Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Qatar 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Andorra 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Aruba 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Luxembourg 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4
Puerto Rico 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Bermuda 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
United Kingdom 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7
Switzerland 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9
Brunei Darussalam 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.9
Germany 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8
United States 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.2
Belgium 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Trinidad and Tobago 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.5
Japan 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2
Norway 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6
Austria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.4
Antigua and Barbuda 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
Sweden 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.9
Ireland 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.2
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.4
Jordan 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.1
Oman 2.3 2.3 2.2 1.9 1.6
France 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Netherlands 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.0
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.1 2.8 2.3 2.2
Denmark 2.7 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.3
Italy 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.2
Malta 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.6
Botswana 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.5 2.0
Seychelles 2.8 2.9 2.6 3.5 3.3
Slovenia 3.0 3.2 2.4 2.6 2.6
Finland 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6
Czech Republic 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4
Portugal 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.6
Poland 3.4 3.1 2.9 3.7 3.3
South Africa 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.1 2.7
Djibouti 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
Cyprus 3.6 3.6 3.1 2.8 2.7
Mexico 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.4
Australia 3.8 4.3 3.2 3.4 3.2
Spain 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.0
Korea, Rep. 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.1
Palau 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4
Venezuela, RB 4.5 4.1 4.6 4.0 4.0
Estonia 4.7 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.5
St. Lucia 4.8 5.5 4.6 4.5 3.5
Argentina 4.9 10.8 11.0 9.0 8.4
Slovak Republic 5.0 5.0 4.4 4.1 3.6
Latvia 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.8 4.3
Chile 5.2 5.5 5.3 4.7 4.6
Saudi Arabia 5.2 5.1 4.5 3.9 3.2
Lithuania 5.5 5.4 4.9 4.6 4.8
Hungary 5.6 4.8 4.5 5.0 4.3
Brazil 5.6 6.4 7.2 6.7 5.5
Congo, Rep. 5.8 6.3 6.3 5.5 4.5
Greece 5.8 5.6 5.6 4.7 4.8
Grenada 6.2 7.2 6.8 5.8 3.4
Croatia 6.4 6.3 5.2 5.5 5.0
Uruguay 6.5 8.7 11.1 12.9 10.4
Russian Federation 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.6 5.0
Lebanon 6.7 6.7 6.6 4.3 4.0
Gabon 6.7 6.2 6.5 5.9 5.1
Jamaica 6.9 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.9
Maldives 7.0 6.7 6.0 6.0 7.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.3 7.4 6.4 6.0 6.3
Mauritius 7.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.0
Dominican Republic 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.0 7.5
Panama 7.7 7.5 7.8 8.0 7.0
Malaysia 8.0 9.0 9.3 9.3 8.3
Angola 8.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.2 6.6
Cuba 8.5 7.9 7.8 7.1 5.6
New Zealand 8.6 6.3 6.2 5.8 4.9
Thailand 8.6 8.7 9.4 9.3 9.2
Peru 8.7 8.3 8.2 7.8 7.8
Costa Rica 8.8 8.5 8.7 8.6 9.0
Iceland 8.8 8.9 7.5 6.3 5.8
Colombia 9.0 9.2 9.0 8.6 8.4
Kazakhstan 9.4 8.6 8.4 7.6 6.8
West Bank and Gaza 9.5 8.8 7.7 7.9 6.1
Turkey 9.9 11.7 11.4 10.9 10.8
