Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Qatar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Luxembourg 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3
Aruba 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Trinidad and Tobago 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6
Puerto Rico 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
United Kingdom 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
Brunei Darussalam 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9
Germany 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Switzerland 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8
Bermuda 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Belgium 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7
United States 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0
United Arab Emirates 1.4 1.1 1.0 0.8 1.0
Japan 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Ireland 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.1 0.9
Sweden 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5
Denmark 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.0
Oman 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.9 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4
Austria 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.3
Norway 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.4
France 1.9 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.5
Barbados 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6
Antigua and Barbuda 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Libya 2.3 2.0 2.1 1.9
Netherlands 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.7
Italy 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Botswana 2.0 2.3 2.5 2.8 3.3
Slovenia 2.6 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.9
Czech Republic 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 1.8
Finland 2.6 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.5
Cyprus 2.8 2.4 2.2 2.1
Bahamas, The 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.3 2.1
Portugal 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.2
South Africa 2.7 2.6 3.0 3.2 3.0
Spain 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3
Malta 2.6 2.7 2.4 1.8 2.0
Jordan 3.1 2.9 2.8 2.7 3.1
Saudi Arabia 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.3 2.9
Seychelles 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.6 2.3
Australia 3.2 3.0 2.4 2.5 2.5
Korea, Rep. 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.6
Poland 3.3 3.1 3.4 2.9 2.9
Estonia 3.5 3.1 3.5 2.7 2.4
Mexico 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.5
Djibouti 3.5 3.5 3.9
Latvia 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.0 3.3
Slovak Republic 3.6 3.5 4.0 4.1 3.3
St. Lucia 3.5 3.6 3.3 4.4 4.2
Greece 4.8 3.6 3.4 3.1 3.1
Chile 4.6 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6
Congo, Rep. 4.5 4.0 4.3 3.7 4.5
Venezuela, RB 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.4 6.1
Hungary 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.5
Lithuania 4.8 4.3 3.9 3.7 3.3
Cuba 5.6 4.5 5.0 5.0 5.0
Russian Federation 5.0 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.7
Grenada 3.4 4.5 4.1 4.3 5.3
Lebanon 4.0 4.8 5.3 4.8 4.4
Gabon 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.1 5.4
Mauritius 6.0 5.0 4.4 4.0 3.8
Croatia 5.0 5.1 4.8 5.0 5.0
New Zealand 4.9 5.5 6.6 5.5 6.3
Brazil 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.6
Palau 5.6 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.5
Kazakhstan 6.8 5.9 6.1 5.7 6.4
Jamaica 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.6 6.4
Iceland 5.8 6.0 5.3 5.3 6.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.7 7.1
West Bank and Gaza 6.1 6.3 7.4 7.5 7.1
Maldives 7.8 6.4 5.6 5.7 4.3
Panama 7.0 6.5 5.7 4.9 4.5
Dominican Republic 7.5 7.1 7.1 6.8 6.6
Bulgaria 8.7 7.4 5.6 7.2 5.1
Azerbaijan 9.9 7.5 7.0 6.0 6.6
Angola 8.5 7.7 7.9 6.6 10.2
Argentina 8.4 7.7 8.8 7.2 6.2
Algeria 8.0 7.7 7.7 6.7 9.5
