colombia 15.3 13.8 13.7 14.3 14.0
Bolivia 16.9 16.4 17.2 14.7 15.1
Philippines 21.6 20.6 18.9 14.8 15.2
Bulgaria 14.7 12.9 22.6 15.4 14.5
Romania 21.4 20.6 19.6 16.2 15.2
Paraguay 20.1 19.9 17.8 16.7 16.4
Belize 17.8 17.8 17.4 16.7 17.3
Fiji 20.1 20.1 17.3 16.8 19.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.8 17.3 17.0 17.1 17.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.4 15.6 14.8 17.3 15.1
China 20.0 19.7 18.3 17.6 16.5
Lesotho 18.0 18.6 17.5 17.6 18.0
Zambia 16.0 15.1 15.9 18.0 20.6
Indonesia 17.1 16.7 16.1 18.1 19.6
Ecuador 22.6 21.4 20.9 18.3 18.3
Serbia 20.9 21.3 20.5 18.4 21.0
Dominica 18.9 19.9 19.4 18.8 18.7
Azerbaijan 27.3 27.5 21.7 18.9 19.2
Honduras 21.5 22.3 23.0 19.1 15.9
Senegal 21.0 19.9 19.8 19.4 19.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.7 25.2 21.3 19.4 16.2
Yemen, Rep. 20.5 16.7 16.2 19.6 16.4
Morocco 17.3 22.2 18.6 20.2 17.5
Sri Lanka 23.0 22.4 21.9 21.1 20.7
Nicaragua 22.0 23.5 22.1 21.3 18.8
Zimbabwe 15.2 21.8 18.9 21.8 19.2
Guinea 19.2 18.0 21.0 22.1 22.5
Cote d'Ivoire 24.7 24.6 23.3 24.1 22.0
Tonga 22.7 23.9 23.9 24.9 25.8
Cameroon 23.6 23.6 24.7 25.3 24.4
Bangladesh 26.4 25.7 25.8 25.4 26.2
Kiribati 29.5 27.4 25.6 25.5 25.6
Eritrea 20.9 18.0 16.9 25.5 24.9
Vietnam 27.2 27.8 25.8 25.8 25.4
India 26.3 27.1 25.9 25.8 24.5
Turkmenistan 17.2 13.3 21.6 26.2 26.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 25.3 24.6 24.4 27.0 25.4
Tajikistan 38.4 39.0 35.4 27.2 27.4
Pakistan 26.1 25.5 26.7 27.3 27.0
Georgia 52.2 34.1 29.2 27.6 26.2
Vanuatu 16.4 17.6 16.7 29.3 28.5
Bhutan 32.0 31.2 31.2 29.5 27.3
Madagascar 26.7 27.2 31.5 30.6 30.0
Syrian Arab Republic 31.6 29.9 27.9 30.6 25.2
Mozambique 34.8 35.2 34.9 30.8 28.6
Mauritania 37.4 36.2 33.4 31.2 30.2
Kenya 31.1 30.7 30.9 31.2 32.4
Uzbekistan 32.3 26.1 32.2 31.3 33.5
Moldova 33.0 31.4 30.2 31.8 27.9
Albania 55.8 33.0 33.6 32.6 29.5
Tanzania 47.1 48.0 46.8 33.8 34.1
Armenia 42.3 36.8 32.0 34.0 29.5
Guyana 41.2 38.9 35.4 34.6 34.6
Togo 37.8 40.8 42.2 35.0 36.9
Mongolia 34.4 41.0 34.7 35.1 34.8
Papua New Guinea 35.5 33.3 37.0 35.5 36.1
Malawi 30.4 34.7 32.6 35.6 37.8
Benin 33.1 35.7 35.8 36.6 35.8
Solomon Islands 44.7 41.1 41.6 37.5 35.9
Nigeria 32.1 31.1 34.0 39.0 35.3
Kyrgyz Republic 43.9 49.7 44.6 39.5 37.7
Burkina Faso 35.8 39.4 36.8 39.6 32.9
Nepal 41.8 41.5 41.4 39.9 41.3
Ghana 42.7 43.9 40.1 40.2 39.9
Chad 35.8 39.0 39.9 40.8 39.7
Comoros 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9 40.9
Uganda 49.4 45.1 42.0 42.1 38.5
Niger 40.2 38.9 38.9 42.6 40.7
Rwanda 44.0 47.2 46.0 45.5 37.4
Cambodia 49.6 46.6 46.3 46.3 43.3
Sudan 38.7 43.8 46.8 46.3 45.2
Mali 49.5 51.8 44.5 46.5 46.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 57.0 33.6 48.1 47.5 52.7
Burundi 48.1 57.2 47.7 48.0 47.9
Ethiopia 55.0 54.3 57.7 52.5 48.6
Lao PDR 55.7 53.3 52.8 53.3 53.7
Central African Republic 46.5 51.7 54.8 55.7 51.7
Myanmar 60.0 60.1 58.9 59.1 59.9
Sierra Leone 42.9 47.5 58.6 61.8 62.0
Guinea-Bissau 55.1 57.6 54.6 62.4 58.7
Liberia 81.8 94.0 77.0 78.6 76.2
Cayman Islands
Iraq
Montenegro
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Hong Kong SAR, China
Bahrain 0.9
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
Israel
St. Martin (French part)
Tuvalu
Peru
American Samoa
Somalia
Guam
Sao Tome and Principe
Kosovo
Equatorial Guinea
Curacao
Canada
Isle of Man
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Gambia, The
Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Haiti
Kuwait
Guatemala
Timor-Leste
Greenland
Afghanistan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Faeroe Islands
Libya
New Caledonia 3.5 3.5 3.7

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