Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Qatar 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Andorra 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Aruba 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Puerto Rico 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Luxembourg 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4
Bermuda 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Germany 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8
United Kingdom 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7
Switzerland 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9
Trinidad and Tobago 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.5
Belgium 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
United States 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.2
Brunei Darussalam 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.9
Japan 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2
Norway 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6
Ireland 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.2
Austria 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.4
Sweden 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.1
Denmark 2.7 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.3
United Arab Emirates 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.4
Antigua and Barbuda 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.1
France 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.9
Oman 2.3 2.3 2.2 1.9 1.6
Netherlands 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.0
Slovenia 3.0 3.2 2.4 2.6 2.6
Czech Republic 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4
Italy 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.2
Seychelles 2.8 2.9 2.6 3.5 3.3
Bahamas, The 2.6 3.1 2.8 2.3 2.2
Jordan 2.3 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.1
Malta 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.6
Finland 3.1 3.1 2.9 2.7 2.6
Poland 3.4 3.1 2.9 3.7 3.3
Botswana 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.5 2.0
Portugal 3.4 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.6
Cyprus 3.6 3.6 3.1 2.8 2.7
Australia 3.8 4.3 3.2 3.4 3.2
South Africa 3.5 3.7 3.3 3.1 2.7
Korea, Rep. 4.1 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.1
Mexico 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.4
Djibouti 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5
Spain 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.0
Estonia 4.7 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.5
Palau 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4
Libya 5.2 4.3 3.0 2.3
Slovak Republic 5.0 5.0 4.4 4.1 3.6
Hungary 5.6 4.8 4.5 5.0 4.3
Saudi Arabia 5.2 5.1 4.5 3.9 3.2
Latvia 5.0 5.1 4.5 4.8 4.3
Venezuela, RB 4.5 4.1 4.6 4.0 4.0
St. Lucia 4.8 5.5 4.6 4.5 3.5
Lithuania 5.5 5.4 4.9 4.6 4.8
Croatia 6.4 6.3 5.2 5.5 5.0
Chile 5.2 5.5 5.3 4.7 4.6
Greece 5.8 5.6 5.6 4.7 4.8
Jamaica 6.9 6.3 5.9 5.7 5.9
Maldives 7.0 6.7 6.0 6.0 7.8
New Zealand 8.6 6.3 6.2 5.8 4.9
Russian Federation 6.6 6.3 6.3 5.6 5.0
Congo, Rep. 5.8 6.3 6.3 5.5 4.5
Mauritius 7.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.3 7.4 6.4 6.0 6.3
Dominican Republic 7.5 7.2 6.4 7.0 7.5
Gabon 6.7 6.2 6.5 5.9 5.1
Lebanon 6.7 6.7 6.6 4.3 4.0
Grenada 6.2 7.2 6.8 5.8 3.4
Brazil 5.6 6.4 7.2 6.7 5.5
Suriname 11.6 7.4 7.2 5.8 5.4
Iceland 8.8 8.9 7.5 6.3 5.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.2 6.6
West Bank and Gaza 9.5 8.8 7.7 7.9 6.1
Panama 7.7 7.5 7.8 8.0 7.0
Cuba 8.5 7.9 7.8 7.1 5.6
Peru 8.7 8.3 8.2 7.8 7.8
Kazakhstan 9.4 8.6 8.4 7.6 6.8
Costa Rica 8.8 8.5 8.7 8.6 9.0
El Salvador 10.1 9.1 9.0 9.5 10.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.8 10.1 9.0 10.7 10.1
Colombia 9.0 9.2 9.0 8.6 8.4
Malaysia 8.0 9.0 9.3 9.3 8.3
Swaziland 10.5 10.3 9.4 8.9 8.8
Thailand 8.6 8.7 9.4 9.3 9.2
