Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Qatar 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Aruba 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Luxembourg 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6
Puerto Rico 1.2 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6
Bermuda 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
United Kingdom 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Switzerland 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0
Brunei Darussalam 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1
United States 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.3
Germany 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0
Belgium 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1
Trinidad and Tobago 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.0
Japan 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3
Norway 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.6
Austria 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7
Antigua and Barbuda 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9
Sweden 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1
United Arab Emirates 2.3 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7
Jordan 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.8
Oman 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2 1.9
France 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Netherlands 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0
Barbados 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3 1.9
Ireland 3.0 2.5 2.1 1.8 1.9
Bahamas, The 2.9 2.6 3.1 2.8 2.3
Denmark 2.5 2.7 2.1 1.9 1.9
Italy 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6
Malta 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.7
Botswana 3.0 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.5
Seychelles 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.6 3.2
Slovenia 3.3 3.0 3.2 2.4 2.6
Finland 3.4 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.7
Czech Republic 3.4 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.5
Portugal 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.0
Poland 3.3 3.4 3.1 2.9 3.7
South Africa 3.3 3.5 4.2 3.4 3.1
Djibouti 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6
Mexico 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6
Cyprus 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.0
Australia 3.4 3.8 4.3 3.2 3.4
Spain 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.4
Korea, Rep. 4.4 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.5
Argentina 4.3 4.3 9.3 9.8 9.0
Latvia 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.4
Venezuela, RB 4.2 4.5 4.1 4.6 4.0
Palau 5.4 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.5
Estonia 4.8 4.7 4.2 4.0 3.9
St. Lucia 5.9 4.8 5.5 4.6 4.5
Slovak Republic 4.4 5.0 5.0 4.4 4.0
Chile 5.9 5.2 5.5 5.3 4.7
Saudi Arabia 4.9 5.2 5.1 4.5 3.9
Lithuania 6.3 5.5 5.4 5.0 4.6
Hungary 5.8 5.7 4.9 4.5 5.1
Congo, Rep. 5.3 5.8 6.3 6.3 5.5
Greece 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.6 4.8
Brazil 5.6 6.0 6.6 7.4 6.9
Grenada 6.0 6.2 7.2 6.8 5.8
Gabon 6.2 6.4 6.1 6.1 5.6
Croatia 6.4 6.4 6.3 5.2 5.5
Uruguay 7.0 6.5 8.7 11.1 12.9
Russian Federation 6.4 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.6
Lebanon 7.1 6.7 6.7 6.6 4.3
Jamaica 7.0 6.9 6.3 5.9 5.7
Maldives 8.8 7.1 6.9 6.0 6.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 8.6 7.3 7.4 6.4 6.0
Mauritius 7.0 7.3 6.3 6.3 6.4
Dominican Republic 7.2 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.0
Panama 7.2 7.7 7.5 7.8 8.0
Malaysia 8.6 8.0 9.0 9.3 9.3
Angola 5.7 8.2 9.4 9.5 9.2
Cuba 8.4 8.5 7.9 7.8 7.1
New Zealand 8.4 8.7 6.4 6.2 5.9
Costa Rica 9.5 8.8 8.5 8.7 8.6
Iceland 8.5 8.8 8.9 7.4 6.3
Colombia 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.0 8.6
Thailand 9.0 9.1 9.4 10.4 10.3
Kazakhstan 8.7 9.4 8.6 8.4 7.6
West Bank and Gaza 11.2 9.5 8.8 7.7 7.9
Turkey 11.3 9.9 11.7 11.4 10.9
El Salvador 10.5 10.1 9.1 9.0 9.5
Algeria 8.9 10.2 9.8 10.3 9.9