Swaziland 8.8 7.8 8.0 7.9 7.9
Lesotho 9.0 7.9 7.7 8.0 7.7
Colombia 8.4 8.1 7.8 7.5 7.5
Cabo Verde 9.0 8.3 9.2 8.5 8.9
Malaysia 8.3 8.6 10.0 10.0 9.2
Ukraine 10.4 8.7 7.5 7.9 8.3
Romania 9.5 8.8 6.5 7.4 7.2
Costa Rica 9.0 8.9 8.5 7.2 7.4
Turkey 10.8 9.5 8.7 8.6 9.3
Ecuador 10.0 9.9 9.8 9.3 10.5
Belarus 9.9 9.9 9.7 10.1 9.7
Yemen, Rep. 10.5 10.1
Montenegro 10.5 10.2 9.1 9.3 10.0
Tunisia 10.1 10.2 9.4 8.5 9.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.2 10.4 10.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.4 10.4 10.0 9.1 8.7
Namibia 11.3 10.5 9.2 8.2 9.0
El Salvador 10.6 10.7 11.9 12.5 12.4
Uruguay 10.4 10.7 10.2 10.9 9.6
Thailand 10.3 10.8 10.7 11.6 11.5
Suriname 5.4 11.0 8.5 7.3 8.4
China 12.1 11.1 10.8 10.7 10.3
Sri Lanka 11.8 11.3 11.7 13.4 12.7
Serbia 12.0 11.4 10.0 10.3 9.6
Macedonia, FYR 12.3 12.1 10.6 11.6 11.2
Guatemala 13.4 12.2 12.4 12.0 12.4
Dominica 13.3 12.3 12.4 13.7 14.9
Philippines 12.7 12.4 12.5 13.2 13.1
Georgia 16.7 12.8 10.7 9.4 9.4
Indonesia 13.1 13.0 13.7 14.5 15.3
Honduras 13.7 13.0 13.0 13.1 11.7
Bolivia 14.4 13.9 12.9 13.5 13.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 14.9 14.1 14.1 13.2 13.6
Zambia 16.1 14.5 13.2 12.5 12.4
Fiji 14.1 14.5 13.9 12.7 11.8
Belize 15.4 14.7 13.4 12.7 12.8
Senegal 16.8 15.0 13.8 15.9 17.3
Kosovo 15.0 15.8 15.0 15.1
Sao Tome and Principe 17.6 15.8 17.2 17.3 17.7
Mauritania 23.7 16.6 18.8 18.9 20.2
Morocco 14.7 16.9 13.7 14.6 16.4
Moldova 19.5 17.4 12.0 10.7 10.1
Turkmenistan 18.8 17.4 19.1 12.3 12.3
Nicaragua 17.7 17.5 18.0 17.4 17.3
India 18.8 18.3 18.3 17.8 17.7
Tonga 20.5 18.5 19.8 17.9 17.6
Vietnam 19.3 18.7 18.7 20.4 19.2
Bangladesh 20.1 19.0 18.7 18.5 17.9
Paraguay 19.6 19.1 21.2 23.5 18.9
Syrian Arab Republic 19.5 19.2 17.9
Mongolia 22.1 19.6 20.5 21.4 19.6
Zimbabwe 18.6 20.3 21.6 19.4 15.1
Armenia 20.9 20.5 20.3 18.4 18.9
Cameroon 20.6 21.0 22.9 23.4 23.5
Albania 22.8 22.0 20.7 19.4 19.4
Bhutan 23.2 22.1 19.2 19.0 18.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 22.4 22.3 22.8 24.2 25.2
Cote d'Ivoire 22.6 22.6 22.0 22.7 21.2
Pakistan 21.5 23.0 23.1 23.1 23.9
Kenya 27.2 23.2 23.3 24.9 26.1
Vanuatu 25.3 23.8 23.7 23.4 22.6
Guinea 24.2 23.8 25.3 24.9 25.9
Kiribati 23.7 24.2 25.1 25.9 25.6
Tajikistan 24.0 24.2 22.2 22.7 20.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 24.4 24.5 27.1 28.0 26.8
Tuvalu 22.6 24.9 25.4 24.2 26.2
Burkina Faso 28.2 25.5 19.8 28.6 22.8
Uganda 26.7 25.6 23.6 22.7 26.0
Eritrea 24.2 26.1 25.4 17.4 14.5
Uzbekistan 28.0 26.1 24.0 21.4 19.5
Guyana 34.6 27.0 24.4 26.3 24.0
Mozambique 26.4 27.1 27.1 29.7 30.4
Madagascar 28.3 27.5 25.7 24.8 29.1
Afghanistan 31.8 29.2 30.6 25.4 30.2
Sudan 31.5 29.8 26.7 25.8 26.3
Ghana 40.9 30.4 29.1 31.0 31.8
Tanzania 31.8 30.4 28.8 31.0 32.3
Timor-Leste 28.2 31.3 28.9 24.6 20.7
Malawi 33.1 31.6 31.6 29.7 31.2
Cambodia 32.4 31.7 31.9 34.9 35.7
Nigeria 32.8 32.0 32.7 32.9 37.1
Kyrgyz Republic 31.9 32.8 31.1 27.0 21.1
Nepal 36.3 34.6 33.6 32.7 34.0
Lao PDR 36.2 35.3 36.1 34.9 35.0
Solomon Islands 34.5 35.7
Togo 39.4 35.9 35.8 40.7 32.9
Benin 35.9 36.0 34.9 35.8 35.9
Mali 36.6 36.9 36.5 39.7 38.9
Rwanda 38.4 39.3 35.1 32.7 33.9
Comoros 41.2 41.0 40.8 42.7 42.3
Niger 24.7 42.9 41.0 43.2 39.2
Guinea-Bissau 45.6 43.7 44.3 47.5 45.3
Burundi 44.5 44.3 37.3 40.6 40.5
Ethiopia 44.7 45.9 45.5 48.4 48.6
Sierra Leone 52.5 52.9 54.8 56.3 58.2
Central African Republic 54.9 55.2 54.3 55.7 54.6
Chad 54.8 56.7 56.0 55.9 47.9
Liberia 67.0 63.8 65.6 67.3 58.0
Kuwait
Iraq
Samoa
Bahrain
American Samoa
Peru 7.3
Guam
Papua New Guinea
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia
Israel
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Canada 1.6 1.8 1.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Myanmar
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Monaco
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
Somalia
Haiti
Equatorial Guinea
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Gambia, The

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