Lesotho 12.8 10.1 9.9 9.6 9.0
Cabo Verde 11.4 10.4 10.1 9.9 9.0
Belarus 11.9 11.8 10.2 10.3 9.9
Algeria 10.2 9.8 10.3 9.9 8.0
Tunisia 10.7 9.3 10.4 11.0 10.1
Bulgaria 12.1 10.9 10.4 9.8 8.5
Namibia 10.5 10.9 10.9 9.7 11.3
Argentina 4.9 10.8 11.0 9.0 8.4
Uruguay 6.5 8.7 11.1 12.9 10.4
Turkey 9.9 11.7 11.4 10.9 10.8
Montenegro 11.9 12.2 11.6 10.9 10.5
Ecuador 13.7 12.2 11.7 10.4 10.0
Ukraine 16.4 14.6 12.1 11.9 10.4
Dominica 12.6 12.1 12.4 12.8 13.3
China 14.1 13.4 12.4 13.0 11.7
Philippines 13.2 13.1 12.7 13.3 12.7
Honduras 14.6 13.5 12.8 13.4 13.7
Eritrea 16.2 15.1 12.9 11.6 24.2
Yemen, Rep. 14.1 13.3 12.9 11.7 10.5
Romania 14.5 12.6 12.9 14.0 9.5
Sri Lanka 20.1 14.3 13.2 12.5 11.8
Macedonia, FYR 11.5 12.3 13.4 13.3 11.3
Serbia 20.0 15.0 13.4 13.9 12.0
Azerbaijan 16.1 15.2 13.5 11.8 9.9
Guatemala 15.1 15.2 14.4 14.0 13.4
Fiji 14.9 15.3 14.8 14.5 14.1
Indonesia 15.3 15.5 15.2 14.3 13.1
Bolivia 15.2 14.9 15.4 15.4 14.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.6 16.5 16.3 15.2 14.9
Zimbabwe 17.3 14.0 16.6 19.6 18.6
Belize 15.8 15.3 16.8 16.6 15.4
Senegal 18.5 15.5 17.2 15.7 16.8
Morocco 16.6 16.5 17.3 16.3 14.7
Zambia 17.6 17.3 17.5 17.3 16.1
Nicaragua 19.0 18.6 17.7 18.2 18.6
Paraguay 14.8 14.9 18.3 20.4 19.6
Tuvalu 21.2 19.8 19.6 20.7 22.6
Turkmenistan 24.4 22.0 20.3 19.4 18.8
Georgia 22.4 20.6 20.6 17.9 16.7
India 22.9 20.7 20.7 19.0 18.8
Mongolia 26.4 21.5 20.8 22.6 22.1
Vietnam 21.5 21.3 20.9 20.0 19.3
Bangladesh 23.0 21.7 20.9 20.3 19.6
Sao Tome and Principe 20.6 22.2 21.5 20.6 18.4
Moldova 26.0 24.1 21.5 20.5 19.5
Cameroon 22.2 22.1 21.7 20.4 20.6
Guinea 23.2 23.4 22.3 25.1 24.2
Tonga 21.0 21.1 22.5 23.9 21.0
Pakistan 24.1 23.4 23.4 22.2 21.5
Armenia 28.3 26.0 23.7 24.7 20.9
Albania 24.5 24.2 24.3 22.9 21.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 24.7 24.9 25.1 23.7 24.4
Bhutan 26.1 26.3 25.2 24.9 23.2
Benin 25.3 26.9 25.6 27.8 27.5
Syrian Arab Republic 27.0 26.8 25.7 21.8 19.5
Vanuatu 26.9 27.5 25.7 26.7 25.3
Kiribati 22.6 24.4 26.1 27.3 23.7
Mozambique 21.4 26.1 26.1 25.5 25.6
Uganda 29.7 24.9 26.1 22.9 26.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.7 27.3 26.9 24.9 22.4
Tajikistan 26.2 24.7 27.1 21.6 24.0
Timor-Leste 23.0 26.9 27.9 30.0 28.2
Cote d'Ivoire 25.9 27.3 28.8 23.6 22.6
Kenya 31.3 29.1 29.0 28.0 27.2
Madagascar 27.9 31.7 29.2 28.8 28.3
Guyana 30.3 30.8 31.4 31.3 34.6
Tanzania 32.9 32.5 32.5 33.3 30.5
Uzbekistan 34.0 34.3 33.1 30.8 28.0
Chad 41.8 39.4 33.6 23.5 54.8
Cambodia 36.2 32.9 33.6 31.2 32.4
Malawi 38.8 36.7 35.2 34.9 33.1
Togo 37.7 38.2 35.8 36.2 39.4
Mauritania 35.0 34.3 36.2 35.5 29.8
Kyrgyz Republic 37.3 37.7 37.1 33.3 31.9
Burkina Faso 37.0 38.6 37.1 34.5 39.0
Nepal 37.6 38.6 37.5 37.2 36.3
Afghanistan 38.5 37.8 30.3 31.8
Sudan 42.9 41.9 38.3 34.6 31.5
Rwanda 37.3 35.4 38.3 38.6 38.4
Mali 38.2 33.1 38.9 38.0 37.6
Niger 40.0 39.6 39.6 20.1 24.7
Solomon Islands 24.0 31.0 39.9 37.7 34.5
Papua New Guinea 36.3 40.0 40.1 37.8
Ethiopia 45.6 41.7 40.1 42.3 44.7
Ghana 39.3 39.2 40.2 41.5 40.9
Lao PDR 44.0 42.7 41.0 39.0 36.2
Comoros 40.9 41.1 41.1 41.1 41.2
Nigeria 33.8 48.6 42.7 34.2 32.8
Guinea-Bissau 38.3 43.2 43.2 43.3 45.6
Burundi 46.4 45.8 46.4 45.4 44.5
Sierra Leone 48.7 49.6 49.6 51.8 52.5
Myanmar 57.1 54.5 50.6 48.4
Central African Republic 53.4 53.6 56.9 55.7 54.9
Liberia
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Equatorial Guinea
San Marino
French Polynesia
Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
Angola 8.2
Canada
Bahrain
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kuwait
New Caledonia
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Faroe Islands
Israel
Barbados
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Iraq
Monaco
Haiti
Marshall Islands
Guam
Liechtenstein
Greenland
Curacao
Gambia, The 29.6 29.7
Northern Mariana Islands

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