Swaziland 12.2 10.5 10.3 9.4 8.9
Namibia 11.8 10.5 10.9 10.9 9.7
Tunisia 11.3 10.7 9.3 10.4 11.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.6 10.8 10.1 9.0 10.7
Cabo Verde 12.9 11.4 10.4 10.1 9.9
Suriname 11.2 11.6 7.4 7.2 5.8
Macedonia, FYR 12.0 11.8 12.4 12.9 12.8
Belarus 14.2 11.9 11.8 10.2 10.3
Bulgaria 12.4 11.9 10.9 10.4 9.9
Montenegro 12.5 11.9 12.2 11.6 10.9
Dominica 13.3 12.6 12.1 12.4 12.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.7 12.8 12.0 12.0 11.2
Lesotho 12.0 12.8 10.1 9.9 9.6
Philippines 14.0 13.2 13.1 12.7 13.3
Ecuador 16.3 13.7 12.2 11.7 10.4
Yemen, Rep. 13.8 14.1 13.3 12.9 11.7
China 15.1 14.4 13.7 12.8 13.4
Romania 12.1 14.5 12.6 13.0 14.1
Honduras 15.9 14.6 13.5 12.8 13.4
Paraguay 15.8 14.8 14.9 18.3 20.4
Fiji 17.1 14.9 15.3 14.8 14.5
Guatemala 15.1 15.2 14.4 14.0
Belize 16.8 15.2 14.8 16.8 16.6
Bolivia 15.0 15.2 14.9 15.4 15.4
Indonesia 15.6 15.3 15.5 15.2 14.3
Azerbaijan 17.1 16.1 15.2 13.5 11.8
Eritrea 13.4 16.2 15.1 12.9 11.6
Ukraine 17.1 16.4 14.6 12.1 11.9
Morocco 14.9 16.6 16.5 17.3 16.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.7 16.6 16.5 16.3 15.2
Zimbabwe 18.3 17.3 14.0 16.6 19.6
Zambia 18.3 17.6 17.3 17.5 17.3
Nicaragua 19.5 18.3 17.9 16.9 17.3
Senegal 19.1 18.5 15.5 17.2 15.7
Sao Tome and Principe 12.1 19.5 21.2 20.4 19.2
Serbia 19.9 20.0 15.0 13.4 13.9
Sri Lanka 19.9 20.1 14.3 13.2 12.5
Tonga 22.8 21.0 21.1 22.5 23.3
Tuvalu 20.4 21.2 19.8 19.6 20.7
Vietnam 22.7 21.5 21.3 20.9 20.0
Cameroon 22.1 22.2 22.1 21.7 20.4
Georgia 21.9 22.4 20.6 20.6 17.9
Mozambique 24.0 22.5 27.8 27.3 26.7
Kiribati 22.5 22.6 24.4 26.1 27.3
India 23.0 22.9 20.7 20.7 19.0
Timor-Leste 28.1 23.0 26.9 27.9 30.0
Guinea 22.4 23.2 23.4 22.3 25.1
Solomon Islands 34.7 24.0 31.0 39.9 37.7
Pakistan 25.9 24.1 23.4 23.4 22.2
Bangladesh 25.5 24.1 22.7 21.8 21.0
Turkmenistan 24.4 24.4 22.0 20.3 19.4
Cote d'Ivoire 24.2 24.7 25.7 25.6 23.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 25.9 24.7 24.9 25.1 23.7
Moldova 29.0 26.0 24.1 21.5 20.5
Bhutan 27.4 26.1 26.3 25.2 24.9
Tajikistan 27.4 26.2 24.7 27.1 21.6
Mongolia 30.9 26.4 21.5 20.8 22.6
Vanuatu 26.2 26.9 27.5 25.7 26.7
Albania 29.1 27.0 26.3 24.0 23.5
Mauritania 27.6 27.0 25.8 27.5 25.6
Syrian Arab Republic 23.8 27.0 26.8 25.7 21.8
Madagascar 29.2 27.9 31.7 29.2 28.8
Armenia 25.5 28.3 26.0 23.7 24.7
Uganda 29.4 29.7 24.9 26.1 22.9
Guyana 31.1 30.3 30.8 31.4 31.3
Kenya 32.4 31.3 29.1 29.0 28.0
Tanzania 33.5 32.9 32.5 32.5 33.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 32.3 33.7 27.3 26.9 24.9
Nigeria 26.0 33.8 48.6 42.7 34.2
Uzbekistan 34.4 34.0 34.3 33.1 30.8
Benin 34.9 34.5 33.8 32.1 32.3
Cambodia 37.8 36.2 32.9 33.6 31.2
Papua New Guinea 35.8 36.3 40.0 40.1 37.8
Burkina Faso 29.3 37.0 38.6 37.1 34.5
Kyrgyz Republic 36.7 37.3 37.7 37.1 33.3
Rwanda 37.2 37.3 35.4 38.3 38.6
Nepal 40.8 37.6 38.6 37.5 37.2
Togo 35.1 37.7 38.2 35.8 36.2
Mali 41.6 37.8 35.0 38.8 36.4
Guinea-Bissau 42.7 38.3 43.2 43.2 43.3
Malawi 39.5 38.8 36.7 35.2 34.9
Ghana 39.4 39.3 39.2 40.2 41.5
Niger 37.8 40.0 39.6 39.6 20.1
Comoros 48.6 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1
Chad 42.3 41.8 39.4 33.6 23.5
Sudan 42.2 42.9 41.9 38.3 34.6
Lao PDR 45.2 44.0 42.7 41.0 39.0
Ethiopia 47.8 45.6 41.7 40.1 42.3
Burundi 48.1 46.4 45.8 46.4 45.4
Sierra Leone 58.4 48.7 49.6 49.6 51.8
Central African Republic 52.1 53.4 53.6 56.9 55.7
Myanmar 57.2 57.1 54.5 50.6 48.4
Liberia 76.1 77.4 80.1 73.5 66.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Israel
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Iraq
Samoa
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Bahrain
American Samoa
French Polynesia 4.7
Haiti
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Peru
Kuwait
Monaco
Kosovo
Marshall Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Somalia
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Libya 5.2 4.3 3.0
Equatorial Guinea
Canada
Guam
Afghanistan 38.5 37.8 30.3
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Gambia, The

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