El Salvador 10.1 9.1 9.0 9.5 10.6
Algeria 10.2 9.8 10.3 9.9 8.0
Swaziland 10.5 10.3 9.4 8.9 8.8
Namibia 10.5 10.9 10.9 9.7 11.3
Tunisia 10.7 9.3 10.4 11.0 10.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.8 10.1 9.0 10.7 10.1
Cabo Verde 11.4 10.4 10.1 9.9 9.0
Macedonia, FYR 11.5 12.3 13.4 13.3 11.3
Suriname 11.6 7.4 7.2 5.8 5.4
Belarus 11.9 11.8 10.2 10.3 9.9
Montenegro 11.9 12.2 11.6 10.9 10.5
Bulgaria 12.1 10.9 10.4 9.8 8.5
Dominica 12.6 12.1 12.4 12.8 13.3
Lesotho 12.8 10.1 9.9 9.6 9.0
Philippines 13.2 13.1 12.7 13.3 12.7
Ecuador 13.7 12.2 11.7 10.4 10.0
China 14.1 13.4 12.4 13.0 11.7
Yemen, Rep. 14.1 13.3 12.9 11.7 10.5
Romania 14.5 12.6 12.9 14.0 9.5
Honduras 14.6 13.5 12.8 13.4 13.7
Paraguay 14.8 14.9 18.3 20.4 19.6
Fiji 14.9 15.3 14.8 14.5 14.1
Guatemala 15.1 15.2 14.4 14.0 13.4
Bolivia 15.2 14.9 15.4 15.4 14.4
Indonesia 15.3 15.5 15.2 14.3 13.1
Belize 15.8 15.3 16.8 16.6 15.4
Azerbaijan 16.1 15.2 13.5 11.8 9.9
Eritrea 16.2 15.1 12.9 11.6 24.2
Ukraine 16.4 14.6 12.1 11.9 10.4
Morocco 16.6 16.5 17.3 16.3 14.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.6 16.5 16.3 15.2 14.9
Zimbabwe 17.3 14.0 16.6 19.6 18.6
Zambia 17.6 17.3 17.5 17.3 16.1
Senegal 18.5 15.5 17.2 15.7 16.8
Nicaragua 19.0 18.6 17.7 18.2 18.6
Serbia 20.0 15.0 13.4 13.9 12.0
Sri Lanka 20.1 14.3 13.2 12.5 11.8
Sao Tome and Principe 20.6 22.2 21.5 20.6 18.4
Tonga 21.0 21.1 22.5 23.9 21.0
Tuvalu 21.2 19.8 19.6 20.7 22.6
Mozambique 21.4 26.1 26.1 25.5 25.6
Vietnam 21.5 21.3 20.9 20.0 19.3
Cameroon 22.2 22.1 21.7 20.4 20.6
Georgia 22.4 20.6 20.6 17.9 16.7
Kiribati 22.6 24.4 26.1 27.3 23.7
India 22.9 20.7 20.7 19.0 18.8
Timor-Leste 23.0 26.9 27.9 30.0 28.2
Bangladesh 23.0 21.7 20.9 20.3 19.6
Guinea 23.2 23.4 22.3 25.1 24.2
Solomon Islands 24.0 31.0 39.9 37.7 34.5
Pakistan 24.1 23.4 23.4 22.2 21.5
Turkmenistan 24.4 22.0 20.3 19.4 18.8
Albania 24.5 24.2 24.3 22.9 21.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 24.7 24.9 25.1 23.7 24.4
Benin 25.3 26.9 25.6 27.8 27.5
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 27.3 28.8 23.6 22.6
Moldova 26.0 24.1 21.5 20.5 19.5
Bhutan 26.1 26.3 25.2 24.9 23.2
Tajikistan 26.2 24.7 27.1 21.6 24.0
Mongolia 26.4 21.5 20.8 22.6 22.1
Vanuatu 26.9 27.5 25.7 26.7 25.3
Syrian Arab Republic 27.0 26.8 25.7 21.8 19.5
Madagascar 27.9 31.7 29.2 28.8 28.3
Armenia 28.3 26.0 23.7 24.7 20.9
Uganda 29.7 24.9 26.1 22.9 26.7
Guyana 30.3 30.8 31.4 31.3 34.6
Kenya 31.3 29.1 29.0 28.0 27.2
Tanzania 32.9 32.5 32.5 33.3 30.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.7 27.3 26.9 24.9 22.4
Nigeria 33.8 48.6 42.7 34.2 32.8
Uzbekistan 34.0 34.3 33.1 30.8 28.0
Mauritania 35.0 34.3 36.2 35.5 29.8
Cambodia 36.2 32.9 33.6 31.2 32.4
Papua New Guinea 36.3 40.0 40.1 37.8
Burkina Faso 37.0 38.6 37.1 34.5 39.0
Kyrgyz Republic 37.3 37.7 37.1 33.3 31.9
Rwanda 37.3 35.4 38.3 38.6 38.4
Nepal 37.6 38.6 37.5 37.2 36.3
Togo 37.7 38.2 35.8 36.2 39.4
Mali 38.2 33.1 38.9 38.0 37.6
Guinea-Bissau 38.3 43.2 43.2 43.3 45.6
Malawi 38.8 36.7 35.2 34.9 33.1
Ghana 39.3 39.2 40.2 41.5 40.9
Niger 40.0 39.6 39.6 20.1 24.7
Comoros 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.2
Chad 41.8 39.4 33.6 23.5 54.8
Sudan 42.9 41.9 38.3 34.6 31.5
Lao PDR 44.0 42.7 41.0 39.0 36.2
Ethiopia 45.6 41.7 40.1 42.3 44.7
Burundi 46.4 45.8 46.4 45.4 44.5
Sierra Leone 48.7 49.6 49.6 51.8 52.5
Central African Republic 53.4 53.6 56.9 55.7 54.9
Myanmar 57.1 54.5 50.6 48.4
Liberia
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Kuwait
Cayman Islands
Canada
Barbados
South Sudan
Samoa
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Bahrain
Iraq
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya 5.2 4.3 3.0 2.3
New Caledonia
Afghanistan 38.5 37.8 30.3 31.8
Haiti
Turks and Caicos Islands
Greenland
Curacao
San Marino
Israel
Somalia
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Equatorial Guinea
Monaco
Guam
Marshall Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Gambia, The 29.6 29.7
Faroe Islands
Liechtenstein
French Polynesia

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